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56 serveth ? is not he that sitteth “ lacked ye any thing ?" And “ at meat ? but I am among you they said, “ Nothing.

Nothing." 36. Then “ as he (a) that serveth. 28. Ye said he unto them, “ But (e) “ are they which have continued “ now, he that hath a purse, let “ with me in my temptations : “ him take it, and likewise his “ 29. And I appoint unto you a scrip: and he that hath no

kingdom, as my Father' hath sword, let him sell his garment “ appointed unto me; 30. that ye “ and buy one. 37. For I say unto

may eat and drink at my(6) table you, That this that is (g) written “ in my (6) kingdom, and sit on “ must yet be accomplished in thrones, judging the twelve me,

« And he was reckoned “ tribes of Israel." 31. And the

among the transgressors :" for Lord (c) said, “Simon, Simon, “ the things concerning me have

behold, Satan hath desired to “ an end. 38. And they said, “ have you, that he may


you Lord, behold, here are two “ as wheat : 32. but I have prayed “ swords.” And he said unto “ for thee, that thy faith fail them,

them, “ It is enough.” 39. And " not: and when thou art convert- he came out, and went, as he was “ ed(d), strengthen thy brethren. wont, to the mount of Olives; 33. And he said unto him, “ Lord, and his disciples also followed “I am ready to go with thee, him. 40. And when he was at the “ both into prison and to death.' place, he said unto them, “ Pray 34. And he said, “I tell thee, “ that ye enter not into tempt“ Peter, the cock shall not crow “ ation." 41. And he was with“ this day before that thou shalt drawn from them about a stone's “ thrice deny that thou knowest cast, and kneeled down, and " me.” 35. And he said unto prayed, 42. saying, “ Father, if them, “When I sent you without " thou be willing, remove this “purse, and scrip, and shoes, “ cup (h) from me: nevertheless,

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(a) v. 27. “ As he that serveth." “ Not they would be in want of food, and in “ displaying worldly pomp, but benefiting danger of bodily harm, and should there" mankind : not courting homage, but fore provide for all emergencies. “ doing good."

(gi v. 37. “ Written." This passage is (6) v. 30.“ My table,” and “ My king- in Isaiah liji. 12. “ He was numbered with “ dom.” So that he was to have under “ the transgressors, and he bare the sin God's appointment, a table and a king- “ of many, and made intercession with dom, figurative expressions for the most (or for) the transgressors." exalted station.

(h) v. 42. “ Cup," i.e. “affliction, the (c) v. 31. 33. 38. “ The Lord,” • Kúpoos, “ sufferings I am about to undergo." In and Kúpe, and this Gospel was written Mark x. 38. our Saviour said to James more especially for Gentiles. See ante, 29. and John, “ Can ye drink of the cup that note on Rom. xiii. 14.

“ I drink of, and be baptized with the (d) v. 32. “ Converted," i. e. (probably) “baptism that I am baptized with ?" “ turned again,” “ recovered from your meaning, could they bear what he could. “ momentary falling off, (which I foresee,) And when he checked Peter for baving “ your denials of being my disciple." smitten the high priest's servant, he said,

(e) v. 36. “ But now, &c.” to forewarn (John xviii. 11.) The cup which my them that they would have to encounter " Father hath given me, shall I not drink inuch greater dangers and difficulties than “ it?" when he had sent them out before: that

ing him.

• Be


“ not my will, but thine, be done." said, “Suffer ye thus far.” And 43. And there appeared an angel he touched his ear, and healed (1) unto him from heaven, strengthen- him. 52. Then Jesus said unto

44. And being in an the chief priests, and captains of agony, he (i) prayed more earnest- the temple, and the elders, which ly: and his sweat was as it were were come to him,

ye come great drops of blood falling down to “out, as against a thief, with the ground. 45. And when he rose swords and staves ? 53. When up

from prayer, and was come to “ I was daily with you in (m) the his disciples, he found them sleep- temple, ye stretched forth no ing for sorrow, 46. and said unto “ hands against me: but this is

Why sleep ye? rise “ your hour, and the power of " and pray, lest ye enter into “ darkness.” 54. Then took they “ temptation." 47. And while him, and led him, and brought he yet spake, behold a multitude, him into the high

him into the high priest's house. and he that was called Judas, one And Peter followed afar off. of the twelve, went before them, 55. And when they had kindled a and drew near unto Jesus to kiss fire in the midst of the hall, and him. 48. But Jesus said unto him, were set down together, Peter sat Judas, “ Betrayest thou the Son of down among them. 56. But a “ man with a kiss ?” 49. When

certain maid beheld him as he sat they which were about him saw by the fire, and earnestly looked what would follow, they said unto upon him, and said, “ This man him, “ Lord, shall we smite with “ was also with him.” 57. And he " the sword ?” 50. And (k) one

denied him, saying, “ Woman, I of them smote the servant of the “ know him not." 58. And after high priest, and cut off his right a little while another saw him, and ear. 51. And Jesus answered and said, “ Thou art also of them."

(i) v. 44. “ Prayed, &c.” It is to this, ground of complaint, which would bring probably, that the author of the Epistle to this miracle into notice. the Hebrews refers, when in speaking of (m) v. 53. “In the temple.” He might our Saviour, Heb. v. 7. he says,

" who

possibly wish to bring to their recollection "in the days of his flesh, offered up the prophecies that the Messiah should prayers and supplications, with strong come there. In Hag. ii. 7.9. as an en

crying and tears, unto him that was couragement to go on with the temple " able to save him from death." Accord- they were then building, God said unto ing to Matt. xxvi.42. his prayer the second them, The desire of all nations shall time was, “ O my Father, if this cup may come, and I will fill this house with “ not pass away from me, except I drink glory, saith the Lord of hosts: the “it, thy will be done.” The greatness of “glory of this latter house shall be greater our Saviour's sufferings shews how much “than of the former," (i. e. Solomon's, God abhors sin, (for otherwise he might which had been destroyed), “ saith the have dispensed with the sacrifice,) and “ Lord of hosts : and in this house will I proves the greatness of our obligation to give peace, saith the Lord of hosts.” And Jesus Christ. Should not our thankful- in Mal. iii

. 1. is this prophecy: “ The ness be in proportion to his sufferings ? “ Lord whom ye seek, shall suddenly

(k) v. 50. “ One of them,” i. e.“ Peter.” “ come to his temple ; even the Messenger See note on Mark xiv. 47. ante, 111. “ of the Covenant, whom ye delight in." (1) v. 51. “ Healed him," perhaps to

" The desire of all nations," Peace," and prevent immediate mischief to Peter. “ The Lord whom ye seek," are expressions They would be unwilling to make that a to signify “the Messiah.”

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And Peter said, “ Man, I am scribes came together, and led “ not.” 59. And about the space him into their council, saying, of one hour after, another confi- 67. “ Art thou the Christ? tell dently, affirmed, saying, “ Of a “ us.” And he said unto them, “ truth this fellow also was with “ If I tell you, ye will not be

him ; for he is a Galilean.” “ lieve: 68. and if I also (P) ask 60. And Peter said, Man, I

you, ye

will not answer me, nor “ know not what thou sayest.” “ let me go. 69. Hereafter shall And immediately, while he yet “ the Son of man sit on the right spake, the cock crew. 61. And

“ hand of the power of God.” the (n) Lord turned, and looked 70. Then said they all, “Art thou upon Peter. And Peter remem- " then the Son of God?” And bered the word of the (n) Lord, he said unto them, “Ye (9) say how he had said unto him, « Be- “ that I am.” 71. And they said, “ fore the cock crow, thou shalt • What need we any further wit“ deny me thrice.” 62. And Peter

“ ness? for we ourselves have went out, and wept bitterly. “ heard of his own mouth." 63. And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote (0) him. 64. And when they had blind

Thursday before Easter. folded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying,

The Epistle. 1 Cor. xi. 17. (r) Prophesy, who is it that smote In this that I declare unto you I " thee?" 65. And many other praise you not, that ye come tothings blasphemously spake they gether not for the better, but for against him.

66. And as soon as the worse. 18. For first of all, when it was day, the elders of the peo- ye come together in the Church, ple and the chief priests and the I hear that there be (s) divisions

(n) v. 61. “ The Lord,” • Kúpoos, and 7ő Kuple. See ante, 29. note on Rom. xiii. 14.

(o) v. 63. "Smote him, &c.” And so fulfilled the prophecy, Isa. 1.6. ante, 113.

(p) v. 68.“ Ask,” i. e. perhaps, "ques« tion, interrogate you," by asking if particular signs do not belong to the Messiah, and if they have not been fulfilled in me.

(9) v. 70.“ Ye say, &c.” that is, “I “ am." See note on Mark xv. 2. ante, 114. and Luke xxiii. 3. post, 12

(r) This portion of Scripture was intended to correct the conduct of the Corinthians in the celebration of the Lord's Supper, by pointing out to them the object of the institution, the inconsistency of their conduct with that object, and the visitations that conduct had brought upon them from God. The abuses among them seem to have been these ; that though they met together in one place, they did not communicate together, and eat and drink

in common as one body or company, but separated themselves into parties, and each party kept its own food to itself, and ate it at their own time, without allowing the others to partake of it, or waiting till the whole assembly was ready ; that they ate and drank as at a common meal, and sometimes to excess, without treating it, as it ought to be treated, as a memorial of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, in thankful and reverent remembrance of his sufferings, and to shew forth his death till he should come again. And St. Paul intimates to them, that for these abuses many of the converts were visited with sickness, and even with death, and that the rest would continue to be so visited, unless they rectified their conduct. See 1 Till. Serm. 233. Serm. 25.

(s) v. 18. “ Divisions.” He had noticed, in chap. iii. verse 4. that they classed themselves under several leaders, one sayLord's supper.

among you; and I partly believe and said, “Take, eat; this is my it. 19. For there (t) must be also “ body, which is broken for you: heresies among you, that they “ this do in remembrance of me.which are approved may be made 25. After the same manner also he manifest among you. 20. When ye took the cup, when he had supped, come together therefore into one saying, “This cup is the new place, this (u) is not to eat the “ testament (c) in my blood: this

21. For in eating, “ do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in every one taketh before (x) other “ remembrance of me." 26. For his own supper: and one is hun- as often as ye eat this bread, and gty(y), and another is (2) drunken. drink this cup, ye do shew 22. What! have ye not houses to

the Lord's death till he come. eat and to drink in? or despise ye 27. Wherefore, whosoever shall eat the Church of God, and shame this bread, and drink this


of them that (a)

have not? What Lord, (d) shall (e) shall I say to you? shall I praise be guilty of the body and blood of you in this? I praise you not. the Lord. 28. But let a man exa23. For I have received (b) of the mine (8) himself, and (h) so let Lord that which also I delivered him eat of that bread, and drink unto you, That the Lord Jesus, of that cup. 29. For he that eateth the same night in which he was and drinketh unworthily, eateth betrayed, took bread : 24. and when and drinketh (i) damnation to he had given thanks, he brake it, himself, not (ī) discerning the


ing, "I am of Paul, and another of Apol" los.” And it is perhaps to such divisions that be here alludes.

(1) v. 19. “ Must be.” Not necessarily, but the dispositions of men will so incline them. The same form of speech as occurs, Matt. xviii. 7. “ It must needs be " that offences come.”

(u) v. 20. This is not, &c.” i. e. “ this "cannot be so called; it is not sufficient " that you all eat, &c. in the same place."

(2) v. 21. “ Before other.” “ Not wait"ing for others.” See verse 33.

(y) “ Is hungry," i. e. “takes a full " meal, eats as much as is necessary to " satisfy the calls of a craving appetite."

(z) • Is drunken," i. e. drinks to ex

(c) v. 25. “ Testament,” rather“ “ nant,” or “dispensation.” See ante, 116. note on Heb.ix. 16.

(d) v. 27. “Unworthily," i. e. (probably) “ in the irreverent manner here complained 66 of.

(e) “ Shall be guilty of," i. e. (perhaps) « shall incur guilt from eating, rather than “ derive benefit :” according to verse 17. « shall be the worse for having come toge“ ther, not the better;" or it may be, 6 shall be as those who crucified our Sa“ viour.” In Heb. vi. 6. apostates are said to “ crucify to themselves the Son of God « afresh."

(g) v. 28. “ Examine himself," i.e. (probably) “look to his conduct, consider the “ importance and solemnity of the institu« tion, and his own unworthiness."

(h) “ So," i. e. (probably) after self-examination, and with proper notions of its importance.

(i) v. 29. “ Damnation," i. e. “ condem“nation, punishment;" "such judgments as " those mentioned in the next verse, being “ made weak and sickly, or even visited “ with death."

(k) “ Not discerning, &c." i. e. “ not treating it with the reverence to


(a) 22. “ Them that have not," i. e. “the " poorer converts ; those who have nothing " of their own to contribute, to bring to “the solemnity."

(6) v. 23. “Of the Lord," so that it is entitled to the fullest attention. St. Paul often intimates that the communications to him were not from man, but from God. See Gal. i. 1. Note also that here and in v. 26. 27. 29. 32. “17 Kupíe" is used. See ante, 29. note on Rom. xiii. 14.

Lord's body. 30. For this cause saying, “He stirreth up the people, many are weak and sickly among teaching throughout all Jewry, you, and many sleep. (1) 31. For beginning from Galilee to this if we would judge (m) ourselves, place.” 6. When Pilate heard we should not be (n) judged. of Galilee, he asked whether the 32. But when (0) we are judged, man were a Galilean. 7. And as we are chastened of the Lord, that soon as he knew that he belonged we should not be condemned with unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent the world. 33. Wherefore, my him to Herod, who himself also brethren, when ye come together was at Jerusalem at that time. to eat, tarry one for another. 8. And when Herod saw Jesus, 34. And if any man hunger, let he was exceeding glad: for he was him eat at home; that ye come

desirous to see him of a long seanot together unto condemnation. son, because he had heard many And the rest will I set in order things of him: and he hoped to when I come.

have seen some miracle done by The Gospel. Luke xxiii. 1. him. 9. Then he questioned with The whole multitude of (p) them

him in many words; but he anarose, and led him unto Pilate. swered him nothing. 10. And the 2. And they began to accuse hin, chief priests and scribes stood and saying, “We found this fellow per

vehemently accused him. 11. And verting (9) the nation, and for- / Herod with his men of war set bidding to give tribute to Cesar,

him at nought, and mocked him, saying that he himself is Christ and arrayed him in a gorgeous “ a King."

3. And Pilate asked robe, and sent him again to Pihim, saying, “ Art thou the King late. 12. And the same day Pilate “ of the Jews ?" And he answered

and Herod were made friends tohim, and said, “(r) Thou sayest gether : for before they were at en. “ it.” 4. Then said Pilate to the mity between themselves. 13. And chief priests and to the people, Pilate, when he had called toge“ I find no (s) fault in this man.”

ther the chief priests and the rulers 5. And they were the more fierce,

and the people, 14. said unto them,

« which it is entitled: not considering it “ as a symbol of the Lord's body."

(1) v. 30. “ Sleep," i. e. “die.”

(m) v. 31. “ Judge ourselves," i. e. “ examine, look to our own conduct."

(n) “ Be judged," i. e. “bring down “ judgments upon ourselves, such as sick. “ ness, or death.” 1 Barr. 347.

(0) v.32. “When, &c." i. e. “ these “ judgments upon us are chastenings from “the Lord, for our good, to keep us from “ the heavier condemnation which will fall “ upon unbelievers."

(p) v. I. “ Them," i. e. “ the Jewish “ council.” See Luke xxii. 66. ante, 122.

(9) v. 2. “ Perverting, &c.” accommodating their charge to what they thought

would operate upon the Roman governor ; they had just been questioning him themselves, not upon this charge, but whether he was the Christ, the Son of God, and when he intimated that he was (ante, 122.), they carried him upon this other accusation before Pilate.

(r) v. 3. “ Thou sayest it,” i. e. “I “ am." See note on Mark xv. 2. ante, 114.

(s) v. 4. “ No fault.” Though our Sa. viour had just told Pilate that he was king of the Jews, yet according to John xviii. 36. he had before told him “his kingdom was not of this world :" and the claim. ing a spiritual kingdom could give no real ground of offence to the Roman government.

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