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6. When I hear a person treating the bible Fable ? with contempt, calling it a cunningly devised fable, and pronouncing the great Author of deluded? our holy religion an impostor, deluded man, fay I, you have a hard lide to maintain, you impofior? have infinite reaion to Take heed to yourself.

7. If I see a person wilfully tenacious of tenacious ? his own preconceived notions, whose mind is unsusceptible of conviction as the nether milstone, alas! say I, you are in a dangerous fitu- nether : ation, you know nothing yet as you ought, you have sufficient cause to Take heed to yourTelf.

8. When I see a perfon whose health is im- impaired? paired, buying roots, vegetables, &c. of strolling Indian quacks,and attending with a listening ear to whatever they say, without enquiring from whence they came, or whither they are going, unfortunate people say: I, I pity listening. you, you are in danger of being imposed upon, I fear you will spend your money without gaining your health, unless you Take good heed to yourselves.

9. When I fee people putting off the con- presumption? cerns of futurity till a more convenient seafon, saying any other time will do as well, af. tonishing presumption, say I, what if death should intervene ! for your soul's fake Take intervene? heed to yourselves.

10. Ju thort, I conceive that most, if not all the calamities and mischiefs which mankind actually do, or ever will suffer, may be calamities: attributed chiefly, if not altogether to this fiagle cause, They do not take heed to themselves.


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Mount Vesuvius.
An original letter by an American Gentleman.




VER since my arrival at Naples we

have had in contemplation a tour to the

top of mount Vesuvius. It is as I have

before observed in full view from this city, majesty ? and adds not a little to the majesty of other

objects, which together form fo noble a profa

pect, on entering the bay of Naples. expedition? 2. Early yesterday morning we formed a

party of eight or ten persons, took carriages, rough. and set off upon this interesting, tho fatigu

ing, expedition. At Potici, about four miles, uncouth ? from lience, we left our carriages and took

jack aíses, as we had to ascend about two or impracticable ? three miles along a rough and uncouth road,

which was impracticable for wheels. cavalcade ? 3. Behold us, then thus gallantly mount

ed, forming a respectable cavalcade, ( if that ascent. be a proper term for a company on ass-back )

proceeding along up the lava paved ascent to

Vesuvius. Altho this mount so often makes devaltation ? devastation around it, yet it is finely culti

vated for a considerable way, up-beautiful vineyards and gardens adorned each fide the

rough road which we pafled. eruption? 4. At every eruption, the lava takes a new

course, and we crossed over several different lava? streams of it, in the state in which it cooled

and raged, uneven, like waves of the sea. bermit? After ascending in the manner described for

about two miles, we came to the hermit's Jolitary ? house, so called, because some person gener

ally resides there e, and leads a solitary fæplore ? life, to accommodate and refresh travellers,

whose curiosity leads them to explore these elevated regions.


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5. At prefent, however, we found no body Tenant? here The old man who was the last tenant of this hospitable dwelling, and who resided hospitable? there five years, I have seen often in Naples. He is a pandre, and a very intelligent and well intelligent ? informed man-has travelled all over, and speaks all the languages of Europe.

6. He shewed me a very fine collection of ridge. different species of lava, which he made whilft hermit of the mount; some of which were highly curious and very beautiful. The situation of this house is on a high ridge, with indicate? a deep valley on each fide, so that it is not so dangerous a dwelling, as from a distant view, its near approach to the mountain seems to indicate.

7. The lava, should it flow out from this crater ? fide the crater, in its descent, must take the course of one of these vallies, and leave the old man to look down with astonishment at enviable ? the flaming torrent as it passed by him--but even in this case, his situation would not be enviable, as he must be nearly fuffocated with suffocated ? smoke and hot vapour.

8. When we had ridden about half a mile along this ridge, and which was the best groping ? road we had come, we suddenly found an end to it, and were obliged to dismount and leave our jacks ; as it, required a no less active animal than man to clamber


the rest congealed? of the way. After groping over congealed waves of lava half a mile further, we reached the foot er base of the peak of the mountain.

9. It thence rises in a smooth and regular smooth. cone to the crater, and now we had the most laborious part of our undertaking to encoun

The ascent is extremely steep, and the encounter ? surface, a light loose fand or cinders, which flipping from under our feet, occafioned a Reep.





Enveloped? slow and tedious progress up. Here we stop

ped to take breath and look up, with curious
desires to the smoke enveloped fummit, which

we were about to gain.
Aurdy ? 10. At last we let off, and with the help of

slaves and a sturdy guide to each of us, which

by holding to handkerchiefs tied round their guide. bodies affifted us considerably, we reached

the rim of this dangerous crater. pompous ? 11. And now, to use the pompous stile of

BRUCE : who can describe our emotions, when volcanoc? standing on the summit of this fo-long famed

volcanoe, and from its steep edge peeping deluge? down into the crater, whence such floods of

flaming matter have been poured out as to

deluge towns and cities below.
cavity ? 12. I was not content with looking down

this cavity; but wished to defcend into it. Ac-
cordingly two or three of us, with one guide,
went down. It was very warm, and the smoke,
every few minutes, would rise out and envel-
ope us so as to hide us entirely from our

companions on the top.
precipice ? 13. After we had defcended two hundred

and fifty, or three hundred yards, out further

progress was prevented by a steep precipice, perpendicu- upon the brink of which we stood and looked lar ? down forty or fifty feet further which was


14. The smoke issued from a great number ·

of crevices in the crater; and by digging crevices? away a little of the outside earth, in many

places we found it so hot we could not bear

our hands in it. circumference?


The circumference of this crater may be more than half a mile, and the inside pre

fents a view like the ruin of brick buildings calcined? destroyed by fire. The stones and calcined

matter_are of different colours,and heaped up
by the explosions, in irregular piles. Some
part of the crater appeared frosted over with
Tulphurious matter.


16. There appeared to be one cavity towards Isued ? the center of the crater, out of which issued a great deal of smoke. As this was guarded all around with precipices, we could not come to

deal. look into it.

17. This crater was much enlarged by the terminated eruption in 1794. The mountain before that time was much higher, and terminated in a smaller peak, but during that eruption it feil peak? in, and left the enlarged cavity which now remains.

18. After amusing ourselves here a while, descend. and resting a little upon the top, from wh ch we had a very commanding prospect of the fea, and country around, we began to de- futigued. scend and reached Naples late in the afternoon, very much fatigued, but highly gratified in having visited and explored the volcanic re-, explored ? gions of Mount Vesuvius.

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Paul's Defence.
HEN Agrippa faid unto Paul, thou Permitted.

art permitted to speak for thyself. Then Paul stretched for h the hard, and an- pretched. fwered for himself. I think myfell happy, king Agrippa, because 1 shall answer for my- touching. felf this day before thee, touching all the things whereof I am accused of the Jews.

2. Especially because I know thee to be ex- expert? ' pert in all customs and questions which are among the Jews ; wherefore I beseech the lefeech. to hear me patiently. My manner of life from my youth, which was at the first anong mire own nation, at Jerusalem, krow ail the Jews patiently. who knew me from the beginning ( if they would teftify ) that after the straiteli fect of our religion, I lived a Pharisee.

pharisee. 3. And now I stand, and am judged for



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