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gave it to his disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it: For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom.

1 Cor. xi, 23-26. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread: And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my

blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till he come.

BENEFITS AND CAUTIONS. blessing which we bless, is it not 1 Cor. x, 16, 17. The cup of the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? For we being body: for we are all partakers of many are one bread, and one that one bread.

1 Cor. xi, 20-34. When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper. For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken. What! have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the church of God, and shame them

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that have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise you not. Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. But drink of that cup. For he that let him eat of that bread, and let a man examine himself, and so eateth and drinketh unworthily,

eateth and drinketh damnation to

himself, not discerning the Lord's body. For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. Wherefore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, tarry one for another. And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together

unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.

PARABLES AND EMBLEMS.

grew up together with him, and
with his children; it did eat of his
own meat, and drank of his own
cup, and lay in his bosom, and was
unto him as a
And

there came a traveller unto the
rich man; and he spared to take
of his own flock, and of his own
herd, to dress for the wayfaring
man that was come unto him; but
took the poor man's lamb, and
dressed it for the man that was
come to him. And David's anger
was greatly kindled against the
man; and he said to Nathan, 4s
hath done this thing shall surely
the LORD liveth, the man that
die: And he shall restore the
lamb four-fold, because he did
this thing, and because he had no
pity. And Nathan said to David,
Thou art the man. Thus saith
the LORD God of Israel, I anointed
thee king over Israel, and I de-
livered thee out of the hand of
Saul.

king remember the Load thy G that thou wouldest not suffer the revengers of blood to destroy y more, lest they destroy my there shall not one hair of t And he said, As the LORD livet:

I

ROYAL BRAMBLE. Judges ix, 8-15. The trees went forth on a time to anoint a king over them; and they said unto the

son fall to the earth. Then th pray thee, speak one word woman said, Let thine handmali my lord the king. And he said Say on. And the woman st Wherefore then hast thou the such a thing against the peopl God? for the king doth speak thing as one which is faulty, again his banished. For we that the king doth not fetch needs die, and are as water qu on the ground, which cannot gathered up again, neither det God respect any person; yet de he devise means that his baris be not expelled from him. No therefore that I am come to spe of this thing unto my lord king, it is because the people ban made me afraid: and thy handma said, I will now speak unto the perform the request of his he king, it may be that the king deliver his handmaid out of maid. For the king will hear, hand of the man that would stroy me and my son together of the inheritance of God. d thine handmaid said, The word comfortable: for as an ange my lord the king shall now be God, so is my lord the king discern good and bad, there the LORD thy God will be thee. Then the king answer not from me, I pray thee, and said unto the woman, H thing that I shall ask thee, a the woman said, Let th the king now speak.nd of de king said, Is not the hand of th with thee in all this? And woman answered and said,

olive-tree, Reign thou over us.

But the olive tree said unto

I

QUARRELSOME BROTHERS.
the king, and speak on this man-
2 Sam. xiv, 3-20. And come to
words in her mouth. And when
ner unto him. So Joab put the
the woman of Tekoah spake to
the king, she fell on her face to
the ground, and did obeisance, and
said, Help, O King!
And the
thee? And she answered, I am
king said unto her, What aileth
indeed a widow woman, and mine
husband is dead. And thy hand-
maid had two sons, and they
two strove together in the field,
and was
but the one smote the other, and
Blew him. And, behold, the whole
family is risen against thine hand-
maid, and they said, Deliver him
that smote his brother, that we
may kill him, for the life of his
but her twoy the heir also: and so

them, Should I leave my fatness
wherewith by me they honour
God and man, and go to be pro-
moted over the trees? And the
trees said to the fig-tree, Come
thou, and reign over us.
fig-tree said unto them, Should
But the
forsake my sweetness, and my
good fruit, and go to be promoted
over the trees? Then said the
trees unto the vine, Come thou,
and reign over us. And the vine
said unto them, Should I leave
my wine, which cheereth God
and man, and go to be promoted
over the trees? Then said all the
trees unto the bramble, Come
thou, and reign over us. And the
bramble said unto the trees, If in brother whom slew;

thy soul liveth, my lord, the ha

truth ye anoint me king over you, then come and put your trust in they shall quench my coal which my and if not, let fire is none can turn to the right hand! come out of the bramble, and de- lauset, and shall not leave to my lord the king hath spoken or to the left from ought that my

vour the cedars of Lebanon.

REMARKS ON PARABLES. P8. xlix, 4. I will incline mine ear to a parable; I will open my dark saying upon the harp.

P8. lxxviii, 2. I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old.

Prov. xxvi, 9. As a thorn goeth up into the hand of a drunkard; so is a parable in the mouth of fools.

Ezek. xx, 49. Then said I, Ah Lord God! they say of me, Doth he not speak parables?

Hosea xii, 10. I have also spoken by the prophets; and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the pro

phets.

1. PARABLES IN THE OLD TESTAMENT.

mainder upon the earth.

And thy servant Joab, he bade me, and

EWE LAMB.

2 Sam. xii, 1-7. And the LORD

the king said unto the woman, Go he put all these words in t to thine house, and I will give mouth of thine handmaid charge concerning thee.

And fetch about this form of speet

sent Nathan unto David: and he the woman of Tekoah said unto hath thy servant Joab done th There were two men in one city; iniquity be on me, and on my ing to the wisdom of an angel a came unto him, and said unto him, the king, My lord, O king, the thing; and my lord is wise, accor

that a

The rich man had exceeding his throne be guiltless. And the in the earth.
many flocks and herds; But the
poor man had nothing, save one
little ewe lamb, which he had

king said, Whosoever saith ought
unto thee, bring him to me, and
he shall not touch thee any more.

AMBITIOUS THISTLE. Kings xiv, 9. And Jebenst

bought and nourished up and it Then said she, I pray thee, let the the king of Israel sent to Amazi

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FRUITLESS VINEYARD.

Isa. v, 1-6. Now will I sing to my well-beloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My well-beloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill. And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a

wine-press therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes. And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard. What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes? And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down. And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.

LIONESS.

Ezek. xix, 1-9. Moreover, take
thou up a lamentation for the
princes of Israel, And say, What
is thy mother? A lioness: she lay
down among lions, she nourished
her whelps among young lions.
And she brought up one of her
whelps: it became a young lion,
and it learned to catch the prey;
it devoured men. The nations

also heard of him; he was taken in
their pit, and they brought him
with chains unto the land of
Egypt. Now when she saw that
she had waited, and her hope was
lost, then she took another of her
whelps, and made him a young
lion. And he went up and down
THE TWO FOUNDATIONS.
among the lions, he became a
Matth. vii, 24-27. Therefore,
young lion, and learned to catch
the prey, and devoured men. And whosoever heareth these sayings
he knew their desolate palaces, of mine, and doeth them, I will
and he laid waste their cities; and liken him unto a wise man, which
the land was desolate, and the ful-built his house upon a rock; And
ness thereof, by the noise of his the rain descended, and the floods
roaring. Then the nations set came, and the winds blew, and
against him on every side from beat upon that house; and it fell
the provinces, and spread their not: for it was founded upon a
net over him: he was taken in their rock. And every one that hear-
pit. And they put him in ward in eth these sayings of mine, and
chains, and brought him to the doeth them not, shall be likened
king of Babylon: they brought unto a foolish man, which built
him into holds, that his voice his house upon the sand; And the
should no more be heard upon the rain descended, and the floods
mountains of Israel.
came, and the winds blew, and
beat upon that house; and it fell:
aud great was the fall of it.

RED WINE VINEYARD. Isa. xxvii, 2, 3. In that day sing ye unto her, A vineyard of red wine. I the LORD do keep it; I will water it every moment: lest any hurt it, I will keep it night and day.

taught them many things by
parables, and said unto them in
And with many
his doctrine,
such parables spake he the word
unto them, as they were able to
But without a parable
hear it.
spake he not unto them: and when
they were alone, he expounded
all things to his disciples.

EAGLES AND VINE-TREE.

Ezek. xvii, 3-8. And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD, A great eagle with great wings, long-winged, full of feathers, which had divers colours, came unto Lebanon, and took the highest branch of the cedar: He cropped off the top of his young twigs, and carried it into a land of traffick; he set it in a city of merchants. He took also of the seed of the land, and planted it in a fruitful field; he placed it by great waters, and set it as a willow-tree; And it grew, and became a spreading vine of low stature, whose branches turned toward him, and the roots thereof were under him: so it became a vine, and brought forth branches, and shot forth sprigs. There was also another great eagle with great wings and many feathers: and, behold, this vine did bend her roots toward him, and shot forth her branches toward him,

Luke viil, 4, And when much people were gathered together, and were come to him out of every city, he spake by a parable.

Luke xv, 3. And he spake this parable unto them, saying.

Luke xix, 11. And as they heard these things, he added and spake a parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of God should immediately appear.

2.PARABLES IN THE NEW

TESTAMENT.

CHRIST'S PARABLES.

TARES.

Matth. xiii, 10-13, 34, 35, 53. And
the disciples came, and said unto
him, Why speakest thou unto
Matth. xiii, 24-30. Another par-
them in parables? He answered able put he forth unto them, say-
and said unto them, Because it is ing, The kingdom of heaven is
given unto you to know the mys-likened unto a man which sowed
teries of the kingdom of heaven, good seed in his field: But while
but to them it is not given. For men slept, his enemy came and
whosoever hath, to him shall be sowed tares among the wheat,
given, and he shall have more and went his way. But when the
blade was sprung up, and brought
abundance; but whosoever hath
not, from him shall be taken forth fruit, then appeared the
away even that he hath. There-tares also. So the servants of the
fore speak I to them in parables: householder came and said unto
because they seeing, see not; him, Sir, didst thou not sow good
and hearing, they hear not; neither seed in thy field? from whence
All these then hath it tares? He said unto
do they understand.
things spake Jesus unto the mul- them, An enemy hath done this.
titude in parables; and without a The servants said unto him, Wilt
parable spake he not unto them: thou then that we go and gather
That it might be fulfilled which them up? But he said, Nay; lest,
was spoken by the prophet, say- while ye gather up the tares, ye
ing, I will open my mouth in root up also the wheat with them.
parables; I will utter things which Let both grow together until the
have been kept secret from the harvest; and in the time of harvest
foundation of the world. And it I will say to the reapers, Gather
came to pass, that when Jesus ye together first the tares, and
had finished these parables, he bind them in bundles to burn
them; but gather the wheat into
departed thence.
my barn,

Mark iv, 2, 33, 84. And he
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MUSTARD SEED.

Luke xiii, 18, 19. Then said he, Unto what is the kingdom of God like? and whereunto shall I resemble it? It is like a grain of mustard-seed, which a man took, and cast into his garden; and it grew, and waxed a great tree; and the fowls of the air lodged in the branches of it.

LEAVEN.

Matth. xii, 33. Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.

DAY LABOURERS.

TREASURE FOUND.

field.

Matt. xx, 1-16. For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard. And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a-day, he sent them into his vineyard. And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the Matth. xiii, 44. Again, the king-market-place, And he said unto dom of heaven is like unto treas- them, Go ye also into the vineure hid in a field; the which when yard; and whatsover is right I will a man hath found, he hideth, and give you. And they went their for joy thereof goeth and selleth way. Again he went out about all that he hath, and buyeth that the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise. And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them. Why stand ye here all the day idle? They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive. So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first. And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny. But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny. And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house, Saying, These last have wrought but one bour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day. But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thon agree with me for a penny? Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give unto this last even as

unto thee. Is it not lawful for me

to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good? So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.

FISHING.

Matth. xiii, 47, 48. Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind: Which, when it was full, they drew to shore, and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, .but cast the bad away.

Debtors and Creditors.

Matth. xviii, 23–34. Therefore

is the kingdom of heaven likened unto a certain king, which would take account of his servants. And when he had begun to reckon, one was brought unto him, which

owed him ten thousand talents:

thee all that debt, because thou desiredst me: Shouldest not thou also have had compassion on thy fellow-servant, even as I had pity on thee? And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him.

But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made. The servant therefore fell down and worshipped him, saying, Lord, have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. Then the Lord of that servant was moved with compassion, and loosed him, and forgave him the debt. But the same servant went

out, and found one of his fellow

servants, which owed him an hundred pence; and he laid hands on him, and took him by the throat, saying, Pay me that thou owest. And his fellow-servant fell down

at his feet, and besought him, saying, Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. And he would not; but went and cast him into prison, till he should pay the debt. So when his fellow-servants saw what was done, they were very sorry, and came and told unto their lord all that was done. Then his lord, after that he had called him, said unto him, O thou wicked servant, I forgave

THE TWO SONS.

Matt. xxi, 28-31. But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to-day in my vineyard. He anwered and said, I will not: but afterwards he repented, and went. And he came to the second, and said likewise. And he answered and said, I go,

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MARRIAGE FEAST.

Matt. xxii, 1-14. And Jesus answered, and spake unto them again by parables, and said, The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a 15a"riage for his son, And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come. Again, he sest forth other servants, saying, Te them which are bidden, Betcl I have prepared my dinner. my oxen and my fatlings are killed and all things are ready: come unto the marriage. But they made light of it, and went ther ways, one to his farm, another te his merchandise. And the rem nant took his servants, and entreated them spitefully, and slew them. But when the king hard thereof, he was wroth: and he sett forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned p their city. Then saith he to bis servants, The wedding is ready but they which were bidden were not worthy. Go ye therefore inte the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage. Se those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all, as many as they found, both bad and good: and the wedding was furnished with guests. And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment And he saith unto him, Friend how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless. Then said the king to the servants, Bind Lim hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into over darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. For many are called, but few are chosen.

TEN VIRGINS.

kingdom of heaven be likened Matt. xxv, 1-12. Then shall the unto ten virgins, which took their

lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom. And five of them were wise, and five cere foolis They that were foolish took the lamps, but took no oil with them But the wise took oil in their ves sels with their lamps. While the bridegroom tarried, they al slumbered and slept. And midnight there was a cry made Behold, the bridegroom comethi go ye out to meet him. Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps. And the foolish said

therefore the talent from him, and [
give it unto him which hath ten
talents. For unto every one that
hath shall be given, and he shall
have abundance: but from him
that hath not, shall be taken away
even that which he hath.

SOWER.

unto the wise, Give us of your oil;, for our lamps are gone out. But the wise answered, saying, Not so; lest there be not enough for us and you; but go ye rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves. And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage: and the door was shut. Afterward came also the other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us. But he answered and said, Verily I say unto you, I know you

not.

TALENTS.

Matth. xxv, 14--29. For the kingdom of heaven is as a man travelling into a far country, who called his own servants, and delivered unto them his goods. And unto one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man according to his several ability; and straightway took his journey. Then he that had received the five talents went and traded with the same, and made them other five talents. And likewise he that had received two, he also gained other two. But he that had received one went and digged in the earth, and hid his lord's money. After a long time the lord of those servants cometh,

and reckoneth with them. And

Mark iv, 3.-9. Hearken; Behold,
there went out a sower to sow:
And it came to pass, as he sowed,
some fell by the way-side, and the
fowls of the air came and de-
voured it up. And some fell on
stony ground, where it had not
much earth; and immediately it
sprang up, because it had no
But when the
depth of earth:
sun was up, it was scorched; and,
because it had no root, it withered
And some fell among
away.
thorns, and the thorns grew up
and choked it, and it yielded no
And other fell on good
fruit.
ground, and did yield fruit that
sprang up, and increased, and
brought forth, some thirty, and
some sixty, and some an hundred.
And he said unto them, Ile that
hath ears to hear, let him hear.

SEED SPRINGING UP
IMPERCEPTIBLY.

us kill him, and the inheritance
And they took
shall be ours.
him, and killed him, and cast him
out of the vineyard. What shall
therefore the lord of the vineyard
do? He will come and destroy the
husbandmen, and will give the
vineyard unto others.

Mark iv, 26-29. And he said, So is the kingdom of God, as if a man

BLIND GUIDE.

Luke vi, 39. And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch?

forth fruit of herself; first the
blade, then the ear, after that the
full corn in the ear. But when
the fruit is brought forth, imme-
diately he putteth in the sickle,
because the harvest is come.

MIDNIGHT VISITOR.

Luke xi, 5-8. And he said unto them, Which of you shall have a friend, and shall go unto him at midnight, and say unto him, Friend, lend me three loaves; For a friend of mine in his journey is come to me, and I have nothing to set before him? And he from within shall answer and say, Trouble me not: the door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed; I cannot rise and give thee. I say unto you, Though he will not rise and give him, because he is his friend; yet, because of his importunity, he will rise and give him as many as he needeth.

so he that had received five should cast seed into the ground; clean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house

And should sleep, and rise night
and day, and the seed should
spring and grow up, he knoweth

talents came and brought other
five talents, saying, Lord, thou
deliveredst unto me five talents:
behold, I have gained besides not how. For the earth bringeth whence I came out.
them five talents more. His lord
said unto him, Well done, thou
good and faithful servant; thou
hast been faithful over a few

HUSBANDMEN.

things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. He also that had received two talents came and said, Lord, thou deliveredst unto me two talents: behold, I have gained two other talents besides them. His lord said unto him, Well done, good and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. Then

he which had received the one talent

Mark xii, 1-9. And he began to speak unto them by parables. A certain man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and digged a place for the wine-fat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country. And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard. And they caught him, and beat him, and sent him away empty. And again he sent unto hast not strawed: And I was them another servant; and at him afraid, and went and hid thy they cast stones, and wounded talent in the earth: lo, there thou him in the head, and sent him hast that is thine. His lord an- away shamefully handled. swered and said unto him, Thou again he sent another; and him wicked and slothful servant, thou they killed, and many others; knewest that I reap where I beating some, and killing some. sowed not, and gather where I Having yet therefore one son, his have not strawed; Thou oughtest well-beloved, he sent him also last them, saying, They will therefore to have put my money unto But those to the exchangers, and then at my reverence my son. coming I should have received husbandmen said among themmine own with usury. Take selves, This is the heir, come, let 521

came and said, Lord, I knew thee that thou art an hard man, reaping where thou hast not sown, and gathering where thou

And

UNCLEAN SPIRIT.

Luke xi, 24-26. When the un

And when

he cometh, he findeth it swept and garnished. Then goeth he, and taketh to him seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and dwell

there and the last state of that man is worse than the first.

RICH FOOL.

Luke xii, 16-21. And he spake

parable unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man

a
brought forth plentifully; And he
thought within himself, saying,
what shall I do, because I have
no room where to bestow my
fruits? And he said, This will I
do: I will pull down my barns, and
build greater; and there will I
bestow all my fruits and my goods.
And I will say to my soul, Soul,
thou hast much goods laid up for
many years; take thine ease, eat,
said unto him, Thou fool, this
drink, and be merry. But God
night thy soul shall be required of
things be which thou hast pro-

thee: then whose shall those

vided? So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.

BARREN FIG-TREE.
Luke xiii, 6-9. He spake also

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