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triumph, and her triumph must be the disgrace of her husband. He cannot shift the disgraceful load of filth on his ministers, he has wallowed in it too long to have left any means of cleaning himself. This Bill of Pains and Penalties has been a most fortunate event for her Majesty. She has lived to some purpose. She has overwhelmed her enemies and laid them all prostrate. Poor Brougham has been disappointed. Experience has made the Queen wise. She has at last fallen into honest bands, and her enemies are made to appear in a most contemptible light. If ever a woman is set upon the English throne we could wish it to be Queen Caroline, and that she may be the last. EDITOR.
TO MR. CARLILE.
Stockport, Aug. 29, 1820.
The friends to civil and religious liberty in Stockport hope you will receive the enclosed One Pound, as a small tribute of that respect they justly owe you, for your manly and persevering conduct in the cause of Universal Freedom. I assure you, Sir, would circumstances have permitted, there is not one who has given a penny or twopence, but would gladly have given a pound. The sum certainly would have been fourfold, at least, had not our abilities been so urgently pressed, on behalf of those suffering patriots in our immediate neighbour. hood, which you, Sir, are aware to be pretty numerous. One thing, Sir, I have to mention, which I doubt not will, in some measure, assist in dispelling the gloom of your unmerited and unjust, though solitary and unparalleled imprisonment, and that is, that you have been the means of enlightening some hundreds of your fellow-men, within the sound of our parish bells, who have dragged the chains of bigotry and superstition, from their cradle, and who are convinced, (notwithstanding all the whips, gags, dungeons, bolts, and bars, and all other punishments that priestcraft and inquisitorial genius can invent or inflict,) that the sun of reason will continue to expand its bright and animating rays until it reaches the height of its meridian splendor. Then mankind will be truly happy, good'
moral examples will be laid down, and real virtue and true patriotism will receive that reward they so justly merit. I hope and trust, that the day is not far distant when superstition and fanaticism will be swept into the whirlpool of oblivion, and never more rear its destructive head. An enlightened public would then rally round the "Temple of Reason," and Altar of Liberty," and assist in disseminating those virtuous principles which you so nobly and perseveringly defended. Your readers here, Sir, very much admire your determination to carry on your publication, even should the Vice Society succeed in their unmanly and cowardly attack against Mrs. Carlile. There is something so mean, so degrading, and so base in the conduct of those beings who call themselves the suppressors of vice, that I can scarcely say what name they deserve, to commence a prosecution against a virtuous, honest, and industrious woman, for no other cause but that of endeavouring to support her children in a comfortable way. It is something beneath the character of man, even in a state of nature; but the nearer vice or debauchery approaches, its final dissolution, the more extravagant are its writhings and twistings, its contortions become more and more visible, until its final exit. Mrs. Carlile, and your patriotic sisters, deserve the patronage of their sex, and when reason and morality triumph over drunkenness, debauchery, cowardice, and all the other existing vices, (which I trust will be very soon,) then they will receive that reward they have so justly merited. Some of your friends in Stockport have come to the resolution of making monthly subscriptions towards paying your fine, the collections will be small, for reasons before stated, but it is our duty to do something, and we hope your readers and admirers in every part of the country, will exert themselves in like manner, until you are restored to your liberty and family for it is our cause you are suffering for, Sir, consequently we ought to partake, in some measure, of those sufferings, by striving to alleviate them. Your excellent and well-timed letter to the poor Bristol priest, gave great satisfaction to your readers here. Has he answered it? Not pointedly, I presume, if at all; perhaps he has discovered his inability. I should not have liked the task, unless it had been to inform you of my thorough conviction that you was right. We have a few of the priest-kind in this part, who have joined the ranks of reformers, and who have made great attempts to overthrow your powerful reasoning in support of Universal Freedom; but they having taken up their position in a dark thick fog, such position vanished the moment nature's light
made its powerful appearance, and in fact, those that work in the dark have always baseless fabrics to stand on-" they like darkness better than light, because their deeds are evil."
I am, Sir, on behalf of those mechanics friendly to you in Stockport, your sincere friend, and well wisher,
TO MR. WILLIAM PERRY AND THE FRIENDS TO CIVIL AND RELIGIOUS, LIBERTY IN STOCKPORT.
Accept my thanks for, and acknowledgment of, the sum of one pound, being as you are pleased to say, the commencement of a periodical subscription, set on foot by my friends in Stockport, to meet my fine, and the expences arising from prosecution and imprisonment. I beg leave to assure my friends of Stockport, that my feelings of gratitude are not regulated by the sum of money they have sent me, but by the generous expression of approbation that accompanied it. I am proud to say, that in pecuniary matters I am above want, and whilst that is the case, money will always be with me a secondary object. For the fair profits of trade, and for support by subscription, whenever my countrymen shall think proper to subscribe, to meet any difficulty that I shall encounter, I shall never be indifferent or careless about, but at present, I am fully sensible that there are many good men in prison, whose situation is much worse than mine, and who, as your immediate neighbours and acquaintance have a double and prior claim to what I can pretend to with you. I could heartily wish that they were all as comfortable in pecuniary matters as I am, but I find that neither love nor money will lessen the rigour of my confinement. I have surmounted the injury of the robbery that was inflicted on me last year, and as the present with me is prosperous, I do not trouble about the future, being well assured that nothing but violence can thwart my views, whilst I continue to tread in the same path. Recollect I am by no means insensible to the injury I have sustained by the robbery, which the government has made on my property, for, although its net amount was not much above 1,3001. still the manner of seizing it and shutting up my house, made it worse for me than if I had been fined 20001. to be paid at the
expiration of my imprisonment, which had always hitherte been the case. They might almost as well have set the house on fire, for they have destroyed the value of the property by keeping it unsold, and whether I shall find any part of my fine accounted for remain to be seen. It was a very general opinion in November last, that the fining of Sir Masseh Lopez 10,0001. was a mere cloak to cover the extravagant sum prepared for me, and this is now fully verified, for Sir Masseh has been set at liberty, although 15 months of the period allotted him for imprisonment are unexpired. Here is a proof of the wickedness of the government we live under. This hoary traitor is released from his confinement forsooth, because, his crime was common to the ministers themselves, and none but the most hardened villains, under such circumstances, could have been guilty of the mockery of justice in sending him to prison in the first place. I have no fear that the time of my release is far distant, I am quite comfortable under my confinement, and even if I could gain release by petitioning for it at this moment, I should reject the offer with disdain. Indifferent as I feel about my situation, I must acknowledge, that recollection evinced by distant friends is extremely cheering. Approbation of conduct is far more gratifying to me than money. It is the first object of my desire, for I am sensible that the necessary means of living will be sure to follow it, therefore I make the last but a secondary object. You, the inhabitants of Stockport, have played your parts well in the grand drama of reform, had the same disposition filled the Western counties and the Southern, that has filled those of the North, we should have carried the measure long before this: but in this neighbourhood we have yeomanry cavalry who grieved because they have no radicals to encounter, and are obliged to content themselyes with threatening what they will do if ever they come in contact with the radicals of the North. This is no false picture, it was actually the language of some of the officers of a corps, when lately dining together within a few miles of this place, although in the county of Somerset. But these poor stupid ignorant creatures will shortly have their eyes drawn open, and we shall then find them the most clamorous against those who have brought the country into such a dilemma, and forget that they have assisted. I have now merely to tell you that the Rev. William Wait, A. B. of Bristol, has not answered my last letter to him, nor even acknow ledged the receipt of a set of the Republican which I sent to him. With a confidence, that you will do your best endea
vours to support those of our friends who are suffering in your neighbourhood, I subscribe myself your
Dorchester Gaol, Sept. 3d, 1820.
ANSWERS OF THE QUEEN TO VARIOUS
From the married Females of St. Mary-le-bone.
"I feel a cordial satisfaction in accepting the unfeignedly affectionate address from the married females resident in the parish of St. Mary-le-bone.
"Many of the most estimable characteristics of our sex, borrow no small degree of lustre from adversity. It is then that those gentle virtues are most conspicuous by which we are most adorned; and when even loveliness itself is increased by uncomplaining patience and humble resignation.
"In us, it is true heroism to be meek in sorrow, and not querulous in suffering.
"If the spirits of those who are no more with us be at all conscious of what is passing in the scene they have left, I trust that the spirit of my beloved daughter will contemplate with complacency the serenity I have endeavoured to acquire, and the fortitude I have endeavoured to exercise; in trials of which it is difficult to appreciate the severity, and indeed to which few females have even been exposed.
"My departure for the Contineut in 1814 was, at that moment, like an exile from all that I held dear. I left a child who was my mind's best hope, and my heart's best stay, expecting hereafter to see her in happier days; but, alas! I was to see her no more! When we parted, we parted never to meet again.
"I was hardly married before my circumstances became more desolate than those of widowhood, and I seemed to have become a mother only to be tortured by the privation of that intercourse with my child which was hardly ever denied to any mother but myself. Thus the pre-eminence of my station became only a pre-eminence in misery.
VOL. IV. No. 2.