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I sent to Ephesus. 13. The cloak your peace shall rest upon it: that I left at Troas with Carpus, “ if not, it shall turn to you again. when thou comest, bring with
“ 7. And in the same house rethee, and the books, but especially “ main, eating (e) and drinking the parchments. 14. Alexander “ such things as they give: for the coppersmith did me much “ the labourer is worthy of his evil: the Lord (z) reward him
« hire." according to his works: 15. of whom be thou ware also; for he
Twenty-second Sunday afler Trinity. hath greatly withstood our words.
The Collect. The Gospel. Luke x. 1. LORD, we beseech thee to keep The Lord appointed other seventy thy household the Church in conalso, and sent them two and two tinual godliness; that through thy before his face into every city and protection it may be free from all place, whither he himself would adversities, and devoutly given to come. 2. Therefore said he unto
serve thee in good works, to the them, “The harvest (a) truly glory of thy Name, through Jesus “ is great, but the labourers are Christ our Lord. Amen. “ few: pray ye therefore the “ Lord of the harvest, that he
The Epistle. Phil. i. 3. “ would send forth labourers into I thank my God upon every re“ his harvest. 3. Go your ways: membrance (8) of you, 4. (always “ behold, I send you forth as
in every prayer of mine for
all “ lambs(b)among wolves. 4. Carry making request (h) with joy,) “ neither purse, nor scrip, nor 5. for your fellowship (i) in the "shoes ; and salute no man (c) Gospel, from the first day until by the way. 5. And into what
now; 6. being confident of this “ soever house ye enter, first say,
very thing, that he which hath “ Peace be to this house. 6. And begun a good work in you “ if the Son of peace (d) be there, perform (X) it until the day () of
(2). v. 14. “ The Lord,” é Kúpes, i. e. beginning of the verse is translated “ Christ.”
prayer," and with the article, “7xy Bérsin." (a) v. 2. The harvest, &c.i. e. "many (i) v. 5. “ Fellowship," i. e. “partici" to have the gospel preached unto them, pation, or concurrence in advancing its " or in a disposition to be converted, and “ propagation." “ but few to preach."
(k) v. 6." Perform," i. e. “ go on with, (6) v. 3. “ Lambs, &c." therefore you “carry through," " complete. must expect difficulty and danger.
(2) c. 6. 10. “ The day, &c." i. e. the (c) v. 4. " Salute no man," i. e.
time so often referred to under the ex. “ no time in idle civilities."
pression of the day," or "coming of the (d) v. 6. “ The son of peace," i. e. i Lord.” See ante, 28. note on Rom. xiii. “ any person of a proper temper of mind 11. The frequent mention of this ap“ to receive the gospel.”
proaching period shews how strongly it (e) v. 7. “ Eating, &c." “ not scrupling pressed upon St. Paul's mind, and is : " to eat and drink at their expence, because strong argument that all the epistles in “ your labours give you that right." which it is noticed were written before the
(g) v. 3. “ Upon every remembrance of destruction of Jerusalem. See 1 Cor. X. " you," i. e. “ whenever I think of you." 11.- Philipp. iv, 5. — Thess. ii. 1, 2.
(*) v. 4. “Request," or, " the prayer.” 1 Tim. vi. 14. - 1 Thess. v. 23.- 1 Pet. It is the same word as that which in the i. 7. 13. I John ii. 28
Jesus Christ: 7. even as it is meet “ he had begun to reckon, one for me to think this of you all, “ was brought unto him which because I have you in my heart; “ owed him ten thousand talents : inasmuch as both in my bonds (m), “ 25. but forasmuch as he had not and in the defence and confirm- “ to pay, his lord commanded him ation of the Gospel, ye all are “ to be sold (u), and his wife and partakers of my grace. (n) 8. For children, and all that he had, God is my record, how greatly I “ and payment to be made. long after you all in the bowels (0)
“ 26. The servant therefore fell
“ down, and worshipped him, say. may
abound ing, “Lord, have patience with yet more and more in knowledge “me, and I will pay thee all.” and in all judgement; 10. that ye
" 27. Then the lord of that sermay approve (P) things that are
moved with comexcellent; that ye may be sincere passion, and loosed him, and for. and without offence till the (9) gave (r) him the debt. 28. But day of Christ; 11. being filled " the same servant went out, and with the (r) fruits of righteous
“ found one of his fellow-servants ness, which are by Jesus Christ, " which owed him an hundred unto the glory and praise of God. “ pence; and he laid hands on
“ him, and took him by the The Gospel. Matt. xviii. 21.
“ throat, saying, “Pay me that Peter said unto Jesus, “Lord, " thou owest.” 29. And his fel“ how oft shall my brother sin « low-servant fell down at his " against me, and I forgive him ? “ feet, and besought him, saying, "till seven times ?” 22. Jesus “ “ Have patience with me, and
I saith unto him, “I say not unto “ will pay thee all." 30. And he “thee, Until seven times; but, « would not ; but went and cast "Until seventy times seven. (8) “ him into prison, till he should “ 23. Therefore is the kingdom of
pay the debt.
31. So when his “heaven likened (t) unto a certain “ fellow-servants saw what was king, which would take account “ done, they were very sorry, and of his servants. 24. And when “ came and told unto their lord
(m) v. 7. “In my bonds." This epistle (9) « Till the day, &c." as if he was was written whilst St. Paul was a prisoner expecting it during their lives. at Rome, A. D. 59. after the Philippians (r) v. 11. “ The fruits, &c.” those had sent him a supply of money:
Christianity produces. (n) “My grace,
i. e. " whatever God (s) v. 22. Seventy times seven," i. e. " confers upon me, whether of suffering or “ indefinitely, without any fixed limit.” "otherwise :" the being allowed to suffer (t) v. 23. “The kingdom of heaven," for Christ's sake is mentioned in v. 29. as a i. e. '“ the course of God's proceedings." gift; “To you it is given in the behalf of (u) v. 25. “To be sold, and his wife, &c.”
Christ, not only to believe on him, but This was the practice in the east. See " also to suffer for his sake.”
Exod. xxii. 3. Levit. xxv. 35. 41. 2 Kings (0) 0. 8. “ The bowels, &c.” i. e. “the iv. 1. 13. I. 1. extreme of Christian love." See ante, (x) v. 27. “ Forgave," not (perhaps) 72. note on Col. iii. 12.
absolutely and intirely, but retracted his (p)v.10.“Approve,"i.e."adhere to, sanc- command to sell him, dispensing with imtion by example, give proof of, practise.” | mediate payment.
“ all that was done. 32. Then his | Jesus Christ himself being the “ lord, after that he had called head corner-stone: Grant us so
to “ wicked servant, I forgave thee Spirit by their doctrine, that we “ all that debt, because thou de- may be made an holy temple, ac" siredst me:
33. shouldest (y) ceptable unto thee, through Jesus “ not thou also have had com- Christ our Lord. Amen. “ passion on thy fellow-servant, “ even as I had pity on thee?" Jude (a) the servant of Jesus
The Epistle. Jude 1. “ 34. And his lord was wroth, and o delivered him to the tormentors,
Christ, and brother of James (6), “ till he should pay all that was
to them that are sanctified by God « due unto him. 35. So likewise
the Father, and preserved in Jesus " shall my heavenly Father do Christ, and called : 2. Mercy unto “ also unto you, if ye from your tiplied. 3. Beloved, when I gave
you, and peace, and love, be mul“ hearts (2) forgive not every one " his brother their trespasses.
all diligence to write unto you the common salvation, it was need
ful for me to write unto you, and Saint Simon and Saint Jude, Apostles.
exhort you that ye should ear
nestly contend for the faith which The Collect.
was once delivered unto the saints. O Almighty God, who hast built 4. For there are certain men crept thy Church upon the foundation in unawares, who were before of of the Apostles and Prophets, old ordained (c) to this condemn
(y) v. 33. “Shouldest, &c.” The duty “ Zelotes,” and “ Judas, the brother of of forgiveness is strongly pressed, Ecci. “ James.” St. Jude is called by St. Matthew, xxviii. 1. “He that revengeth shall find (ch. x. 3.) “ Lebbeus, whose surname was “ vengeance from the Lord, and he,” (i.e. “ Thaddeus;" and by St. Mark, (ch. iii. 18.) God) will surely keep his sins in re- “ Thaddeus" only. This epistle is sup“ membrance. Forgive thy neighbour the posed to have been written after St. Paul's “ hurt he hath done unto thee, so shall thy epistles to Timothy, and after the 2d of “ sins be forgiven also when thou prayest : St. Peter's epistles (of which it seems in “ one man beareth hatred against another, some respects an epitome or abstract), but “ and doth he seek pardon from the before the destruction of Jerusalem. “ Lord ?” And in the Sermon on the (6) “ James," i. e. the author of the geMount, (Matt. vi. 14, 15.) what says our neral epistle of St. James ; the son of CleoSaviour?' “ If ye forgive men their tres. phas or Alphæus. Ante, 154, note (n). passes, your heavenly Father will also
(c) v. 4. “ Before of old ordained, &c." forgive you; but if ye forgive not men i. e. “ prophesied of," “ foretold." Our “their trespasses, neither will your Father Saviour, in his prophecy relative to the " forgive your trespasses !!!" See 1. Till. destruction of Jerusalem, (Matt. xxiv. 10, 303. — and ante, 221. note on Ephes. iv. 32. &c.) observes, that before that great event
(z) v. 35. “ From your hearts." The many shall be offended,” (that is, fall off forgiveness must be complete, without any from Christianity) and that “ the love of reservation.
many shall wax cold." In 1 Tim, iv. 1. (a) v. 1.“ Jude." St. Jude is supposed to St. Paul says, “ The Spirit speaketh exhave been the person called (John xiv, 22.) pressly, that in the latter times" (that is, “ Judas, not Iscariot,” and (Luke vi. 16.) perhaps, the times just preceding the de“ Judas, the brother of James.” Both he struction of Jerusalem, which is called the and St. Simon are named in the list of the end) “some shall depart from the faith, apostles, Luke vi, 15, 16. “ Simon called “ giving heed to seducing spirits, and doc.
ation ; ungodly men, turning the | 5. I will therefore put you in regrace of our God into lascivious-membrance, though ye once knew ness
, and denying the(d)only Lord this, how that the Lord, having God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. saved the people out of the land “ trines of devils, speaking lies in hypo- occurring so close to each other, the former "crisy, having their conscience seared should be intended to apply to two persons, “ with a hot iron." In 2 Thes. ii. 3. he and the latter only to one? In 2 Pet. ii. 20. says, the day of Christ “ shall not come, and iii. 2. τ8 Κυρία και σωτήρος is rendered "except there come a falling away first ;" as it ought, “ The Lord and Saviour," and and in 2 Pet. ii. 3. St. Peter says,
refers to one and the same person, Jesus " shall come in the last days scoffers, walk- Christ. See Middl. 621 to 626. The ori. "ing after their own lusts, and saying, ginal in Tit. ii. 13. is, II poodexóusvou ty " where is the promise of his coming.' It « μακαρίαν ελπίδα, και επιφάνειας της δόξης τα is to these apostates so spoken of before- « μεγάλα Θεά και σωτήρος ημών Ιησε Χρις, ’ the hand that St. Jude here alludes.
literal translation of which I take to be (d) “ The only Lord God, &c.” ra- “ Looking for that blessed hope, and (or ther, “our only Master, God, and Lord “ even) the appearance of the glory (i. e. " Jesus Christ." The original is, tèy Móvos " the glorious appearance) of our great δεστότην θεών και Κύριον ημών Ιησού Χριςόν, “ God and Saviour Jesus Christ." There and there being no article before oidy or being no article before owinpo;, that word, Kápos, those words must, according to the according to Dr. Middleton's Rule, (Middl. Greek language, refer to the same person 79, 80.) must refer to the same person to to whom dopótyy refers. (See Middl. on the whom eß refers, and the context shews, Greek article, 79, 80.) Arnótny is a sub- that by Ozē, God the Father could not stantive, and should be translated “Master" be meant. The expected appearance of rather than “ Lord,” because it is immedi- Christ in glory is continually referred to ately followed by Kúpor, to which the by St. Paul; but where is there a surmise term “ Lord” is more appropriate ; and of the expectation of an appearance of God juiv, though placed after Kúpoy, is equally the Father? No man had seen Him at any applicable to all the three nouns. (Middl. time, nor was there any intimation that He on the Gr. article, 622.) This would be a
would be seen : but the coming of the text therefore to which the term “God”
Lord, the coming of the Son of Man in would clearly be applied to Christ, were it the clouds of heaven, with power and great not that many authorities omit the word glory, is part of Christ's prophecy, Matt, Pid, "God," (Middl. 658. Pole in loco); xxiv. 30.–Mark xiii. 26, and Luke xxi, 27.. and then the passage would only be, “ Our and was matter of earnest expectation is " only Master and Lord Jesus Christ.”
St. Paul's time. Chrysostom mentions this There are two other texts, however, 2 Pet.
passage, vol. iv. p. 32, in his 6th Discourse i. 1. and Tit. j.13. in which the word “God”
on the Philippians, and vol. vi. p. 962. in seems plainly applied to Christ, though this his Discourse upon the Trinity; and in is not so evident upon our version as in the both he considers it as clear, that payána original. The text in 2 Pet. i. 1. is te
Ocē “our great God,"_applies to Christ, θεί ημών και σωληρος Ιησε Χριςθ, and the not to the Father ; and Dr. Whitby notices, proper rendering, I apprehend, is, “ Our
that stipáv nav never occurs in the New Testa "God and Saviour Jesus Christ." This is ament but when applied to Christ, and the translation in most of the early English some coming of his. See 2 Thes. ii. 8.versions ; and there being no article before 1 Tim. vi. 14.-2 Tim. i. 10. and iv. l. 8. selīgas, Dee and owlūpos must, according to Dr. Middleton's Rule is illustrated by Col.i. Dr. Middleton's Rules, refer to the same 3. and Eph.v. 20. where by tớ em al llapiz person. In the same chapter, verse 11. God and (or even) the Father," the same the same words occur, with the substi
person must be meant by both termis. The tution only of Kupia for Ocē. T: Kupée rendering in the French edition at Nons, ημών και σωληρος 'Ιησε Χρις: and how are 1672, of the text in Jude, is conformable they rendered ? « Our Lord and Saviour to what seems the true sense of the "Jesus Christ,” considering both terms original : “ Et qui renoncent Jésus Christ, Lord and Saviour” as applying to the “ notre unique Maitre, notre Dieu, et notre same person ; and would it not be strange “ Seigneur." that, in sentences so nearly similar, and
of Egypt, afterward destroyed “ not of the world, but I have them (e) that believed not. 6. And “ chosen you out of the world, . the angels (8) which kept not their “ therefore (k) the world hateth first estate, but left their own ha- “you. 20. Remember the word (1) bitation, he hath reserved in ever- “ that I said unto you, “The lasting chains, under darkness, “ servant is not greater than his unto the judgement of the great
• Lord.” If they have persecutday. 7. Even as Sodom and Go- “ed me, they will also persecute morrha, and the cities about them, you: if they have kept my sayin like manner giving themselves ing, they will keep yours also. over to fornication, and going after “ 21. But all these things will strange flesh, are set forth for an they do unto you for my name's example, suffering the vengeance “ sake, because they know not(m) of eternal fire. 8. Likewise also “ him (n) that sent me. 22. Ifo) these filthy dreamers defile the “ I had not come and spoken unto flesh, despise dominion, and speak them, they had not had sin : but evil of dignities.
“ now they have no cloke for their
23. He that hateth me hatThe Gospel. John xv. 17. (k)
“eth my Father also (p). 24. If These things I command you, (9) I had not done among them “ that ye love (1) one another.
“ the works which none other « 18. If the world hate you, ye “ man did, they had not had sin : « know that it hated me before it “ but now have they both seen “ hated you. 19. If ye were of “ and hated both me and my “ the world, the world would love “ Father. 25. But this cometh to “ his own : but because ye are
that (r) the word might be (e) v.5. “ Destroyed them, &c."
cSo (m) v. 21. “ Because they know not, &c." that it will be no protection to these apos- Their disposition to sin is repeatedly notates that they once believed, that they ticed as the cause of their unbelief. Ante, were once within the range of God's favour. 215. note on 2 Cor. iv. 3. Is not this also See ante, 196, note on 1 Cor, x. I, &c. the foundation of infidelity, in some in
(g) v.6." The angels,&c.” The argument stances at least, at this day? is this: As God would not spare his own (n) “ Him that sent me,” describing angels, neither will he spare other apostates. himself as sent by the Father — and he
(h) Part of our Saviour's discourse at the is foretold, Mal. iii. 1. as “the messenger of last supper.
“the covenant," in whom ye delight. (i) v. 17. “ Love, &c.” The two great (0) v. 22. “ If, &c.” Ignorance might duties our Saviour here enjoins, are, Ist, otherwise have excused; now it cannot. love and union amongst themselves ; and, (p) v. 23. " My Father also." There is 2dly, a fearless contempt of persecution, no alternative.
(k) v. 19. “ Therefore, &c.” It is, “be- (q) v. 24. “ If, &c.” It is reasonable each “ cause you are not of the world, because man should be judged according to the “your motives are not worldly, and worldly opportunities he has had : where much has “ pursuits and pleasures are restrained, been given, it is not inconsistent that much “that the world will hate you."
should be required. (1) v. 20. “ The word, &c.” He had (r) v. 25. “ That, &c." This is a strong used this saying after this very Supper, instance of stating as the cause what was upon his washing Peter's feet, (John xii.
only a consequence. See ante, 49,50. note on 16. ;) but he also used it when he first sent Matt. ii, 15. The passage, which is in out his twelve disciples, and apprized them Psalm xxxv, 19. had no allusion to our of the persecutions they should meet with, Saviour; it was merely a prayer of David Matt. x. 24. It is to the latter, probably, that they who “hated him without a cause" he here alludes.