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grace (o) according (P) to the ing (x) of the body (y) of Christ : measure of the gift of Christ. 13. till we all come in the unity 8. Wherefore (7) he saith, “ When of the faith, and of the knowledge “ he ascended up on high, he led of the Son of God, unto a (2) per“ captivity captive, and gave gifts fect man, unto the measure of the “ unto men.” 9. (Now (r), that he stature of the fulness of Christ : ascended, what is it but that he 14. that we henceforth be no more also descended first into the lower children, tossed to and fro, and parts of the earth? 10. He that carried about with every wind of descended is the same also that doctrine, by the sleight of men, ascended up far above all heavens, and cunning craftiness, whereby that he might fill all things.) | they lie in wait to deceive; 11. And he gave (s) some, apostles 15. but, speaking the truth in love, (t); and some, prophets; and may grow (a) up into him in all some, evangelists; and some, pas- things, which is the head, even tors and teachers; 12. for (u) the Christ: 16. from whom the whole perfecting of the saints, for the (6) body fitly joined together, and work of the ministry, for the edify- compacted by that which every (C)

advance the interests of Christianity. The humiliation, to press upon the Philippian same topic occurs, Rom. xii. 3. ante, 59, 60. converts the duty of lowliness of mind to and 1 Cor. xii. post,

advance the common cause. (o) v. 7. “Grace," i. e. “ some of the (s) v. 11. “Gave," i. e. “ made, con“ extraordinary powers."

“ ferred the gift which made." (p) “According to the measure, &c." (t) “Some apostles," i. e. “ some to be i. e. “ as our Saviour thinks fit to confer

apostles, some to be prophets, &c.". " them.” In 1 Cor. xi. 11. (after men- (u) v. 12. “ For the perfecting, &c." i.e. tioning the different powers conferred,) “ to make the converts perfect, to advance he says, “but all these worketh that one “the work of the ministry, to build up the " and the self same spirit, dividing to “ body of Christianity:"this was the general

every man severally as he will ;” and in object; and he wishes to convince them Rom. xii. 3. he cautions every one “not that the different gifts were bestowed 00 “ to think of himself more highly than he the different receivers for the same end, “ought to think, but to think soberly, the advancement of the gospel, not for

according as God hath dealt to every man any, private purposes, nor to be made the measure of faith.

topics of jealousy or discord. (9) v. 8. “He saith," i. e. “it is said," (x) “ Edifying," i. e. “building up." to introduce the quotation from Ps. Ixviii. (y) “ The body of Christ," i.e. the 18. The passage there is, “ Thou art " Church." “gone up on high, thou hast led captivity (z) v. 13. “A perfect man." So as to " captive, and received gifts for men." form a complete body of full growth: in

(r) v. 9. 10. “Now, &c. The object of opposition to the imperfection of mere these verses seems to be to reconcile children in the gospel, who are noticed in those on whom the lowest gifts were con

verse 14. ferred, by bringing to their recollection (a) v. 15. “Grow up, &c." i. e. “adthat our Saviour, who had been so greatly “ vance beyond a state of childhood." exalted, and had ascended up on high, (6) v. 16. “The whole body," i. e. “ the had however first submitted to the degra- “ whole Christian church." dation of descending into the lower parts (c) “ Every joint, &c." As the joints of the earth; and if that submission was in the body, when they perform their not too low for him, it could be no degra- | offices, make the body perfect, so will the dation to any of his followers to execute body of Christianity be perfect if each the lowest of his commissions. In Philip. member performs his allotted duty. The ii. 6. (ante, 102.) he notices our Saviour's members on whom the different gifts are

joint supplieth, according to the “ itself, except it abide in the effectual working in (d) the mea

“ vine; no more can ye, except sure of every part, maketh increase ye abide in me. 5. I am the of the body unto the edifying (e) “ vine, ye are the branches : he of itself in love.

" that abideth in me, and I in The Gospel. John xv. 1. (g) “ him, the same bringeth forth I AM the true vine, and my

“ much fruit: for without me ye “ Father is the husbandman. “ can do nothing. 6. If a man “ 2. Every branch in me that “ abide not in me, he is (m) “beareth not fruit he taketh (h)

“ cast forth as a branch, and is "away: and every branch that withered; and men gather them, "beareth fruit, he (i) purgeth it,

" and cast them into the fire, and " that it may bring forth more “ they are burned. 7. If ye abide « fruit.

3. Now ye are (k) clean “ in me, and my words abide in " through the word which I have you, ye shall (n) ask what ye "spoken unto you. 4. Abide (1) “ will, and it shall be done unto "in me, and I (0) in you. As you. 8. Herein is my Father " the branch cannot bear fruit of glorified, that (0) ye bear much

66

XXV.

last supper.

conferred, are to the body of Christianity perfect love to man, and perfect reverence what the joints are to the natural body. for God, good works cannot but follow : In 1 Cor. xii. he enlarges upon the same

the fruit from such a tree must be good. idea, by reminding them that in the body

See Matt, xii. 33. St. Paul, in his directhere are many members, each having its

tions to Titus, (ch.ii. 8.) says,

“ This is a peculiar office, and that the very lowest

“ faithful saying, and these things I will are as much members of the body as the

“ that thou affirm constantly, that they very best.

“ which have believed in God might be (d) “ In the measure, &c.” “ each part “ careful to maintain good works.' See " working effectually in what is allotted post, 160. note on Jam. i. 22. " to it." See v. 7.

(i) “Purgeth it," wataipei, i. e. " assists (e) “ Edifying,' i. e, “ building up,

“it, increases its disposition to bear.” So οικοδομής. .

our Saviour says, (Matt. xiii. 12. and Matt. (g) Part of our Saviour's discourse at the 29.) " Whosoever hath, to him shall

“ be given, and he shall have more abun(h) v. 2. “ He taketh away." This cor

“ dance.” God will not be wanting to us, responds with what John the Baptist if we are not wanting to ourselves; if we taught, (Matt. ïïi. 10.) “Now also the axe

do our utmost to advance our good pro“is laid unto the root of the trees : there. pensities, and correct our bad ones, he "fore every tree that bringeth not forth will promote our exertions; “ Ask, and it "good fruit, is hewn down, and cast into

« shall be given you." “the fire." So Matt. vii. 19. post,

(k) v. 3. Clean," i.e.“purged," santapol, So our Saviour pressed strongly the ne

according to verse 2 cessity of good works. In his sermon on

(1) v.4. “I, &c." i. e. “I will.” If you the mount, he says, (Matt. v. 16.) “ Let will adhere to me, I will adhere to you. "your light so shine before men, that they

(m) v. 6.“Cast forth, &c.”i.e.“rejected, " may see your good works, and glorify fit for nothing but the fire.” "your Father which is in heaven.” So the (n) v. 7. “ Ask, &c.” So Matt. xxi. parable of the talents, (Matt. xxv. 15.) and

22. “ All things whatsoever ye ask in the judgment on the barren fig-tree, “ prayer, believing, ye shall receive;" and (Matt. xxi. 19.) are founded upon the ne- John xvi. 23. “ whatsoever ye shall ask cessity of good works. Indeed, where “ the Father in my name, he will give it religion does its perfect work, by purifying the heart, making us like-minded with (o) v. 8. “That ye bear," i. e.“ in your our Saviour, infusing into our breasts hu- “bearing —" mility, forbearance, forgiveness of injuries,

as

" you."

“ fruit; so shall ye be my disci- , that they may eschew those things

ples. 9. As the Father hath that are contrary to their profes“ loved me, so have I loved you: sion, and follow all such things as “ continue

ye
in
my

love. 10. If are agreeable to the same, through ye keep my commandments, ye our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. « shall abide in my love ; even as “I have kept my Father's com

The Epistle. 1 Peter ii. 11. “ mandments, and abide in his Dearly beloved, I beseech you “ love. 11. These things have I as strangers (p) and pilgrims, 'ab

spoken unto you, that my joy stain from fleshly (9) lusts, which might remain in you, and that war against the soul; 12. having your joy might be full.”

your conversation honest among

the Gentiles : that whereas they Third Sunday after Easter.

(r) speak against you as evil

doers, they may by your (s) good The Collect.

works which they shall behold, Almighty God, who shewest to glorify (1) God in the day (u) of them, that be in error, the light visitation. 13. Submit (x) yourof thy truth, to the intent that selves to every ordinance of man they inay return into the way of for the Lord's sake : whether it righteousness; Grant unto all be to the (y) King, as supreme; them that are admitted into the

14. or unto governors, asunto fellowship of Christ's religion, them that are sent by him (2) for

or age.”

" here we

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(p) v. 11. “Strangers and pilgrims," “ considering heaven as your home, and “ this world a state of trial and pilgrim

So Hebr. xiii. 14., “ have no continuing city, but we seek

one to come.” In Col. iii. 2, 3. (ante, 136.) St. Paul recommends the converts to “set their affections on things above, “ not on things on the earth,” for this reason, " for

ye are dead, and " hid with Christ in God.”

(9) “Fleshly lusts." The apostles were very zealous in restraining the converts from these sins, and condemned them in the strongest language.

(r) v. 12. "'They speak against you," i.e. You are spoken against.

(s) “Your good works, &c." Good works are recommended in other passages with the same view, that from the good conduct of those who profess the true religion, glory may be given to God. See ante, 37. note on Philipp. iv. 5.

(1) "Glorify," i.e. " have occasion to "glorify, from seeing what he shall do for your deliverance.”

“Day of visitation," i.e. (probably) the destruction of Jerusalem, one of the times referred to by the expression “ the

“ day” or “coming of the Lord.” See ante, 28. note on Rom. xii. 11. and ante, 32. note on Luke xxi. 25.

(1) v. 13. “ Submit, &c." The apostles not only recommend submission to the civil

power, but add an additional motive, “ for the Lord's sake,” i. e. “as part of

your duty to God.” Thus, (Rom. xii. 1.) St. Paul says,

“Let every soul be sub“ject unto the higher powers : for there

is no power but of God: the powers " that be are ordained of God. Whosoever “ therefore resisteth the power, resisteth "the ordinance of God." So he directs Titus, (Tit. iii. 1.) “ Put them in mind to “ be subject to principalities and powers, “to obey magistrates, &c.” The direction too of our Saviour, (Matt. xxii. 21.) “ Render unto Cæsar the things that are

be considered an injunction from him, the highest of all authorities, to submit to the powers of civil government. See ante, 67. note on Rom. xiii. 1.

(y) “The king," i. e. (perhaps) “the " Roman emperor.'

See Middl. 133. (z) v. 14. “ Him," i. e. “ the king, or

emperor :" the submission is to be to the king, as supreme; and to governors, as being the king's ministers.

“ Cæsar's,” may

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the punishment of evil doers, and is this that he saith unto us, “A for the praise of them that do “ little while, and ye shall not well. 15. For so is the will of “ see me: and again, A little God, that with well doing ye may

“ while, and ye shall see me: and, put to silence the ignorance of “ Because I go to the Father?” foolish men :

16. as (a) free, and 18. They said therefore, “What is (b) not using your liberty for a “ this that he saith, A little while ? cloak (c) of maliciousness, but as “ We cannot (f) tell what he (d) the servants of God.

17. Ho

“ saith.” 19. Now Jesus knew nour all men. Love the brother- that they were desirous to ask hood. Fear God. Honour the him, and said unto them, “Do King.

“ye inquire among yourselves of

“ that I said, A little while, and The Gospel. John xvi. 16.

“ ye shall not see me: and again Jesus said to his disciples,

“A little while, and ye shall see “ little while (e), and ye shall not

“me? 20. Verily, verily, I say "see me: and again, A little “ unto you, That ye (8) shall “ while, and ye shall see me; weep, and lament, but (h) the “because I go to the Father."

“ world shall rejoice: and ye shall 17. Then said some of his dis

“ be sorrowful, but your sorrow ciples among themselves, What

“ shall be turned (i) into joy. (a) v. 16. “ Free,” “ under” (what is poral kingdom, his crucifixion and death called, Jam. i. 25.) “ the perfect law of would destroy all their hopes, and naturally " liberty.”

involve them in great distress. (6) “ And not,” i. e."and yet not.” (h) “ The world,” i. e. "my.opposers :" (c) “ Cloak of maliciousness," i. e. “a this shall be their time of triumph. In cover or pretence either for resisting or Luke xxii. 53. when he was apprehended, “ disregarding earthly institutions, gover

he said, “ This is your hour, and the power “nors and laws, or for committing any sin.”

6 of darkness." (d) “ But as the servants, &c." i. e. not (i) “Turned into joy." How speedily abusing your freedom to ill purposes, but and effectually was this prophecy fulfilled? acting in all respects as God's servants. What must they have felt when they saw

(el v. 16. “ A little while, &c.” Our him so repeatedly after his resurrection, as Saviour probably here alludes to the three to be certain that he had indeed risen, and approaching events, his crucifixion, resur- when that conviction was put beyond all rection, and ascension. “A little while doubt by the gifts they received of the " and ye shall not see me," because I shall Holy Ghost. The effect it produced in be put to death, “and again a little while their conduct was what might have been " and ye shall see me," because I shall expected. After commenting upon the rise again, to go to my Father, and shall grounds we have from the apostolical acsee you on my way. This conversation counts for being satisfied of the resurrecoccurred at the last supper, when St. John tion, Bp. Porteus, (2 Lect. 317.) writes was next to our Saviour; he is therefore thus: “But besides the positive proof of recording what he himself heard.

“ this fact, there is a presumptive one of f) v. 18. “ We cannot tell, &c." It ap- a most forcible nature, to which I have pears from many passages, that they did never yet seen any answer, and am of not understand until after the resurrection opinion that none can be given. The that he was to suffer and rise again. See “ proof I allude to is that which is drawn ante, 143. note on Luke xxiv. 45. ante, 83. “ from the astonishing change which took note on Luke xviii. 34. and post, 158. “ place in the language and the conduct note on John xyi. 6.

“ of the apostles, immediately after the (g) v. 20. “ Ye shall weep, &c.” If (as is “period when they affirmed that Jesus probable) they had not foreseen he was to " had risen from the dead. From being suffer, but expected his would be a tem- “ timorous, and dejected, and discouraged

“ you."

“ 21. A woman (k) when she is in Philip and Saint James, we may “ travail hath sorrow, because her steadfastly walk in the way that 6 hour is come: but as soon as leadeth to eternal life, through “ she is delivered of the child, she the same thy Son Jesus Christ our “ remembereth no more the an

Lord. Amen. guish, for joy that a man is born The Epistle. James i. 1. “ into the world. 22. And ye now James (n) a servant of God and “ therefore have sorrow: but I of the Lord (0) Jesus Christ to () “ will see you (1) again, and your the twelve tribes which are scat“ heart shall rejoice, and your tered abroad, greeting. 2. My joy no man (m) taketh from brethren, count it all joy when ye

fall into divers (9) temptations ; 3. knowing this, that the trying of

your faith worketh patience. 4. But Saint Philip and Saint James's Day.

let patience have her (r) perfect The Collect.

work, that ye may be perfect and O Almighty God, whom truly entire, wanting nothing. 5. If any to know is everlasting life; Grant of you lack (s) wisdom, let him us perfectly to know thy Son Jesus ask of God, that giveth to all men Christ to be the way, the truth, liberally, and upbraideth not; and and the life; that following the it shall be given him.

6. But let steps of thy holy Apostles, Saint him ask in faith, nothing (1) « at the death of their Master, they sud- the apostle, the son of Zebedee and brother “ denly became courageous, undaunted, of John, was put to death by Herod (Acts “ and intrepid ; and they boldly preached xii. 2.) long before the supposed time of “ that very Jesus, whom before they had writing this Epistle. « deserted in his greatest distress. This (0) " And of the Lord Jesus Christ ;" “ observation will apply in some degree to so that he is here associated with God: “ all the apostles : but with regard to St. and James describes himself as the servant “ Peter more particularly it holds with of both. The rendering, perhaps, might be “ peculiar force.” He then contrasts with « of him who is both God and Lord, Jesus great effect Peter's timidity before the cru- « Christ.” Ιάκωβος Θεο και Κυρίε Ιησε Χρις cifixion, with that instance of his courage δέλος. afterwards recorded in Acts iv. It may (p) “ The twelve tribes," this Epistle is be observed too, that this courage and in- called General, (or Catholic, which is the trepidity of the apostles was not temporary, same as general,) because it was addressed but lasted for their lives, and that from generally to all Jewish converts. the opposition and persecutions they ex- (9) v. 2. “ Temptations.” i. e. “ Trials, perienced, it was put severely to the test. “attempts to draw you off from your faith, See ante, 28. note on Rom. xiii, 11. and “ persecutions." ante, 148, note (c).

(r) v. 4. “Have her perfect work," i. e. (k) v. 21.

A woman, &c.he puts “ Succeed; come off victorious; triumph.” this as a parallel case: as the woman's (s) v. 5. “Lack wisdom," i.e. (perhaps) subsequent joy makes her think nothing of “ knows not in a particular instance how the pain she endured, so shall it be with you. “ he ought to act, what God would have (i) v. 22. “

Again," i. e. “ on his resur- " him do." In Philip. iii. 15. St. Paul « rection."

says, “ If in any thing ye be otherwise (m) “ Taketh,” i. can take.” It will

minded,(meaning, probably, differ), be above the control and attacks of man. « God shall reveal even this unto you,"

(n) v. 1. “James,” supposed to have i.e. “ shall shew you what is right.” been the son of Cleophas, and brother of (t) v. 6. “ Nothing wavering," i.e. (proJude the apostle. He was crucified for bably) “firmly fixed to do whatever God professing Christianity, A. D. 63. James

“ shall suggest."

e.

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