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with blood-uncleanness and necessary cere their staf' in their hands and kneading-troughs monial ablution—the question among John's on their shoulders—observed annually in disciples—ablutions very frequent—the special Jerusalem-unleavened bread the bread of purification of the leper-and other forms of affliction and haste, and also symbol of sinit-anointing—the sacred oil after the art of the cerity and truth-the feast lasting seven days, apothecary, used in sacerdotal consecration and no leaven during that period to be found alone, the symbol of union and the Holy in any house-kept on the fourteenth day of Gbust-sick anointed with oil in New Testa- the first month-no stranger, or one uncirment times.

cumcised, allowed to eat of it-ceremonial

purity an indispensable preparation-many SACRAMENTAL ORDINANCES,

sacrifices often accompanying the feast

Christ's last Passover-in the upper room with Circumcision-ordered to Abraham and his his disciples preceding the institution at the house-for every min-child on eighth day, and same table of the Lord's Supper. to be observed by his posterity applied spi. ritually to renovation of heart and obedi.

BAPTISM, ence-circumcision not made with hands-ob. served by Abraham-Jacob and sons of She- Instituted by Jesus--baptism the figure of chem, by Zipporah, wife of Moses, on her sons suffering in some places-apostolic baptism -Joshua on the nation after crossing the recorded often in Acts--its spiritual blessingsJordan-Paul on Timothy, but not on Titus Christ baptized by John-baptism dispensed -subject of keen dispute in days of the by Christ throngh his disciple, the baptism apostles-inspired decision declaring that it of John initiatory by water in contrast with was not to be enforced on Gentile converts, that by Holy Ghost. for it availed nothing-the concision.


Instituted on the night on which he was be

trayed in the upper room and at the paschal First observed on the night Israel left Egypt-table-bread broken, his body broken-wine the paschal lamb without spot-slain—and poured out, his blood poured out-drink ye all blood sprinkled on lintels and door-posts- of it—the apostle Paul's account given to the roasted-not a bone broken-eaten with bitter church in Corinth-sin of unworthy commu. herbs and unleavened bread, and none of it to nicating and its awful penalty-muny sleepbe left until the morning-the feasters baving Let a man examine himself.




Bows and arrows--Bottles-- Razor-Compound A favourite mode of teaching in the east- animal-Candlestick-Chariots and horsessimilitudes also commonly employed-Parables Cookery – Regal crowns - Ephah – Flying in the Old Testament-Royal Bramble-Ewe book-Ripe fruit-Confined posture—GirdleLamb - Quarrelsome brothers - Ambitious Horns and Carpenters-Equestrian sceneThistle-Fruitless vineyard-Red wine vine- Submersiou-Naked prophet-Plumb-lineyard-Eazles and Vine-tree-Lioness—Christ's Removing furniture-Plan of a siege -Sticks Parables Parables in the New Testament, and staves-Vine-tree-The whale-Cup of The two foundationsaxes Mustard-seed

wine-Yokes -Heaven-Treasure found-Fishing-Debt. ors and Creditors-Day labourers-The two

PICTURED SPIRITUAL SCENES, 6003–Marriage feast- Ten virgins-Talent

Presence of Satan-Heaven in council-JoSower-Seed springingupimperceptibly-Husbandmen-Blind guide – The Good Samaritan shua and Satan, -Midnight visitor-Unclean spirit-Rich fool --Barren tig-tree-Great supper_Lost sheep

RIDDLES Lost money-Prodigal son-Unjust steward

EMBLEMS AND TITLES OF CHRIST, Rich and poor-Unjust judge and importu- The branch-Bread-Water-Shepherd-Life Date widow-Pharisee and Publican-Ten-Lamb - Foundation-Foretold as the corpounds Vernal trees_Shepherd.

ner -tone-Application-Predicted as a stumALLEGORIES,

bling-block-Living stone-As light and sun Cedar, Vine out of Egypt.

-Light of the world -A star.





PERSECUTION, Springing from hatred of the righteous, but Defaming the apostles as disaffected—Elijah foretold and expected, often keen and rever- accused also of disaffection – persecutors sing natural affection, son against father, imagining that they are doing God serviceChrist and his Apostles warning the churches Apostles represented as troublesome-their of coming tribulation.

enemies-often referred to.


The apostles and early church waxing bolder, Ridicule, gazing-stock_hatred-outrage-con- and when scattered abroad diffusing the gospel: spiracies--took counsel to kill-stimulating persecution forbidden by God, and punished others to violence--as against Jeremiah and by Him-blood required - they shed blood, against Paul-judicial process-preaching si and they must drink blood; sufferers supported lenced as in case of Jeremiah and Apostles - by God blessed, inspirited, and clothed at fines-imprisonment—scourging -excommu- length in white robes--suffer with him, reign nication, exile-death bysword-James killed with him—to be avoided however--persecuted by Herod-by stoning, and in various other in one city-flee ye into another-remarkable ways-sawn asunder.

deliverances celebrated in Scripture.





miah, Joshua, and Daniel; sin confessed to Offered to God alone, as alone worthy of it, others as Achan to Joshua-confess your faulis

one to another, and as the one benefactor-offered to Him by angels, by saints, by all-by every thing that hath

PETITION, being; on earth, in public worship, in the con

Based upon the promises—upon providence gregation, and in heaven-Hallelujah.

-upon the divine goodness—upon the divine justice, Lord hear the right-upon the divine

glory-upon confidence in God and relation It is good — for his mercy — his providence, to Him, in Thee is my trust. mighty acts—for Christ and his blessings-the unspeakable gift-for prayers heard—for daily

INTERCESSION, mercies, more in number than the sand, for spe Commanded for all saintssome instances of cial mercies, as by Abraham, Jethro, Hannah, it, as in Moses, Eli, Job-some exceptionsetc. --for public blessings--for success in war,

pray not thou for this peoplethe sin unto death victory gotten by his right hand and holy arm.

not to be prayed for-intercession requested by Pharaoh--intercession for ministers of the

gospel -- pray for us—for saints-for family Seven times a day-doxologies in Scripture, (sce under FAMILY) for our country -- bless public processions of praise, in valleyof Berachah, thine inheritance; in public distress, for victory and at rebuilding of Jerusalem-two great --command deliverances for Jacob. companies one over against the other, praising God.


Importance of prayer-he is good unto them that Commanded without ceasingthe example in wait for himits value often experienced, from our Lord's prayer-forms of prayer-vain repe- the time of Seth to that of Pentecost and the titions.

Apostles-omission of prayer a sin-restraining SEASONS,

prayer; once forbidden by a buwan law, which

Daniel disregarded. Morning, noon, evening, midnight; place, anywhere-Jeremiah in dungeon, Jonah in

DIVINE PROMISE TO HEAR PRAYER, whale's belly; posture, kneeling, bowing, and prostration.

Ask and it shall be given; conditions of being CONFESSION,

heard, sincerity, fervour, and faith; hope of

being heard--the Lord will hear-prayers heard Necessary, as the expression of genuine peni- in many recorded instances Prayers not tence--I have sinneil-many instances and heard, and reason given-if I regard iniquity records of it in Scriptures, as in Ezra, Nehe. l in mine heart, the Lord will not hear me.


God against them-how are they increased that

trouble me, for their overthrow-for punish. As Moses, Daniel, Job, Psalmist.

ment to them-prayer for them, luy not this

sin to their charge. PRAYERS, For general and temporal blessings -- fre.

BENEDICTION, quent prayer in affliction, sorrow, and dan. ger, in old age and at death-social prayer, Form in Old Testament-Ebal and Gerizim where two or three are gathered together--for di--form under the New Testament–in the vine mercy-have mercy upon me; for divine various epistles, grace and peace. light-teach me.

On temporal things-on the events of war-

Severely reprobated, instances in Shelomoth's danger of omitting this often seen in Jewish nials of Providence-stout words, of divine jus

son,-Rabshakeh;-various forms of it--de. history-enquiries unanswered.

tice-the way of the Lord not equal_of divine PRAYERS FOR GRACE,

power, can God furnish a table? -- of divine

truth and goodness--penalty of blasphemyFor deliverance froin enemies, complaint to stoning to death without mercy.



PROPHECY--THE MEANS OF INSTRUCTION. Necessary—given to Moses. Samuel, Nathan, When no vision people perish-schools of the Jehu, Gad, Shemaiah, David, Solomon, Flijah, prophets-prophetesses, Miriam, Deborah, HulIsaiah, and the other prophets.

dab-Anna, daughters of Agabus-Prophets

in the New Testament-Judas and SilasTHE QUALIFICATION,

special gifts of editication-prophets somePossession of God's Spirit--sons of the pro- times respected, but sometimes persecuted as phets,

Micaiah, Elijah, Jeremiah, Amos-example of THE COMMUNICATION.

suffering affliction, as proposed by the Apostle Made in various forms to the prophets—word James. as a burning fire shut in my bones-Jeremiah.


To listen and obey—sin and penalty of Even in Balaam-certainty of fulfilment-lo it belief. will come—seen in rebuilding Jericho-pro

FALSE PROPHETS, phecy to Eli-doings of Josiah, Zimri-death of Ahab-Spoiling of the Syrians-death of Warning against them often given by Jere. Joram-prosperity of Israel under Jeroboam miah-abounding in his time-Wolves in sheep': the second-lessons of confidence and warning clothing-try the spirits, their character, mercenso taught to all pious minds.

ary, false, tull of flattery, crying, Peace, peace, SPECIAL PROPHETIC PERIODS.

especially in time of war; the criterion, fulfil.

ment of the prediction; penalty-death-re. Time, time and dividing of time, 1360 days and proof often aaministered to them and their 1335 days-numbers of Beast, 666.

dupes, especially by Jeremiah and Ezekiel.

PROVIDENCE. EXERCISED IN THINGS TEMPORAL, chosen me-cilling according to his own purpose In individuals the hairs of your head are num. and grace-divine rejection-vessels of wrathbered-in public attairs as shown in the history illustrations Jacob and Esau, Pharaoh and of Israel and its numerous changes,-incul- symbol of potter's work. cating lessons of submission, obedience, and confidence.

MEANS APPOINTED, EXERCISED IN THINGS SPIRITUAL. The divine decrees and choice-ye have not Except those abide in the ship-lessons iuculcatus of duty, praise, and humility–who maketh thee Egypt, Adonibezek, Abimelech, Hamanto differ?


Caleb-contrast often seen in this life-often RESPONSIBILITY,

described in the Book of Proverbs and also for Independent of the divine foreknowledge— ever—everlasting punishment, life eternal man's destiny determined by his choice-ye will not come to me.


In early times an appeal to God-land of In providence-always found, but sometimes Canaan divided by it-Achan apprehended by apparently indiscriminate all things happen and Jonab—lot cast into lap.

it-Saul elected by it-Jonathan taken by it, alike to all, therefore mysteriou:-as in the command to Abraham to otfer Isaac-in the complaint of Asaph, etc.


Towards righteous in temporal blessings EXALTATION,

under old economy and giving them In providence often wonderful as in Saul and support and deliverance-light in the darkness; David-depression also-yet always just-it in spiritual blessings-imparting favour and shall be well with them that fear God-God being strength and final peace; towards the wicked governor-mysteries in providence-teaching --bringing shame and penalty-no peace to the us patience and holy resignation.

wicked—especially when their sins are aggra

vated-salutes of Omri—national disaster-ihe MARKED DISCRIMINATION,

result in the case of Israel-death here and Wicked often signally punished, Israel and (hereafter, the deluge, plague, etc.


| works, but by faith and leading to sanctificaConsisting in deliverance from the curse and tion. power of sin, through faith in the divine Re

PARDON, deemer who gave himself for us (His Divinity- Full, free, and frequent—the gift of GodHumanity, Messiahship, and Character, sce sins of impenitent men not forgiven, they bear. under Jesus CHRIST), Christ the dispenser of ing their own iniquity. grace out of his julness-Mediator and Intercessor-one God and one Medrator—the Advo

SANCTIFICATION, cate-maintains communion with believers Through the blood and by the Spirit of Christ union symbolised in vine and its branches, --robes made white in the blood of the Lamb body and its members.

beginning in regeneration and perfected in the


APPLICATION OF REDEMPTION. The blood of Christ—as of a lamb without The Holy Ghost convincer, teacher, and blemish—his death predetermined before the foundation of the world, and often predicted by perfections, and worship

offered to him, his

applier. This Divinity-proved from his names, the prophets and by Christ himself, (Narrative

personality also proved, for he comes, speaks, of sufferings, see under Jesus Christ).

is given, may be grieved, and sin may be CHRISTS' PRIESTHOOD,

committed against him. Implying humanity, sympathy, sinlessness and the possession of somewhat to offer-priest Often promised and described and in a variety after the order of Melchizedec—and now over of forms illustrated, referred to, and instanced. the house of God and in the Holy of Holies with. in the vail.


Regeneration-born again, newness of life.Blood poured out freely in room of the guilty putting off old man and putting on new manby him who became sin—and the sacrifice not sons of God_(see under FAMILY) to be repeated it being once for all-propitia. tion effected enemies reconciled, middle wall The great and necessary principle, often enbrokeri down-Jew and Gentile in one body.

joined and exemplitied—to be professed but

sincerely—awful penalty of unbelief-seen in JUSTIFICATION.

the early Jews who could not enter because of unThe pardon of sin-no condemnation—not of belief, Faith in connection with salvation




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counted for righteousnesssaved through faith. Selfrighteousness—whichis often threatened-at
Justification not by works—all men guilty- ease in Zion-genuine confidence-communion
being of the lawunder the curse, but by right with God, rejoicing, hoping and glorying in
eousness of Christ, yet the law not made void - Him-perseverance promised and secured on
second Adam gaining for us what the first God's part, and on man's part enforced as a
Adam lost. Faith of Miracles-seen in Abra- duty-its nobleness and benefit-kept by the
bam and in many in our Lord's day. Justifi- power of God.
cation leading to good works-yet no merit in
man, at best but unprofitable servants.


Confessions of sin still, on the part of so many Its duty, necessity, and blessing-broken heart, 1-yet perfection secured to believers-duty to tender heart-followed by reformation—sin reach

it—be ye perfect-instances of comparaand curse of impenitence.

tive perfection in Noah, Israel, Asa, Job,

Zechariah and Elisabeth, Nathanael.
A divine institute-composed of various con-

DUTIES RESULTING, gregations—its members believers and saints- To love God-first and great command—to fear organized for mutualeditication-heresy there him, to worship him, to meditate upon him, fore be avoided, and for mutual love—the new to beware of sin, temptation to sin common, commandment-power of the Churchin expelling but to be guarded against--safeguards-watch the inconsistent-its unity-sin and danger and pray-gratitude to God-cautions against of divisions-unity of the Spirit-Jewish sects, ingratitude-nonconformity to the worldPharisees, Sadducees, Herodians — believers friendship of world enmity with God-obedience called Christians at Antioch—Preaching (see the test of faith and love--a frequent theme under MINISTER Baptism-Lord's Supper see of admonition—to be sincere, or out of a good under ORDINANCES). Church designed to pro- heart — often involving self-denial-plucking mote progress-backsliding often witnessed

out the right eye-demanding zeal, as seen in but not always fatal as is seen in the divine Phinehas, John,- uuiversal love. invitations to backsliders, but to be avoided -its evils manifold and warnings against it

CONSCIENCE, numerous. Seed on stony ground-Apostacya terrible evil-crucifying the Son of God afresh. Its universal power—accusing or else excusing

-an evil conscience its horrors—in fear where OTHEB GRACES AND BLESSINGS,

no fear was-seareda good conscience-void of Knowledge, grace, assurance in contrast with offence, and purged from dead works.





orating his resurrection, Jewish Sabbath not Instituted in Eden,—the seventh day one of binding on Christians. Test, blessed and sanctified by God. JEWISH SABBATH.

Every seventh year,—the land to rest and lie Day of rest,-siga between the people and still, and vineyards not to be dressed. God, - previous day called the preparation, began at sunset, - kept in wilderness,-its historical connection with the manna, no The fiftieth year, or after seven Sabbaths of sectilar work done in it, no burden carried or years,—Trumpet to sound on tenth day of seventh fire kindled, -day to be spent in meditation month,—the epoch of universal liberty and and reading and worship in synagogue, restoration. in latter times; exception in cases of necessity and mercy,--therp in pil,-disciples plucking Surs of corn, some of Christs

miracles done ou Three annual feasts, -feast of unleavened bread, Sabbath,-a Sabbath day's journey.

-feast of uceks, -- feast of tabernacles, all the males going up to Jerusalem.

FEAST OF NEW MOON, A heinous sin, and incurring awful penalties, Trumpet blown at it,-sacrifices offered and -man stoned in wilderness, -high blessings feast held. attached to Sabbath keeping.

OTHER NAMES AND FEASTS, The first day of weck,-Lord's doy, as commem. I Feast of first fruits, : the sheaj waved,




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