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begged. umpire ?
To him the question they referr'd;
REENLAND is the farthest north,
and one of the coldest countries in the known. world. The ground there is covered with eternal snows, which never melt even in the summer. There are scarcely any animals to be found excepting bears, that live by preying upon sth.
2. There are no trees growing upon any part of the country, so that the inhabitants have nothing to build their houses with excepting the planks and the trees which the sea washes away from other countries, and leaves upon their coast.
3. With these they ere& large cabins, where several families live together. The sides of these huts are composed of earth and stones,
and the top secured with turf; in a short time Cemented ? the whole is so cemented with frost, that it is impenetrable to the weather during the whole impenetrable? winter.
4. Along the fides of the building are made partitions. several partitions, in each of which a greenlander lives with his family. Each of thete families has a small lamp continually burning before them, by means of which they cook warmih. their food and light themselves, and what is equally neceffary in so cold a country, keep up an agreeable warmth throughout their as partment.
5. They have a few deer which sometimes catch. visit them in the summer, and which theGreenlanders kill whenever they can catch them; destitute? but they are almost entirely destitute of all the vegetables, which serve as nourishment to man. vegetables.
6. Such is the extreme cold in this quarter of the world, that the seas about Greenland immense. are filled with immense quantities of ice, which is faid to remain,even years, undissolv- pieces. ed. Huge pieces are often seen floating, which are not only as big as the largest houses, but floating. even resemble small mountains.
9. These are fometimes daihed against each exceeds. other by the winds, with such immense force, that they would crush the strongest ship to enormous. pieces, and with a roise that exceeds the report of a cannon Upon these pieces of ice are strazgled. frequently seen white bears of an enormous fize; which have either fallen asleep upon them, and fo been carried away, or have trag. gled over these icy hills in search of fish.
8. The people in this country live altogether peculiar. by hunting and fithing. Theseas aboutGreenland afford a peculiar species of animai, call- Species. ed a Seal. He is nine or ten feet long, and has two small feet before, on which he is able feal. to walk a little upon the shore; for he frequent
Amuses ? ly comes out of the sea, and sleeps, or amu fes
the land or ice. prey.
9. His body is very large and full of oil,
and he has two legs which jeleirble ans, with wants. which he swims in the water. This animal is
the constant prey of the Greenlazder, and chomate? furnishes him with all he wants. The flesh he
eats, the fat serves him to feed his lamp, which
is almost as necessary as food itself in that compofes ?
10. With the skin he composes clothes that
are impenetrable to the water, or lines the inimpenetrable ? fide of his hut to keep out :he weather. As
this animal is fo neceffary to the existence of chale. a Greenlander, it is his greatest glory to chase
and take him. boat.
11. For this purpofe, he places himself in a
small narrow boat, the top of which is coverexclude ? ed over with the skins of seals,and closes round
the middle of the fisher so tight as entirely to incredible ? exclude the water. He has a long oar, or
paddle, broad at both ends, which he dips rougheft. first on one side, then on the other, and rows a
long with incredible swiftness, over the rough
eft feas. harpoon? 12. He carries with him a harpoon, which
is a kind of lance or javelin, tied to a long jatelin. thong, at the end of which is fixed a bladder
or some other light thing that finks with diffiprecioes. culty. When the fisherman is tbus prepared,
he skims lightly along the waters, till he perceives at a diftance one of these animals float
ing upon the surface. burries. 13. The Greenlander then approaches him
as softly as he is able, and, if poflible, contrives
that the animal shall have the wind and fun carries. in his eyes. When he is sufficiently near, he
throws his harpoon, and generally wounds the thong? creature; in which case he instantly hurries 2
way, and carries with him the thong and bladder.
14. But it is not long before he is compell- Compelled? od to rise again to the surface of the water to breathe ; and then the Greenlander, who has been pursuing him all the time, attacks him breathe anew, and dispatches him with a thorter lance, which he has brought with him for the purpose. He then ties his prey to his boat, and tows it dispatches. after him to his family, who receive it with - joy, and dress it for his supper.
15. Although these poor people live a life fatigue. of fuch continual fatigue, and are obliged to earn their food with so much hardship, they are generous and hospitable in the manage- hospitable? ment of it; for not a person prefent but is invited to partake of the fealt : And a Greenlander would think himself dishonoured for thrught. life, that should be thought capable of wishing to keep it all to himself.
16. The men hunt and fish, but when they lowed? have towed their booty to land, tlrey trouble themselves no further about it ; nay it would butchers. be accounted beneath their dignity only to draw the seal up upon the shore. The women curriers. are the butchers and cooks, and also the curriers to dress the pelts and make clothes, Shoes, pelts? and boots, out of them.
17. When the men come home all covered isicles.
their common conversation is about the dangers expedition? and accidents they have met with in their expedition.
18. A Greenlander relates, how he bounded greenlanderi over the waves to surprise a monstrous seal ; how he pierced the animal with his harpoon, who had liked to have dragged the boat with surprise. him under the water; how he attacked him again in cloier combat how the beast, enraged with his wounds, rushed upon him in order to seal dcůroy him with his teeth; and how in the
Triumphed? end, by courage and perseverance, he triumph
ed over his adversary, and brought him safe
to land. vehemence ? . !9. all this he relates with the vehemence
and intereft which people naturally feel for things which concern them nearly; he stands
in the midst of his country men, and describes minute ? every minute circumstance of his adventures;
the little children gather round, and greedily
catch the relation: they feel themselves intercatch. ested in every circumstance ; they hear, and
with to share in the toils and glory of their fa-'
20. When they are little bigger, they exer
cise themselves in small skiffs, with which dexterity ?
they learn to overcome the waves. Nothing
can be more dangerous, or require greater boat.
dexterity than the management of a green
lander's boat. disengage ? 21. The least thing oversets it, and then the
man, who cannot disengage himself from the
boat which is fastened to his middle, finks fastened. down below the waves, and is inevitably
drowned if he cannot regain his balance. The inevitably. only hope of doing this is placed in the proper
application of bis oar; and therefore the dextrous management of this implement forms
the early study of the young Greenlanders. paddle.
22. In their sportive parties they row about
in a thousand different manners; they dive unintrepidity ? der their boats, and then set them to rights
with their paddle; they learn to glide over admitted. the roughest billows, and face the greatest
dangers with intrepidity ; till in the end they acquire fufficient strength and address to fith themielves, and to be admitted into the class
of men. QUESTIONS. Where is Greenland situated ? what is its climate ?-productions ? How do the inhabitants build? What animais bave they !---vegetables ? Ilhat is there peculiar to