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8. There went a smoke out in high to fetch me : and shall take his presence : and a consuming me out of many waters. (2) fire out of his mouth, so that coals 17. He shall deliver me from were kindled at it.
my strongest enemy, and from 9. He bowed the heavens also, them which hate me: for they are and came down : and it was dark too mighty for me. under his feet.
18. They prevented (a) me in 10. He rode upon the cheru- the day of my trouble : but the bims, and did fly: he came flying Lord was my upholder. upon the wings of the wind.
19. He brought me forth (6) 11. He made darkness his se- also into a place of liberty: he cret place : his pavilion round brought me forth, even because he about him with dark water, and had a favour unto me. thick clouds to cover him.
20. The Lord shall reward me 12. At the brightness of his pre- after my righteous dealing : acsence his clouds removed : hail. cording to the cleanness of my stones, and coals of fire. (t) hands shall he recompense me;
13. The Lord also thundered 21. Because I have kept the out of heaven, and the Highest ways of the Lord : and have not gave his thunder; hail-stones and
hail-stones and forsaken my God, as the wicked coals of fire. (u)
doeth. 14. He sent out his arrows, 22. For I have an eye unto all and scattered them (x): he cast his laws : and will not cast out forth lightnings, and destroyed his commandments from me. them.
22. I was also uncorrupt before 15. The springs of waters (y) him : and eschewed mine own were seen, and the foundations of wickedness. the round world were discovered 24. Therefore shall the Lord at thy chiding, O Lord : at the reward me after my righteous blasting of the breath of thy dis- dealing : and according unto the pleasure.
cleanness of my hands in his eye16. He shall send down from on sight. (t) v. 12. For « his clouds removed “inner parts of earth and sea were both “hail-stones and coals of fire,” the pas
exposed to view.” sage in Samuel is, “ were coals of fire (z) v. 16. “Many waters," i. e. “the “ kindled.”
“ greatest troubles or danger.” The same (u) v. 13. For " gave his thunder, hail
expression is used in the same sense, Ps. "stones, and coals of fire," the passage in Ixix. 15. — cxxiv. 3, 4. — cxliv. 7. the Bible translation and in Samuel is, (a) v. 18. “ Prevented," i. e. “uttered his voice,” which introduces a
came upon me unawares." new idea: saying that the Highest “ gave (6) v. 19. “ Brought me forth, &c." A “his thunder,"
after stating that he common expression (probably) to denote " thundered out of heaven," is repetition. deliverance. So Ps. xxxi. 9. ^ Thou hast
(1) v. 14. “ Them," i. e. “ the hosts of “ not shut me up into the hand of the “ the ungodly."
enemy, but hast set my feet in a large (y) v. 15. “ The springs of waters," i. e. room ;” and (Job xxxvi. 16.) where Elihu " the very bowels of the earth, down to is stating what God would have done for " the lowest water springs.” In Samuel Jub had he conducted himself differently, the reading is, “ the channels of the sea,' he says, “ He would have removed thee which contrasts better with “ the found “out of the strait into a broad place, where "ations of the world,” or earth : “ the " there is no straitness."
25. With the holy thou shalt be hand also shall hold me up, and holy : and with a perfect man thy loving-correction shall make thou shalt be perfect.
me great. 26. With the clean thou shalt 36. Thou shalt make room (1) be clean : and with the froward enough under me for to go : that thou shalt learn frowardness. my footsteps shall not slide.
27. For thou shalt save the peo- 37. I will follow upon mine ple that are in adversity : and enemies, and overtake them : shalt bring down the high looks neither will I turn again till I of the proud.
have destroyed them. 28. Thou also shalt light my 38. I will smite them, that they candle (c) : the Lord my God shall not be able to stand : but shall make my darkness to be fall under my
39. Thou hast girded me with 29. For in thee I shall discom- strength unto the battle : thou fit an host of men : and with the shalt throw down mine enemies help of my God I shall leap over
under me. the wall (d).
40. Thou hast made mine ene30. The way of God is an un- mies also to turn their backs (k) defiled
way : the word (e) of the upon me : and I shall destroy Lord also is tried in the fire ; he them that hate me. is the defender of all them that 41. They shall cry, but there put their trust in him.
shall be none to help them : yea, 31. For who is God, but the even unto the Lord shall they Lord : or who hath any strength cry, but he shall not hear them. except our God?
42. I will beat them as small as 32. It is God that girdeth me the dust before the wind : I will with strength of war : and maketh cast them out as the clay in the my way perfect.
streets. 33. He maketh my feet like 43. Thou shalt deliver me from hart's feet (g) : and setteth me the strivings of the people : and up on high.
thou shalt make me the head of 34. He teacheth mine hands to the heathen. fight : and mine arms shall break 44. A people whom I have not even a bow of steel (h).
known : shall serve me. 35. Thou hast given me the de- 45. As soon as they hear of me, fence of thy salvation : thy right they shall obey me : but (1) the
“ to fly."
(c) v. 28. “Light my candle," a figura- (h) v. 34. “A bow of steel," “ such is the tive expression : "bring me from trouble “strength he has given me." “ to ease, from sorrow to joy."
(i) v. 36. “ Room." See note on v. 19. (d) v. 29. “ Leap over the wall.” A (k) v. 40. “ To turn their backs," i. e. figurative expression, to signify a great achievement : “ I shall do what without (2) v. 45. “But, &c.” B. T. is the “thy aid would have been impracticable.” strangers shall submit themselves unto
(e) v. 30. “The word, &c.” i.e. “ his as- me," which seems to agree better “surances will certainly be accomplished, with the original. — There is nothing “ will never fail." See Ps. xii. 7.
in the Hebrew answering to the word .. (g) 0.33. “ Like hart's feet," i.e. “for “but." « swiftness."
strange children shall dissemble 50. For this cause will I give
thanks unto thee, O Lord, among 46. The strange children shall the Gentiles : and sing praises fail : and be afraid out of their unto thy name. (m) prisons.
51. Great prosperity giveth he 47. The Lord liveth, and blessed unto his king and sheweth be my strong helper : and praised loving-kindness unto David his be the God of my salvation, Anointed, and unto his seed for
48. Even the God that seeth evermore. that I be avenged : and subdueth the people unto me.
MORNING PRAYER. 49. It is he that delivereth me
Psalm xix. (n) from my cruel enemies, and setteth me up above mine adversa. The heavens declare (0) the ries : thou shalt rid me from the glory of God : and the firmament wicked man.
sheweth his handy-work.
(m) v. 46. “ Prisons," or (B. T.) “ close Venus about the same size, but Jupiter “ places,” the places in which they had is a thousand times larger, Saturn a hunhid themselves.
dred times, and Herschel eighty. And if (n) On the glory of the heavenly system, these are all inhabited by rational beings, the excellency of God's law, the grounds (as is most probable,) how insignificant in they afford for believing in and praising the great scale of the creation is our God, with an acknowledgement of man's earth, and how is our idea of the works of frailty, and a prayer against falling into God extended! And yet our sun and all sin. David is considered as the author. these planets are almost as nothing when It is one of the proper Psalms for Christ- we enlarge our view. Every star is promas Day.
bably another sun like ours, with its pecu. (0) v. 1. “ Declare, &c.” The works of liar planets ;
and if so, ours is only one, the creation are elsewhere referred to as and that a very small one, of many thouproving the power, wisdom, and goodness, sand worlds. The sun is a million times of God. In Acts xiv. 17. Barnabas and larger than the earth, and ninety-five Paul told the people of Lystra, that though millions of miles from us, and the nearest God “ in times past suffered all nations to of the stars (excluding the planets) is " walk in their own ways, nevertheless he many millions of miles beyond him. A " left not himself without witness, in that thousand stars are visible to the naked "he did good, and gave us rain from eye, with a good telescope three thousand " heaven, ånd fruitful seasons, filling our may be seen, and as glasses are improved, "hearts with food and gladness." So more are continually discovered. Mr. Ad. Rom. i. 20.; and in Ps. xxviii. 6. it is as- dison has noticed the commencement of signed as a ground for punishing the this Psalm in the 6th volume of the wicked, that they regard not in their Spectator, page 272.
« The Supreme “mind the works of the Lord, nor the Being has made the best arguments for
operation of his hands." See also Is. v. “ his own existence in the formation of the 12. Had David known, (what astronomy
“ heaven and the earth : and Aristotle says, has since discovered,) the size, and other “ that should a man live under ground, particulars of the sun, moon, and starry 6 and there be conversant with the works system, how would it have raised his ad. “ of art and mechanism, and then be miration! The moon, the nearest to us of “ brought up into the open day, and see the heavenly bodies, is almost one third “ the several glories of the heaven and the size of the earth. The planets, (that “ earth, he would immediately pronounce is, those stars which are nearest the sun, “ them the works of such a Being as we and derive their principal light from him,)
« define God to be. The Psalmist has are Mercury, Venus, the Earth, Mars, very beautiful strokes of poetry to this Jupiter, Saturn, Herschel, &c. Mercury
purpose in that exalted strain : “ The and Mars are less than the Earth, and “ heavens declare the glory of God,” (to the
2. One day (p) telleth another commandment of the Lord is (9): and one night certifieth pure, and giveth light unto the eyes. another.
9. The fear of the Lord is 3. There is neither speech (r) clean, and endureth for ever : the nor language : but their voices (s) judgements of the Lord are true, are heard among them.
and righteous altogether. 4. Their sound (s) is gone out
10. More to be desired are into all lands : and their words (s) they than gold, yea, than much into the ends of the world.
fine gold : sweeter (2) also than 5. In them (t) hath he set a honey, and the honey-comb. tabernacle for the sun : which 11. Moreover, by them is thy cometh forth as a bridegroom out servant taught : and in keeping of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a of them there is great reward. giant to run his course.
12. Who can tell how oft he 6. It goeth forth from the utter- offendeth : O cleanse thou me most part of the heaven, and from my secret faults! runneth about (u) unto the end 13. Keep thy servant also from of it again : and there is nothing presumptous (a) sins, lest they hid from the heat thereof.
get the dominion over me : 80 7. The law (x) of the Lord is shall I be undefiled, and innocent an undefiled law, converting the from the great offence. (y) soul : the testimony of the 14. Let the words of
mouth, Lord is sure, and giveth wisdom and the meditation of my heart : unto the simple.
be alway acceptable in thy sight
, 8. The statutes of the Lord are 15. O Lord : my strength, and right, and rejoice the heart : the my redeemer. end of v. 4. and then he adds,) as such a they bear to God's wisdom, power and “ bold and sublime manner of thinking glory. “ furnishes very noble matter for an ode, (t) 0.5. “ Them," i. e. “ the heavens." “ it is wrought into the following one;" (u) v.6. “Runneth about," i.e.“ passeth." and then he subjoins the well-known hymn, (a) v. 7. “ The law, &c.”
From the “ The spacious firmament on high, &c.”
proofs of Almighty power, wisdom and
goodness in the heavenly system, and the (p) v. 2. The literal rendering seems occasion thereby furnished to the world in to be, “Day unto day uttereth speech, and
general for magnifying the name of God, “ night unto night rendereth knowledge;" the Psalmist passes to the consideration of and the meaning is, there is no day or God's law, which supplies as strong proofs night which does not supply to that which of the wisdom and goodness of God, and follows it proofs of God's glory and handy- of his attention to the comforts and hapwork.
piness of man; and therefore gave the (9) “ Telleth another," and “certifieth Israelites in particular additional grounds “ another," j, e. “ of God's glory:"" it is for praising him. “ illustrated by the constant succession of (y) “ Converting the soul," not con“ day and night."
fined to outward ceremonies or actions, (r) v. 3. “ Neither speech, &c." i. e. but regulating the heart. (probably) “there is no country to which
(z) v. 10. « Sweeter, &c." So Ps. cxix. " they do not proclaim the power and 103. “ O how sweet are thy words unto “glory of God.” “ Language" is used
my throat, yea, sweeter than honey unto for “ nation or people. Dan. iii. 4.”
mouth !" you it is commanded, O people, nations
(a) v. 13. See Exod. v. 2. Exod. xviii. « and languages."
11. Exod. xxi. 14. Numb. xv. 30. Deuter. (s) 0.3, 4. “ Their voices," “ their i. 42, 43. Deuter. xvii. 12, 13. Deuter. “ sound," " their words," i. e. the testimony xviii. 22. See also 1. Magee, 344.
Psalm xx. (6)
8. They are brought down, and The Lord hear thee in the day
fallen : but we
are risen, and of trouble : the Name of the God
stand upright. of Jacob defend thee;
9. Save, Lord, and hear us, O 2. Send thee help from the sanc
King of heaven : when we call tuary : and strengthen thee out of Sion;
Psalm xxi. (d) 3. Remember all thy offerings : The (e) King shall rejoice in thy and accept thy burnt-sacrifice; strength, O Lord : exceeding glad
4. Grant thee thy heart's de- shall he be of thy salvation. sire : and fulfil all thy mind. 2. Thou hast given him his
5. We will rejoice in thy salva- heart's desire : and hast not tion, and triumph in the Name
in the Name denied him the request of his lips. of the Lord our God : the Lord 3. For thou shalt prevent (8) perform all thy petitions.
him with the blessings of good6. Now know I that the Lord ness : and shalt set a crown of helpeth his Anointed (c), and will pure gold upon his head. hear him from his holy heaven : 4. He asked life of thee, and even with the wholesome strength thou gavest him a long life : even of his right hand.
for ever (h) and ever. 7. Some put their trust in 5. His honour is great in thy chariots, and some in horses : but salvation : glory and great worwe will remember the Name of ship (i) shalt thou lay upon him. the Lord our God.
6. For thou shalt give him ever(6) This Psalm was probably occasioned “ Psalm for the Messiah ;" and this opinion by some successful expedition against a he prefers. Chandl. Def. 257, 258. Bipowerful enemy. The first five verses shop Patrick
says, “ It may be called a seem a prayer whilst the king was sacrific- “ Psalm of triumph, after the victories ing before they set out, and the last four “ David got over his enemies; which either a spirited assurance that God would were a type of Christ's victory over give them success, or an exultation from " death, and of the triumph that ensued ; perceiving that the offering was accepted, “ and truly there are some things in it or a song of triumph after the victory. It “ which are more literally fulfilled in Christ is a very animated composition, and David " than in David, as v. 4, 5, 6." It is diffiis considered the author. Some writers con- cult, indeed, to understand it of David, sider it prophetical, looking forward to the especially if David, as is generally supsufferings and exaltations of the Messiah. posed, was the author. His own successes So Jerome, “ The prophet foresaw that might lead him to look prophetically to "Christ would come for our redemption, those of the Messiah. It is one of the " and pray for his enemies.” Some think Psalms for Ascension Day. an address of the people to Christ, as their (e) v. 1.“ The King." An expression selGod and King. It is used in the service dom ifever used in the Psalms, except to sigfor the King's Accession.
nify either God the Father or the Messiah. (c) v. 6. "Anointed,” Hebr. “ Messiah.”
(g) v. 3. “ Prevent, &c." i. e. “ antici(2) A prophetic hymn, looking forward pate his wishes, give him beyond what to the success, and exaltation of the Mes
“ he can expect." siah. Jarchi, one of the Jewish writers (h) v. 4. “ For ever, &c.” This is true of the 13th century, says;
• Our masters of our Saviour,“ Christ being raised from " understand it of King Messiah, but for “ the dead, dieth no more : death hath no " replying to the heretics, it is better " more dominion over him. Rom. vi. 9." " to understand it of King David ;” and (2) v. 5. "Glory and great worship, &c.” Kimchi
, his contemporary, another Jew, This is also true with reference to our observes, " Some say David made this Saviour. According to Ephes. i. 20, 21.