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“ unto you from the Father, even may (s) remember that I told “the Spirit of truth, which pro- you

of them." “ ceedeth from the Father, he shall

testify of me: 27. and ye also “shall bear witness, because ye

WHIT-SUNDAY. “ have been with (0) me from the

The Collect. co beginning. xvi. 1. These things " have I spoken unto you, that God, who as at this time didst “ye should not be (p) offended. teach the hearts of thy faithful “2. They shall put (0) you out people, by the sending to them “of the synagogues : yea, the

the light of thy Holy Spirit: Grant “time cometh, that whosoever us by the same Spirit to have a “ killeth you will think that he right judgement in all things, and “ doeth God service. 3. And these evermore to rejoice in his holy things will they do unto you,

comfort, through the merits of “ because they have not (r) known Christ Jesus our Saviour, who “ the Father nor me. 4. But these liveth and reigneth with thee, in things have I told you, that,

the unity of the same Spirit, one " when the time shall come, ye God, world without end. Amen. However in another part of his discourse, Again, in his prediction of the destruction (John xiv. 16.) he says, “I will pray the of Jerusalem, (Matt. xxiv. 9.) he says,

Father, and he shall give you another “ then shall they deliver you up to be * Comforter ;” and John xiv. 26. he speaks “afflicted, and shall kill you, and ye shall of “the Comforter whom the Father will “ be hated of all men for my name's sake." "send in my name."

So in Luke xiv. 26. “If any come to me, (c) v. 27. “ With me, &c." and have “ and hate not" (i. e. when his religion therefore seen the innocence of my life, requires) “his father and mother, and and the mighty works I have wrought ; “ wife and children, and , brethren, and have heard the warnings and predictions I “ sisters, yea, and his own life also, he have delivered, and my constant disclaimer cannot be my disciple. And whosoever of all worldly advantages.

“ doth not bear his cross and come after (p) v. l. “Offended," i. e. “ drawn off me, cannot be my disciple;" and, v. 33. " from your faith, deterred from acting as “ whosoever he be of you that forsaketh "my soldiers."

“ not all that he hath, he cannot be my (9) v. 2. “Put you out, &c." Our Savi

disciple." (See also Luke xii. 11. our had repeatedly apprized them that they xxi. 12. 16. 17. and Matt. xvi. 24.) Are would meet with the strongest opposition, these the prospects and language of an imwould have to undergo the bitterest per- postor ; and what with these prospects secutions, and must give up all worldly could attach the apostles and disciples to prospects and attachments. When he Christ and his religion, but the full consent out the twelve apostles two years be- viction that he was the Messiah, and that fore his death, he told them, (Matt. x. 16, God was with him ? 17, 18. 21, 22.) “I send you forth as sheep (r) v. 3. “Known," i. e. “ followed the " in the midst of wolves. Beware of men, " commandments of -- esteemed." See 1 " for they will deliver you up to the coun- John iv. 7, 8. “Every one that loveth, is "cils, and they will scourge you in their “ born of God, and knoweth God : he that

synagogues; and ye shall be brought “ loveth not, knoweth not God.” " before governors and kings for my sake. (s) v. 4. “Remember," and therefore “ And the brother shall deliver up the be confirmed in your faith. He here calls " brother to death, and the father the to their observation, that he is exercising

and the children shall rise up what God describes (Is. xliv. 7.) as one " against their parents, and shall cause of his own peculiar characteristics, fore. " them to be put to death ;— and ye

shall knowledge. “ be hated of all men for niy name's sake."



For the Epistle. Acts ii. 1.

as the (a) Spirit gave them utterWhen the day of (t) Pentecost ance. 5. And there were (6) dwelwas fully come, they were all with ling at Jerusalem Jews, devout one accord in one place. 2. And men, out of every nation under suddenly there came a sound from heaven. 6. Now when this was heaven as of a rushing mighty noised abroad, the multitude came wind, and it filled all the house together, and were confounded(c), where they were sitting. 3. And because that every man heard them there appeared unto them clo- speak in his own language. 7. And ven (u) tongues like as (x) of fire, they were all amazed, and marand it sat upon each of them : velled, saying one to another, 4. and they were all filled with “ Behold, are not all these which the Holy Ghost, and began to speak Galileans ? 8. And how speak with other () tongues, “ hear we every man in our own

(t) v. 1. “ Pentecost," i. e. “the feast the last supper, and after his resurrection, “ of weeks,”. our Whit-sunday: the se. that he would “send the Comforter unto cond of the three great solemnities in which " them, even the Spirit of truth ;" that he (according to Deut. xvi. 16.) all the males would send “the promise of his Father were enjoined to appear before the Lord “ unto them ;" that “they should be enin the place which he should choose ; “ dued with power from on high ;” (John which place was afterwards fixed to be xiv. 16. 26.- xv. 26.-xvi. 7.-Luke xxiv. Jerusalem. It was the fiftieth day after 49.) and this was a completion of these the feast of the passover. All the Jews assurances. therefore who had been at Jerusalem at (z) “ Other tongues." This wonderful the time of the crucifixion, would be there gift would naturally rivet the faith of those again at the time of this great miracle, on whom it was conferred, and increase would have the opportunity of personally the number of believers, because it could not witnessing its effects, would naturally have been the effect of delusion or deceit: carry an account of it to their own homes, nothing but a preternatural power could and so would be themselves prepared, and have bestowed it. We are told, accordwould prepare others, to receive the truths ingly, (Acts ii. 41.) that on the same day of the gospel when it should be preached there were added to the faith three thouamongst them. An instance of God's sand souls. It was not however merely to wisdom in selecting appropriate times for convince the disciples and those who witaccomplishing his purposes !

nessed its operation, that this miracle was (u) v. 3. “Cloven tongues, &c." some- performed; it was essential to enable the thing visible : perhaps to intimate that the apostles to preach the gospel, as our SaHoly Ghost was not merely an impulse viour had commanded them, to all nations. from God, but a separate existence. When it (See ante, 163. note on Acts i. 8.) Acdescended upon our Saviour, it came down cording to Matt. xxviii. 19. he told them visibly; perhaps for the same reason. The to “go, and teach all nations;" according Heaven was opened, and the Holy Ghost to Mark xvi. 15. to “go into all the world, descended in a bodily shape like a dove “ and preach the gospel to every creature;" upon him. Luke iii. 22. and see Matt. iii. (and see Luke xxiv. 49.) and according to 16. Mark i, 10.

Acts i. 8. that they should be “ witnesses (1) v. 3, 4. “As of fire,” “ with the Holy “ unto him, both in Jerusalem, and in all “ Ghost." The Baptist had declared, “ Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the (Matt. iii. 11. Luke iii. 16.) that our Sa- “ uttermost part of the earth." viour should "baptize with the Holy Ghost (a) “The Spirit," i.e.“the Holy Ghost." " and with fire." This therefore was a ful. (6) v. 5. “ Dwelling," rather " sojournfilment of that prediction, and a proof that “ing," abiding during the feast, xalo.xivlış. God was with the Baptist, to whom this (c) v. 6. “Confounded." What would power of prophecy was given, as well as be our feelings and convictions were we with our Saviour. Our Saviour also as- to witness such a miracle ? sured the apostles in his conversation at


“ tongue, wherein we were born ? “ pray the Father, and he shall give "9. Parthians, and Medes, and you another (8) Comforter (h), “ Elamites, and the dwellers in “ that he may abide with you

Mesopotamia, and in Judea, “ for (i) ever; 17. even the (k) “and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Spirit of truth; whom (1) the (m) “ Asia, 10. Phrygia, and Pam- “ world cannot receive, because * phylia, in Egypt, and in the “ it seeth (1) him (n) not, neither “parts of Libya about Cyrene, “ knoweth him (l): but ye know " and strangers of Rome, Jews “ him (1); for he (1) dwelleth (0) " and proselytes, 11. Cretes and “ with you, and shall be in you. “ Arabians, we

we do hear them “ 18. I will not leave you "speak in our tongues the won- « less : I will come to you. 19. Yet “ derful works of God.”

“ a little while, and the world

“ seeth me no more ; but ye see The Gospel. John xiv. 15. (d)

me: because I live, ye (p) shall Jesus said unto his disciples, “ If

« live also. 20. At that day ye " ye love me, keep (e) my com

“ shall know that I am (9) in my " mandments. 16. And I will “ Father, and you in me, and I

you comfort

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(d) Part of our Saviour's discourse at the last supper the night he was betrayed. St. John sat next him.

(e) v. 15. “Keep, &c.” Obedience is the test God requires. Samuel told Saul, (1 Sam. xv. 22.) “ To obey is better than sacrifice ;” and St. John in his epistles (perhaps from a recollection of this discourse) repeatedly presses obedience to God's commandments as the only true criterion of love to God. Thus, (1 John ii. 5.) “Whoso keepeth his” (i. e. God's) "word, in him verily is the love of "God perfected." So, (1 John v. 3.) “This is the love of God, that we keep his "commandments.And, (2 John i. 6.) "This is love, that we walk after his com"mandments.” The similarity of sentiment in St John's gospel and epistles affords an argument that they are rightly ascribed to the same person.

(g) 1. 16. “ Another," for Christ himself had been one.

(h) “Comforter," or advocate, exhorter, " or guide. Hamm. capáxanlov."

() “Por ever,” not to depart, as I have done.

(k) v. 17. “ The Spirit of truth," i. e. the Holy Ghost.”

(1) “Whom," or " which,” “him," (thrice) and “her," or "it.” They are all Deuters, not masculine, in the original : άλλον ταράκληλον δωσει υμίν, 7ο πνεύμα της αλη

είας, και ο κόσμος και δύναlαι λαβείν, ότι και θεωρεί αυγό, ώδε γινώσκει αυλο: υμείς δε γινώσκετε αυτό, &c.

(m) “ The world," i. e. “the worldly “minded," such as are wholly taken up with worldly pursuits, setting their whole affections upon things below. So 1 John ii. 15. “ If any man love the world, the love “ of the Father is not in him." And agreeably to this is what our Saviour says in his sermon on the mount, “ Ye cannot serve “ God and mammon. Matt. vi. 24." (n) “ Seeth him not, &c.” i. e.

“ has not a disposition to see or know him."

(0) “Dwelleth,” or “shall dwell," uével, The spirit of holiness may be considered as dwelling within us, when our thoughts and actions are such as he would dictate, and when we endeavour to make our thoughts and actions conformable to God's will. St. Paul calls their bodies “the “ temple of God,” (1 Cor. ii. 16, 17.vi. 19. and 2 Cor vi. 16.) to press upon their minds that God was to be considered as an inmate in their breasts, that their bodies were dedicated to his service, and to restrain them therefore from acts which he could not approve, or which, if his presence were visible, they could not dare to do.

ip) v. 19. “ Ye shall live, &c.” i. e. ye "shall partake of the life and spirit I


(9) v. 20. “ That I am in my Father, &c." i. e. “that I really came from God, “ that I am animated by his spirit, and “ that you are animated by mine."

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“ in you. 21. He that hath my present with you. 26. But the “ commandments, and keepeth “ Comforter, which is the Holy “ them, he it is that loveth me: Ghost, whom (u) the Father " and he that loveth me shall be “ will send in my name, he shall “ loved of my Father; and I will “ teach you all things, and bring(x) “ love him, and will (r) manifest “ all things to your remembrance, “ myself to him.” 22. Judas saith “ whatsoever I have said unto unto him (not (s) Iscariot), “Lord, you.

27. Peace I leave with " how is it that thou wilt manifest you, my peace I give unto you:

thyself unto us, and not unto “ not as the world giveth, give “ the world ?" 23. Jesus answered “I unto you. Let not your heart and said unto him, “If a man “ be troubled, neither let it be “ love me, he will keep my words: “ afraid. 28. Ye have heard how “ and my Father will love him, “ I said unto you, I go away, and " and we will (t) come unto him, “ come again unto you. If ye “ and make our abode with him. “ loved me, ye would rejoice, be“ 24. He that loveth me not, “ cause I said, I go unto the

keepeth not my sayings : and “ Father : for my Father is (y) “ the word which ye hear, is not greater than I. 29. And now I “ mine, but the Father's which “ have told you before it come “ sent me.

25. These things have “ to pass; that when it is come “I spoken unto you, being yet “ to pass, ye might (2) believe.

(r) v. 21. “Manifest,” i. e. “not to the

eye, but to the mind; will shew him “ that I still continue with him, that I “ have not forsaken him."

(s) v. 22. “ Not Iscariot,” but St. Jude, the author of one of the epistles.

(t) v. 23. “Come, &c." i. e. “be as it “ were inmates in his breast." if he makes his mind pure, without any wrong thoughts or passions, fit for God's temple, God will treat it accordingly. So, i John iii. 24. “ he that keepeth his commandments, “ dwelleth in him, and he in him,"

(u) v. 26. “Whom," or " which," Gr. 8. (x) “Bring, &c.”

There were many things which our Saviour said unto them before his crucifixion, which they did not understand at the time, the force of which they might afterwards see. See ante, 143. note on Luke xxiv. 45. and 158, note on John xvi. 6,

(y) v. 28. “Greater.” St. Paul and St. Peter both call him “the God," as well as the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. « The God and Father of our Lord Jesus “ Christ knoweth that I lie not;" and “ Blessed be the God and Father of our “ Lord Jesus Christ.” (2 Cor. xi. 31. and 1 Pet i, 3.) and see post, note on Eph. iii. 14. In John v. 19. our Saviour says, “ 'The Son can do nothing of himself;

but what he seeth the Father do ;" and v. 26, 27. The Father hath given to the “ Son to have life in himself, and hath

given him authority to execute judg. “ ment also;" and v. 36. “ The works the “ Father hath given me to finish, bear wit

ness of me, that the Father hath sent me." In John xii. 49. our Saviour says, “I have “not spoken of myself, but the Father “ which sent me, he gave me a command

ment, what I should say, and what I “should speak ;” and again, John xiv. 10. “ The words that I speak unto you, I speak not of myself, but the Father that dwell“ eth in me, he doeth the works." In John xvii. 22. 24. he speaks of the glory which “God the Father hath given him.". Superiority in the Father, is not (as far as we can judge) inconsistent with divinity in the Son. The Son may be God, though as between himself and the Father, the Father is superior, as an earthly father is above his son,

(z) v. 29. “Might believe." See ante, 165. note on John xvi. 4. Foreknowledge being peculiar to God, the fulfilment of the prediction would prove he had God's countenance when he made it, and would therefore be a sufficient ground for their belief,


“ 30. Hereafter I will (a) not talk “ zareth with the Holy Ghost “ much with you: for the Prince “ and with power: who went " of this world cometh, and hath “ about doing good, and healing “nothing in me. 31. But that

“ all that were oppressed of the “the world may know that I love “ devil: for God was with him. " the Father; and (b) as the Fa- “ 39. And we are witnesses of all "ther gave me commandment, things which he did, both in “even so I do."

" the land of the Jews and in “ Jerusalem; whom they slew “ and hanged on a tree.

40. Him Monday in Whitsun-Week. “ God raised up the third day,

“ and shewed him openly; 41. not For the Epistle. Acts x. 34. (c)

“ to all the people, but unto witThen Peter opened his mouth, “ nesses chosen before of God, and said, “Of a truth I perceive “ even to us, who did eat and " that God is no respecter of per

“ drink with him after he rose 35. but in every nation

« from the dead. 42. And he com" he that feareth him, and worketh “ manded us to preach unto the

righteousness, is accepted with (h) people, and to testify that it “ him. 36. The word which God “ is he which was ordained of sent unto

the children of “ God to be the Judge of quick “ Israel, preaching peace by Jesus « and dead. 43. To him give " Christ; (he is Lord (d) of all :) “ all the prophets witness, that “ 37. that word, I say, ye know, “ through his name whosoever “ which was published through- “ believeth in him shall receive "out all Judea, and began from “ remission (i) of sins.” 44. While

Galilee, after the baptism which Peter yet spake these words, the " John (e) preached : 38. how Holy (k) Ghost fell on all them "God (8) anointed Jesus of Na- which heard the word. 45. And


(a) “Will,” or “ shall.” (6) 0.31. “ And,” or even.” Is not this the meaning ? “I give that proof of

love towards my Father, which I require " of you; (v. 21.) I keep his command"ments."

(c) See Easter Monday, where this portion of scripture also occurs, and is com

mented upon.

(d) v. 36. “He is Lord of all.” A plain and unequivocal assertion of Christ's superiority and divinity. This verse is not cited by Cyril, Tertullian or Jerome.

(e) v. 37. “John," i. e.“ the Baptist."

(g) v. 38. “God anointed.” So that our Saviour's powers are here described as conferred by God. So v. 40.

(h) v. 42. “Unto the people.” TQ haộ: to all,

(1) v. 43. “Remission, &c.” The true Christian doctrine is this : that the sins of

those who are conscious of their own unworthiness, who acknowledge that they have no colour to claim any recompence from God as matter of right, who are sensible that they have sinned, and who humbly look up for pardon through the merits and mediation of Jesus Christ, will be forgiven; that their sins will not be imputed to (or brought into account against) them. Rom. iv. 8. (See ante, 77. note on Matt. xx. 2. According to Rom. iii. 23. “All “ have sinned, and come short of the “ glory of God;" and 1 John i. 8. “ If we

say that we have no sin, we deceive our. “ selves." It is in the humble, who feels the necessity of an Intercessor, that the true spirit of Christianity is to be found ; not in the self-sufficient, who thinks he


his own merits. See post, Luke xviii. 9 to 14. (k) v. 44. “Ghost," i. e. “ Spirit.”

can stand

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