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sealed (d) unto the day of re- passed over, and came into his demption. (e) 31. Let all bitter- own city. (i) 2. And, behold, ness (g), and wrath, and anger, they brought (k) to him, a and clamour, and evil-speaking, man sick of the palsy, lying on be put away from you, with all a bed: and Jesus seeing their malice: 32. and be ye kind one to faith (1), said unto the sick of the another, tender-hearted, forgiving palsy, “ Son, be of good cheer; one another, even as God (n) for “thy sins (m) be forgiven thee.” Christ's sake hath forgiven you. 3. And, behold, certain of the The Gospel. Matt. ix. 1.

scribes said within themselves, Jesus entered into a ship, and

• This man

blasphemeth. (n)

(d) “ Sealed.” It was the practice to great, that they could not bring the man mark a man's slaves or servants with his in, and they unroofed the house, and let seal : being sealed therefore by God's him down. Spirit, means being marked as his servants ; (1) “ Their faith," i. e. “their confidence and whoever were so marked, were to be “ in his powers." " protected in the times of vengeance. In (m) “ Thy sins," i. e. “those which were Rev. vii. 3. post, 232. the angels were com- “ the cause of this infirmity." Sickness manded, “ Hurt not the earth, neither the and disease being, (in some instances at “ sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the least,) a visitation from God and punish« servants of our God in their foreheads." ment for sin, forgiving the sin implies that See also Ephes. i. 13.—2 Cor. i. 22. the disease shall be removed. Throughout

(e) “ The day of redemption," i. e. one this passage our Saviour considers the forof the times so often alluded to under giving this man's sin and healing him as the the expression of “the day of the Lord.” same thing. The same idea occurs Psalm Ante, 28.

ciii. 3. i who forgiveth all thy sin, (g) v. 31. “All bitterness, &c.” The " and healeth all thine infirmities." And character of the Christian virtues cannot Isaiah xxxiii. 24. “ The inhabitant shall be too often pressed upon our considera. “not say, I am sick; the people that tion: they lay a restraint on words, and “ dwell therein shall be forgiven their inieven thoughts, as well as upon acts; and quity." they recommend a system, not of what the (n) v. 3. “Blasphemeth,” i. e. "by asworld calls spirit, but (of what is admirably “suming to himself what belongs pecucalculated to advance the comfort of indi- liarly to God, the power of forgiving viduals, and the happiness of mankind,) o sins.” In the parallel passages (Mark of forbearance and forgiveness. Let a ii. 7. and Luke v. 21.) the scribes are stated man contrast his own feelings after he has to have added, as the reason why they forgiven an injury, with what they would treated it as blasphemy, “Who can forgive have been had he revenged it, and he will “sins, but God ?” When our Saviour told not repent of having acted like a Christian. the high priest (Matt. xxvi. 64.) that they See ante, 209. note on Gal. v. 22.

should thereafter " see the Son of man (h) d. 32. “ As God, &c." An irresisti- “sitting on the right hand of power," ble argument against bitterness and ma- (plainly intimating that he should be aslice. Can a man join in the petition, “for- sociated with God), the high priest im“ give us our trespasses, as we forgive them mediately treated it as blasphemy: “He " that trespass against us,

whilst he is

“ hath spoken blasphemy; what further pursuing against another the dictates of “ need have we of witnesses ? behold, now malevolence?

“ye have heard his blasphemy." And is it (8) v. 1. “ His own city,” i. e." Caper- likely that our Saviour would have suf“naum,” (Mark ii. 1.) a city of Galilee, fered them to have acted under the where he then dwelt. See ante, 187. note notion that he claimed the attributes of on Luke v. I.

God, had he not been conscious that he (k) v. 2. “Brought." According to was, what the Nicene creed calls him, Mark ii. 4. and Luke v. 19., the press, in

"very God of very God?" See Graves's the hosue where our Saviour was, was so Trin, Ixxxiii. 4, 5, 6.

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4. And Jesus knowing (0) their | keep us, we beseech thee, from all thoughts, said, “ Wherefore think things that may hurt us; that we “ye evil in your hearts ? 5. For being ready both in body and w whether is easier, to say, Thy soul, may cheerfully accomplish “sins be forgiven thee; or to say, those things that thou wouldest “ Arise, and walk ? 6. But that have done, through Jesus Christ

ye may know that the Son (p) our Lord. Amen. “ of man hath power on earth to

forgive sins,” (then saith he to The Epistle. Ephes. v. 15. the sick of the palsy,) “ Arise, See then that ye walk circum“take up thy bed, and go unto spectly, not as fools

, but as wise, « thine house.' 7. And he arose,

16. redeeming (r) the time, beand departed to his house. 8. But when the multitudes (9) saw

cause (s) the days are evil. 17.

Wherefore be ye not unwise, but it

, they marvelled, and glorified understanding what the will of the God, which had given such power | Lord is. 18. And be not drunk unto men.

with wine, wherein (t) is excess;

but be filled with the Spirit; Twentieth Sunday after Trinity. 19. speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns, and spiritual songs

, The Collect.

singing and making melody in O ALMIGHTY and most merciful

your heart to the Lord; 20. giving God, of thy bountiful goodness, thanks always for all things unto

(o) v. 4. “ Knowing their thoughts," “ judgments are in the earth, the inhabiand who that is not God, hath this know- “tants of the world will learn righteousledge ?

“ness." When God thought of destroying (p) v. 6. “The Son of man," i. e. “the Sodom, he promised that if ten righteous 6 Messiah." The Jews understood this as should be found there, he would not deone of the names of the Messiah, because stroy it for the sake of those ten. See it occurs in the prophecy, Dan, vii. 13. Gen. xviii. 23 to 33. In Jer. xviii. 7. God ante, 101. which was always taken to apply is represented as saying, “At what into him. Our Saviour gives himself this “stant I shall speak concerning a nation, appellation in Matt. x. 23. and John iii. 13.

“and concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, (9) v. 8. “ The multitudes, &c." This “and to pull down, and to destroy it; If miracle therefore was done publicly, corres- “ that nation, against whom I have proponding in this and other particulars with nounced, turn from their evil, I will most of our Saviour's other miracles: it “ repent of the evil that I thought to do was an act of mercy, and typical, implying “ unto them.” The warnings however his power to take away sin, and overcome God vouchsafes must not be too long Satan's kingdom. St. Matthew, who lived

neglected, lest, according to Prov.i. 26, 27. at Capernaum, became a disciple almost “When fear cometh as desolation, and immediately after this miracle. See Matt. “ destruction as a whirlwind, he should ix. 9.–Mark ii. 14.—Luke v. 27.

“ laugh at our calamity, and mock when (1) v. 16. “Redeeming," i. e. “making our fear cometh, because we set at “the best use of, employing to the best nought all his counsel, and would none “advantage, not wasting but improving it.” “of his reproof." When the safety of a

(8) “ Because, &c.” Times of peril are nation may depend upon the goodness and calculated to bring the mind to serious piety of individuals, religion is the truest reflection ; and where men are induced patriotism. thereby to turn to God, they may avert (t) v. 18. “Wherein is excess," i. e. national, as well as individual calamities. “ which leads to other excesses." According to Isaiah xxvi. 9. “ When God's

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God and (u) the Father, in the “ wroth: and he sent forth his name of our Lord Jesus Christ; “ armies and destroyed (d) those 21. submitting yourselves one to “ murderers, and burned up their another in the fear of God.

“ city. 8. Then saith he to his

“ servants, “ The wedding is ready, The Gospel. Matt. xxii. 1. (1)

“ but they which were bidden, Jesus said, 2. “ The kingdom of “ were not worthy. 9. Go ye, “heaven (y) is like unto (2) a “ therefore, into the highways; “ certain king, which made a mar- “ and as many as ye shall find, bid riage (a) for his son, 3. and sent “ to the marriage.” 10. So those “forth his servants to call them “ servants went out into the high" that were bidden (6) to the wed- “ ways, and gathered together all, “ ding: and they would not come. “ as many as they found, both " 4. Again, he sent forth other “ bad and good : and the wed"servants, saying, Tell them “ ding was furnished with guests. “which are bidden, Behold, I have “ 11. And when the king came in " prepared my dinner; my oxen “ to see the guests, he saw there a "and my fatlings are killed, and “ man which had not on a wed" all things are ready: come unto “ ding garment: 12. and he saith " the marriage." 5. But they “ unto him, “ Friend, how camest " made light of it, and went their “ thou in hither, not having a

ways, one to his farm, another “ wedding garment (e) ?” And “ to his (c) merchandize: 6. and “ he was speechless. (8) 13. Then “the remnant took his servants, “ said the king to the servants, “ and entreated them spitefully, “ Bind him hand and foot, and "and slew them. 7. But when “ take him away, and cast him " the king heard thereof, he was “ into outer darkness; there shall

may be de

(u) d. 20. “ And," or "even.” No ar- (y) v. 2. “The kingdom of heaven," i.e. ticle being used before the word “Father,” “ God's conduct in the Christian dispen“God," and “the Father,” refer to the “ sation.” same person. Midd. 80.

(z) “ Is like unto," i. e. “ (+) The meaning of this parable is this: “ scribed by the account of.” The advantages of Christ's coming shall (a) “ A marriage," i. e. “a marriage first be offered to the Jews, and great pains

46 feast." shall be taken to convince them, but they (6) v. 3. “ That were bidden," i.e. “ the shall treat the offer in such a way, as to “ Jews." They are called, (Matt. viii. 12.) bring down upon themselves the heaviest “ the children of the kingdom." See ante, punishment. Upon rejection by the Jews, 91. note (e) on Matt. xv. 24. they shall be offered to the Gentiles ; but (c) v. 6. “ His merchandize," i. e. “his though the Gentiles shall be invited and “ ordinary occupation, his shop, his even forced to be present whilst those

" trade.” advantages are distributing, it does not (d) v. 7. “ Destroyed, &c." probably follow that they will all partake of them: referring to the signal vengeance to be unless each does what is necessary to taken at the destruction of Jerusalem. See intitle him to partake, by acquiescing in ante, 28. note on Rom. xiii, 11. ante, 32. the injunctions and performing the duties note on Luke xxi. 25. of Christianity, he will not only lose reward, (e) v. 12. “A wedding garment:" he but incur punishment. God puts Christi- might have had it, and it was a contempt anity and its blessings within our reach: and insult not to take it. but he expects from us acceptance and con- (g) “Speechless," because he had no formity. See Stanh. iii. 555.


“ be weeping and gnashing of able to withstand in the evil day, “ teeth. 14. For many are called, and, having done all, to stand. << but few are chosen.

14. Stand, therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and

having on the breast-plate of rightTwenty-first Sunday after Trinity.

eousness; 15. and your feet shod The Collect.

with the preparation of the gospel Grant, we beseech thee, merciful

of peace; 16. above all, taking Lord, to thy faithful people, par- the shield of faith, wherewith ye don and peace; that they may be shall be able to quench all the fiery cleansed from all their sins, and darts of the wicked. (m) 17. And serve thee with a quiet mind, take the helmet of salvation, through Jesus Christ our Lord. and the sword (n) of the Spirit

, Amen.

which is the word of God: 18.

pray The Epistle. Ephes. vi. 10.

ing (o) always with all prayer and My brethren, be strong in the supplication in the Spirit, and (h) Lord, and in the power of his watching thereunto with all permight. 11. Put on the whole

severance and supplication for all armour of God, that ye may be saints ; 19. and forme, that utterance able to stand against the wiles of the may be given unto me, that I may devil

. 12. For we wrestle not against open my mouth boldly, to make flesh and blood (i), but against prin- 20. for which I am an ambassador

known the mystery of the Gospel, cipalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness (1) of in bonds (p); that therein I may this world, against spiritual wicked speak boldly, as I ought to speak. ness in high places. (l) 13. Where- The Gospel. John iv. 46. fore take unto you the whole There was a certain nobleman, armour of God, that ye may be whose son was sick at Capernaum.

(h) v. 10. “ The Lord," i. e. “ Christ.” “ Spirit," the great weapon upon which

(i) v. 12. “ Not against flesh and blood, Christians are to rest. It is observable, “ &c." i. e. “ not against ordinary human that when our Saviour was tempted of the

powers, but against powers that have the devil, it was with passages from Scripture he supernatural assistance of the devil.” repelled the attacks. See ante, 90. note

(be) “ The rulers of the darkness of on Matt. iv. 7. " this world," i. e. “ the chief, the high- (o) v. 18. “ Praying, &c." The duty of “ est, the most powerful of the devil's prayer was strongly pressed upon the Gen“ ministers, those who most effectually tile converts, because as they had not been “ promote the sinfulness and disobedience accustomed to the worship of the true God, 6 of man."

nor brought up in the discipline of the (1) Spiritual wickedness in high Temple, they might not know its efficacy. « places,” Τα πνευματικά της πονηρίας εν τοις 1. Towns. 192. St. James says, (James v. énouparios, i. e. (metaphorically) “the spirits 16.) “ The effectual fervent prayer of a “ of wickedness of highest rank and power." righteous man availeth much ;” and St. In Ephes. ii. 2. the great promoter of ini- Luke, who wrote for the Gentiles, states quity is called, “ the prince of the power two parables, (Luke xi. 5. and Luke 66 of the air, the spirit that worketh in the xviii. 1.) to shew the effect of earnest and “ children of disobedience."

importunate prayer. (m) v. 16.“ The wicked,” or “the wicked (p) v. 20. “ In bonds." This epistle, one.” 18 Toympa.

therefore, was written whilst St. Paul was (n) v. 17. “ The sword, &c.” The word a prisoner: (probably) A. D. 58. whilst he of God is here called " the sword of the was at Rome,

his way.

47. When he heard that Jesus was is in the Gospel, to be an Evangecome out of Judea into Galilee, list and Physician of the soul ; he went unto him, and besought May it please thee, that by the him that he would come down, wholesome medicines of the docand heal his son: for he was at the trine delivered by him all the point of death. 48. Then said diseases of our souls may be Jesus unto him," Except ye see healed, through the merits of thy “ signs and wonders, ye will not Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. “ believe.49. The nobleman saith unto him, “ Sir, (q) come

The Epistle. 2 Tim. iv. 5. "down, ere my child die.* 50. Je Watch (s) thou in all things, sus saith unto him,

“ Go thy

endure afflictions, do the work of " way, thy son liveth." And the an Evangelist, make full proof of man believed the word that Jesus thy ministry.

6. For I am now had spoken unto him, and he went ready to be offered, and the time

51. And as he was now of my departure is at hand. 7. I going down, his servants met him, have fought a good fight, I have and told him, saying, “ Thy son finished my course, I have kept « liveth.”

52. Then inquired he the faith : 8. henceforth there is of them the hour when he began to laid up for me a crown (1) of amend. And they said unto him, righteousness, which the (u) Lord, " Yesterday at the seventh hour the righteous Judge, shall give me “the fever left him.” 53. So the at that day (r): and not to me father knew that it was at the same only, but unto all them also that hour in the which Jesus said unto love his appearing. 9. Do thy him,

Thy son liveth :" and him- diligence to come shortly unto self (r) believed, and his whole me: 10. for Demas hath forsaken house. 54. This is again the second me, having loved this present miracle that Jesus did, when he was world, and is departed unto Thescome out of Judea into Galilee. salonica; Crescens to Galatia,

Titus unto Dalmatia. 11. Only Saint Luke the Evangelist. Luke (y) is with me. Take Mark The Collect.

(y), and bring him with thee; for Almighty God, who calledst he is profitable to me for the Luke the Physician, whose praise ministry. 12. And Tychicus have (9) v. 49. “ Sir," rather “Lord;" Kúpe. a good fight,” or “ finished their course,” The application being for what nothing were honoured with a crown. but divine power could effect, the divine (u) “ The Lord,” • Kúpos, i.e. “ Christ," appellation of “ Lord" was most appro- to whom, according to Jolin v. 22. all judgpriate,

ment was committed, and who, according (1) v. 53. “ Believed," and was there not to Acts x. 42. (169) was ordained of God abundant evidence for this belief?

to be the Judge of quick and dead. (s) v.5. “Watch, &c." This injunction (2) " At that day,” i. e. either “ the implies pretty strongly that at this time “ time of his departure, or the time so often the Christians were subject to many diffi- “ referred to of Christ's coming." See culties.

ante, 73. note on 1 John iii. 2. post, (t) v. 8. “ A crown, &c." A figure of note on 1 Cor. xv. 24. speech borrowed from the Olympic games, (y) v. 11. “ Luke” and “ Mark," i. e, where they who had succeeded in a combat “ the writers of the gospels which bear or race, they who, as in v. 7. had “ fought “ their names."


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