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submit themselves;" from the confideration, that their spiritual governors “ watched for their fouls.”

Heb. xiii. 17.

Moreover, as there are differences of administra. tions, and diversities of operations to be performed in the church, there must be persons regularly appointed to the discharge of the several offices, necessary to the well-being of the society to which they belong. But a regular appointment of offices pre-supposes a power lodged some where, to determine upon the qualification of the undertaking parties; for if individuals are left to settle this matter for themselves, the society will not only be worse served for the time being; (the most felf-sufficient men being, generally speaking, the least qualified to discharge the office they undertake;) but what is a still further considera. tion, the disorder consequent upon an indiscriminate exercise of public functions, must ultimately terminate in the diffolution of that society, where such confusion prevails.

But the church being a fociety, of which CHRIST is the head, from whom alone all the benefits belonging to it are derived; the appointment of the governors, together with the rules and orders by which this society is to be managed and directed, must ori

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ginate with, and receive its fanction from him. For man, merely as man, can claim no rule over his fellow. creatures. Government, therefore, whether in church or state, must look to that supreme Disposer, from whom all power is derived; by whose authority alone the validity of its exertions can be established. The reason of the thing, in this case, we shall find upon enquiry to be confirmed by the history of facts.

When our Saviour, after his resurrection, proceeded to the regular establishment of his church upon earth, he appointed the eleven principal disci. ples, or Apostles as they are called by way of distinction, to meet him in a mountain in Galilee, for the purpose of delivering his commission and directions to them on that subject. “ Then the eleven disciples (we read) went away into Galilee, into a mountain, where Jesus had appointed them. And JESUS came, and spake unto them, saying, All

saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye, therefore, and teach (or make disciples in) all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost; teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and lo! I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world.” Matth. xxyiii. 18.

It is to be observed, that our Saviour's disciples at this time exceeded the number of five hundred. After his resurrection, St. Paul tells us, that " he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once." But our SAVIOUR did not deliver the commission for administering the facraments of his church to his disciples at large, but only to his Apostles; and to them not by accident, but, it should seem, by express design: in the first instance, at his last fupper; and in the second, when, in consequence of a particular appointment to meet him in Galilee after his afcen. fion, he delivered to them his final commission to “ baptize all nations.”

Now the granting a commission manifestly implies, that none but those to whom it has been delivered, have authority to act in that business for which the commiffion has been granted. Were it otherwise, the commission would be an useless form. CHRIST, therefore, by making choice only of eleven out of the whole number of his disciples, intended, it is pre- . sumed, that the business which he authorized them to do, should not be performed by every one that might think proper to take upon him to execute it.*

* Should there remain a doubt on this head, the particular se. lection of the eleven Apostles from the other disciples, for the

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It is to be remarked further, that the tenour of the commission delivered to the Apostles seems purposely calculated to provide against, and thereby to render unnecessary, all self-constituted authority in the church. “ As my Father has sent me," said Christ, “ so send I you;” &c. According to the common import of which words, as well as the received sense of them in the Catholic church, our SAVIOUR is to be understood as if he had said, “ With the same power and authority that my Father sent me into the world to constitute and

govern my church, I send you and your successors for the further advancement of the same divine purpose; and lo!

my spirit shall accompany the regular administration of the office to the end of the world. As therefore, in consequence of the mission which I have received from my Father, I send you; so, by virtue of the million received from me, you have authority to send others, for the purpose of carrying on and perpetuating the plan which I have set on foot in It is to be observed, that our SAVIOUR's disciples at this time exceeded the number of five hundred. After his resurrection, St. PAUL tells us, that " he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once." But our SAVIOUR did not deliver the commission for administering the facraments of his church to his disciples at large, but only to his Apostles; and to them not by accident, but, it should seem, by express design: in the first instance, at his last fupper; and in the second, when, in consequence of a particular appointment to meet him in Galilee after his afcen. fion, he delivered to them his final commiflion to " baptize all nations."

purpose of delivering to them their commission, is calculated to re. move it. See Luke vi. 12, 13; Mark iii. 13, 14; Matt. X. 1; xxviii. 16, 19, 20; John xx. 21, 22. This important point the reader will find particularly made out, and insisted upon, in “Pot. TER’s Discourse of Church Government,” chap. ü. p. 45, et leq. and chap. iji. p. 61, et seq.

Now the granting a commission manifestly implies, that none but those to whom it has been delivered, have authority to act in that business for which the commission has been granted. Were it otherwise, the commission would be an useless form. CHRIST, therefore, by making choice only of eleven out of the whole number of his disciples, intended, it is pre. sumed, that the business which he authorized them to do, should not be performed by every one that might think proper to take upon him to execute it. *

* Should there remain a doubt on this head, the particular se. lection of the eleven Apostles from the other disciples, for the

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