صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني

from the state thou art in; but know it is al- Allotted. lotted thee, and be content with it. Though its waysare uneven, yet are they not all pain. ful? Accomodate thyfe if to all; and where accommodate? there is least appearance of evil, fufpect ths greatest danger.

6. When thy bed is straw, thou fleepest in praw. security; but when tzou halt stretched thyielf on roles, beware of the thorns. A good death is better than an evil life. Strive to live, there. Stretched. fore, as long as thou oughtelt, not as long as thou canst. While thy life is to others worth more than thy death, it is thy duty to pre- oughteft. . ferve it.

7. Complain not with the fool, of the shortness of thy time. Remember, that with thy complain. days thy cares are shortened. Take from the period of thy life the uleiess parts of it, and what remaineth? Take off the time of fickness thine infancy, the second in fancy of age, thy sleep, thy thoughtless hours, thy days of fick. ness; and, even at the fulness of

truy few seasons hast thou truly numbered ?

8. He who gave thee life as a blessing, shortened it to make it more so. To what limited. end would longer life have feived thee? wisheft thou to have had an opportunity of more vices? As to the good, will not he who limit- Span? ed thy span, be satisficd with the fruits of it?

9. To what end, child of forrow? wouldert breathe. thou live longer? To breathe, to eat, to see the world ? all this thou hast done often al- repetition ? ready. Too frequent repetition, is it not tiresome? or is it not fuperfluous ?

Superfluous ? 10. Wouldest thou improve thy wisdom and thy virtue ? Alas! what art thou to know? or employest ? who is it that thall teach thee? Badly thou employest the little thou hast? dare not there. repine? fore to complain that more is not given thee. Repine not at the want of knowledge; it must

years, how

Hereafter. perish with thee in the grave. Be honest here,

thou shalt be wise hereafter.

11. Say not unto the crow, why numberest fawn?

thou seven times the age of thy lord ? or to the fawn, why are thine eyes to see my off

spring to an hundred generations? Are these riotous ? to be compared with thee in abuse of life?

are they riotous? are they cruel ? are they un

grateful ? Learn from them rather, that infimplicity ? nocence of life and simplieity of manners, are

the paths to a good old age.

12. Knowest thou to employ life better suffice? than these ? then less of it may suffice thee.

Man who dares enslave the world, when he

knows he can enjoy his tyranny but a motyranng. ment, what would he not aim at if he were

immortal ?

13. Enough halt thou of life, but thou reprodigal ? gardest not Thou art not in want of it, O

man ! but thou art prodigal. Thou throwelt repentelt? it lightly away, as if thou hadít more than

enough ; and yet thou repinest that it is not

gathering again unto thee. Know that it is economy not abundance which makest rich, but econ

omy. The wise continueth to live from his fiufto first period ; the fool is always beginning.

14. Labour not after riches firit, and think thou afterwards wilt enjoy them. He who neglecteth the present moment, throweth away all that he hath.

As the arrow passeth thro the heart, while the warrior knew not warrior. that it was coming; fo fall his life be taken

away, before he knoweth that he hath it.

15. What then is life, that men fhould des delufios fire it? what breathing, that he should covet

it? Is it not a scene of delusion ; a series of misadventure ? misadventure, a pursuit of evils linked on all

fides together? In the beginning it is ignopursuit. rance, pain is in its middle, and its end is forrow,

As

arrow.

16. As one wave pusheth on another, till both Involved ? are involved in that behind them, even so succeedeth evil to evil in the life of man; the greater and the present swallow up the lefser improbabiliand the past. Our terrors are real evils; our ties? expectations look forward intoimprobabilities.

17. Fools, to dread as mortals, and to de- licentioufnfs? fire as if immortals! What part of life is it that we would wish to remain with us? Is it temerity ? youth? Can we be in love with outrage, licentiousneís and temerity? Is it age ? then are we

revered ? fond ofinfirmicies. It is said,gray hairs are revered, and in length of days is honor.

18. Virtue can add reverence to the bloom wrinkles. of youth; and without it, age plants more wrinkles in the soul than on the foreliead. Is age respected because it hateth riot ? What forehead. justice is in this, when it is not age despileth pleasure, but pleasure that despiseth age? Beriot? virtuous while thou art young, fo fhall thiné age be honoured,

Of the Tea Plant. F all the vegetable productions of Vegetable ? ble. The shrub, which seems to be a species of myrtle, seldom grows beyond the size of a myrtle. rose-bush,orat most fix or seven feet in height, though some have extended it to an hundred. fize.

2. It succeeds best in a gravelly foil, and is usually planted in rows upon little hills, gravelly, three or four feet distant from each other. Its leaves are about an inch and an half long, indented ? narrow, tapering to the poins, and indented like our rose orsweet-briar leaves and its flow. briar. ers are much like thofe of the latter.

3. The ihrub is an evergreen, and bears a fmall fruit which contains several round black. evergreen ? illa feeds, about the bigness of a large pea;

but

O ,

[ocr errors]

Scarce. but scarce above one in a hundred comes to

perfection. propagated?

4. By these seeds the plant is propagated,

nine or ten of them being put into a hole totransplanted? gether; and the shrubs thence arising are at

terwards transplanted into proper ground. thrive ? They thrive best when exposed to the south

fun, and yield the best tea; but there is a sort exposed? that grows without any cultivation, which

though less valuable, often serves the poorer

fort of people. Chinese. 5. The Chinese know nothing of imperial tea;

and several other names which in Europe serve commodity ? to distinguish the goodness and price of this

fashionable commodity.

6. In truth tho' there be various kinds of tea, they are now generally allowed to be the

produce of the same plant, only differing in fragrance ? the colour, fragrancy, &c. according to the

difference of foil, the time of gathering it, and

the method of preparation. Bohi or Hohea tea, mountains. is so called, not from the mountains of Bo

kein, where the best of that soit is said to grow, but from its dark and blackish colour.

7. This chiefly differs from the green tea, juice. by its being gathered fixor feven weeks fooner,

that is in March or April, according as the

season proves, when the plant is in full bloom, contracts ?

and the leaves full of juice ; whereas the other by being left so much the longer upon the tree, loses a great part of its juice, and contracts a different colour, taste, and virtue.

8. The green tea is most valued and used conclufion? in China ; and the Bohea seems not to have

been known there till about the conclusion of sentury ?

the fifteenth century; for a judicious Hol.

lander, who was physician and botanist to the iudicious ? Emperor of Japan at that period, tells us that

he had heard of the Bohi or black tea being come into vogue in China; but upon the strict

est

eft search he could make, could find no such Falfes
thing, and therefore believed it was a false
report.

9. This makes it probable, that originally discovery. they gathered all the tea at the same time, but that, since the discovery of the smoothness and excellence of the more juicy Bohea, they have juicy. carried on the experiments still farther, by gathering it at different seasons.

10. As to the manner of curing the tea, curing ? the Bohea is first dried in the shade, and afterwards exposed to the heat of the sun, or over a flow fire; in earthern pans, till it is convolv- convolved? ed or shrivelled up ( as we see it ) into a small compass.

1. The other forts are commonly crisped crifped ? and dried as soon as gathered; though accord. ing to Dr. Cunninham, the Bohea is dried in the shade, and the green in pans over the fire.

12. It is very rare to find tea perfectly pure, adulterathe Chinese generally mixing other leaves tions ? with it to increase the quantity; though one would think the price is too moderate to tempt them to such a cheat, it being usually fold a- retailers ? mongst them for three-pence per pound, and never for more than nine pence; so that it is moit probable the worst adulterations of it are made by our own retailers.

13. Bohea, if good, is all of a dark colour, bohea. crisp and dry, ard has a fine smell. Green tea is also to be chosen by its crispness, fragrant fragrant? smell, and light colour with a bluish caft; for it is not good if any of the leaves appear dark or brownish.

14. As to the properties of tea, they are controverted? very much controverted by our physicians ; but the Chinese reckon it an excellent diluter physicians. and purifier of the blood, a great strengthener of the brain and stomach, a promoter of reckor. digestioni, perspiration, and other fecretions.

They diluter,

« السابقةمتابعة »