Introduction to Comparative Politics
Written by a distinguished group of comparativists, this innovative and accessible introductory text surveys 12 key countries organized according to their level of political development: established democracies, transitional democracies, and non-democracies. The country studies illuminate four comparative themes in a global context: the world of states, examining the interaction of states within the international order; governing the economy, covering the role of the state in economic management; the democratic idea, discussing the pressure for more democracy and the challenges of democratization; and the politics of collective identities, studying the political impact of diverse attachments and sources of group identity.
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3 Upper house ( % ) 15 . 4 Women at ministerial level ( % ) Female economic
activity rate lage 15 and above ) ( % ) 50 . 8 Female labor force 1 % of total )
Estimated earned income Female 16 , 601 ( PPP US $ ) Male 37 , 345 2002
The House of Councilors , or the upper house of the bicameral Diet , currently
has 247 seats ( to be reduced to 242 in 2004 ) . Upper house members have a
fixed term of six years . As is the case with U . S . senators , their terms are
the members of either house . As in the U . S . Congress , a good deal of
business is conducted in the standing and ad hoc committees of each house . In
2002 , there were seventeen standing committees in each house and eight and
ten ad ...