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20. And he answered and said unto “ blood of the new (9) testament, them, “ It is one of the twelve, that o which is shed for (r) many.

dippeth with me in the dish. “ 25. Verily I say unto you, I will “ 21. The Son of man indeed goeth, “ drink no more of the fruit of « as it is written of him : but woe “ the vine, until that day that I “ to that man by whom the Son “ drink it new in the kingdom of “ of man is betrayed! good were “God.” 26. And when they had " it for that man if he had never sung an hymn, they went out into “ been born.” 22. And as they the mount of Olives.

27. And did eat, Jesus took bread, and Jesus saith unto them, blessed, and brake it, and gave to “shall be (s) offended because of them, and said, “ Take (P), eat; “me this night: for it is (t) writ“ this is my body.” 23. And he “ ten, I will smite the shepherd, took the cup; and when he had “and the sheep shall be scattered. given thanks, he


it to them : “ 28. But after that I (u) am risen, and they all drank of it. 24. And

" I will go before you into (7) he said unto them,

“ Galilee.” 29. But (y) Peter said

“ All ye

6. This is my


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(p) v. 22. “ Take, &c.” This was per- destruction of great part of the land, and haps substituted for the paschal form at that those who should escape should be the feast of the passover. That form was, those only who could bear the strictest “ This is the bread of affliction, which our trials, the being brought through the fire, “ fathers did eat in Egypt." Hamm. 131. and being refined as silver is refined. Our (9) v. 24. “ Testament,” i. e.

Saviour might wish at this time to bring nant or dispensation."

this prophecy under their consideration. (r) “ For many." Not indiscriminately (u) v. 28. “ After I am risen, &c.” This for all mankind, but for many, that is, the imports that he was to rise ; and though real Christians, the pure in heart, &c. So they might not exactly understand at the post, Matt. xx. 28.

a ransom for time what he meant (see ante, 83. note on many."

Luke xviii. 34.) they could not fail to (s) v. 27. " Offended,” i. e. « fall off recollect it after the resurrection, and « from me, desert me."

then they would understand its full force. 1t) “ Written, &c." The passage is

“ Into Galilee." Our Saviour acZech, xüi. 7. “ Awake, O sword, against cordingly appeared to them there after his “ my shepherd, and against the man that resurrection. Saint Matthew says, the “ is my fellow, saith the Lord of Hosts : eleven went “into Galilee, into a moun. “ smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall “ tain where Jesus had appointed them; “ be scattered; and I will turn my hand “ and when they saw him” (which inplies

upon the little ones : and it shall come they did see him) "they worshipped him; “ to pass, that in all the land, saith the “but some doubted. Matt. xxviii. 16, 17." “ Lord, two parts thereof shall be cut off St. John gives a detailed account of his “ and die; but the third part shall be left shewing himself to seven of the disciples “ therein : and I will bring the third part at the sea of Tiberias, which is in Galilee. “ through the fire, and will refine them as John xxi. “ silver is refined, and will try them as (y) v. 29. “Peter.” Though Mark was “ gold is tried: they shall call on my name, peculiarly Peter's friend, and though Peter " and I will hear them; I will say it is my is supposed to have overlooked this gospel, “people, and they shall say, the Lord is this instance of Peter's cowardice is fully “ my God.” This is an important pro- detailed: the apostles never shrunk from phecy. It describes the Messiah as "the acknowledging their own failings. The

man that was God's fellow," (and who intrepidity of the apostles after the crucithat was not God and man could be so ?) fixion, notwithstanding their timidity beand imports that he should be smitten and fore, is accounted for, ante, p. 40. note on his followers scatt red. It imates also John xx. 25.; and see Maltby, 137. 145. that that event should be followed by the

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unto him, “ Although all shall spirit truly is ready, but the “ be offended, yet will not I.” « flesh is weak.” 39. And again 30. And Jesus saith unto him, he went away, and prayed, and Verily I say unto thee, That this spake the same words. '40. And day, even in this night, before when he returned, he found them “ the cock crow twice, thou shalt asleep again: for their eyes were "deny me thrice.” 31. But he heavy: neither wist they what to spake the more vehemently, “ If answer him. 41. And he cometh

I should die with thee, I will the third time, and saith unto "not deny thee in any wise.” them, “ Sleep on now, and take Likewise also said they all. 32. And “ your rest; it is enough, the hour they came to a place which was “ is come: behold the Son of man named Gethsemane: and he saith “ is betrayed into the hands of sinto his disciples, “ Sit ye here,

42. Rise up, let us go; “ while I shall pray.” 33. And “ ló, he that betrayeth me is at he taketh with him Peter and “ hand.” 43. And immediately, James and John, and began to while he yet spake, cometh Judas, be sore amazed, and to be very one of the twelve, and with him a heavy; and saith unto them, great multitude with swords and 34. “My soul is exceeding sorrow- staves, from the chief priests and “ ful unto death : tarry ye here, the scribes and the elders. 44. And " and watch.” 35. And he went he that betrayed him had given forward a little, and fell on the them a token, saying,

, “ Whomground, and prayed that, if it “ soever I shall kiss, that same is were possible, the hour might “ he: take him, and lead him pass from him. 36. And he away safely.” 45. And as soon said, “ Abba, Father, all things as he was come, he goeth straightare possible unto thee ; take way to him, and saith,

« Mas“ away this cup from me: ne- “ter, master;" and kissed him. “ vertheless not what I will, but 46. And they laid their hands on “ what thou wilt.” 37. And he him, and took him.

, 47. And cometh, and findeth them sleep-one (x) of them that stood by ing, and saith unto Peter, “ Sic drew a sword, and smote a ser" mon, sleepest thou? couldest vant of the high priest, and cut “ pot thou watch one hour? off his ear. 48. And Jesus an“38. Watch


lest swered and said unto them, ye enter into temptation. The “ Are (a) ye come out, as against

(z) v. 47. “ One of them,” viz. “ Peter." See Joho xviii. 10. St. John alone names him, and the reason may be this, that the other gospels were published in Peter's life-time, and it might have exposed him unnecessarily to persecution, had he been named. Peter perhaps expected that our Saviour would now assume the appearance of a temporal prince, and his courage might have been raised by what he had seen at the transfiguration, and by what he

had witnessed of the temper of the multitude at our Saviour's triumphant entry into Jerusalem. See Maltby, 137.- 1 Jort. Rem. 212.

(a) v. 48. According to Matt. xxvi. 52. and John xviii. 11. our Saviour checked Peter, “ Put up again thy sword into his “place; for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword. The

cup “ which my Father hath given me, shall “ I not drink it?" And, according to Luke

“ a thief, with swords and with witness agreed (d) not together. “ staves to take me ? 49. I was 57. And there arose certain, and

daily with you in the temple bare false witness against him,

teaching, and ye took me not: saying, 58. “ We heard him say, “ but the Scriptures must be ful- “I (e) will destroy this temple “ filled.” 50. And they (6) all “ that is made with hands, and forsook him, and fled. 51. And “ within three days I will build there followed him a certain young “ another made without hands." man, having a linen cloth cast about 59. But neither so did their witness his naked body; 52. and the agree together.

agree together. 60. And the high young men laid hold on him: and priest stood up in the midst, and he (c) left the linen cloth, and asked Jesus, saying,

asked Jesus, saying, “ Answerest fed from them naked. 53. And “ thou nothing? what is it which they led Jesus away to the high “ these witness against thee ?" priest: and with him were as- 61. But he held his peace, and sembled all the chief priests and answered nothing:

answered nothing. Again (8) the the elders and the scribes. 54. And high priest asked him, and said Peter followed him afar off, even unto him, “ Art thou the Christ, , into the palace of the high priest: “ the Son of the Blessed?" 62. And and he sat with the servants, and Jesus said, “ I am : and ye shall warmed himself at the fire. 55. And “ see the Son of man sitting (1) the chief priests and all the coun- “ on the right hand of power,

and cil sought for witness against “ coming in the clouds of heaJesus to put him to death; and “ ven.” 63. Then the high priest found none.

56. For many bare rent his clothes, and saith, « What false witness against him, but their “ need we any further witnesses ?

xxii. 51. he immediately touched the man's ear, and healed him.

(6) v. 50. “ All forsook him." Another instance of the candour of the Evangelists: they never concealed their own weaknesses. It might be inconsistent with their ideas of the Messiah, that he should be seized as a malefactor, and they might be afraid of being called to account for the injury to the high priest's servant. It may indeed be thought remarkable, after the evidence his miracles afforded, that any circumstances should have induced them to desert him ; but they were probably overpowered by surprize, from not expecting that this could ever happen to the true Messiah, and surprize may, for a time at least, drive out reason. Our Sa. viour had, in v. 27. foretold their desertion.

(c) v. 52. “ Left, &c." This may be mentioned to shew how great their fear was; the young man chose rather to lose the only garment he had than be detained.

(d) v. 56. “ Agreed not.” No man could be put to death except upon the testimony of two witnesses.

(e) v. 58. “I will destroy, &c." See ante, 104. note on Matt. xxvii. 40.

(g) v. 61. “ Again, &c.” According to the parallel place, Matt. xxvi. 63. the high priest, upon putting this question, addressed our Saviour with this solemn adjuration, “I adjure thee by the living God, « that thou tell us whether thou be the “ Christ the Son of God;" and it is supposed, that upon a question so put, no Jew could refuse to answer. Dr. Hammond says, it obliged the person adjured to speak and answer truly, as much as if he had taken an oath. And this accounts for our Saviour's answering a question when so put, though till that time he had held his peace, and answered nothing.

(h) v. 62. “ Sitting on the right hand of “ Power, and coming in the clouds of “ heaven.” Perhaps not literally, but figuratively; “ with as decisive proofs of “ his being the Son of God, as if they saw “ him so sit and come." It alludes probably to that coming when Jerusalem was destroyed. See note on Matt. xxiv. 30. ante, 76. and on Luke xxi. 25. ante, 32.

“64. ye have heard the (i) blas- “a Galilean, and thy speech “phemy: what think ye? And “ agreeth thereto.” 71. But he they all condemned him to be began to curse and to swear, sayguilty of death. 65. And some ing, “I know not this man of began to spit on him, and to cover “ whom ye speak.”

72. And the his face, and to buffet him, and to second time the cock crew. And say unto him,

Prophesy (k):” Peter called to mind the word and the servants did strike him that Jesus said unto him, “ Bewith the palms of their hands. « fore the cock crow twice thou 66. And as Peter was beneath in “shalt deny me thrice.” And the palace, there cometh one of when he thought thereon, he the maids of the high priest : wept. (m) 67. and when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked upon him, and said, “ And thou also wast

Tuesday before Easter. “ with Jesus of Nazareth.” 68. But

For the Epistle. Isaiah 1. 5. (n) he denied, saying, “ I know not, The Lord God hath (o) opened “ neither understand I what thou mine ear, and I was not rebel“ sayest." And he went out in- lious, neither turned away back. to the porch ; and the cock crew. 6. I (p) gave my back to the 69. And a (1) maid saw him again, smiters, and my cheeks to them and began to say to them that that plucked off the hair: I hid stood by, “ This is one of them." not my face from shame and 70. And he denied it again. And spitting. 7. For the Lord God a little after , they that stood by wi

will help me; therefore shall I said again to Peter, “ Surely thou not be confounded: therefore « art one of them: for thou art have I set my face like (9) a flint,

(i) 0.64.“ Blasphemy." See post, – preferred perpetual servitude to being note on Joho xix. 7. Bp. Porteus's very made free, the master was to bore his ear able Lecture on the parallel chapter, Matt. through with an awl, and then the bondxxvi. (Lecture 21.) is well worth con- man was to serve him for ever ; (See Exod. sulting.

xxi. 6. Deut. xv. 17.) and it is to this (k) v. 65. “ Prophesy." St. Matthew practice the prophet here alludes. So and St. Luke add, “ Who is he that smote Psalm xl. 8. i. Sacrifice and meat-offer“ thee?"" this he was to tell, though he was “ ing thou wouldest not, but mine ears smitten whilst his face was covered, or “ hast thou opened,” (or pierced ;) that is, blindfolded. Matt. xxvi. 68. Luke xxii. thou hast taken me to be thy servant for 63. post, 122.

ever. Or“ opening the ear” might mean, 1) v. 69. “

Amaid," rather “the maid,” hath made me obedient, hath made me her mentioned, ver. 66. j maldioun.

hear his commands. (m) 0. 72. St. Matthew and St. Luke (p) v. 6. “I gave, &c.” The treatment add " bitterly.” If St. Peter overlooked our Saviour received comes fully up to this Gospel, it was more decorous in him the prophecy. See Matt. xxvii. 26. 30, 31. to omit it.

They scourged him, spit upon him, smote (n) A prophetic account of the indig- him upon the head, and mocked him. nities that should be offered to the Mes- And see Mark xv. 15. 19. siah, of his patience and success, and of (q) v. 7. “ Like a flint,” “ so that the confusion of his enemies.

nothing will dismay me, cast me down, (o) . 5.“ Opened mine ear," i. e. change my countenance or purpose." “ taken me with my consent to be his The same expression occurs, Ezek. iii. 8,9. * servant for ever." When a bondman “ Behold I have made thy face strong 3. And

and I know that I shall not being the chief priests held a conashamed. 8. He is near that justi- sultation with the elders and fieth me; who will contend with scribes, and the whole council, me? Let us stand together : who and bound Jesus, and carried him is mine adversary ? let him come away, and delivered him (x) to near to me. 9. Behold, the Lord Pilate. 2. And Pilate asked him, God will help me; who is he “ Art thou the King of the Jews?" that shall condemn me? lo, they And he answering said unto him, all shall wax old as a garment ; “ Thou (y) sayest it.” the moth shall eat them up. the chief priests accused him of 10. Who is among you that feareth many things; but he answered the Lord, that (r) obeyeth the nothing. 4. And Pilate asked him voice of his servant, that walketh again, saying, “ Answerest thou in darkness, and hath no light ? hing? behold how man let him trust in the name of the

they witness against Lord, and stay upon his God. “ thee.5. But Jesus yet answered 11. Behold, all that (s) kindle a nothing ; so that Pilate marvelled. fire, that compass yourselves about 6. Now at that feast he released with sparks; (t) walk in the light unto them one prisoner, whom. of your fire, and in the sparks soever they desired. 7. And there that ye have kindled. This shall was one, named Barabbas, which ye have of mine hand, ye shall lay bound with them that had lie down in sorrow.

made insurrection with him, who

had committed murder in the inThe Gospel. Mark xv, 1.

surrection. 8. And the multitude, And straightway in the (u) morn- crying aloud, began to desire him

“ things

ye that

As an

“ against their faces, and thy forehead
“strong against their foreheads.
adamant, harder than flint, have I made
“thy forehead: fear them not, neither be
“ dismayed at their looks." So Jer. v. 3.
(to signify the inflexible obstinacy of the
Jews, and their disregard of warnings,)
“ they have made their faces harder than
a rock, they have refused to return."

(r) v. 10. For “ that obeyeth," the reading should be, “ let him obey;" and for “ that walketh,” “ who that walketh.” This is the reading of the Septuagint and Syriac, and gives a much more elegant turn and distribution to the sentence. Bp. Lowth.

(s) v. 11. “ That kindle a fire, &c." i. e. “ that rely upon human devices and “ worldly policy."

(t) “Walk, &c." i.e. tauntingly, “de“pend, if you think fit, on human aid and human counsel, but it shall bring upon "you my judgments : what you shall have “ of my hand shall be, to lie down in " sorrow." (u) v. 1. “

The morning:" he was ap

prehended at night, and led at once to the high priest, where the chief priests and the scribes and elders were assembled, and they immediately examined witnesses and questioned him.

(3) “ Delivered him to Pilate." The chief priest and council of the Jews had before agreed “ that he was guilty of “ death, Mark xiv. 64.” but the sceptre was departed from Judah, they had not the power of punishing capitally: they delivered him therefore to Pilate, the Roman governor, who had.

(y) v. 2. “ Thou sayest it," i. e. “I “ am.” When the high priest adjured our Saviour to say, whether he were the Christ, the Son of God, St. Matthew states his answer to have been, “ Thou hast “ said." St. Mark states it, “ I am." And Luke xxii. 70. post, 122. when the chief priests and elders asked our Saviour if he were the Son of God, and he answered, “ Ye say that I am," they treated his answer as an assertion that he


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