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When I go there, I'll go up to my Saviour, and fall down on my knees before him, and thank him for having sent a Missionary. Then I shall go back to the gate, and wait till you come; and when you come, I shall take you by the hand, and bring you up to my Saviour, and I shall say, 'There is the first man that showed me the cross of Christ.'" (Applause.) I think that may be a sufficient reward, if there was nothing else in your Report, for all that you have done since you first took an interest in Missions. I go to the South Seas. What a wonderful spectacle I see there! Two islands, each of them as large as Devonshire, with a population of 150,000 persons, the whole group having a population of 300,000. Can you imagine a picture so intensely interesting as these Missionaries entering upon that field with the full hope that God will bring the whole of these islands under the knowledge of the Gospel? Let us not imagine that Hunt's grave is to be isolated; let us not imagine that his prayer and example have all been given in vain. Verily not. We may believe that, by the blessing of God, we shall live to see, and it may be very soon, the whole of these 300,000 people worshipping together the one God, the one Saviour, through the one indwelling Spirit. (Applause.) For your encouragement, look at what has been done by the American Mission. I had once the happiness of meeting that admirable man, Governor Armstrong, and, when speaking to him about the success of the Missions, he said, "The first Missionaries who left my house to embark for the Sandwich Islands met the Captain of the ship, who said to them, 'Take my advice, and stay at home: your history will be, you will land, be killed, and be eaten. That is all.' They said, We have considered these things, and many more things: we are not going like fools; we are going to glorify Jesus Christ; we don't think we shall be destroyed; but if we are, there are others to follow us; regiment after regiment, till the citadel is gained."" (Applause.) That was in 1826. Well, there is no idolatry in these islands now. (Applause.) There are 24,000 persons worshipping God; there are 900 schools, 18,000 scholars; and it is said in the January Number of the "Day-Spring," the weekly publication of the Society, that it would be difficult to find a child above ten years of age in the islands who cannot read the word of God. Be encouraged by this. For what God has done there, he may do in Feejee. (Ap

plause.) The Report speaks of the success of other Missionary Societies. It is a delightful thing to feel that we are but a regiment of the great army, marching in different directions, but under the same banner, and to the same end. What a marvellous change has taken place in the Missionary work! When your Society commenced, there were but four Protestant Missionary Societies in the world, and now there are thirty-eight. There was not one in America, till 1810, and now upwards of 1,100 Missionaries have gone forth from that continent, and there are a great number of Native Assistants. (Hear, hear.) There seems to be one characteristic of all Missionary Societies. They never retire from the field. I do not remember any one place which has been occupied by Missionaries which they have been compelled to give up for want of funds. (Hear, hear.) You must not be the first. (Applause.) Protestantism must advance; for it would be a dreadful thing for Britain, with her enormous wealth, if, in the sight of this world, and the sight of angels, the British churches should say, "We give up this Mission because we are not able to raise a few pounds to support it." I say not the Wesleyan only, but the whole body of Christians would blush if such a spectacle could be seen. (Hear, hear.) The want of funds is not peculiar to this Society; there is not one Missionary Society that is not complaining of the want of funds; but I do not think this arises so much from increased covetousness, as from increased work. But I trust they shall speedily increase, so that, once occupying a spot, the motto shall be, "Retreat! never!" (Applause) What a change has taken place as to the Bible! Only think that fifty years ago there was not a Bible Society in the world; there are now 9,000!—that fifty years ago the Bible was translated only into 36 languages, it is now translated into 140-that fifty years ago, from want of translations, it could be read by 200,000,000 men only, and that it can now be read by 600,000,000; and all this has been the work of Protestants; for I am not aware that the Roman Catholic Church has made one solitary translation of the Bible for the good of the Heathen since the Reformation. (Hear.) The Resolution which has been read acknowledges the blessings that Jesus has been pleased to bestow upon us. We must not forget this. It becomes us to thank Him, who is the Head over all, and to whom all power is given in heaven and on earth, for his

church. There are many things to discourage us; but this is sufficient to meet every discouragement. The hardness of the human heart might discourage us. But our encouragement is, that Christ is able to break these hard and stony hearts. (Applause.) When we think of the power of Satan, we might think it impossible for the world ever to be emancipated. But when Jesus said on the Mount," Get thee behind me, Satan," He gave us the pledge that he could cast Satan out of every heart. We should remember, when asking almost in despair, "Can these dry bones live ? "" that He can give breath to the dry bones; and the fact that he is every where present, and that he has promised to be with us to the end of the world, ought to sustain and comfort us. In everything we have his sympathy. If we mourn for Missionaries, He did so, when He said, "The harvest is plenteous, but the labourers are few." He told his disciples to pray to the Lord of the harvest. Let us follow his command, and let us pray that He will send forth labourers into his harvest. If we weep over human wickedness, and mourn for unbelief, so did He! If we long to impart a blessing which men may refuse to accept of, so did He! In all things that are good we have the sympathy of Jesus.

Let us

not, therefore, be discouraged. As sure as Jesus Christ lives, the day is ours. (Applause.) As sure as God is true, bis name shall be great from sea to sea, and his glory shall shine throughout the whole earth. The church of Christ has often been small; but even then it gave evidence that its Head was omnipotent, and able to preserve it amidst the raging of the seas and the raging of the people. The church has often had its gloomy nights; but these have been followed by brilliant and glorious mornings. The

church has often had her winters; but these have been followed by beauteous springs. The kingdom of Jesus Christ is coming marvellously throughout the world. But as yesterday the work commenced. There are to-day 400,000 persons in various parts of the globe, who have been converted from Heathenism, and who are professing the faith as it is in Christ. That kingdom has come amid the snows of Labrador, and has been established on the banks of the majestic streams, and amidst the pine-forests, of the vast American continent; it has come to the sunny islands of the Southern Seas, and has passed to the great Australasian land, and entered among the industrious millions of China and India; and has been

proclaimed in Africa, where swarthy forms are seen gathering round the communion-table, and acknowledging Jesus Christ as their Lord. (Applause.) These are glorious signs. They are beautiful in themselves, but far more beautiful as the first fruits of the coming harvest, as the dawn of a brighter day. (Hear, hear.) Beautiful are those notes of praise that are coming from Kedar's wilderness afar off: but far more beautiful are they to the ear of faith, as the first notes of that song which the rapt seer heard coming as an echo from the Rock


ages,-" "The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever." Speed it, O Father! may thy kingdom come! (Loud applause.)

The REV. RIDLEY HERSCHELL. -Sir, I am not a platform speaker. Why then am I here? My answer is, First of all, to show that the middle wall of partition has latterly been broken down between the Jews and the Gentiles. (Applause.) It is a great pleasure to feel that I, as a Jew, am able now, through the grace of God, to advocate the cause of Christ, and to speak on behalf of Missions to the Heathen. But I feel also encouraged, when I think that I am standing before you as a Christian brother: as such, there is no apology needed, if I venture to utter a few sentences expressive of my heart and feelings; and I am sure you will receive them with kindness and Christian sympathy. (Applause.) The subject of Christian union, which encourages me strongly to speak before you, is by no means a new theory, or a new theme, to my mind. When I became a believer in the Lord Jesus Christ, my great aim was to discover, in all the various ceremonial lessons given by God to Israel, not only what was typical of the person of our Lord and Saviour, but what was also typical of the Christian church in all ages; and, in thinking upon the subject of this Meeting, it was at once suggested to my mind, that the illustration of Christian union which I have learned from the law of God given to Israel, might be advantageously brought before you. The subject to which I refer is, the lesson that God taught the Jewish church concerning the unity that ought to exist among them. lesson was strikingly symbolized by the incense. God commanded Moses to take different spices,-onycha, and stacte, and galbanum,-to form the incense. But how? Each spice had to be separately bruised, until it became a fine


powder; and before it was thus bruised, it was not to be mingled with the other spices. Now, God was here showing the children of Israel, that until they feel individually bruised and humbled before God, no unity can exist among them. (Hear, hear.) The further lesson was taught them, that these spices were of different substances. The onycha was supposed to be very hard, whilst the stacte was a softer substance; but nevertheless, it was necessary that each should be bruised before the incense could be formed. This was to teach them, that one was not to boast against the other, but that all should be bruised, and realize the bruised and contrite spirit with which alone God is well pleased. Then, further, they were to learn the lesson of true unity by the different odours that were the properties of these various spices. The onycha is supposed to have been very odoriferous, surpassing the odour of the other two; and the onycha was to be mixed with the stacte; and the galbanum, which is supposed to have had very little odour, was to be mixed with the other two, and form but one incense. What were they to learn from this? If the onycha were able to speak, it might have said, "I am so full of fragrance that my odour is enough to make the incense by itself: why mix me with the galbanum which has so very little odour?" The answer would be, "Thou onycha, if thou possessest more odour than the others, it ought to be thy delight and pleasure to be bruised that thou mayest contribute thy treasure to them." This was to teach the children of Israel that they ought to feel pleasure in being helpful to one another; and by this means they would become a united people before the Lord. (Applause.) My friend who has just sat down, has referred to the power which is given to this country. I remember the power which was once given to my own country, Palestine, the land of my forefathers. This power, however, was symbolized in a very striking and remarkable manner. God did not mean Israel to consider that their power rested in the sword, and the spear, and in battering-rams, but in something far nobler and higher; for while the incense represented their unity, the golden altar with its four horns, which were emblems of power, was to show Israel," Herein lies thy power, O Israel." If this be the antitype of this golden altar, with the sacrificial fire burning upon it, and the incense represented the blessed spirits of the united church of Israel, if this be thy condition,

then thou shalt push the four corners of the earth with this golden altar, and thy strength shall be known to the ends of the earth to rise from the altar on which is God's redeeming love, and upon which thy spirit is placed, and thou risest up before the Lord as a sweet incense which reaches within the veil. And speaking to Christians, may I not say, that the strength of the Christian lies in unity? (Hear, hear.) Unity is a very different thing from uniformity. I do not believe that uniformity does always produce greater unity. My feeling is that I can rejoice to unite together with my Christian brethren of the Wesleyan denomination, not because they are Wesleyans, but because they are Christians. (Hear, hear.) If God gives you prosperity, which I heartily pray he may do, yet more and more abundantly, I shall rejoice; but be ye then as the bruised ony cha let not your heart be lifted up with pride and boasting, but be bruised to bring forth more of your odour; and the more it is brought forth, the more let it contribute towards the advancement of Christ's cause in all the churches. (Applause.) Then, I would say more, regarding this golden altar, that it has been seen under the Christian dispensation. When John was in the Isle of Patmos, and when he beheld great and terrible troubles, what did he see also in these troubles? He saw the golden altar, and he saw standing near that altar the angel of the covenant, and he saw prayers rising more abundantly, for there was much incense offered; and this was to show the Evangelist, that, when the troubles come, and the bruising is taking place, there is also a proportionate coming forth of the sweet odour from the church of Christ, the unity of the church. The prayers of the church are united. golden altar is smoking with its incense; and a High Priest had come from heaven above, to stand by the altar and receive that incense. Thus, I believe that your prosperity, the prosperity of the London Missionary Society, the Baptist Missionary Society, the Church Missionary Society, can only be in proportion as you offer your incense upon the golden altar. It is perfectly plain that God taught the children of Israel that the incense must be placed on the sacrificial altar. And what is this? It is the burning heart of Emmanuel, ever burning with love towards dying and perishing sinners; and in proportion as we exalt and magnify the Lord shall we prosper. I look forward with confidence, that the antitype of the golden altar shall


be manifested; and the whole earth shall be one incense-altar, and, from the rising of the sun until the going down of the same, incense and pure offerings shall be presented to the Lord. (Applause.) I therefore feel that every effort that is made for the carrying forth the love of Christ far and near, with all sincerity, ought to be for the holding up this great truth,-Jesus Christ, and He alone, the wisdom, the righteousness, the sanctification, and the redemption;— Jesus, all in all. Let the Lord be magnified; and may prosperity crown your efforts from year to year,-is the earnest expression of my heart. (Loud applause.)

The Resolution was then put, and agreed to.

The REV. DR. COX, of Hackney.My Christian friends, I feel most happy to-day to stand on this Missionary platform, and to feel myself associated with right-hearted Missionary people. (Applause.) The spirit of Christianity is a Missionary spirit. It was first breathed in its purity from the lips of our divine Lord; and happy is it for us if we catch the holy inspiration, and if we, too, breathe the spirit of the Gospel. The Baptist Missionary Society, to which I belong, and which I am called upon feebly to represent, took the lead of you in Missionary operations. They took the lead chronologically considered; but it may be truly said that you are now taking the lead of them; and I am happy to feel and to know that you have been since that period taking the lead of them in many important respects. My Christian friends, do you imagine that we are influenced by sentiments that generate envy because of your success? I trust not. (Hear.) We hear of this success. We rejoice in all you do. I have long been struck with one great peculiarity belong ing to your Society. You have, as it appears to me, not only established, as others have, a Missionary Society, but you were, before you constituted yourselves a Missionary Society, a Missionary Community. (Hear, hear.) Before you were Missionaries abroad, you were Missionaries at home; and your infant existence as a Community was cradled in the spirit of Missionary enterprise. (Hear, hear.) I came here to-day to be warmed at the Methodist fire. You are a warm, animated, and active people; and if I become a little refrigerated and cold in reference to any public, and especially Missionary, exertions, expect to warm myself at your fire; (applause ;) and I trust that this day Í

shall go forth warmed in heart, and increased in affection towards you. I feel that I stand in the midst of a holy evangelical alliance; (applause ;) that we are united by the best bonds. We do not abandon our individual opinions, but we unite and co-operate in your great object, and for the promotion of our common Christianity. (Hear.) Sir, I am of one denomination, and you, and my friends here, of another. That is the fact of the case, and that is all. I think I hear some persons saying, "Yes, but that is a great all." Now, Sir, in my opinion it is a very little all if our hearts are in the right place, and if the love of Jesus Christ animates us in our respective ministerial and Missionary exertions, it is comparatively nothing at all. (Hear, hear.) I feel, therefore, that to-day we are one in our object, we are one in our principles, and we shall be one, I trust, in our final meeting before the throne of glory, (applause,) whence we shall look back upon our labours below with deep humiliation, and say, with our crowns cast at the Redeemer's feet, "Worthy the Lamb." It is a holy triumph that beings so inferior are permitted to do something in the cause of the Redeemer, and to anticipate the period when, amid the retrospections of eternity, we shall look back upon this world, which will then be reduced to ashes, and say, "There lived our Missionary zeal, there were our Missionary efforts, and there were the people with whom we stood associated in the greatest of all causes which has won an everlasting triumph." (Applause.)-I think there are some very important maxims to be gathered as we proceed in our respective Missionary efforts. I will just name two or three, which I have deduced from marking the progress of Missions. For instance, this is an important maxim: "To live to one's self is the life of an animal; to live to the glory of God is the life of a man-of a Christian;" of one who, when called to his account, will hear it said, not because he was rich, and not because he was distinguished, but because he lived the life of a servant of Jesus Christ,-"Well done, good and faithful servant, enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." (Applause.) Another is this: "The capacity to do good involves in it the obligation." We are all endowed with the capacity to do good, and the more so now that we are become Christians. The good we can do when we are not Christians is indeed comparatively inferior; but when we become Christians, our powers are vastly ex

tended, and the obligation to exert ourselves for our divine Master becomes constantly enhanced and enlarged. (Applause.) There is one other maxim to which I will for a moment advert: "Whoever does anything, though it be a small thing, from purity of motive and from love to Christ, in the Missionary cause, that small thing becomes a great thing, and will meet with its reward;" for, whatever Christianity touches, it expands and ennobles: but whatever we do, though it be a great thing, uninfluenced by these principles, though it be large contributions and mighty efforts, becomes insignificant and valueless. (Hear, hear.) Sir, I wish I had some moral stethoscope by which to touch the breast of every individual present, and this Missionary Society as an associated body. If I came to apply such an instrument to the vast assembly here present, as a body,-call it a body, and think of its functions and of its construction, I should say, in examining it, "The lungs are sound; there is no disease in those lungs : they are breathing the spirit of Christianity; they are speaking, and with noble intonation; there is no hesitation of the voice; there is a fine and bold expression of love to Christ and devotedness to Him: those lungs are sound." (Loud applause.) I might touch another part of the body, and I might say, and include myself in it, that, comparing it with the liver of a natural body, there are some prejudiced indications, as probably in all societies, and no wonder if in this body; but then we are come to-day to drink of the water of life freely, to partake of the great medicinal fountain that shall cleanse those prejudices, that the body may be healthy, and all may be well. (Applause.) I ask, again, what are the pulsations of the heart, and what are the indications there? Just such as they should be if this assembly could express its feelings, if its pulsations could become vocal, and strike the ear in words, I think the expression in every heart would be, "Christ is all-Christ is all-Christ is all." (Applause.) I now beg to move the following Resolution :

"That this Meeting, while sympathizing with the Society's faithful Missionaries and people still exposed to persecu tion, in common with others of their brethren, in the Canton de Vaud, and regretting the depressing effect of the external circumstances in which some of the West Indian Colonies are placed, nevertheless considers the reported in

crease in the number of church-members, and the growing spirit of religious inquiry so generally prevalent in the Society's Missions throughout the world, to be indicative of such an amount of internal prosperity as constitutes a powerful motive to increased exertion."

The REV. DR. DIXON, of Birmingham, was greeted with great applause. After one or two preliminary observations, he said,-I stand before you, to perform a duty which has devolved upon me very much against my own mind. One thing, however, I feel;-1 know my men. I know the gentlemen around me. I know some old faces in front of me; and though a great number of young people have grown up, whom I do not know, yet I feel confidence as to this Methodist Missionary Meeting, that is, in its spirit and its genius. (Applause.) The notes which caught my ear when I ascended the platform, were about discouragement. I do not mean to say that the notes themselves were discouraging; but I mean, that the speech of a very eminent man, and of a very dear friend of mine, was just touching upon that theme. Well, what is there to discourage you, I want to know? One thing, as usual, caught my attention. I perceived the mighty thing complained of was money. Money! The question was money. You have not obtained as much as you desire,— not so much as you want. You are discouraged on this ground. When did you obtain as much as you wanted? When were you at all satisfied on this point? Now, everybody knows that the tendency of my mind is rather to fall in with such a current of feeling as that; but really, looking at the thing through the medium of common sense, and with, I trust, a proper Christian feeling, I think you have obtained sufficient to produce content and thankfulness. Monetary prosperity, in such a Society as this, must be looked at in connexion with the state of the country, with the prosperity or depression of trade, and with various other matters of that sort; and I ask any gentleman who knows our town of Birmingham, and its locality, and who is acquainted with the manufacturing towns in the north, whether, in the present state of the commercial interests, we have not good reason to be very grateful, as I understand you have hardly fallen off at all, but rather increased. Really, Sir, I think, all these things considered, there is great ground of thankfulness to God. (Hear, hear.) If one of the statistical statements made in the House of Com

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