ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
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acquired ages ancient appears arms army assembly attention authority barons became began body bound called carried causes century Charles charters church cities civil concerning considerable considered constitution continued court crown customs ecclesiastics effects Emperors Empire employed England equal established Europe exercise extensive extremely feudal fixed force France gave German give granted held Hist ideas importance inhabitants institutions introduced Italy judges jurisdiction justice King kingdom lands laws less liberty Louis manners masters mentioned military monarchs nature necessary nobility nobles Note object obliged observed occasioned originally period person political possessed practice present Princes privileges progress provinces regulations reign remained rendered respect Roman SECT seems slaves society soon sovereign Spain spirit subjects success superior territories tion took towns various vigour
الصفحة 148 - The History of the Reign of the Emperor Charles V.; with a View of the Progress of Society in Europe, from the Subversion of the Roman Empire to the Beginning of the Sixteenth Century.
الصفحة 25 - Charlemagne in France, and Alfred the Great in England, endeavoured to dispel this darkness, and gave their subjects a short glimpse of light and knowledge. But the ignorance of the age was too powerful for their efforts and institutions. The darkness returned, and settled over Europe more thick and heavy than before.
الصفحة 83 - ... thing that a baron, who acted as a judge, found it necessary to understand. But when the forms of legal proceedings were fixed, when the rules of decision were committed to writing, and collected into a body, law became a science, the knowledge of which required a regular course of study, together with long attention to the practice of courts. Martial and illiterate nobles had neither leisure nor inclination to undertake a task so laborious, as well as so foreign from all the occupations which...
الصفحة 281 - Even so late as the year 1471, when Louis XI borrowed the works- of Rasis, the Arabian physician, from the faculty of medicine in Paris, he not only deposited in pledge a considerable quantity of plate, but was obliged to procure a nobleman to join with him as surety in a deed, binding himself under a great forfeiture to restore it.
الصفحة 29 - A general consternation seized mankind ; many relinquished their possessions, and, abandoning their friends and families, hurried with precipitation to the Holy Land, where they imagined that Christ would quickly appear to judge the world...
الصفحة 455 - Per triduum, ante portam castri, deposito omni regio cultu, miserabiliter, utpote discalceatus, et laneis indutus, persistens, non prius cum multo fletu apostolicae miserationis auxilium, et consolationem implorari destitit, qunm omnes qui ibi aderant, et ad quos rumor ille pervenit, ad tantam pietatem, et compassionis misericordiam movit, ut pro eo multis precibus et lacrymis intercedentes, omnes quidem insolitam nostrae mentis duritiem mirarentur ; nonnulli vero in nobis non apostolicae sedis gravitatem,...
الصفحة 87 - ... ascribed in a great measure to this institution, which has appeared whimsical to superficial observers, but by its effects has proved of great benefit to mankind. The sentiments which chivalry inspired, had a wonderful influence on manners and conduct during the twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth centuries. They were so deeply rooted, that they continued to operate after the vigour and reputation of the institution itself began to decline.
الصفحة 17 - ... to believe that all these nations, notwithstanding so many apparent circumstances of distinction, were originally the same people. But it may be ascribed with greater probability, to the similar state of society and of manners to which they were accustomed in their native countries, and to the similar situation in which they found themselves on taking possession of their new domains.
الصفحة 30 - When the minds of men were thus prepared, the zeal of a fanatical monk, who conceived the idea of leading all the forces of Christendom against the infidels, and of driving them out of the Holy Land by violence, was sufficient to give a beginning to that wild enterprise.