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The expence that will attend this mock trial of the Queen will be enormous. We doubt whether a million will cover it when all its contingencies are brought together. The Milan Commission seems to have been unlimited as to expence:, any sum for the life of the Queen! Our monarchical expences seem to increase in a ratio with the decreased means of supporting them. The present King seems to have no ideas beyond the gratification of his appetite and extravagant disposition. He riots and re vels in the most complacent manner, as if all about him was peace, plenty, and harmony! It is astonishing that Kings can never take a lesson from the past. Each of those beings seems to fancy himself created for the purpose of ruling, and harbours no idea, that any profane mind should feel the disposition to thwart his views and intentions. It is high time that the office was abolished, for we shall not find one, in a thousand years, that retains his natural senses, and sees that the interest of his people is his best interest. It is repugnant to despotic feelings to live in affection and concord with those who are considered subjects. To reign by any other means than terror has never been the disposition of the despot. This disposition is not confined to the monarch, it pervades society and seems congenial to the feelings of certain individuals. It reigns in families as well as in kingdoms.

It seems impossible to form any idea when the Mock Trial of the Queen will terminate, unless shame should fill the bosom of the present administration, which has never yet been the case. Quem deus vult perdere dementat, is an old saying, and a very true one: Whom God wishes to destroy he hardens," is a phrase that has been verified in all the relations of life. The mind that is bent on mischief first steels its own bosom to the consequences, and perseveres with an apparent impetuosity to its own destruction. How strikingly is this case displayed in the men who form the present administration of the affairs of government in this country. Every circumstance seems to combine against them, yet they pertinaciously adhere to place, and affect to treat their doom with contempt or carelessness. Perhaps those gentlemen hope by lingering on the proceedings against the Queen for a year or two, to withdraw the public attention from other objects equally important to themselves, and to centre disaffection in one point with a hope of being able to crush it the better.

There is one thing visible in the House of Lords, and that is, that as the probability of honourable acquittal for the Queen increases, their Lordships are becoming desperate and

deviating from all promises, as to giving her facilities in making a defence. This case was strikingly visible in the abrupt breaking up of the house on Saturday last. Old Eldon cries out we have erred from the right way, and for God's sake, let us not for the sake of consistency continue in error. If the old Lord could carry this disposition out of the House the country might be benefitted by it: but no, the correction of error is to throw more impediments in the way of the Queen: their Lordships begin to tremble at the present aspect of the proceedings, and perceive that all is lost, even under the present disadvantages of the accused, if they do not thwart the present arrangements and violate the few promises that have been reluctantly drawn from them. Never was proceedings so anomalous on any previous occasion; its whole tenor seems to say and unsay, to do and undo. The Queen will stand as white as snow before her accusers: all the filth they have been for years collecting has only besmeared themselves, and they begin to feel that they cannot. Ishift it. The house-maids of Carlton-house had never to clean a filthier mess after a royal drunken bout, than the Queen's accusers have now to wallow in; and report says, that the poor house-maids have had rather distasteful evacuations to cleanse away with the mop and pail after a fit of royal drunkenness. Canning has given us leg-bail-he is off-he has made sure of his escape, and we may expect to see all the royal yachts in requisition in a few weeks time. To Castlereagh the task is left of nursing and comforting the Royal babe, he and poor Nicholas have all the work of the royal nursery left on their hands, and the most soothing care and gentle rocking can scarcely keep the royal charge from convulsions. They have parodied the cradle hymn in different ways for the amusement of the royal infant and even a fine dressed doll ceases to allay its tears, and fears, and vexations. Such is the state of the English government: never was it so disgraced before, with a mixture of despotism, dotage, infancy, imbecility, and childish petulance. Every circumstance that occurs seems to remind us of our infantile pursuits, our little jealousies, resentments, and quarrels. Manhood seems to have quitted the country.

There is but one thing disagreeable in the continuance of the proceedings against the Queen, it will display such a sameness for such a length of time as to become quite disgusting, and unless something new turns up we shall be apt to sleep over it for all the strength of the charge has been made and

the remainder of the proceedings will be but a tedious repetition.



Such has been the attraction of attention in England for the last fortnight, that we have not ventured to look on the continent, lest we should miss an important passing object at home. Since our mention of the Neapolitan Revolution, which equals the most sanguine hopes in success, the Sicilians of Palermo have asserted their independence, by driving the Neapolitan soldiery from that city with great slaughter. The origin of the affray, seems to have been the rash act of an English general (Church) in tearing the badge of independence from the breast of a citizen. Dreadful havoc has been made with the city, but the triumph of the citizens has been complete, and continues unmolested. The march of revolution seems not only successful but irresistible. France has again been on the eve of an explosion, and every day seems likely to bring us the news of a successful overthrow of the Bourbon dynasty. Spain moves majestically, and the Cortes have shewn their love of liberty in prosecuting a superior officer, for an attempt to punish his inferior, on the score of publishing a libel. The liberty of the press seems complete amongst them, and any rational piece of writing will find support, however strong its contents, or forcible its purport. Amidst the sorrows of home we find consolation in looking abroad, and a general revolution throughout the continent is not the least of present probabilities. The Prussian Imbecile seems determined to force his subjects to resistance, for there is no constitution forthcoming as yet for them. It may be better that they form one for themselves. The despots of Austria and Russia are becoming frantic, and we may expect to hear of a Russian army invading the South of Europe in a few weeks. The holy alliance is now put to the test, it must either act or become extinct. is amusing to the friend of freedom, and the welfare of the human race, to observe how the march of intellect sets at nought the menaces of despotism, and triumphs over the stupidity and ignorance of antiquated systems. A few years will give the whole earth a new surface, and change the character


of the human race. Veneration shall change its objects, and the old must crumble before the new. The pampered supporter of abuses will no longer be listened to whilst prating about our venerable constitution, our venerable institutions, and such like false declamation, alone calculated to amuse the vacant and corrupt mind.

Englishmen-citizens and soldiers, see what is passing on the continent-see what has been performed by men, whose minds are comparatively barren when compared with yours. The inhabitants of Spain, of Naples, of Sicily, have not had those advantages in obtaining political information that you have had; the press of their country has only been put in motion to corrupt them hitherto. Your minds have been enriched with all the information that could be desired under present circumstances, and will you delay to assert those rights which you have so long and so ardently admired? Although you have not possessed them, you have had a full knowledge of them, and the benefits that must follow their possession.

The brave soldiers of Spain and Naples have shown themselves patriots and heroes, excelling those of any former times. They have shewn that their country is the object nearest their heart, and a thorough contempt for the despot that has organized them for the purpose of keeping in awe their friends and relatives. They have shewn the important advantage of a citizen and a soldier, uniting to correct the abuses of the government under which they suffer. When there is a union between the soldier and the citizen in defence of their common rights and liberties, all is sure to proceed well without bloodshed, and even without confusion. The year 1820 will be a new era in history. Europe will take a new character, and the history of the past will be referred to, only to excite our contempt, and to rejoice for the future. The good sense of European armies will baffle the plans of all the Castlereaghs on the earth, for mercenary armies will soon become extinct and unattainable. Let a regiment of English soldiers once pronounce their determination to support the demand for a representative system of government, and the spirit will fly through the country in a twinkling of an eye, and millions of citizens will rise to support them. The day must come, and if the reigning prince be wise, he will anticipate that demand which he will not be able to deny when made.



From the County of Middlesex.

"In my long absence from England, I had never forgotten that justice and humanity had no warmer advocates, nor more steady friends, than the Freeholders of Middlesex. Their present animated and affectionate Address, has impressed that conviction more strongly upon my mind; and my heart rejoices at receiving such a tribute of regard from men so enlightened, philanthropists so generous, and pa

triots so pure.

The improved spirit of the age, which is seen in the intellectual advancement of man through all the gradations of the social scheme, is particularly visible in this metropolitan county. Here the dissemination of knowledge is found to have the most salutary effects. Here moral worth is most resplendent. Here beneficence most abounds. Here those sentiments and affections are most operative, that exclude intolerance from the mind, and give the most comprehensive charity to the heart. Here liberty finds its most impenetrable shield; and tyranny has to contend with its most determined foe. "My frank and unreserved disposition may, at times, have laid my conduct open to the misrepresentations of my adversaries. Conscious that my motives are pure, and my heart upright, I have never sought my refuge even from the infuriated eye of malignity in the coverts of duplicity, or in the obscurities of fraud. I am what I seem, and I seem what I am. And though calumny, aided by perjury, is now making its last desperate attack upon my character, yet I feel no fear except it be the fear that my character should not be sufficiently investigated; I challenge every inquiry, I deprecate not the most vigilant scrutiny.

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My life has been a life of trial. But what trial is there which I have yet undergone that has not elevated my character, and humbled that of my enemies? During a period of twenty-five years, I have been exposed to the most persecuting inquisition. In private life, virtue is thought to bloom like the primrose in the shade; but I have been placed in circumstances where temptation operates with double force, and where vice assumes the most fascinating lures; and yet, what credible proof has yet been produced that I have once erred from the path of innocence ?

"The Freeholders of Middlesex could not make use of expressions more gratifying to my pride, or more sacred to my soul, than by telling me that I occupy in the affections of the people that place which the Princess Charlotte so eminently possessed. It inspires me with a sort of hallowed ecstacy, when I perceive how much and how tendrely this generous nation still cherishes her venerated memory.

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