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AN

HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL

ACCOUNT

OF THE

LIVES AND WRITINGS

OF

James I. and Charles I.

AND OF

THE LIVES

OF

Oliver Cromwell and Charles II.

AFTER THE MANNER OF MR. BAYLE.

FROM

ORIGINAL WRITERS AND STATE-PAPERS.

BY WILLIAM HARRIS.

A NEW EDITION,
WITH A LIFE OF THE AUTHOR, A GENERAL INDEX, &c.

IN FIVE VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR .F. C. AND J. RIVINGTON; T. PAYNE; WILKIE AND

ROBINSON; LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN; CADELL
AND DAVIES; J. MURRAY; J. MAWMAN; AND R. BALDWIN.

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G. WOODFALL, Printer, Angel Court, Skinner Street, London,

AN

HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL ACCOUNT

OF THE

LIFE AND WRITINGS

OF

CHARLES I.

KING OF GREAT BRITAIN.

CHARLES STUART, second son of James I. king of Great Britain, by Ann of Denmark, was born at Dumfermling, in Scotland, November the 19th, 1600". He was baptized on Tuesday December the 23d, in the royal chapel, by David Lindsay, bishop of Ross, with great solemnity, according to Mr. Carte"; though other writers give a different account'.

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Though other writers give a different account.] Calderwood speaks of the birth of prince Charles, but mentions not a word about his baptism. He was born,

* Perinchief's Life of Charles I prefixed to his works, p. 1. fol. Lond. 1697.

• Carte's History of England, vol. II, p. 679. fol. Lond. 1752. VOL. II.

B

At three years old he was committed to the care and government of Sir Robert Cary's lady; and in his fourth year he was brought to the English court, where he was made Knight of the Bath, and invested with

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says he, upon the 19th of November, about eleven
hours at night, the same day that Gowrie and his bro-
ther's carcasses were dismembered ".' Spotswood ob-
serves, that ‘his christening was hastened because of
the weakness of the child, and that his death was much
feared b! Thus also Perinchief, in the very page refer-
red to in the text, tells us, that he was born in so
much weakness, that his baptism was hastened, without
the usual ceremonies wherewith such royal infants are
admitted into the church. Here are very different ac-
counts, we see, of the baptism of this prince; but which
is most worthy of belief must be left to the reader to
determine. All I shall say is, that if the young prince
had received the benefit of episcopal baptism, (a bene-
fit never sufficiently to be valued, in the opinion of
some very grave and learned writers °, as it gives spe-
cial privileges and advantages both here and hereafter)
it is amazing that archbishop Spotswood and doctor
Perinchief should either have been ignorant of it, or
neglected to have mentioned it. But truth is frequently
brought to light by time; and Mr. Carte, an hundred
and fifty years after the ceremony was performed, tells
us the name of the bishop, the solemnity used, and the
place where it was used, when all others seem to have

* Calderwood's History of the Church of Scotland, p. 446. fol. Edinb. 1680. History of the Church of Scotland, p. 461. fol, Lond. 1668. * See Dodwell's Epistolary Discourse concerning the Mortality of Human Souls. 8vo. Lond. 1705.

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