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6. When I hear a person treating the bible Fable ? with contempt, calling it a cunningly devised fable, and pronouncing the great Author of deluded? our holy religion an impostor, deluded man, fay I, you have a hard lide to maintain, you impostor? have inñinite reaion to Take heed to yourself.

7. If I see a person wilfully tenacious of tenacious ? his own preconceived notions, whose mind is unsusceptible of conviction as the nether mil. stone, alas! say I, you are in a dangerous fitu- nether? ation, you know nothing yet as you ought, you have sufficient cause to Take heed to yourself.

8. When I see a person whose health is im. impaired? paired, buying roots, vegetables, &c. of frolling Indian quacks and attending with a listening ear to whatever they say, without enquiring from whence they came, or whither they are going, unfortunate people say, I, I pity listening, you, you are in danger of being imposed up

you will spend your money without gaining your health, unless you Take good heed to yourselves.

9. When I see people putting off the con- presumption? cerns of futurity till a more convenient seafon, saying any other time will do as well, af. tonishing presumption, say I, what if death should intervene! for your soul's fake Take intervene ? beed to yourselves.

10. Jr short, I conceive that most, if not all the calamities and mischiefs which mankind actually do, or ever will suffer, may be calamities? attributed chiefly, if not altogether to this fiagle cause, They do not take heed to themselves.


on, I fear

Mount Vesuvius.
An original letter by an American Gentleman.




VER since my arrival at Naples we

have had in contemplation a tour to the top

of mount Vesuvius. It is as I have

before observed in full view from this city, majesty ? and adds not a little to the majesty of other

objeets, which together form fo noble a prof

pect, on entering the bay of Naples, expedition? 2. Early yesterday morning we formed a

party of eight or ten persons, took carriages, rough. and set off upon this interesting, tho fatigu

ing, expedition. At Potici, about four miles, uncouth ? from lience, we left our carriages and took

jack aífes, as we had to ascend about two or impracticable ? three miles along a rough and uncouth road,

which was impracticable for wheels. cavalcade ? 3. Behold us, then thus gallantly mount.

ed, forming a respectable cavalcade, ( if that ascent, be a proper term for a company on ass-back )

proceeding along up the lava paved ascent to

Vesuvius. Altho this mount fo often makes devaltation ? devaltation around it, yet it is finely culti.

vated for a considerable way, up-beautiful vineyards and gardens adorned each fide the

rough road which we pafled. eruption 4. At every eruption, the lava takes a new

course, and we crossed over several different lava? streams of it, in the state in which it cooled

and raged, uneven, like waves of the sea. bermit ? After ascending in the manner described for

about two miles, we came to the hermit's Solitary? house, fo called, because some person gener

ally refides there alone, and leads a solitary explore?

life, to accommodate and refresh travellers, whose curiosity leads them to explore these elevated regions.


5. At prefent, however, we found no body Tenant? here. The old man who was the last tenant of this hospitable dwelling, and who refided hospitable? there five years, I have seen often in Naples. He is a pandre, and a very intelligent and well intelligent ? informed man-has travelled all over, and speaks all the languages of Europe.

6. He shewed me a very fine collection of ridge. different species of lava, which he made whilst hermit of the mount; some of which were highly curious and very beautiful. The situation of this house is on a high ridge, with indicate ? a deep valley on each side, so that it is not so dangerous a dwelling, as from a distant view, its near approach to the mountain seems to indicate.

7. The lava, should it flow out from this crater ? fide the crater, in its descent, must take the course of one of these vallies, and leave the old man to look down with astonishment at enviable ? the flaming torrent as it passed by him-but even in this case, his situation would not be enviable, as he must be nearly fuffocated with suffocated ? smoke and hot

vapour. 8. When we had ridden about half a mile along this ridge, and which was the best groping ? road we had come, we suddenly found an end to it, and were obliged to dismount and leave our jacks ; as it, required a no less ac-, tive animal than man to clamber up the rest congealed ? of the way. After groping over congealed waves of lava half a mile further, we reached the foot er base of the peak of the moun. tain,

9. It thence rises in a smooth and regular smooth. cone to the crater, and now we had the most laborious part of our undertaking to encounter. The ascent is extremely steep, and the encounter ? surface, a light loose sand or cinders, which flipping from under our feet, occafioned a Reep.






"Enveloped? flow and tedious progress up. Here we stop

ped to take breath and look up, with curious desires to the smoke enveloped fummit, which

we were about to gain. Aurdy? 10. At last we fet off, and with the help of

slaves and a sturdy guide to each of us, which

by holding to handkerchiefs tied round their guide.

bodies affifted us considerably, we reached

the rim of this dangerous crater. pompous ? 11. And now, to use the pompous stile of

BRUCE : who can describe our emotions, when volcanoe? standing on the summit of this fo-long famed

volcanoe, and from its steep edge peeping deluge? down into the crater, whence such floods of

flaming matter have been poured out as to

deluge towns and cities below. cavity ? 12. I was not content with looking down

this cavity; but wished to descend into it. Accordingly two or three of us, with one guide, went down. It was very warm, and the smoke, every few minutes, would rise out and envelope us so as to hide us entirely from our

companions on the top. precipice ? 13. After we had defcended two hundred

and fifty, or three hundred yards, out further

progress was prevented by a steep precipice, perpendicu. upon the brink of which we stood and looked lar? down forty or fifty feet further which was


14. The smoke issued from a great number

of crevices in the crater; and by digging crevices? away a little of the outside earth, in many

places we found it so hot we could not bear

our hands in it. circumference? 15. The circumference of this crater may

be more than half a mile, and the inside pre

sents a view like the ruin of brick buildings calcined? destroyed by fire. The stones and calcined

matter_are of different colours,and heaped up by the explosions, in irregular piles. Some part of the crater appeared frosted over with fulphurious matter.



16. There appeared to be one cavity towards Isued ? the center of the crater, out of which issued a great deal of smoke. As this was guarded all around with precipices, we could not come to deal. look into it.

17. This crater was much enlarged by the terminat:che eruption in 1794. The mountain before that time was much higher, and terminated in a {maller peak, but during that eruption it feil peak ? in, and left the enlarged cavity which now remains.

18. After amusing ourselves here a while, defcend. and resting a little upon the top, from wh ch we had a very commanding prospect of the fea, and country arouird, we began to de- futigued. scend,and reached Naples late in the afternoon, very much fatigued, but highly gratified in having visited and explored the volcanic re- explored ? gions of Mount Vesuvius.

Paul's Defence.

HEN Agrippa faid unto Paul, thou Permitted.

art permitted to speak for thyself. Then Paul stretched for h the hard, and an. Aretched. fwered for himself. I think myself happy, king Agrippa, because I shall anfwer for my. touching. felf this day before thee, touching all the things whereof I am accused of the Jews.

2. Especially because I know thee to be ex- expert? pert in all customs and questions which are among the Jews ; wherefore I beseech the lefeech. to hear me patiently. My manner of life from my youth, which was at the first anong mine own nation, at Jerusalem, krow ail the Jews patiently. who knew me from the beginning ( if they would testify ) that afte: the straitel fect of our religion, I lived a Pharisee.

pharisee. 3. And now I stand, and am judged for



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