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12. But Ahaz said, “ I will (9) not poused to a man whose name was

ask, neither will I tempt (r) the Joseph, of the house of David; “ Lord.” ($) 13. And he said, and the Virgin's name was Mary. “ Hear ye now, O house (t) of 28. And the angel came in unto “ David; Is it a small thing for her, and said, “ Hail, thou that you to weary men, but will

“ art highly favoured, the Lord is ye weary my (u) God also ? « with thee: blessed art thou “ 14. Therefore the Lord him

“ among women.” 29. And when “ self shall give you a sign: she saw him, she was trou“ Behold, a Virgin shall con- bled at his saying, and cast in her “

ceive, and bear a son, and mind what manner of salutation “shall (x) call his name Im- this should be. 30. And the “ manuel. 15. Butter (y) and angel said unto her, “ Fear not,

honey shall he eat, that (y) he Mary; for thou hast found “ may know to refuse the evil, “ favour with God.

31. And, “ and choose the good.”

“ behold, thou shalt conceive in

thy womb, and bring forth a The Gospel. Luke i. 26.

“son, and shalt call his name And in the sixth (2) month the JESUS. (b) 32. He shall be angel Gabriel was sent from God

great, and shall be called (c) unto a (a) city of Galilee, named “ the Son of the Highest: and Nazareth, 27. to a Virgin “ the Lord God shall give unto


(9) v. 12. “ I will not, &c.” A refusal are, and to be in the early part of life as from insolence, (probably,) and attachment other children are, in that state of ignoto idol worship. Ahaz was a king of great rance as not to know right from wrong; wickedness, more addicted to strange that, in the language of the Athanasian gods, and more bold in his contempt of creed, though he was to be God, of the the Lord, than any other king. See note substance of the Father, as begotten beon Isaiah i. 2. post.

fore the worlds, he was also to be man, (r) “ Tempt," i. e. (probably) “try, of the substance of his mother, as born in trust, appeal to."

the world; not only “perfect God” but (s) v. 10, 11, 12. “ The Lord.” In each

also “perfect man, of a reasonable soul, of these instances the Hebrew word is " and human flesh subsisting." “ Jehovah,” the Greek Kúpos. See ante, (z) v. 26. “ Sixth,” reckoning from the 29. note (m) and ante, 84. note (c). conception of John the Baptist. See v.36.

(t) v. 13. “ O house of David," ad. (a)“ A city of Galilee.” A person dressing the whole house; no longer writing for Jews only would have had no speaking individually to Ahaz, who had occasion to explain that Nazareth was shewn himself unworthy:

a city of Galilee, or, as in Luke ïi. 4. (u) “ Weary my God," by distrusting that Bethlehem was the city of David." and despising him. Would it be a light 1 Towns. 144. Little peculiarities in the effence to discredit man, and do


dare different Gospels tend to prove the genuineto discredit God? Chrys. in loco.

ness of each. (x) v. 14. “ Call." See Mede, 95.

(6) v.31. “ Jesus.” The reason for (y) “ Butter and honey," the food of giving him this name is assigned, Matt. infants in those times, “ that he may i. 21. “ for he shall save his people from * know” or “ till he shall know." The 6 their sins." object probably was to intimate, that (c) v. 32. “ The Son." The article is though according to the preceding verse not in the original, why? because the pe. he was to be called (i. e. to be) Immanuel, culiarities of the Greek language would i. e. God with us, yet was he also to be not admit of it, on account of its followvery man; to pass through the ordinary ing the word “ called.” Middl. stages of infancy, to be reared as infants

“ him the throne of his (d) father

« word.” And the angel de“ David : 33. and he shall reign parted from her. “ over the house of Jacob for "ever; and of his kingdom there “shall be no (e) end."

34. Then said Mary unto the angel, " How

Sunday next before Easter. “ shall this be, seeing I know not

The Collect. “ a man?” 25. And the angel answered and said unto her, Almighty and everlasting God, “ The (g) Holy Ghost shall come

who of thy tender love towards upon thee, and the power of mankind hast sent thy Son our “ the Highest shall overshadow

Saviour Jesus Christ, to take upon " thee; therefore also that holy him our flesh, and to suffer death

thing which shall be born of upon the cross, that all mankind “ thee shall be called the Son of should follow the example of his « God.

36. And, behold, thy great humility; mercifully grant, “ cousin (h) Elizabeth, she hath

that we may both follow the ex“ also conceived a son in her ample of his patience, and also be “old age : and this is the sixth

made partakers of his resurrec“ month with her who was called tion, through the same Jesus « barren. 37. For with God

Christ our Lord. Amen, “nothing shall be impossible.” 38. And Mary said, « Behold

The Epistle. Phil. ii. 5. s the handmaid of the Lord; be Let (i) this mind be in you, “it unto me according to thy which was also in Christ Jesus:

(d) “ His father David.” It was the some time by the apostles also. See settled expectation that the Messiah was ante, 83. note on Luke xviii. 34. Our to be lineally descended from David. Saviour explains it, (Luke xvii. 21.) to be When the Jews were asked whose son " within us ;” and (John xviii. 36.) “not he was to be, they at once answered “ of this world.” It is spiritual, not “ David's :” and persons who considered temporal; regulating the inner thoughts Jesus Christ as the Messiah, expressed as well as the outward actions. This kingtheir belief by calling him the “Son of dom prevails now, and shall prevail for " David."

ever, and its continuance fulfils this pre(e) v. 33. “ No end." So Daniel fore. diction, told that the kingdom of the Messiah (g) v. 35. “ The Holy Ghost," rather should endure for ever: “I saw in the 66 a divine influence.” There is no article "night visions, and behold, one like the in the original. Middl. “Son of Man came with (or in) the clouds (h) v. 36. “ Elizabeth," the mother of “ of heaven, and came to the Ancient of John the Baptist. See post, Luke i. 57. “ Days (i. e. God): and they brought him (i) v.5. « Let, &c.' St. Paul had “near before him: and there was given been pressing upon the Philippian con“ him dominion and glory, and a kingdom, verts unanimity, and lowliness of mind; " that all people, nations, and languages and by reminding them how our Saviour "should serve him: his dominion is an disregarded his own glory to advance the "everlasting dominion, which shall not cause of Christianity, he animates them "pass away, and his kingdom that which to the like conduct. See post, note "shall not be destroyed. Dan, vii. 13, 14." on Eph. iv. 9. ; and see 5 Waterland's The nature of this kingdom was probably | Moyer Sermons. altogether mistaken by the Jews, and for

6. who (k) being in the (1) form 11. and that every tongue should of God, thought it not(m) robbery confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to be equal with God; 1. but (n) to the glory of God the (s) Father. made (0) himself of no reputation, and took (p) upon him the

The Gospel. Matt. xxvii. 1. form of (7) a servant, and was

Wh Hen the morning was come, all made in the likeness of men : the chief priests and elders of the 8. and being found in fashion as people took counsel against Jesus a man, he humbled himself, and

to put him to death. became obedient unto death, when they had bound him, they even the death of the cross. led him away, and delivered (0) 9. Wherefore God also hath him to Pontius Pilate the Goverhighly exalted (r) him, and given mor. 3. Then Judas, which had him a name which is above every betrayed him, when he saw that name; 10. that at the name of he was condemned, repented (u) Jesus every knee should bow, of himself, and brought again the things in heaven, and things in thirty pieces of silver to the chief earth, and things under the earth ; priests and elders, 4. saying, “I

2. And

It was

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(k) v.6. “ Who, &c." How strong is me, John xiv. 1.9, 10.;” and “All things this passage to prove our Saviour's pre- “ that the Father hath are mine. John existence and divinity! He was in the 66 xvi. 15." form of God! When? Evidently before (n) v.7. “ But,” or yet." he was in the form of a servant, and (0) “ Made himself of no reputation," made in the likeness of men.

stripped or divested himself,” laulèv therefore before he was born of the Virgin {verwoe, i. e. “ of the form of God, of the Mary. And by whose act did he pass “ glory he had with the Father before the from the form of God to the form of a 6 world was.”

See Magee, Notes, No. 1. servant ? Clearly by his own! He made Vaillant on the Trinity, p. 38. Waterland's himself of no reputation, and took upon 5th Sermon at Lady Moyer's Lecture is himself the form of a servant. And who an able discourse upon the whole of this that was not God was ever in the form of

passage. God? Who of an inferior nature could (p) “ Took the form of," i.e.“ became." without injustice claim equality with God ? (9) “Of a servant,” by becoming man, And who of less power than God, could by assuming the human nature. Waterl. divest himself of one nature, and assume p. 156. and see Bellarmine de Christo, another? The whole of this passage from lib. i. c. 6. p. 302, 303. ver. 6-11. occurs, Cyprian Tr. 40. and (r) v. 9. “Exalted," not by varying his parts of it, Tertullian, 802. 841. 1041.

nature, but by requiring for him the most (1) “ The form, &c." In Col.i. 15. he complete homage and submission, and is called the “Image of the invisible God," making it man'; duty to treat him as a and Heb. i. 3. “The brightness of his special object of adoration and worship. glory, and the express image of his person." Water). p. 180—183. and See Graves's

(m) “ Not robbery." No injustice, no Trinity, App. p. 47. more than his right, no encroachment on (s) v. 11. “God the Father," to disthe Father, because their nature was equal

. tinguish him from God the Son, whom he Non rapuit, quia vere habuit, 4 Aug. de had been just mentioning. Trinitate, lib. i. c. 2. p. 498. and see (t) v. 2. “ Delivered, &c.” 9 Aug. Tr. in Johannem, 78. p. 180. He had 'not at this time the power of life and accordingly asserts this equality in many death: Pilate, the Roman governor, had. instances, “I and my Father are one,

The sceptre therefore was departed from John x. 30." “ The Father is in me, and

Judah, and a lawgiver from between his “ I in him. John x.

“ Ye believe in

feet. See ante, 83. note on Luke xvii. 32. “ the Father, believe also in me.”

note on Acts xii. 28. “ that hath seen me, hath seen the Father.”

(u) v. 3. “Repented.” Judas must have “ I am in the Father, and the Father in known had our Saviour been an enthusiast

The Jews

" He

and post,

« have sinned in that I have be- things they witness against “trayed the innocent blood.” " thee ?” 14. And he answered And they said, “ What is that to him to never a word; insomuch "us? see thou to that.” 5. And that the

governor marvelled he cast down the pieces of silver greatly. 15. Now at that feast in the temple, and departed, and the governor was wont to release went and (x) hanged himself. unto the people a prisoner, whom 6. And the chief priests took the they would. 16. And they had silver pieces, and said, " It is not then a notable (a) prisoner, called “ lawful for to put them into the Barabbas. 17. Therefore, when

treasury, because it is the price they were gathered together, " of blood.” 7. And they took Pilate said unto them “ Whom counsel, and bought with them the “ will ye that I release unto you? potter's field, to bury strangers

“ Barabbas, or Jesus, which is in. 8. Wherefore that field was " called Christ ?” 18. for he called, “ The field of blood,unto knew that for envy they had dethis (y) day. 9. Then was ful. livered him. 19. When he was filled that which was spoken by

set down on the judgement seat, (3) Jeremy the prophet, saying, his wife sent unto him, saying, “ And they took the thirty pieces “ Have thou nothing to do with " of silver, the price of him that “ that just man; for I have suf

was valued, whom they of the “ fered many things this day “ children of Israel did value; « in a dream because of him." " 10. and gave them for the pot- 20. But the chief priests and "ter's field, as the Lord ap- elders persuaded the multitude " pointed me.” 11. And Jesus that they should ask Barabbas, and stood before the governor: and destroy Jesus. 21. The governor the governor asked him, saying, answered and said unto them, " Art thou the king of the Jews ?”

• Whether of the twain will ye And Jesus said unto him, “ Thou “ that I release unto you?” They sayest.” 12. And when he said, “ Barabbas."

22. Pilate was accused of the chief priests saith unto them, " What shall I and elders, he answered nothing.

“ do then with Jesus, which is 13. Then saith Pilate unto him,

“ called Christ?” They all say “ Hearest thou not how many unto him, “Let him be crucified.

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or an impostor ; his repentance shews he thought him neither: otherwise he would have been warranted in betraying him. 2 Port. Lect.

() v. 5. “ Hanged," or "strangled, “ choked, or suffocated,” dTeht wy danygalo. See ante, 86. note on acts i. 18.

(y) v. 8. “ This day," i.e. “ the time
St. Matthew wrote his Gospel.”

(z) v. 9. “ Jeremy, &c.” The passage is not in any part of Jeremiah now extant. In Zech. xi. 12, 13. is this passage: "They weighed for my price thirty pieces " of silver. And the Lord said unto

me, “Cast it unto the potter : a goodly “ price that I was priced at of them.” And “ I took the thirty pieces of silver, and “ cast them to the potter in the house of “ the Lord.” But no mention is here made of the Potter's Field. The passage, as quoted, might be in some writing of Jeremiah's, not now in existence.

(a)v. 16. “ Notable,” i.e. “ notorious." According to Mark xv. 7. and Luke xxiii. 19. his offence was sedition and murder. According to John xviii. 40. he was a robber.

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23. And the governor said, “Why? | that they had mocked him, they ( what evil hath he done?" took the robe off from him, and But they cried out the more, put his own raiment on him, and saying, • Let him be crucified.” led him away to crucify him. 24. When Pilate saw that he 22. And as they came out, they could prevail nothing, but that found a man of Cyrene, Simon by rather a tumult was made, he name: him they compelled to took water, and washed his hands bear his cross. 33. And when before the multitude, saying, “I they were come

come unto a place “ am innocent of the blood of called Golgotha, that is to say “ this just person : see ye to it.” “ A place of a skull,” 34. they 26. Then answered all tħe people, gave him (d) vinegar to drink and said, “ His (6) blood be on mingled with gall: and when he “ us, and

children.' had tasted thereof, he would not 26. Then released he Barabbas drink.

35. And they crucified unto them: and when he had him, and parted (e) his garments, scourged (c) Jesus, he deli- casting lots; that (g) it might be vered him to be crucified. fulfilled which was spoken by the 27. Then the soldiers of the go. (h) prophet, They parted my vernor took Jesus into the com

garments among them, and mon hall, and gathered unto “ upon my vesture did they cast him the whole band of soldiers. “ lots." 36. And sitting down 28. And they stripped him, and they watched him there; 37. and


a scarlet robe. set up over his head his accusation 29. And when they had platted written, THIS (i) IS JESUS a crown of thorns, they put it

THE KING OF THE JEWS. upon his head, and a reed in his 38. Then were there two thieves right hand: and they bowed the crucified with him; one on the knee before him, and mocked right hand, and another on the him, saying, “ Hail, King of the left. 39. And they that passed Jews !" 30. And they spit upon by reviled him, wagging their him, and took the reed, and smote heads, 40. and saying, “ Thou him on the head. 31. And after “ that (k) destroyest the temple,

(6) v. 25. “ His blood be on us, and on (e) v. 35. “ Parted, &c." For a more “ our children.” And in the destruction of full account of this transaction, see post, Jerusalem, and in the dispersed state of the John xix. 23. 24. Jews from that time to the present, was

(g) “ That it might be," j.e. “ so that there no fulfilment of this imprecation ? “ it was.” They had no intention of fulHas it not been in operation down to the filling the prediction. This

, therefore, is present day? Have not the Jews been

a strong instance of stating as the object outcasts in all nations, to this

time ?

what was only the consequence. See ante, (c) v. 26. “ Scourged Jesus.” And so 49. note on Matt. ii. 15. verified Isaiah 1. 6. (post, 113.) “I gave

(h) “ The prophet,” i. e. “ the writer of “ my back to the smiters."

“ Ps. xxii.” The passage there (v. 17, 18.) (d) v. 34. “ Vinegar mingled with gall.” is, “ They pierced my hands and my feet; It has been supposed that this was a stu- I may tell all my bones ; they stand starpifying mixture to deaden the sense of “ ing and looking upon me; they part my pain, but that our Saviour refused it, because he would not shrink from the ordi

garnients among them, and cast lots

upon my vesture.” nary sufferings of crucifixion : but this is

(i) v. 37. “ This, &c.” In derision! conjecture.

(k) v. 40. “ That destroyest, &c.” Ac.

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