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Scott was appointed Solicitor-General, and knighted, and made Attorney General in 1793. In 1799 he was appointed Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and created a Peer, by the title of Baron Eldon of Eldon, in the County Palatine of Durham. In 1801 Lord Eldon became Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, but resigned the Great Seal in February, 1806; he was re-appointed in April, 1807, from which period he continued to hold that office, until 1827, being altogether a period of nearly twenty-five years. In July, 1821, he was created Earl of Eldon and Viscount Encombe, of Encombe, in the county of Dorset, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The office of High Steward of the University of Oxford was held by Lord Eldon from 1801. His Lordship was the younger brother of the late Right Hon. Sir William Scott, Baron Stowel. We believe his Lordship was attacked with no particular complaint, but sunk under a gradual decay of nature. His Lordship was attended during his illness by his daughter, Lady Frances Bankes. Lord Eldon has left two daughters, Lady Frances Bankes, and Lady Elizabeth Repton, the wife of Mr. Repton, the architect, and is succeeded in the title by his grandson, John, Viscount Encombe, born Dec. 10, 1805, and married Oct. 1, 1831, to the Hon. Louisa Duncombe (second daughter of Lord Faversham), born Nov. 10, 1807. His Lordship (the present Earl) has two daughters, one aged three-and-ahalf years, the other, two years. His Lordship is the only son of the Hon. John Eldon, who died in 1805 (the eldest son of the late Chancellor) and Henrietta Elizabeth, only daughter of the late Sir Matthew Ridley, Bart. This lady was remarried to James William Ferrer, Esq. Master in Chancery. The Chancellor had another son, the Hon. William Henry John, Barrister-at-Law, who died in July, 1833, at the age of 37,

In private life, Lord Eldon was all that was amiable and benevolent. As a husband, a parent, a friend, a master, and a landlord, he was an example to all public men. We have reason to believe that the evening of his life was cheerful and happy. He used often to express the anxious wish that he might be allowed a little interval between the woolsack and the grave, to prepare for eternity. This prayer was granted, and most earnestly do we trust it may one day appear that, like his contemporary and friend, the celebrated Dr. Johnston, Lord Eldon at last found that safe and peaceful haven, which no good works of ours can ever supply, and that, after having passed "the waves of this troublesome world," he finally "came to the land of everlasting life."—Record.


PERIODICAL LITERATURE. monthly issue of periodical literature similar from London is unequalled by any commercial operation in Europe. 236 monthly periodical works are sent out on the last day of each month to every cor


THE NEW LAW OF WILLS-From and after Jan. 1, 1838, every will, whether of real or personal property, must be in writing, and be signed by the testator, or by some person in his presence, and by his direction. The signature of the testator must be made, or at least acknow-ner of the United Kingdom, from Paterledged, by him in the presence of two or noster-row. There are also thirty-four more witnesses present at the same time, riodical works published quarterly, makwho must subscribe their names as wit-ing a total of 270. A bookseller, who nesses to the execution of the will in the has been many years conversant with the presence of the testator and of each other. industry of the great literary hive of As the act does not require any particu- London on Magazine day, makes tha lar form of attestation to be used, it following computations:- -The periodical seems that any words of sufficient import works sold on the last day of the month will answer the purpose. It may be fur- amount to 500,000 copies. The amount ther necessary to bear in mind that every of cash expended in the purchase of these will made in future will be revoked by 500,000 copies is 25,000l. The parcels the subsequent marriage of the party despatched into the country, of which making it, without the birth of a child very few remain over the day, are 2,000. supervening.


wherein the Several
Heads of Christian Religion therein
contained, touching the Exaltation of
Christ, the Sceptre of His Kingdom,
the Character of His Subjects, His
Priesthood, Victories, Sufferings, and
Resurrection, are largely explained
and applied.
Bishop of Norwich. 12mo, pp. 392.

Religious Tract Society. 2. SELECT MEDITATIONS FOR EVERY DAY IN THE YEAR; being Consecutive Portions from Sermons by Dr. REYNOLDS, with suitable Texts of Scripture prefixed. Arranged and Edited by the Rev. CORNWALL SMALLEY, M.A., Minister of Bayswater Chapel. Flscap. Svo, pp. 296.



James Burns, 17, Portman Street. BISHOP REYNOLDS was born in 1599, and educated at the free school at Southampton. In 1615 he became postmaster of Merton College, Oxford, and, in 1620, probationer-fellow, for which preferment he was indebted to his ficiency in the Greek language, and his talents as a disputant and orator. he had taken orders he was made preacher of Lincoln's inn, where he acquired much popularity. On the accession of Charles II., when the secluded members were admitted again to parliament, they restored him to his deanery of Christ Church, in May, 1659, and in the following year he was consecrated Bishop of Norwich. Wood, in his Athenæ, says "he was a person of excellent parts and endowments; of a very good wit, fancy, and judgment; a great divine; and much esteemed by all parties for his preaching and fluent style."

The two works by Dr. Reynolds, which we have now to introduce to the notice of our readers, evince an extensive knowledge of the Scriptures; and it is obvious, from an attentive perusal of the Bishop's writings, that his labours were the result of an intimate and experimental acquaintance with Divine truth. He appeared to possess not only a concordance in his memory; but which is far better also, a commentary on the texts in his understanding; hence the above works abound with a rich vein of evangelical sentiment, conveyed in a style unorna

mented, but not uninteresting, and which is remarkably terse and sententious. The following extract from his Exposition of the One Hundred and Tenth Psalm will serve as a specimen of the Author's happy manner of treating his subject. He is here speaking of the uses to be made of the doctrine of Justification by the Imputed Righteousness of Christ :


the west.

"It may teach us confidence against all sins, corruptions, and temptations. Who elect? It is God that justifieth. Who is he shall lay anything to the charge of God's that condemneth? It is Christ that died.' Satan is the blackest enemy, and sin is the worst thing he can allege against me, or my soul is, or can be subject unto; for hell is not so evil as sin. Inasmuch as hell is of God's making, but sin only of mine. Hell is made against me, but sin is committed against God. Now, I know Christ came to destroy the works, and to answer the arguments and reasonings of the devil. Thou canst not stand before God, saith Satan, for thou art a grievous sinner, and He is a devouring fire. But faith can answer, Christ is able both to cover and to cure my sin, and to make it vanish as a mist, and to put it as far out of mine own sight as the east is from But thou hast nothing to do with Christ, thy sins are so many and so foul, says Satan. Surely the blood of Christ is more acceptable to my soul, and much more honourable and precious in itself, when it covereth a multitude of sins. Paul was a persecutor, a blasphemer, and injurious; the greatest of all sinners; and yet he obtained mercy, that he might be for a pattern of all long-suffering to those that should after believe in Christ. If I had as much sin upon my soul as thou hast, yet faith could unlade low them all up in His mercy. them all upon Christ, and Christ could swal'But thou hast still nothing to do with Him, because thou continuest in thy sin,' says Satan. But doth He not call me, invite me, beseech me, command me, to come unto Him? If then I have a heart to answer His call, He hath a hand to draw me to Himself, though all the gates of hell and powers of darkness, or sins of the world, stood between. 'But thou obeyest not this call,' says Satan. True, indeed, and pitiful it is, that I am dull of hearChrist. I want much faith; but yet, Lord, ing, and slow of following the voice of Thou dost not use to quench the smoking flax, or to break the bruised reed. I believe Thou art able to help mine unbelief. resolved to venture my soul upon Thy mercy, to throw away all my own loading, and to cleave only to this plank of salvation.

I am


into select and consecutive portions for daily use, to be attentively read and meditated upon with prayer; and which are admirably adapted to afford food for devout reflection; together with counsel for the perplexed, comfort for the afflicted, and spiritual strength for the weak.

"Some persons," says the Editor,

I am

faith purifieth the heart, whereas thou art unclean still,' replies Satan. True, indeed, and miserable man I am therefore, that the motions of sin do work in my members. But yet, Lord, I hate every false way! I delight in Thy law with my inner man; I do that which I would not, but I consent to Thy law that it is good; I desire to know Thy will, to fear Thy name, and to follow Thee whithersoever" who have little spare time, excuse themThou leadest me. But these are but selves from reading a good old standard empty desires, the wishings and wouldings work on divinity, on account of its length, of an evil heart,' says Satan. Lord, to me and the attention it requires. The mind, belongeth the shame of my failings, but to as well as the body, requires daily bread; Thee belongeth the glory of Thy mercy and it is well to provide it with suitable and forgiveness. Too true it is that I do food. Such, it is hoped, these select pornot all I should; but do I allow myself in tions will be found. They are short, and anything that I should not? Do I make may be read without encroaching upon use of mine infirmities to justify myself or interfering with other duties, and conby them, or shelter myself under them, or tain much subject-matter for serious medidispense with myself in them? Though I tation. If the plan thus recommended be do not the things I should, yet I love regularly and perseveringly followed, them, and delight in them; my heart and much time will be redeemed, and a profitspirit, and all the desires of my soul are able work unexpectedly and easily read, towards them; I hate, abhor, and fight marked, learned and digested. with myself for not doing them. ashamed of mine infirmities as the blemishes of my profession; I am weary of them, and groan under them as the bur. dens of my soul. I have no lust but I am willing to know it! and, when I know it, to crucify it. I hear of no further measure of grace, but I admire it, and hunger after it, and press on to it. I can take Christ and affliction, Christ and persecution together. I can take Christ without the world; I can take Christ without myself. I have no unjust gain, but I am ready to restore it. No time have I lost by earthly business from God's service, but I am ready to redeem it. I have followed no sinful pleasure, but I am ready to abandon it; no evil company, but 1 mightily abhor it. I never swore an oath, but I can remember it with a bleeding conscience. I never neglected a duty, but I can recount it with revenge and indignation. I do not any man see the image of Christ, but I love him the more dearly for it, and abhor myself for being so much unlike it. I know, Satan, I shall speed much the better because I have myself for mine enemy. Certainly he that can take Christ offered, that can in all points admit Him, as well as to purify as to justify, as well as to rule as to save, as well as His grace as His mercy, need not fear all the powers of darkness, nor all the armies of the foulest sins which Satan can charge hfs conscience with."


The second work which heads this article is Bishop Reynolds's Exposition of the Fourteenth Chapter of the Book of Hosea, which Mr. Smalley has thrown

"The suggestion here made is not to be considered as superseding the regular and daily reading of the Holy Scriptures. Let it be distinctly understood, that without the devotional study of the Bible there can be no spiritual advancement."

This is a wise and salutary caution for a reading population; and it is specially important at the present time, when principles and doctrines are tested to the uttermost. It has been well observed that books are good or bad in their effect, as they make us relish more or less, after we have read them, the Holy Scriptures. On this subject we quote the portion selected for November 29, where the Bishop recommends the Bible as our companion and counsellor. He says,

"What is the most pernicious and destructive evil of which man is in danger? Not the loss of any outward good thing whatsoever, for they are all in their nature perishable; we enjoy them upon these conditions, to part with them again; no wisdom can keep them. Not the sufferings of any outward troubles, which the best of men have suffered and triumphed over; but the greatest loss is the loss of a precious soul, which is more worth than all the world, and the greatest snffering is the wrath of God upon the conscience. Therefore, to avoid this danger, and to snatch this darling from the paw of the lion, is, of all others the greatest wisdom. It is wisdom to deliver a city, much more to deliver a soul. Angelic, seraphic knowledge, without this, is all worth nothing. Therefore, we should learn to show ourselves wise

the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world; or, as it is beautifully expressed in the liturgy of the Church of England, He made on the cross, by His one oblation of Himself once offered, a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction for the sins of the whole world. And the appointment of such a Mediator as the Gospel proposes is one of the most signal instances of God's grace and goodness towards mankind; it is a wise and gracious provision for exercising His mercy towards guilty creatures, in such a way as is most becoming His own glorious perfections and government.

the Atonement; and sums up his inves-
tigation by these words:

"The atonement supplies a stupendous
system of motives to bear on the interests
of the universe. The epistles of the New
Testament bring these motives to bear
upon our duties towards God, towards
Christ, towards the world, and towards
each other in our relative capacities.
There are no motives like these to tell on

the heart, and to produce repentance to-
wards God. The atonement speaks better
things' than any other measure for the in-
terests of holiness and truth. A ministry
without the motives of the atonement is a
ministry in which the blood of sprinkling'
is hushed and mute. A world in which
were hushed the music of the groves, the
cadences of murmuring streams, and the
dulcet sounds of love and friendship, were
but a faint emblem of the sepulchral dul-
ness of such a ministry. It is when the
atonement speaketh better things' that
the Gospel is the power of God unto


"Atonement," says our Author, "is not
an expedient contrary to law, but above
law. It is introduced into an administra-
tion, not to execute the letter of the law,
but to preserve the spirit and the truth'
of the constitution. The death of Christ
is an atonement for sin, it is a public ex-
pression of God's regard for His law;
In the whole compass of Christian the-
and it is an honourable ground for showing ology there is no other topic so wide and
clemency to transgressors. That the so momentous to fallen man, as the doc-
atonement is a doctrine of the Word of trine of the Atonement; and it gives us
God, is evident from the fact that it sug-pleasure to find it so ably handled by Mr.
gests itself to every unprejudiced reader of Jenkyn, whose work will
prove a treasure
the New Testament; that in the churches to every Christian who is wise enough to
which used the original text only it was
procure it.
never deemed a heresy; and that one end
of the modern opponents of it in con-
structing an Improved Version of the
New Testament,' has been to exclude it.
The simple and unbending language of the
Scriptures speak of Christ as an atoning
Mediator, whom God hath set forth to
be a propitiation, through faith in His blood,
to declare His righteousness for the remis-
sion of sins past, through the forbearance
of God, to declare at this time His righte-
ousness, that He might be just, and the
justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.'"

SELECT SERMONS. By the Right Rev.
St. Asaph. 18mo. pp. 404.

Religious Tract Society.

HEARTILY do we rejoice to find an increasing demand for the works of our venerable Divines-a body of men to whom, under God, we are indebted for the commencement and carrying on of the great work of the Reformation, and This extract is taken from the chapter the consequent establishing of that on the nature and design of the Atone- sound body of Protestant and Scriptural ment; our Author then proceeds to view Divinity, which is so ably and lucidly the Atonement in its relation to the insisted on in their writings. "In the Person of the Son of God-the Perfec-fundamental articles of true Christitions of God-the Purposes of God-the anity," says the missionary Schwartz, Works of God--Divine Moral Govern- " I like none more than good Bishop ment- the Providence of God the Beveridge. He forgets not to raise the whole system of Divine Truth: also in superstructure of a holy life; but he its relation to Sin and the Salvation of lays first the foundation in a true and the Human Race-to the Work of the lively trust in Christ, after the example Holy Spirit to the Church-the various of Paul." This testimony is fully borne Dispensations of revealed Religion, and out in the volume now before us, which to the Eternal State of the Universe; and consists of sixteen Sermons-evangeconcludes with some striking remarks on lical, devotional, and practical-selected the moral grandeur of the Doctrine of out of the Bishop's works, and published

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in an attractive and cheap form by the Committee of the Religious Tract Society, who cannot better fulfil their public duties than by re-issuing such sterling divinity.

SCENES IN THE HOP GARDENS. Foolscap 8vo. pp. 232.

| to points of plain and practical impor


Our authoress has a passionate love of nature and rural scenery. Take the following beautiful description:—

"The deep silence of the autumnal morning; the finished work of the reaper; the plaintive lay of the robin; the soft radiance of glowing light, which is reflected from the rich foliage of the many-coloured woods-all these images of beauty are affecting, inasmuch as they are preludes of decay, of winter, of death-but, though affecting and deeply impressive, they are not distressing, and these symptoms of decay need not make us either gloomy or and affections are in heaven, our exulting dispirited. On the contrary, if our hearts reply to these mute emblems of the mortality of life will be, I would not live always!" Again,

"Our conversation was here interrupted by the narrowness of the path; a winding and intricate passage through shrubs and

brushwood, which straggled about in native wildness: this conducted us into a close dusty lane, up a steep hill. As soon as we reached the summit, we felt ourselves amply repaid for our tedious and fatiguing walk. We entered upon a field so beautifully fresh and green, commanding such an extensive view of the surrounding country, the woods clad in the many-coloured garments of autumn; the happy homes of England, situated in the midst of her glowing orchards and park-like fields; the modest and peaceful cottages, in their neat gardens; the stately oaks, and fragrant hops; but, above all, the churches, with their delicate spires, mixing in the deep blue vault of heaven, and pointing with silvery fingers to the world beyond the sky.

Our authoress did not confine her visits of mercy to the Hop Gardens, but was occasionally found in the cottages of the poor, where she met with various grades of character, and individuals professing different sentiments In religion. For such she had a word in season; and the manner in which she introduced religious topics is worthy of imitation by all who are called to engage in the selfdenying labours of district visiting among the poor. In conclusion, for those who can value virtuous emotions and gentle feelings, as displayed in unobtrusive efforts to do good, and can estimate aright the benefits derived from active piety, this little work will have great attractions. The exquisite frontispiece will make a favourite with the young.

Smith, Elder, and Co., Cornhill.

Ir is always pleasing to meet with the genuine fruits of Christian principle, whether displayed in zeal for the extension of the Redeemer's kingdom throughout the world, or in the active piety which moves in the more unobtrusive walks of life—even in a hop-garden. For Christian charity is no dull, stagnant, uninfluential principle, leaving its possessor free to pass through the world heedless of the spiritual and temporal well-being of those around him: but it is a virtue of free and vigorous exertion -it is the power of holiness brought into benevolent action. The tendency of this little work is to promote in Chris-low tians the cultivation and practice of this heavenly grace. It is the offspring of a reflecting, cultivated, and somewhat sive mind, seeking to recommend the religion of Christ to the children of verty and want. The narrative is well written, and may be read with pleasure and advantage by all classes.





The writer of this interesting work was called, in the antumn of 1833, to visit a village in Sussex, which was blessed with the residence of an active and energetic clergyman-one who had resigned a fellowship in the university of Oxford, that he might consecrate all his energies to his Master's service, in the cure of a secluded country parish. 'During my residence at Msays our authoress," I kept a full and particular journal of daily events and conversations, with my own reflections upon the various scenes and characters that passed under my notice. From this, and my frequent letters to the various members of my own family, this work has been compiled, on the recommendation of some who thought that these pictures of rural life, in the hop gardens, might not be devoid of interest to the general reader. It seems almost unnecessary to add, that none of these scenes, characters, or conversations are imaginary. My object has not been to write a tale for amusement, but to awaken in the minds of all greater interest in the welfare of the humbler classes, as well as to direct the attention of the poor



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