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: 7. All sheep and oxen : yea, tions are come to a perpetual end : and the beasts of the field;

even as the cities which thou hast 8. The fowls of the air, and the destroyed; their memorial is pefishes of the sea : and whatsoever rished with them. walketh through the paths of the 7. But the Lord shall endure

for ever : he hath also prepared 9. O Lord our Governor : how | his seat for judgement. excellent is thy name in all the 8. For he shall judge the world world!

in righteousness : and minister

true judgement unto the people. MORNING PRAYER.

9. The Lord also will be a dePsalm ix. (e)

fence for the oppressed : even a I will give thanks unto thee, o refuge (h) in due time of trouble. Lord, with my whole heart: I 10. And they that know thy (1) will speak of all thy marvellous Name (k) will put their trust in works.

thee : for thou, Lord, hast never 2. I will be glad and rejoice in failed them that seek thee. thee

; yea, my songs will I make 11. O praise the Lord, which of thy Name, 0 thou

thou most

dwelleth in Sion : shew the peoHighest.

ple of his doings. 3. While mine enemies

12. For when he maketh inquidriven back : they shall fall and sition (1) for blood, he rememperish at thy presence.

bereth them : and forgetteth not 4. For thou hast maintained

the complaint of the poor.

my right, and my cause : thou art set

13. Have mercy upon me, O in the throne that judgest right.

Lord ; consider the trouble which 5. Thou hast rebuked the hea- | I suffer of them that hate me : then, and destroyed the ungodly: thou that liftest me up from the thou hast put out their name for gates of death; ever and ever.

14. That I may shew all thy 6. O (8) thou enemy, destruc- praises within the ports of the


(e) A spirited song of triumph and thanksgiving, extolling God's justice, and the protection he affords. St. Augustine thinks it looks forward to the Messiah, and describes the success of his kingdom, and the nature of his superintendance, by putting down or converting unbelievers, and affording protection and comfort to the meek and bumble. Pole considers it as referring to the destruction of Antichrist.

(g) v. 6.“ 0, &c." rather, thine enemies " are utterly destroyed : they are become "an everlasting desolation; thou hast " overthrown their cities : their memorial "(i. e. every trace and remembrance of "them) is perished for


See Jerome and Edwards.

(h) v. 9. “ A refuge, &c.” In what classic writer can we find such comfortable and spirited assurances as in the

scriptures? “Look at the generations of
“ old, and see, did ever any trust in the
Lord, and was confounded? or did any
abide in his fear, and was forsaken? or
whom did he ever despise that called upon
« him? Eccles. ii. 10." :6 Be not afraid
“ of sudden fear, neither of the desolation
“ of the wicked when it cometh, for the
“ Lord shall be thy confidence, and
" shall keep thy foot from being taken.
“ Prov, üi. 25–26." “ When the enemy
“ shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of
" the Lord shall lift up a standard against
“ him. Is. ix. 19."

(i) v. 10. “Thy Name." How spirited is this sudden turn to God!

(k) “ Thy Name," i. e. “thy pro. perties and attributes.”

(l) v.12." Inquisition, &c." See Gen.ix.5.

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daughter of Sion : I will rejoice | sire : and speaketh good of the in thy salvation.

covetous, whom God abhorreth. 15. The heathen

sunk 4. The ungodly is so proud, down in the pit that they made : that he careth not for God : neiin the same net which they hid ther is God in all his thoughts. privily is their foot taken.

5. His ways are alway (0) 16. The Lord is known to exe- grievous (7): thy judgements are cute judgement: the ungodly is far above (r) out of his sight, trapped in the work of his own and therefore defieth he all his hands.

enemies. 17. The wicked shall (m) be 6. For he hath said in his heart, turned into hell: and all the people “ Tush, I shall never be cast that forget God.

“ down : there shall no harm 18. For the poor shall not alway happen unto me.” be forgotten : the patient abiding 7. His mouth is full of cursing, of the meek shall not perish for deceit, and fraud : under his

tongue is ungodliness and vanity. 19. Up, Lord, and let not man 8. He sitteth lurking in the have the upper hand : let the thievish corners of the streets : heathen be judged in thy sight. and privily in his lurking dens

20. Put them in fear, O Lord : doth he murder the innocent ; that the heathen may know them- his eyes are set against the poor. selves to be but men.

9. For he lieth waiting secretly;

even as a lion lurkethhe in his Psalm x. (1)

den : that he may ravish the Why standest thou so far off, o

poor. Lord : and hidest thy face in the 10. He doth ravish the poor : needful time of trouble?

when he getteth him into his net. 2. The ungodly for his own 11. He falleth down (s), and lust doth persecute the poor : let humbleth himself : that the conthem be taken in the crafty wili- gregation of the poor may ness that they have imagined. into the hands of his captains.

3. For the ungodly hath made 12. He hath said in his heart, boast of his own (0) heart's de- “ Tush, God hath forgotten : he

(m) v. 17. “ Be turned into hell,” i.e. (9) “ Grievous," i. e. “ mischievous." “ be cut off: come to an untimely end." (r)“ Far above." The distance to

(n) Upon the oppressions of the wicked, which God's judgments are removed is and their atrocities and contempt of God. elsewhere described as influencing man's It appeals to God for deliverance, and conduct : “ because sentence against an concludes triumphantly, as if God had in- " evil work is not executed speedily, stantly heard the appeal, and granted the " therefore the heart of man is fully set in deliverance. In some writers, St. Augus- 6 them to do evil.

Eccles. viii. 11." tine for instance, it is considered as part But “when God's judgments are in the of the preceding Psalm.

“ earth, the inhabitants of the world will (o) v. 3. “ Own heart's desire," i. e. “ learn righteousness. Is. xxvi.” 6 his sinful inclinations : boasting of what (s) v. 11. “ Falleth down, &c." Omit“ he ought to be ashamed: so bold is his

ting no means which may advance bis “ impiety!"

purpose. “Alway," i. e. “nev

never other" wise.”


(p) v. 5.

ay his face, and he and ever : and (2) the heathen o it.”

are perished out of the land. Lord God, and 19. Lord, thou hast heard the forget not the desire of the poor : thou (a) pre

parest their heart, and thine ear should the hearkeneth thereto; eme (t) God : 20. To help the fatherless and n say in his heart, poor unto their right : that the ou, God, carest not man of the earth (6) be no more

exalted against them. Surely thou hast seen it ; thou beholdest (u) ungodliness

Psalm xi. (c) 16. That thou mayest take the In the Lord put I my trust : how matter into thy hand : the poor say ye then to my soul, “ That committeth himself unto thee ;

" she should fee as a bird unto for thou art the helper (r) of the

« the hill ? friendless.

2. (d) « For lo, the ungodly 17. Break thou the power of

“ bend their bow, and make ready the ungodly and malicious : take “ their arrows within the quiver : away his ungodliness, and thou “ that they may privily shoot at shalt find none. (y)

“ them which are true of heart. 18. The Lord is King for ever 3. “ For (e) the foundations

and wrong.

« not see.

" the

(t) v. 14. “ Blaspheme." By insinuating that God regardeth not his acts.

(u) v. 15. “Beholdest, &c." i.e. “ there “is no ungodliness or wrong thou dost

(1) v. 16. The helper, &c.” The Scriptures abound with comfort to the poor: one of God's injunctions to the Israelites was,

si Ye shall not afflict any " widow or fatherless child: if thou af“flict them in any wise, and they cry at “all unto me, I will surely hear their cry;

and my wrath shall wax hot, and I will " kill you with the sword, and your wives " shall be widows, and your children fa" therless. Exod. xxii. 22 to 24." Solomon says, “ Rob not the


because " he is poor, neither oppress the afflicted; " for the Lord will plead their cause, and " spoil the soul of those that spoiled “them, Prov. xxii. 22, 23. ;" and again, “ Enter not into the fields of the father« less, for their Redeemer is mighty, “ Prov. xxiii. 10.:" and Isaiah gives as a reason for God's entering into judgment with the antients of his people, and the princes thereof, “ The spoil of the poor ar is in your houses. What mean ye that "ye beat my people to pieces, and grind

“ the faces of the poor? saith the Lord of “ Hosts. Is. iii. 14, 15." See also Ps. xii. 5, 6.—xxxv. 10.--cxl. 12.-cxlvi, 6 to 9.

(y) v. 17. “ And thou shalt find none," i. e. “ till thou leave none remaining ; “ taking it away utterly."

(z) v. 18. “ The heathen,”. i. e. “ wicked;" such as knew not God, neither had God in all their thoughts; v. 4.

(a) v. 19. “ Thou preparest, &c." or, “ thou hast prepared thine ear, to hearken “ unto their prayer.” Jerome.

(6) v. 20. * The man of the earth,” i. e. “ the oppressor, the man who careth not “ for God.

(c) A spirited hymn of David's, disdaining to seek safety by flight, because of his confidence in God. It was perhaps written, when Saul first began to conceive ill-will against him. (See 1 Sam. xviii. 9. 11. &c.)

(d) v. 2, 3. The arguments used to induce him to fly. In the following verses he states his grounds for rejecting the advice.

(e) “ For, &c.” or “the foundations are 6 cast down, and what can the righteous

do ?" The meaning probably is, If the foundations (i. e. of Justice and Govern

“ will be cast down : and what | him that delighteth in wickedness, “ hath the righteous done ?” doth his soul abhor.

4. The Lord is in his holy 7. Upon the ungodly he shall temple : the Lord's seat is in hea- rain snares, fire and brimstone,

storm and tempest : this shall be 5. His eyes consider the poor : their portion to drink. and his eye-lids try the children 8. For the righteous Lord lov

eth righteousness : his counte6. The Lord alloweth (8) the nance will behold the thing (h) righteous : but the ungodly, and that is just.


of men.

ment) are so disregarded that the ungodly bend their bow, &c. at them that are true of heart, what can the righteous do, but fy? In Ps. Ixxxii. 5. where the conduct of the judges is arraigned, it is said, “ all the foundations of the earth are out of

course," as if “ the foundations" were a

known expression “ for law and justice," the basis of all government.

(g) v. 6. " Alloweth," i.e." favoureth," “ loveth," in opposition to “ abhor."

(k) v. 8. “ Thing,” or “ man;" “God o will watch, and countenance, and pro“tect the upright man."

Lessons for the Second Day of the Month throughout the Year.

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(1) ante, 52. (2) ante, 226. (3) ante, 137. 147. 40. (4) ante, 214. 179. (5) ante, 161. (6) ante, 48.

(7) ante, 203. 83.


2. They (k) talk of vanity every

one with his neighbour: they do Psalm xii. (1)

but flatter with their lips, and disHelp me, Lord, for there is not semble in their double heart. one godly man left: for the faith- 3. The Lord shall root out all ful are minished from among the deceitful lips: and the tongue children of men.

speaketh proud things ; (?) An appeal to God for protection to give it. It is supposed to have been against the wicked, and a spirited intro- written by David. duction of God, with a promise from him (k) v. 2. “ They," i.e. "men in general.”


4. Which have said, “With our in my heart ? how long shall mine tongue will we prevail : we are enemies triumph over me? " they that ought to speak ; Who 3. Consider and hear me, O o is lord over us?”

Lord my God : lighten mine eyes, 5. Now for the comfortless that I sleep not in death; troubles sake of the needy : and 4. Lest mine enemies say, “I because of the deep sighing of “ have prevailed against him :" the poor;

for if I be cast down, they that 6. “I will up,” saith the Lord : trouble me will rejoice at it. " and will help every one from 5. But my trust is in thy mercy: “ him that swelleth against him, and my heart is joyful in thy sal" and will set him at rest."

vation. 7. The words of the Lord are 6. I will sing of the Lord, bepure (1) words : even as the silver, cause he hath dealt so lovingly which from the earth is tried, and with me : yea, I will praise the purified seven times in the fire. Name of the Lord most Highest. 8. Thou shalt keep them (m),

Psalm xiv. (9) O Lord : thou shalt preserve The fool hath said in his heart : him (n) from this generation for

« There is no God.” 9. The ungodly walk on every

2. They (r) are corrupt and beside : when they are exalted, there is none that doeth good, no,

come abominable in their doings : the children of men are put to

not one.

3. The Lord looked down from Psalm xüi. (p)

heaven upon the children of men : How long wilt thou forget me, to see if there were any that O Lord, for ever ? how long wilt would understand (s), and seek thou hide thy face from me ? after God.

2. How long shall I seek coun- 4. But they are all gone out of sel in my soul, and be so vexed the way, they are altogether be


rebuke (0).

(1) v. 7. “ Pure," i. e. “fully to be de- and other vices, of the persons against "pended upon, without any alloy." See whom the Psalm is written, with an alluPs. xviii. 30.

sion to some discomfiture God had given (m) v. 8. “Them," i. e. the


and them. The occasion of writing it is not “ needy, mentioned in v. 5."

known; some suppose it was written by (n) “ Him, or “them.”

David upon Absalom's rebellion ; others (o) v. 9.“ Put to rebuke," i. e. (pro- refer it to the time of the captivity in bably),“ discouraged from turning to thy Babylon. It is nearly verbatim with Psalm "worship, from putting their trust in thee." liii. except that the 53d omits the 5th, 6th, It was very common with David to press and 7th verses, and they are probably an upon God's consideration the influence the addition transcribed from Rom. iii. 13, &c. success of his worshippers and the failure where the 4th verse is cited. These verses of the wicked was likely to have upon the are not in the Hebrew MSS. nor in the conduct of others.

Syriac or Chaldee versions, nor in the (p) An earnest prayer to God for de- Bible translation, nor in several copies of liverance, apparently commenced in great the Septuagint. distress, with a triumphant conclusion, as (v) v. 2. They,"i.e.“men in general." if God had acceded to his prayer. It is (s) v. 3. “ Would understand, &c." i. e. supposed to have been written by David. “had understanding and wisdom to seek

(9) Upon the blasphemy, wickedness, " after God."

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