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Ezra vi, 1. Then Darins the and Immer; but they could not from the house of Gilgal, and out king made a decree, and search shew their father's house, and of the fields of Geba and Azmav. was made in the house of the their seed, whether they were of eth: for the singers had builded rolls, where the treasures were Israel: The children of Delaialı, them villages round about Jerulaid up in Babylon.

the children of Tobiah, the chil- salem. And Maaseiah, and SheJob viii, 8.-10. For enquire, I dren of Nekoda, six hundred fifty maiah, and Eleazar, and Uzzi, and pray thee, of the former age, and and two.

Jehohanan, and Malchijah, and prepare thyself to the search of Neh. vii, 5, 61-63. And my God Elam, and Ezer: and the singers their fathers: (For we are but of put into mine heart to gather to- sang loud, with Jezrahiah their yesterday, and know nothing, gether the nobles, and the rulers, overseer. Also that day they because our days upon earth are and the people, that they might offered great sacrifices, and rea shadow:) Shall not they teach be reckoned by genealogy: and I joiced; for God had made them thee, and tell thee, and utter found a register of the genealogy rejoice with great joy: the wives words out of their heart?

of them which came up at the also and the children rejoiced; so Isa. xxiii, 13. Behold the land of first, and found written therein. that the joy of Jerusalem was the Chaldeans; this people was

And these were theywliich went up heard even afar off. And both not, till the Assyrian founded it olso from Tel-melah, Tel-baresba, the singers and the porters kept

the ward of their God, and the for them that dwell in the wilder-Cherub, Addon, and Immer; but ness: they set up the towers

they could not show their father's ward of the purification, accordthereof, they raised up the palaces house, nor their seed, whether ing to the commandment of David, thereof; and he brought it to they were of Israel. The children and of Solomon his son. For in ruin.

of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the days of David and Asaph of

the children of Nekoda, six hun old there were chief of the singers, Jicah vi, 5. O my people, remem

dred forty and two. And of the and songs of praise and thanksber now what Balak king of moab priests: the children of Habaiah, giving unto God. consulted, and what Balaam the

the children of Koz, the children Ps. lxxxi, 1. Sing aloud unto son of Beor answered him from

of Barzillai, which took one of the God our strength; make a joyful Shittim unto Gilgal; that ye may daughters of Barzillai the Gilead- noise unto the God of Jacob. know the righteousness of the

ite to wife, and was called after LORD.

Ps. xcviii, 4. Make a joyful their name.

noise unto the LORD, all the earth:

Neh. xii, 22, 23. The Levites, in make a loud noise, and rejoice, Eccles. I, 9-11. The thing that the days of Eliashib, Joiada, and aud sing praise. hath been, it is that which shall be; Johanan, and Jaddua, were reand that which is done, is that corded chief of the fathers; also I will pray with the spirit, and I

1 Cor. xiv, 15. What is it then? which shall be done: and there is the priests, to the reign of Darius will pray with the understanding no new thing under the sun, Is the Persian. The sons of Levi, also: I will sing with the spirit, there any thing whereof it may the chief of the fathers, were and I will sing with the underbe said, See, this is new? it hath written in the book of the Chronibeen already of old time, which cles, even until the days of Jo

standing also. was before us. There is no re- hanan the son of Eliashib.

INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC. membrance of former things, neither shall there be any remem. Judah, and the princes of JeruJer. xxxiv, 19. The princes of

Gen. iv, 21. And his brother's brance of things that are to come salem, the eunuchs, and the father of all such as handle the '

name

the

was Jubal: he was with those that shall come after.

priests, and all the people of the harp and organ. Eccles. iii, 15. That which hath land, which passed between the been is now; and that which is to parts of the calf.

Gen xxxi, 27. Wherefore didst be hath already been; and God re

thou flee away secretly, and steal quireth that which is past.

MUSIC.

away from me, and didst not tell

me, that I might have sent thee Eccles vii, 10. Say not thou,

VOCAL MUSIO.

away with mirth, and with songs, What is the cause that the former

1 Sam. xviii, 7. And the women with tabret, and with harp? days were better than these? for answered one another as they 2 Sam. vi, 5. And David, and thou dost nut enquire wisely con- played, and said, Saul bath slain all the house of Israel, played cerning this.

his thousands, and David his ten before the Lord on all manner of thousands.

instruments made of fir-wood, HERALDRY.

1 Chron. XV, 22. And Chenaniah, even on harps, and on psalteries, Num. 1, 17, 18. And Moses and chief of the Levites, was for song: and on timbrels, and on cornets, Aaron took these men which are he instructed about the song, be- and on cymbals. expressed by their names: And cause he was skilful.

1 Chron. xiii, 8. And David and they assembled all the

1 Chron. XXV, 7. So the number all Israel played before God with gregation together on

the of them, with their brethren that all their might, and with singing, first day of the second month, were instructed in the songs of the and with harps, and with psalterand they declared their pedigrees Lord, eren all that were cunning, ies, and with timbrels, and with after their families, by the house was two hundred fourscore and cymbals, and with trumpets. of their fathers, according to the eight. number of names, from

1 Chron. xv, 19-21. So the twenty years old and upward, by commandment concerning them, were appointed to sound withcym,

Neh. xi, 23. For it was the king's singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan

that a certain portion should be bals of brass; And Zechariah, and 1 Ohron. v, 17. All these were for the singers, due for every Azielandshemiramoth,and Jebiel, reckoned by genealogies in the day.

and Unni, and Eliab, and Maasedays of Jotham king of Judah, Neh. xli, 28, 29, 42, 43, 45, 46. iah, and Benaiah, with psalteries and in the days of Jeroboam king And the sons of of Israel.

the singers on Alamoth; And Mattithiah, and

gathered themselves together, Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Ezra il, 59, 60. And these were both out of the plain country Obed-edom, and Jeiel, and they which went up from Tel- round about Jerusalem, and from Azaziah, with harps on the Shemelah, Tel-barsa, Cherub, Addan, the villages of Netopbathi; Also minith to excel.

con

the

their polls.

sons

1 Chrom, xvi, 5, 6, 42. Asaph the all this continued until the burnt-song unto thee, O God: mpom o chief, and next to him, Zechariah, offering was tinished.

psaltery, and an instrument of ten Jelel, and shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Maitithiah, and Eliah, builders laid the foundation of the

Ezra ili, 10, 11. And when the strings, will I sing praises me

thee. and Benaiah, and Obed-edom; and temple of the Lord, they set the Ps. c. 3-5. Praise him o Jelel with psalteries and with priests in their apparel with trum- the sound of the trumpet: pris harps: but Asaph made a sound pets, and the Levites, the sons of him with the psaltery and to with cymbals; Benaiah also and Asaph, with cymbals, to praise Praise him with the timbrel 2 Jahaziel the priests with trumpets the LORD, after the ordinance of dance: praise him with strin continually before the ark of the David king of Israel. And they instruments and organs Prag covenant of God. And with them sang together by course, in prais. bim upon the loud cymbals: prus Heman and Jeduthun, with trum. ing and giving thanks unto the him upon the bigli-sounding pets and cymbals, for those that Lord; because he is good, for his cymbals. should make a sound, and with mercy endureth for ever toward Eccles. ii, 8

I gut be musical instruments of God. And Israel. And all the people shouted men singers and women inzety

, the sons of Jeduthun were with a great shout, when they and the delights of the soos porters.

praised the LORD, because the men, as musical instruments, no? 1 Chron. XXV, 5, 6. All these foundation of the house of the that of all sorts. were the song of Hernan the king's LORD was laid.

Isa. xxxvii, 20. The LOLDEN seer in the words of God, to lift Neh. xil, 27, 35, 36, 41. And at ready to save me: therefore up the horn. And God gave to the dedication of the wall of Jeru- will sing my songs to the stringed lleman fourteen sons and three salem they sought the Levites out instruments all the days of var daughters. All these were under of all their places, to bring them 'life in the house of the Lord. the hands of their father for to Jerusalem, to keep the dedi. song in the house of the LORD, cation with gladness, both with

Daniel iii, 7. Therefore at tta: with cymbals, psalteries, and thanksgivings, and with singing, time, when all the people bear! Harps, for the service of the house with cymbals,'psalteries, and with the sound of the cornet. At of God, according to the king's Larps. Aud certain of the priests' harp, sackbut, psalters, and a order to Asaph, Jeduthun and

with trumpets; namely,

kinds of music, all the people, the lleman.

Zechariah the son of Jonathan, nations, and the languages, el 2 Chron. v, 11, 12. And it came the son of Shemaiah, the son of down and worshipped the gilda to pass, when the priests were Mattaniali

, the son of Michaiah, image that Nebuchadnezzar i come out of the holy place; (for the son of Zaccur, the son of king had set up. all the priests that were present Asaph; And his brethren, Shewere sanctified, and did not then maiali, and Azarael, Milalai,

Reo. xiv, 2, 3. And I heard a wait by course: Also the Levites Gilalai, Maai, Nethaneel, and | voice from heaven, as the voice u which were the singers, all of Judah, Hanani, with the musical many waters, and as the folde them of Asaph, of Heman, of instruments of David the man of

a great thunder, and I heard the Jeduthun, with their sons and God, and Ezra the scribe before voice of harpers harping til their brethren, being arrayed in them. And the priests; Eliakim, their harps: And they sung helt white linen, having cymbals, and Maaseiah, Miniamin, Michaiali, / were

new song before the psalteries, and harps, stood at the Elioenai, Zechariah, and Han. throne, and before the four beasti rast end of the altar, and with anial, with truinpets.

and the elders; and no man cul them an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets.)

P3. xxxiil, 2, 3. Praise the LORD learn that song but the hundred

with harp; sing unto him with the and forty and four thousini, 2 Chron. vii. 6. And the priests psaltery, and an instrument of ten which were redeemed from to: wated on their offices; the Levites strings. Sing unto him a new earth. also with instruments of musick song, play skilfully with a loud of the LORD, which David the king noise.

POWER OF MUSIC. had made to praise the LORD, be

Ps. Ixviii, 25. The singers went

1 Sam. x, 5. After that thou cause his mercy endureth for ever, before, the players on instruments shalt come to the hill of when David praised by their ministry; and the priests sounded followed atter; among them were where is the garrison of the Plutis trumpets before them, and all the damsels playing with timbrels. tines: and it shall come to pass

when thou art come thither to the Israel stood.

Ps. Ixxxi, 3, 4. Blow up the city, that thou shalt meet a Coc 2 Chron. xxix, 25--28. And he trumpet in the new-moon, in the pany of prophets coming of set tho Levites in the house of the time appointed, on our solemn from the high place, with a psa LORD with cymbals, with psal-feust-day; For this was a statuto tery, and a tabret, and a pipe anda teries, and with harps, according for Israel, and a law of the God harp, before them; and they stal to the commandment' of David, of Jacob.

prophesy. and of Gad the king's seer, and Ps.lxxxvii, 7. As well the singers Nathan the prophet: for so was

1 sam. xvi, 15, 16, 17, 19, 23. And as the players on instruments Saul's servants said unto him, B* the commandment of the Lord by shall be there: all my springs are hold now, an evil spirit from God his prophets. And the Levites in thee. stood with the instruments of

troubleth thee. Let our lord soit David, and the priests with the

Ps. xcii, 3. Upon an instrument.coinmand thy servants, achich are trumpets. And Hezekiah comof ten strings, and upon the psal

before thee, to seek out a mas manded to offer the burnt-otler

tery; upon the harp with a solemn who is a cunning player op ing upon the altar: and when the sound,

harp: and it shall come to pass burnt-offering began, the song of

Ps. xcviii, 5, 6. Sing unto the upon thee, that he shall play with

when the evil spirit from Godle the Lord began also with the Lord with the harp; with the his hand, and thou shall be selon trumpets, and with the instruharp, and the voice of a psalm. And Saul said unto

his serranis ments ordained by David king of With trumpets and sound of cor- Provide me now a man that our Israel. And all the congregation net, make a joyful noise before play well, and bring his to worshipped, and the singers sang, the Lord, the King.

Wherefore Sa and the trumpeters sounded; and Ps. cxliv, 9 I will sing a new uuto Jesse, and said, Selul

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David thy son, which is with tho, what my God had put in my heart Nahum ill, 16. Thoa hast multiBheep. And it came to pass, when to do at Jerusalem: neither was plied thy merchants above the the evil spirit from God was upon there any beast with me, save the stars of heaven. ..... Saul, that David took an barp, beast that I rode upon. And I and played with his hand: so Saul went out by night by the gate of ITS VICES AND DANGERS. was refreshed, and was well, and the valley, even before the dragonthe evil spirit 'departed from him. well, and to the dung-port, and naught, saith the buyer, but when

Prov. xx, 14. It is naught, it is viewed the walls of Jerusalem, 2 Kings iii, 15, But now bring which were broken down, and the he is gone his way, theu ho boastme a minstrel And it came

eth. pass, when the minstrel played, fire. Then I went on to the gate gates thereof were consumed with

Isct. xxiii, 11. .... The LORD that the hand of the LORD came of the fountain, and to the king's hath given commandment

pool: but there was no place for against the merchant city, to deEzek. xxxiii, 32. And, 1o, thou the beast that was under me to stroy the strong holds thereof. art unto them as a very lovely pass. Then went I np in the night Isa. xlvii, 15. Thus shall they song of one that hath a pleasant by the brook, and viewed the wall, be unto thee with whom thou voice, and can play well on an in- and turned back, and entered by hast laboured, eren thy merchants, strument: for they hear thy words, the gate of the valley, and so re- from thy youth: they shall wanbut they do them not.

turned. And the rulers knew not der every one to his quarter; none

whither I went, or what I did; shall save thee. VARIOUS ALLUSIONS. neither had I as yet told it to the Job xxi, 12. They take the tim- Jews, nor to the priests, nor to the

Ezek. vii, 12, 13. The time is brel and harp, and rejoice at the nobles, nor to the rulers, uor to the come, the lay draweth near: let sound of the organ. rest that did the work.

not the buyer rejoice, nor the

seller mourn; for wrath 13 upon Isa. V, 12. And the harp and the

all the multitude thereof. For viol, the tabret and pipe, and wine,

VARIOUS FORMS OF

the seller shall not return to that are in their feasts: but they regard

BUSINESS.

which is sold, although they were not the work of the LORD, neither

MERCHANDISE, ITS BENEFITS.

yet alive: for the vision is touchconsider the operation of his Lands.

Gen. xxxiv, 20, 21. And Hamor ing the whole multitude thereof, and Shechem bis son came unto shall any strengthen himself in

which shall not return; neither Ezek. xxvi, 13. And I will cause the gate of their city, and comtho noise of thy songs to cease; muned with the men of their city, the iniquity of his life. and the sound of thy harps shall saying. These men are peaceable Ezek. xxii, 13. Behold, therefore be no more heard.

with us; therefore let them dwell I have smitten mine hand at they Amos. V, 23. Take thou away in the land, and trade therein; for dishonest gain which thou hast froin mo the noise of thy songs; the land, bebold, it is large enough made, and at thy blood which for I will not bear the melody of for them; let us take their daugh- hath been in the midst of thee. thy viols. ters to us for wives, and let us

Ezek. xxvii, 32-34, 36. And in Amos vi, 5. That chant to the give them our daughters.

their wailing they shall take up sound of the viol, and invent to Judges xviii, 28. And there was

a lamentation for thee, and lament themselves instruinents of musick, no deliverer, because it was far over thee, saying, What city is like David. from Zidon, and they had no

like Tyrus, like the destroyed in business with any man; and it was the midst of the sea? When thy PIONEERING. in the valley that lieth by Beth

wares went forth out of the seas, Josh. xviii , 4-6, 8, 9. Give ont rebob; and they built a city, and thou filledst many people; thur

dwelt therein. from among you three mon for

didst enrich the kings of the earth each tribe: and I will send them,

Prov. xxxi, 18. She perceiveth with the multitude of thy riches, and they shall rise and go through that her merchandise is good: her and of thy merchandise. In the the land, and describe it, accord candle goeth not out by night. time when thou shalt be broken ing to the inheritance of them; and 18a. xxiil, 2, 3, 8. Be still, ye in- by the seas in the depths of the they shall come again to me. habitants of the isle; thou whom waters, thy merchandise, and all And they shall divide it into seven the merchants of Zidon, that pass thy company in the midst of thee, parts: Judah shall abide in their over the sea, have replenished. shall fall. The merchants among coast on the south, and the house And by great waters the seed of the people shall hiss at thee; thou of Joseph shall abide in their Sihor, the barvest of the river, is shalt be a terror, and never shult coasts on the north. Ye shall her revenue; and she is a mart of be any more. therefore describe the land into nations. Who hath taken this Ezek. xxviii, 16, 18. By the mulse ven parts, and bring the descrip- counsel against Tyre, the crown- titude of thy merchandise they tion hitber to me, that I may cast ing city, whose merchants are have filled the midst of thee with lots for you here before the LORD princes, whose traffickers are the violence, and thou hast sinned: our God. And the men arose, and honourable of the earth?

therefore I will cast thee as prowent away: and Joshua charged

Ezek. xxviii, 4, 5. With thy wis- fane out of the mountain of God; them that went to describe the dom and withinine understanding and I will destroy thee, O coverland, saying, Go and walk through thou hast gotten thee riches, and ing cherub, from the midst of the the land, and describe it, and come bast gotten gold and silver into

stones of fire., Thon hast defiled again to me, that I may here cast thy treasures: By thy great wis- thy sanctuaries by the multitude lots for you before the Lord in dom, and by thy traffick, hast of thine iniquities, by the iniquity Shiloh. And the men went and thou increased thy riches, and of thy traflick; therefore will I passed through the land, and de- thine heart is lifted up because of bring forth a fire from the midst scribed it by cities into seven thy riches.

of thee, it sball devour thee; and I parts in a book, and came again to Joshua to the host at Shiloh.

Hosea xil, 8. And Ephraim said,

will bring thee to ashes upon the Yet I am become rich, I have

earth in the sight of all them that

behold thee. Neh. ii, 12-16. And I arose in found me out substance: in all my the night, I and some few men labours they shall find none ini- Zeph.i, 11. Howl, ye inhabitants With me; neither told I any muni quity in me that were sin.

of Maktesh for all the mua cuant

people are cut down; all they that cording to all his desire,) that, trees in abundance: for tbe Zidorbear silver are cut otr.

then king Solomon gave Hiram ians, and they of Tyre, brought

twenty cities in the land of Gali- | much cedar-wood to David. Rev. xviii, 11, 15. And the mer; lee. And Hiram came out from chants of the earth shall weep and

ARTICLES OF LUXURY. mourn over her; for no man buy-1 Tyre to seo the cities which Soloeth their merchandise any more. pleased him not.

mon had given him, and they Ezek. xxvii, 12, 16, 22. Tarshish

And he said, was thy merchant by reason of The merchants of these things, which were made rich by her, hast given me, my brother?

What cities are these which thou the multitude of all kind of riches.

And shall staud afar off for the fear of he called them the land of Cabul reason of the multitude of tbe

Syria was thy merchant by her torment, weeping and wail

unto this day. And Hiram sent wares of thy making: they occoing.

to the king sixscore talents of pied in thy fairs with emeralda, gold.

purple, and broidered work, and Prov. xxiii, 23. Buy the truth 2 Kings xii, 16. Moreover, they fine linen, and coral, and agate. and sell it not; also wisdom, and reckoned not with the men into the merchants of Sheba ani instruction, and understanding. whose hand they delivered the Raamah, they were thy met

money to be bestowed on work chants: they occupied in thy fairs ARTICLES OF men: for they dealt faithfully. with chief of all spices, and with

all precious stones, and gold. MERCHANDISE.

2 Kings xxii, 7. Howbeit there

was no reckoning made with them Ezek. xxvii, 18-20, 23, 24. Dal of the money that was delivered

HORSES mascus was thy merchant in the into their hand, because they dealt

2 Chron. 1, 16, 17. And Solomon multitude of the wares of thy mak- faithfully.

had horses brought out of Egypt, ing, for the multitude of all riches;

2 Chron. iv, 18. Thus Solomon chants received the linen yarn s

and Knen yarn: the king's mer in the wine of lelbon, and white wool. Dan also and Javan

made all these vessels in great a price. And they fetched up and

ing to and fro occupied in thy fairs : abundance: for the weight of the brought forth out of Egypt a bright iron, cassia, and calamus, brass could not be found out.

chariot for six hundred shekels of were in thy market. Dedan was

silver, and an horse for an bon

SPICES. thy merchant in precious clothes

dred and tifty: and so brought for chariots. Haran, and Canneh,

Gen. xxxvii, 25. And they sat they out horses for all the king and Eden, the merchants of She- down to eat bread; and they lifted of the Hittites, and for the kings ba, Asshur, and Chilmad, were up their eyes and looked, aud, be- of Syria, by their means. thy merchants. These were thy hold, a company of Islimeelites merchants in all sorts of things, in came

from Gilead, with their (GRAIN AND LAND, See under blue clothes, and broidered work, camels bearing spicery and balm

AGRICULTURE.) and in chests of rich apparel, and myrrh, going to carry it down bound with cords, and made of to Egypt.

TRADES. cedar, among thy merchandise. Rev. xviii, 13. And cinnamon,

CHRISTIAN RULE. Rev. xviii, 12. The merchandige and odoure, and ointments, and

1 Cor. iv, 12. And labour, work. of gold, and silver, and precious frankincense, and wine, and oil, stones, and of pearls, and fine and fine four, and wheat, and ing with our own hands: beitg linen, 'and purple, and silk, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and reviled, we bless; being persecur scarlet, and all thyine wood, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of ed, we suffer it.

1 Cor. vii, 17, 20, 24. But as God all manner vessels of ivory, and men.

hath distributed to every man, 23 all manner vessels of most precious

TIMBER

the Lord hath called every one, wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble.

1 Kings v, 6, 8--10. Now there- so let him walk: and so ordain I fore command thou that they hew

in all churches. Let every msa me cedar-trees out of Lebanon; / abide in the same calling wherein ACCOUNTS, ETC.

and my servants shall be with thy he was called. Bretliren, let every Gen. xli, 49. And Joseph ga- servants: and unto thee will I give man, wherein he is called, there's thered corn as the sand of the wire for thy servants, according to abide with God. sea, very inuch, until he left num- all that thou shalt appoint: for bering; for it was without num- ihou knowest that there is not we were with you, this we cote

2 Thess. ili, 10–12. For even wbco ber. among us any that can skill to

manded you, that if any would 1 Kings v, 11. And Solomon new timber like unto the Sidoni- not work, neither should be eat gave Hiram twenty thousand

ans. And Hiram sent to Solomon, For we hear that there are some measures of wheat for food to his saying. I have considered the which walk among you disoriteris, household, and twenty measures things which thou sentest to me working not at all, but are buste of pure oil: thus gave Solomon to

for: and I will do all thy desire bodies. Now them that are such Hiram year by year. concerning timber of cedar, and

we command and exhort by our concerning timber of fir. My Lord Jesus Christ, that with qu. 1 Kings vil, 47. And Solomon servants shall bring them down left all the vessels unweighed, from Lebanon unto the sea; and I

ness they work, and eat their exi because

bread. they were exceeding will convey them by sea in floats many: neither was the weight of unto the place that thou shalt ap. I learn to maintain good works &

Titus ili, 14. And let ours also the brass found out.

point me, and will cause them to 1 Kings ix, 10--14. And it came be discharged there, and thou necessary Uses, that they be not

unfruitful. to pass at the end of twenty years, shalt receive them: and thou shalt when Solomon had built the two accomplish my desire, in giving

So Hi. houses, the house of the Lord, food for my household.

Acts xvill, 8. And because be and the king's house. (Now Hi- ram gave Solomon cedar-trees, was of the same craft, he above ram the king of Tyre had fur- and fir-trees, according to all his

with them, and wrought: for bir nished Solomon with cedar trees desire.

their occupation they were tent and fir trees, and with gold, aa- 1 Chron. xxil, 4. Also cedar- | makers,

Acts xx, 34. Yea, ye yourselves 2 Chron. il, 8--10, 15, 16. Send families of the house of them that know, that these hands have min me also cedar-trees, fir-trees, and wrought ine linen, of the house of istered unto my necessities, and algum-trees, out of Lebanon; (for Ashbea. to them that were with mo. I know that thy servants can skill

Prov. XXXI, 13, 19, 24. She seekto cut timber in Lebanon;) and, leth wool and flax, and worketh PREPARATION OF FOOD. behold, my servants shall be with willingly with her hands. She Gen. xxv, 29. And Jacob sod thy servants, Even to prepare layeth her hands to the spindle, pottage: and Esau came from the me timber in abundance: for the and her hands hold the distaff. field and he was faint.

bouse which I am about to build She maketh fine linen, and selleth

shall be wonderful great. And, it, and delivereth girdles auto the Gen. xxvii. 9, 31. Go now to the behold, I will give to thy servants, merchant. flock, and fetch me from thence the hewers that cut timber, tro good kids of the goats; and I twenty thousand measures of

NEEDLEWORK. will make them savoury meat for beaten wheat, and twenty thouthy father, such as he loveth : sand measures of barley, and

Exod. xxvii, 16. And for the And he also had made savoury twenty thousand baths of wine, gate of the court shall be an hang, meat, and brought it unto his and twenty thousand baths of ing of twenty cubits, of blue, and father, and said unto his father, oil. Now therefore the wheat, I purple, and scarlet, and fine twined Let my father arise, and eat of his and the barley, the oil, and the linen, wrought with needlework: son's venison, that thy soul may wine, which my lord hath spoken and their pillars shall be four, and bless me. of, let him send unto his servants:

their sockets four. 2 Sam. xili, 7. 8. Then David and we will cut wood out of

2 Ohron. iii, 14. And he made sent home to Tamar, saying, Go Lebanon, as much as thou shalt the vail of blue, and purple, and now to thy brother Amnon's need; and we will bring it to crimson, and fine linen,' and house, and dress him meat. So thee in flotes by sea to Joppa, and wrought cherubims thereon. Tamar went to her brother Am- thou shalt carry it up to Jerunou's house; and he was laid down. salem.

EARTHEN-WARE. And she took flour, and kneaded

Exod. v, 6-9. And Pharaoh comit, and made cakes in his sight, PREPARATION of CLOTHING. manded the same day the taskand did bake the cakes.

Isa. lix, 6. Their webs shall not masters of the people, and their Ps. Iviii, 9. Before your pots can

become garments, weither shall officers, saying, Ye shall no more feel the thorns, he shall take them they cover themselves with their give the people straw to make away as with a whirlwind, both works: their works are works of brick, as heretofore: let them go living, and in his wrath.

iniquity, and the act of violence and gather straw for themselves. is in their hands,

And the tale of the bricks, which Ezek. xi, 3, 7, 11. Which say, It is not near, let us build houses:

Matth. 1x, 16. No man putteth they did make heretofore, ye shall

lay upon them; ye shall not dithis city is the caldron, and we be a piece of new cloth unto an old

minish ought thereof: for they be the flesh. Therefore thus saith garment; for that which is put in the Lord God, Your slain, whom to fill it up taketh from the gar- idle; therefore they cry, saying,

Let us go and sacrifice to our ye have laid in the midst of it. ment, and the rent is made worse.

God, Let there more work bo they are the flesh, and this city is

Mark ii, 21. No man also seweth laid upon the men, that they may the caldron: but I will bring you a piece of new cloth on an old labour therein; and let them not forth out of the midst of it. This garment; else the new piece that regard vain words. city shall not be your caldron, filled it up taketh away from the neither shall ye be the flesh in the old, and the rent is made worse.

1 Chron. iv, 23. These were the midst thereot; but I will judge you

potters, and those that dwelt

Luke v, 36. And he spake also a in the border of Israel.

among plants and hedges : there parable unto them; No man put they dwelt with tho king for his Exek. xxiv, 6, 10. Wherefore ieth a piece of a new garment work, thus saith the Lord God; Woe to upon an old; if otherwise, then the bloody city, to the pot whose both the new maketh a rent, and

180. XXX, 14. And he shall break

it as the breaking of the potter's scum is therein, and whose scum the piece that was taken out of is not gone out of it! bring it out the new agreeth not with the old. vessel that is broken in pieces; he

shall not spare. ..... piece by piece; let no lot fall upon it. Heap on wood, kindle the fire, SPINNING AND WEAVING.

Lam, iv, 2. The precious gons of consume the flesh, and spice it

Exod. xxxv, 25, 26. And all the Zion, comparable to fino gold, well, and let the bones be burnt. women that were wise-hearted

how are they esteemed as earthen Matth. ix, 17. Neither do men aid spin with their hands, and pitchers, the work of the hands of put new wine into old bottles; else brought that which they had spun,

the potter! tlie bottles break, and the wine both of blue, and of purple, and of 2 Cor. iv, 7. But we have this runneth out, and the bottles per- scarlet, and of fine linen. And all treasure in earthen vessels, that ish: but they put new wine into the women whose heart stirred the excellency of the power may new bottles, and both are pre- them up in wisdom spun goats' be of God, and not of us. served.

hair. Luke xii, 21. It is like leaven, Exod, xxxviii, 16. All the hang

LEATHER. which a woman took and hid in ings of the court round about Exod. xxxvi, 19. And he made three measures of meal, till the were of fine twined linen.

a covering for the tent of rams' whole was leavened.

1 Kings x, 28. And Solomon skins dyed red, and a covering of (See under DIET and ARCHI

had horses brought out of Egypt, badgers' skins above that.
and linen yarn: tho king's mer-

Acts ix, 43. And it came to pass,
TECTURE)

chants received the linen yarn at that he tarried many days in a price.

Joppa with one Simon a tanner. WOOD-CUTTINO.

1 Chron. iv, 21. The sons of 2 Kings vi, 4. So he went with Shelah, the son of Judah were Er, WORKING IN METALS. them. And when they came to the father of Lecah, and Laadah, Gen. iv, 22. And Zillah, she also Jordan, they cut down wood. I the father of Mareshah, and the l bare Tubal-cain, an instructer of

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