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ORDINANCES.]

SYNOPSIS.

[PARABLES AND EMBLEMS.

with blood-uncleanness and necessary cere- their staff in their hands and kneading-troughs monial ablution-the question among John's on their shoulders observed annually in disciples-ablutions very frequent-the special Jerusalem-unleavened bread the bread of purification of the leper-and other forms of affliction and haste, and also symbol of sinit-anointing-the sacred oil after the art of the cerity and truth-the feast lasting seven days, apothecary, used in sacerdotal consecration and no leaven during that period to be found alone, the symbol of union and the Holy in any house-kept on the fourteenth day of Ghost-sick anointed with oil in New Testa- the first month-no stranger, or one uncirment times. cumcised, allowed to eat of it-ceremonial purity an indispensable preparation-many sacrifices often accompanying the feastChrist's last Passover-in the upper room with his disciples preceding the institution at the same table of the Lord's Supper.

SACRAMENTAL ORDINANCES, Circumcision-ordered to Abraham and his house--for every min-child on eighth day, and to be observed by his posterity applied spiritually to renovation of heart and obedience circumcision not made with hands-ob. served by Abraham-Jacob and sons of Shechem, by Zipporah, wife of Moses, on her sons -Joshua on the nation after crossing the Jordan-Paul on Timothy, but not on Titus -subject of keen dispute in days of the apostles-inspired decision declaring that it was not to be enforced on Gentile converts, for it availed nothing-the concision.

PASSOVER,

First observed on the night Israel left Egyptthe paschal lamb without spot-slain-and blood sprinkled on lintels and door-postsroasted-not a bone broken-eaten with bitter herbs and unleavened bread, and none of it to be left until the morning-the feasters having

BAPTISM,

Instituted by Jesus-baptism the figure of suffering in some places-apostolic baptism recorded often in Acts-its spiritual blessings— Christ baptized by John-baptism dispensed by Christ through his disciple the baptism of John initiatory by water in contrast with that by Holy Ghost.

LORD'S SUPPER,

Instituted on the night on which he was betrayed in the upper room and at the paschal table-bread broken, his body broken-wine poured out, his blood poured out-drink ye all of it-the apostle Paul's account given to the church in Corinth-sin of unworthy communicating and its awful penalty-muny sleepLet a man examine himself.

PARABLES AND EMBLEMS.

ALLEGORIES, Cedar, Vine out of Egypt.

EMBLEMS,

PARABLES,

Bows and arrows--Bottles--Razor-Compound A favourite mode of teaching in the east-animal-Candlestick-Chariots and horsessimilitudes also commonly employed-Parables Cookery - Regal crowns — in the Old Testament-Royal Bramble-Ewe book-Ripe fruit-Confined posture-GirdleEphah- Flying Lamb-Quarrelsome brothers-Ambitious Horns and Carpenters-Equestrian sceneThistle-Fruitless vineyard-Red wine vine- Submersion-Naked prophet-Plumb-lineyard-Eagles and Vine-tree-Lioness-Christ's Removing furniture-Plan of a siege-Sticks Parables Parables in the New Testament and staves-Vine-tree-The whale-Cup of The two foundations-axes Mustard-seed wine-Yokes. -Heaven-Treasure found-Fishing-Debtors and Creditors-Day labourers-The two sons-Marriage feast-Ten virgins-Talent

PICTURED SPIRITUAL SCENES,

shua and Satan.

RIDDLES.

Sower-Seed springingupimperceptibly-Hus- Presence of Satan-Heaven in council-Jobandmen-Blind guide The Good Samaritan -Midnight visitor-Unclean spirit-Rich fool -Barren fig-tree-Great supper-Lost sheep Lost money-Prodigal son-Unjust stewardEMBLEMS AND TITLES OF CHRIST, Rich and poor-Unjust judge and importu- The branch-Bread-Water-Shepherd-Life nate widow-Pharisee and Publican-Ten-Lamb- Foundation-Foretold as the corpounds-Vernal trees-Shepherd. ner stone-Application-Predicted as a stumbling-block-Living stone-As light and sun -Light of the world -A star.

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PERSECUTION,

- persecutors

Springing from hatred of the righteous, but foretold and expected, often keen and reversing natural affection, son against father-imagining that they are doing God serviceChrist and his Apostles warning the churches Apostles represented as troublesome-their of coming tribulation.

enemies often referred to.

PRAISE AND PRAYER.

PRAISE.

Offered to God alone, as alone worthy of it, and as the one benefactor-offered to Him by angels, by saints, by all-by every thing that hath being; on earth, in public worship, in the congregation, and in heaven-Hallelujah.

PERSECUTION DEFEATING ITS OWN END,

VARIOUS FORMS OF IT,

The apostles and early church waxing bolder, Ridicule, gazing-stock-hatred-outrage-con- and when scattered abroad diffusing the gospel; spiracies-took counsel to kill-stimulating persecution forbidden by God, and punished others to violence--as against Jeremiah and by Him-blood required they shed blood, against Paul-judicial process-preaching si-and they must drink blood; sufferers supported lenced as in case of Jeremiah and Apostles-by God blessed, inspirited, and clothed at fines-imprisonment-scourging-excommu- length in white robes-suffer with him, reign nication, exile-death by sword-James killed with him-to be avoided however-persecuted by Herod-by stoning, and in various other in one city-flee ye into another-remarkable deliverances celebrated in Scripture. ways-sawn asunder.

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[PRAISE AND PRAYER.

VARIOUS PLEAS FOR PERSECUTION,

Defaming the apostles as disaffected-Elijah

accused also of disaffection

PRAYER,

Commanded without ceasing the example in our Lord's prayer-forms of prayer-vain repetitions.

SEASONS,

Morning, noon, evening, midnight; place, anywhere Jeremiah in dungeon, Jonah in whale's belly; posture, kneeling, bowing, and prostration.

CONFESSION, Necessary, as the expression of genuine penitence-I have sinned-many instances and records of it in Scriptures, as in Ezra, Nehe

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INTERCESSION,

Commanded for all saints-some instances of it, as in Moses, Eli, Job-some exceptionspray not thou for this people-the sin unto death not to be prayed for-intercession requested by Pharaoh-intercession for ministers of the gospel-pray for us-for saints--for family (see under FAMILY)-for our country bless thine inheritance; in public distress, for victory great-command deliverances for Jacob.

miah, Joshua, and Daniel; sin confessed to others as Achan to Joshua-confess your faults

one to another.

PETITION,

Based upon the promises-upon providence -upon the divine goodness-upon the divine justice, Lord hear the right-upon the divine glory-upon confidence in God and relation to Him, in Thee is my trust.

EARNEST DESIRE OF BEING HEARD,

Importance of prayer-he is good unto them that wait for him-its value often experienced, from the time of Seth to that of Pentecost and the Apostles-omission of prayer a sin-restraining prayer; once forbidden by a human law, which Daniel disregarded.

DIVINE PROMISE TO HEAR PRAYER.

Ask and it shall be given; conditions of being heard, sincerity, fervour, and faith; hope of being heard the Lord will hear-prayers heard in many recorded instances - prayers not heard, and reason given-if I regard iniquity in mine heart, the Lord will not hear me.

HUMAN MEDIATOR.

As Moses, Daniel, Job, Psalmist.

PRAYERS,

BENEDICTION,

For general and temporal blessings-frequent prayer in affliction, sorrow, and danger, in old age and at death-social prayer, Form in Old Testament-Ebal and Gerizim where two or three are gathered together-for di--form under the New Testament-in the vine mercy-have mercy upon me; for divine various epistles, grace and peace. light-teach me.

GOD CONSULTED,

On temporal things-on the events of wardanger of omitting this often seen in Jewish history-enquiries unanswered.

THE COMMISSION,

Necessary-given to Moses. Samuel, Nathan,
Jehu, Gad, Shemaiah, David, Solomon, Elijah,
Isaiah, and the other prophets.

God against them-how are they increased that trouble me, for their overthrow-for punishment to them-prayer for them, lay not this sin to their charge.

PRAYERS FOR GRACE,

For deliverance from enemies, complaint to stoning to death without mercy.

PROPHECY.

THE COMMUNICATION.

Made in various forms to the prophets-word as a burning fire shut in my bones-Jeremiah.

FIDELITY.

Even in Balaam-certainty of fulfilment-lo it will come-seen in rebuilding Jericho-prophecy to Eli-doings of Josiah, Zimri-death of Ahab-Spoiling of the Syrians-death of Joram-prosperity of Israel under Jeroboam the second-lessons of confidence and warning so taught to all pious minds.

PROPHECY--THE MEANS OF INSTRUCTION.

When no vision people perish-schools of the prophets-prophetesses, Miriam, Deborah,Huldah-Anna, daughters of Agabus-Prophets in the New Testament-Judas and Silasspecial gifts of edification-prophets some

THE QUALIFICATION,

Possession of God's Spirit-sons of the pro- times respected, but sometimes persecuted as
phets,
Micaiah, Elijah, Jeremiah, Amos-example of
Buffering affliction, as proposed by the Apostle
James

SPECIAL PROPHETIC PERIODS. Time, time and dividing of time, 1360 days-and 1335 days-numbers of Beast, 666.

Severely reprobated, instances in Shelomoth's son-Rabshakeh;-various forms of it--denials of Providence-stout words, of divine justice-the way of the Lord not equal-of divine power, can God furnish a table? - of divine truth and goodness-penalty of blasphemy

BLASPHEMY.

EXERCISED IN THINGS TEMPORAL, In individuals-the hairs of your head are numbered-in public affairs as shown in the history of Israel and its numerous changes,-inculcating lessons of submission, obedience, and confidence.

DUTY OF PEOPLE, To listen and obey-sin and penalty of unbelief.

PROVIDENCE.

FALSE PROPHETS,

Warning against them often given by Jeremiah-abounding in his time-Wolves in sheep's clothing-try the spirits, their character, mercenary, false, full of flattery, crying, Peace, peace, especially in time of war; the criterion, fulfilproof often administered to them and their ment of the prediction; penaity-death-redupes, especially by Jeremiah and Ezekiel.

chosen me-calling according to his own purpose and grace-divine rejection-vessels of wrathillustrations-Jacob and Esau, Pharaoh and symbol of potter's work.

MEANS APPOINTED,

EXERCISED IN THINGS SPIRITUAL.

The divine decrees and choice-ye have not Except those abide in the ship-lessons inculcated

of duty, praise, and humility-who maketh thee Egypt, Adonibezek, Abimelech, Hamanto differ? Caleb-contrast often seen in this life-often described in the Book of Proverbs-and also for ever-everlasting punishment, life eternal.

RESPONSIBILITY.

Independent of the divine foreknowledgeman's destiny determined by his choice-ye will not come to me.

DIVINE SOVEREIGNTY,

In providence-always found, but sometimes apparently indiscriminate-all things happen alike to all, therefore mysterious-as in the command to Abraham to offer Isaac-in the complaint of Asaph, etc.

ASPECTS OF PROVIDENCE,

EXALTATION,

In providence often wonderful as in Saul and
David-depression also-yet always just-it
shall be well with them that fear God God being
governor-mysteries in providence-teaching-bringing shame and penalty-no peace to the
us patience and holy resignation.

Towards righteous in temporal blessings
under old
economy and giving them
support and deliverance-light in the darkness;
in spiritual blessings-imparting favour and
strength and final peace; towards the wicked

wicked-especially when their sins are aggra-
vated-satutes of Omri-national disaster-the
result in the case of Israel-death here and

LOT.

In early times an appeal to God-land of Canaan divided by it-Achan apprehended by it-Saul elected by it-Jonathan taken by it, and Jonah-lot cast into lap.

MARKED DISCRIMINATION,

Wicked often signally punished, Israel and hereafter, the deluge, plague, etc.

REDEMPTION.

PRICE OF REDEMPTION,

The blood of Christ-as of a lamb without blemish-his death predetermined before the foundation of the world, and often predicted by the prophets and by Christ himself, (Narrative of sufferings, see under JESUS CHRIST).

CHRISTS' PRIESTHOOD, Implying humanity, sympathy, sinlessness and the possession of somewhat to offer-priest after the order of Melchizedec-and now over the house of God and in the Holy of Holies within the vail.

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REDEMPTION,

Consisting in deliverance from the curse and power of sin, througn faith in the divine Redeemer who gave himself for us (His DivinityHumanity, Messiahship, and Character, see under JESUS CHRIST), Christ the dispenser of grace out of his julness-Mediator and Intercessor-one God and one Mediator-the Advocate-maintains communion with believers-Through the blood and by the Spirit of Christ union symbolised in vine and its branches,-robes made white in the blood of the Lamb body and its members. beginning in regeneration and perfected in the day of Christ.

SANCTIFICATION,

HIS DEATH SACRIFICIAL

Blood poured out freely in room of the guilty by him who became sin-and the sacrifice not to be repeated it being once for all-propitia tion effected enemies reconciled, middle wall broken down-Jew and Gentile in one body.

works, but by faith and leading to sanctification.

PARDON,

Full, free, and frequent-the gift of God— sins of impenitent men not forgiven, they bearing their own iniquity.

APPLICATION OF REDEMPTION.

The Holy Ghost-convincer, teacher, and applier. His Divinity-proved from his names, perfections, and worship offered to him, his personality also proved, for he comes, speaks, is given, may be grieved, and sin may be committed against him.

SPIRITUAL INFLUENCE,

Often promised and described and in a variety of forms illustrated, referred to, and instanced.

SPECIAL WORK, Regeneration-born again, newness of life.putting off old man and putting on new mansons of God-(see under FAMILY).

FAITH,

The great and necessary principle, often enjoined and exemplified-to be professed but sincerely-awful penalty of unbelief-seen in the early Jews who could not enter because of un

JUSTIFICATION.

The pardon of sin-no condemnation-not of belief. Faith in connection with salvation

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[SABBATH AND HOLY DAYS.

REDEMPTION.]

SYNOPSIS.

counted for righteousness-saved through faith. | selfrighteousness-whichis often threatened-at Justification not by works-all men guilty-ease in Zion-genuine confidence-communion being of the law-under the curse, but by right- with God, rejoicing, hoping and glorying in eousness of Christ, yet the law not made void-Him-perseverance promised and secured on second Adam gaining for us what the first God's part, and on man's part enforced as a Adam lost. Faith of Miracles-seen in Abra-duty-its nobleness and benefit-kept by the ham and in many in our Lord's day. Justifi-power of God. cation leading to good works-yet no merit in man, at best but unprofitable servants.

REPENTANCE,

Its duty, necessity, and blessing-broken heart, tender heart-followed by reformation-sin and curse of impenitence.

THE CHURCH,

PERFECTION,

Confessions of sin still, on the part of so many yet perfection secured to believers-duty to reach it-be ye perfect-instances of compara tive perfection in Noah, Israel, Asa, Job, Zechariah and Elisabeth, Nathanael.

DUTIES RESULTING,

A divine institute-composed of various congregations-its members believers and saints-To love God-first and great command-to fear organized for mutual edification-heresy there- him, to worship him, to meditate upon him, fore be avoided, and for mutual love-the new to beware of sin, temptation to sin common, commandment-power of the Church-in expelling but to be guarded against-safeguards-watch the inconsistent-its unity-sin and danger and pray-gratitude to God-cautions against of divisions-unity of the Spirit-Jewish sects, ingratitude-nonconformity to the worldPharisees, Sadducees, Herodians-believers friendship of world enmity with God-obedience called Christians at Antioch-Preaching (see the test of faith and love-a frequent theme under MINISTER. Baptism-Lord's Supper see of admonition-to be sincere, or out of a good under ORDINANCES). Church designed to pro- heart-often involving self-denial-plucking mote progress-backsliding often witnessedout the right eye-demanding zeal, as seen in but not always fatal as is seen in the divine Phinehas, John,-universal love. invitations to backsliders, but to be avoided -its evils manifold and warnings against it numerous. Seed on stony ground-Apostacya terrible evil—crucifying the Son of God afresh.

CONSCIENCE,

Its universal power-accusing or else excusing -an evil conscience its horrors-in fear where no fear was-seared-a good conscience-void of

OTHER GRACES AND BLESSINGS,

Knowledge, grace, assurance-in contrast with offence, and purged from dead works.

SABBATH AND HOLY DAYS.

PATRIACHAL SABBATH,

Instituted in Eden,-the seventh day one of binding on Christians. rest, blessed and sanctified by God.

orating his resurrection,-Jewish Sabbath not

SABBATICAL YEAR.

Every seventh year,-the land to rest and lie still, and vineyards not to be dressed.

JEWISH SABBATH.

JUBILEE.

The fiftieth year, or after seven Sabbaths of

Day of rest,-sign between the people and God, -previous day called the preparation,began at sunset, -kept in wilderness,-its historical connection with the manna, no secular work done in it, no burden carried or years,-trumpet to sound on tenth day of seventh fire kindled,-day to be spent in meditation month,-the epoch of universal liberty and and reading and worship in synagogue-restoration. in latter times; exception in cases of necessity and mercy,-sheep in pit,-disciples plucking ears of corn, some of Christs miracles done on Sabbath, a Sabbath day's journey.

OTHER HOLY DAYS.

Three annual feasts,-feast of unleavened bread, -feast of weeks,-feast of tabernacles, all the males going up to Jerusalem.

PROFANATION.

A heinous sin, and incurring awful penalties, -man stoned in wilderness,-high blessings attached to Sabbath keeping.

CHRISTIAN SABBATH.

The first day of week,-Lord's day, as commem- Feast of first fruits,

FEAST OF NEW MOON,

Trumpet blown at it,-sacrifices offered and feast held.

OTHER NAMES AND FEASTS,

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the sheaf waved,

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