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things, and ye believe not, how our mortal nature we can do no “shall ye believe if I tell you of good thing without thee, grant " heavenly things? 13. And no us the help of thy grace, that in “ man hath ascended up to heaven, keeping thy commandments we " but (6) he that came (c) down may please thee, both in will and " from heaven, even the Son of deed, through Jesus Christ our “man, which (d) is in heaven. Lord. Amen. “ 14. And (e) as Moses lifted up " the (8) serpent in the wilder- The Epistle. 1 John iv. 7. “ness, even so must the Son of Beloved, let us love one another : man be (h) lifted up; 15. that
for love is of God; and every (1) (i) whosoever (k) believeth in
one that loveth, is born (m) of “ him should not perish, but have God, and knoweth God.
8. He "eternal life.”
that loveth not, knoweth notGod;
for God is love. 9. In (n) this First Sunday after Trinity. was manifested the love of God The Collect.
toward us, because that God sent O God, the strength of all them his only-begotten Son into the that put their trust in thee, merci. world, that we might (c) live fully accept our prayers ; and be through him. 10. Herein (p) is cause through the weakness of love, not that we loved God, but
(b) v. 13. “ But he, &c." Therefore who but, or so well as, he can tell you of heavenly things, can know God's plans, the scheme of man's redemption, the necessity of being born again, &c.
(c) “ Came down :" so that he existed there before. Bellarmine de Christo, 319. (d) “ Which is in heaven," or
66 whose proper home is heaven," or " who is in " heaven the self-existent Being : o óv év 7 “ davợ.” Christ could hardly speak of himself as being in heaven at the time he was here on earth, but he might properly point to heaven as his domicile, and might well describe what his character there was. "Q, is the proper description of the selfexistent Being.
(e) v. 14. “ As, &c.” Our Saviour apprizes him that his crucifixion was part of God's scheme,- one of the “heavenly " things” mentioned in verse 12.
(8) “ The serpent, &c.” God had sent serpents amongst the Israelites, which bit them so that they died. Moses, at their instance, interceded with God, and by God's command he made a serpent of brass, and it upon a pole;
" and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass he lived, Numb. xxi. 7, 8, 9." As therefore the serpent had been lifted up
to save from temporal death, so should Christ be lifted up to save from death eternal.
(h) “Be lifted up." A prediction which his crucifixion verified !
(i) v. 15. “ That, &c." i. e. “ to extri“ cate true believers from destruction : to
procure for them eternal life.”
(k) “ Believeth," i. e. “ has such a be“ lief as thoroughly influences his con“ duct." See ante, 160. note on James i. 22. (1) v. 7. “ Every one, &c.”
This is a test: no one can be altogether“ of God," such as God would have him, who has not perfect love and benevolence to man.
(m) “ Born of God," i. e. “ a child of “ God, with his temper and disposition ; “ walking in his steps."
(n) v. 9. “ In this, &c.” St. John points out this transcendant instance of God's benevolence to man, to inforce the duty of benevolence from one man to another, and he accordingly draws the conclusion in verse 11.
(0) “ Live," i. e. “ have life ; be res. 6 cued from the curse of death."
(p) v. 10. “ Herein, &c.” This sets his love in a striking light, that when by sin we had shewn our enmity to God, he sent his Son to redeem us from the punishment of sin. According to Rom. v. 8. “ God
that he loved us, and sent his Son he in God. 16. And we have (y) to be the propitiation for our sins. known and (2) believed the love 11. Beloved, if God so loved us, that God hath to us. God is love; we ought also to love one another. and he that dwelleth in love 12. No man hath (7) seen God at dwelleth in God, and God in him.
If (r) we love one 17. Herein (a) is our love made another, God dwelleth in us, and perfect, that we may have boldness his love is perfected in in the day of (6) judgement: be13. Hereby know we that we dwell cause as he is, so are we in this in him, and he in us, because he world. 18. There is no (c) fear hath given us of his (s) Spirit. in love; but perfect love casteth 14. And we have (t) seen, and out fear; because fear hath tordo testify that the Father sent the ment.
He that feareth, is not Son to be the Saviour of the made perfect in love. 19. We love world. 15. Whosoever shall (u) him, (d) because he first loved us. confess that Jesus is the (x) Son 20. If a man say, I love God, of God, God dwelleth in him, and and hateth his brother, he is a (e)
« commended his love towards us, in that “ while we were yet sinners, Christ died “ for us."
(9) v. 12. “ Hath seen, &c.” So that attachment to God cannot proceed from what causes attachment amongst men acquaintance and personal knowledge : obedience to his commands is the only test. One of his chief commands is, that we love one another : he therefore that keeps this commandment shews, in the only way he can, that he loves God : he that does not keep it, shews the reverse, that he does not love God. See ante, 167. note on John xiv. 15.
(r) “ If, &c." Though we have not seen God, yet if we have perfect love to man, God fills our hearts : his love has its perfection in our minds : he makes our hearts his dwelling-place: we are animated by his Spirit ; our conduct is what his Spirit would suggest. So, Rom. viii. 8. “ Ye “ are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if “ so be that the Spirit of God dwell in “ you : now if any man have not the Spirit “ of Christ,” (i. e. the temper he would inspire,) “ he is none of his."
(s) v. 13. “ Spirit,” i. e. “ of universal “ love and benevolence.” So 1 John jii. 24. post, 179. “ Hereby we know that he “ abideth in us, by the Spirit which he “ hath given us.”
(1) v. 14. “ Have seen, &c.” So that we have the fullest assurance of this great instance of God's love: it admits of no doubt. See ante, 46. note on 1 John i. 1.
(u) v. 15. “ Shall confess," i. e. “ in de“ fiance of all danger;" making this return for God's love. This is another test. See v. 2.
(1) “ The Son," ở vids, with the article, even though it follows the word és..
(y) v. 16. “ Have known," i. e. “ bave “ had the most perfect proof:” so that we ought boldly to stand by him, as he has stood by us : to suffer for his sake, as he suffered for ours.
(z) “ Believed,” or “ placed our confi“ dence upon.”. Belief is less than knowledge, and St. Paul could not mean to express the less, after he had expressed the greater ; but he might mean, that the love he had before experienced and known, gave him the surest grounds for future contdence: εγνώκαμεν και πεπιστεύκαμεν.
(a) v. 17. “ Herein, &c.” The meaning seems to be this: this is perfect love to God, to be bold before earthly tribunals for his sake, and in his cause ; to avow Christianity in defiance of all danger: to allow nothing to deter us.
(6) “ Of judgment," i. e. (perhaps) “ of « trial, of danger.”
(c) v. 18. “No fear in love," i. e. " the “ two are inconsistent: perfect love is “ above all fear ; disregards all danger." He whom dread of peril would deter, has not reached the standard of love.
(d) v. 19. “ Because, &c.” i. e.
strong inducement for bold and fearless “ attachment.” It is a debt of gratitude, a mere return for previous love in God.
(e) v. 20. “ A liar," i.e. “ advances
liar; for he (&) that loveth not “ but now he is comforted, and his brother whom he hath seen, “ thou art tormented. 26. And how can he love God whom he “ beside all this, between us and hath not seen ? 21. And this
you there is a great gulf fixed : commandment have we from him, “ so that they which would pass « That he who loveth God love “ from hence to you cannot ; his brother also.”
“ neither can they pass to us
“ that would come from thence.” The Gospel. Luke xvi. 19.
27. Then he said, “I There (h) was a certain rich
“ therefore, father, that thou man, which was clothed in purple “ wouldest send him to my and fine linen, and fared sumptu
“ father's house; 28. for I have ously every day: 20. and there
“ five brethren: that he may was a certain beggar named La
“ testify unto them, lest they also zarus, which was laid at his gate,
“ come into this place of torfull of sores, 21. and desiring to
« ment." 29. Abraham saith unto be fed with the crumbs which fell
him, “They have Moses and the from the rich man's table: more
prophets; let them hear them.” over, the dogs came and licked
30. And he said, “Nay, father 22. And it came to pass “ Abraham : but if one went unto that the beggar died, and was
“ them from the dead, they will carried by the angels into Abra
“ repent.” 31. And he said unto ham's bosom : the rich man also died, and was buried; 22. and in
him, “ If (i) they hear not Moses hell he lifted up his eyes, being
“ and the prophets, neither will
- they be persuaded though one in torments, and seeth Abraham
“ rose from the dead.” afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom: 24. and he cried and said, “Fa"ther Abraham, have mercy on
Second Sunday after Trinity. me, and send Lazarus, that he
The Collect. may dip the tip of his finger in O Lord, who never failest to water, and cool my tongue ; for help and govern them whom thou “I am tormented in this flame.” dost bring up in thy stedfast fear 25. But Abraham said, “Son, re- and love ; Keep us, we beseech “member that thou in thy life thee, under the protection of thy “ time receivedst thy good things, good providence, and make us to " and likewise Lazarus evil things: have a perpetual fear and love of " inconsistent propositions.” So St. James parable might (in part) be intended to insays, (James iii. 14.) “ If ye have bitter timate, that the application of riches to a
envying and strife in your hearts, glory man's own luxuries, with a total disregard "not, and lie not against the truth,” i. e.
of the necessities of the poor, was not indo not say you are Christians ; you are nocent, and would not be unpunished.
(i) v. 31. “ If, &c." The common (g) “For he that loveth not, &c." See grounds for confidence in God, and obenote (r) op v. 12.
dience to his commands, are so strong, I) v. 19. “ There was, &c.” This that it could hardly be expected that any follows the parable of the unjust steward, thing would operate where these did not ; where our Lord had recommended such a but admitting that other means might have disposition of wealth, as would ensure a a greater infi:ience, it is for God alone to teward in the life to come: and this decide what means he will supply.
thy holy Name, through Jesus of compassion from him, how Christ our Lord. Amen.
dwelleth (s) the love of God in him?
18. My little children, let The Epistle. 1 John iii. 13.
us not love in word, neither in Marvel not, my brethren, if the tongue; but in deed and in truth. world (k) hate you. 14. We know 19. And herehy (t) we know that that we have passed from (1) we are of the truth, and shall death unto life, because (m) we assure our hearts (u) before him. love the brethren. He that loveth 20. For if our heart condemn us, not his brother, abideth in (n) God is greater (x) than our heart, death. 15. Whosoever hateth his and knoweth all things. 21. Bebrother is a (0) murderer: and ye loved, if our heart condemn us know that no murderer hath eter- not, then have we confidence tonal life abiding in him. 16. Hereby ward God: 22. And (y) what(p) perceive we the love of God,
soever we ask, we receive of him, because he (9) laid down his (r) because we keep his commandlife for us : and we ought to lay ments, and do those things that down our lives for the brethren. are pleasing in his sight. 23. And 17. But whoso hath this world's this is his commandment, “That good, and seeth his brother have " we should believe on the name need, and shutteth up his bowels “ of his Son Jesus Christ, and
(k) v. 13. “ Hate.” He had just been stating as the reason why Cain slew Abel, that Cain's works were evil, and Abel's righteous : he insinuates, therefore, that it will be no wonder if the world, that is, the wicked, hate them for the same reason.
(l) v. 14. “ From death, &c.”i.e. “ from " an unchristian to a Christian state.” From what would terminate in death, to what will lead to life.
(m) “ Because,” i. e.“this convinces us ; “ this is our assurance." So v. 24. and ch. iv. v.13.
(n) “In death," i. e. “in an unchristian “ state; the same state as if our Saviour “ had not appeared: without the benefits " of his mediation."
(0) v. 15. " Is a murderer," i. e. “ has a “ disposition which would lead to murder : " is as bad as a murderer in the sight of “ him who forbids the first step towards “ sin, and foresees all its consequences."
(p) v. 16. “ Hereby, &c.” St. John presses the same argument here as in i John iv. 9–11. (ante, 175, 176), that the transcendency of God's love to man should make men love one another. If God has demonstrated in so strong a way that mankind in general, the whole human race, is so much the object of his love, how can we justify making any one of that race the fixed object of our hatred ? “ If God so
“ loved us, we ought also to love one 6 another. 1 John iv. 11."
(9) “He laid down, &c.” So that our Saviour is here distinctly referred to by the name of “God.” Bellarmine de Christo lib. 1. c. 7. p. 314. — So 1 Tim. iii. 16. “ God was manifest in the flesh, &c." And Acts xx. 28. “ The church of God, which “ he hath purchased with his own blood."
(r) “ His life,” or “his own life." Tony αγάπην 78 Θεξ, βλ. εκείνος υπέρ ημών 7ην ψυχήν αυτό έθηκε. .
(s) v. 17. “ How dwelleth, &c." If, according to v. 16., we ought even to lay down our lives for the brethren, how far short does he fall, who will not even supply their necessities?
(1) v. 19.“ Hereby," i. e. "by loving “ in deed and in truth."
(u) “ Assure our hearts before him." i.e. as expressed in v. 21. shall “ have con“fidence towards God:” “give our hearts « assurance."
(x) v. 20. “Greater," i.e. “ he knows as “completely, and judges more correctly."
(y) v. 22.“ Whatsoever, &c.” If we keep his commandments, he rewards us by granting what we ask; but then (according to v. 23.) it is one of his commandments that we should believe on Christ, and love one another : we cannot expect the reward, unless we perform the condition.
« that my
“ love one another, as he gave us “ and lanes of the city, and bring “ commandment." 24. And he “in hither the poor, and the that keepeth his commandments “ maimed, and the halt, and the dwelleth (2) in him, and he in so blind.” 22. And the servant him. And hereby we know that said, Lord, it is done as thou he abideth in us, by the Spirit (a) “ hast commanded, and yet there which he hath given us.
“ is room.” 23. And the Lord
said unto the servant, “Go out The Gospel. Luke xiv. 16.
“ into the highways and hedges, A CERTAIN (6) man made a great
“ and compel them to come in,
house supper, and bade many: 17. and
be filled. sent his servant at supper-time to
“ 24. For I say unto you, That say to them that were bidden,
none of those men which were “Come ; for all things are now
“ bidden shall taste of my supper. ready.” 18. And they all with one consent began to make ex
Saint Barnabas the Apostle. cuse. The first said unto him, "I have bought a piece of ground,
The Collect. " and I must needs go and see it: 0 Lord God Almighty, who "I pray thee have me excused.” didst endue thy holy apostle Bar19. And another said, “I have nabas with singular gifts of the bought five yoke of oxen, and I Holy Ghost; Leave us not, we
go to prove them: I pray thee beseech thee, destitute of thy "have me excused." 20. And manifold gifts, nor yet of
grace another said, “I have married a
to use them alway to thy honour wife, and therefore I cannot and glory, through Jesus Christ “come.” 21. So that servant came, our Lord. Amen. and shewed his Lord these things. Then the master of the house,
For the Epistle. Acts xi. 22. being angry, said to his servant, Tidings (c) of these things came "Go out quickly into the streets unto the ears of the Church which
(z) v. 24. “ Dwelleth in him, &c." The “mind, temper, and disposition? Can idea of God's dwelling in us, is often “ God be considered as now abiding in noticed by St. John. Thus, 1 John iv. 12. “ us ?" See ante, 167. note on John xiv. “ If we love one another, God dwelleth in 17. “ us." And Jobn xiv. 23. “If a man love (6) v. 16. “A certain man,
&c.” This i me, he will keep my words, and my parable refers to the conduct of the Jews " Father will love him, and we will come in rejecting our Saviour ; it expresses unto him, and make our abode with God's indignation at those who, upon
frivolous grounds, or worldly motives, (a) “The Spirit,” i. e.“ the temper and
turned their backs upon the great prepardisposition.
He may be truly said to ations which had been making for their abide in us, when our temper is that which sakes, and intimates distinctly that they his would be, when, to use St. Paul's ex- should be utterly excluded from the benepression, (Philip. ii. 5.) “ the same mind is fits of Christ's coming. A warning to us "in us, which was also in Christ Jesus.” not to suffer ourselves to be drawn off In the occurrences of life, might it not from religious duties !! often be of service to us, to refer to this (c) v. 22. “ Tidings, &c."
Tidings, &c.” The perserule, “ Is the mind, the temper, the dis- cution which followed immediately after "position in which we now are, a godlike the death of St. Stephen (Acts vii. 60.