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3 knowest thou the time when they bring forth? They bow them.

selves, they bring forth their young ones, they cast out their sorrows. Canst thou tell the time and circumstances of their

bringing forth ? which intimates that some remarkable providence 4e attended them.* And though Their young ones are brought forth

with pain, yet they are in good liking, they grow up with corn ;

they go forth, and return not unto them ; they are provided for, 5 they thrive, they leave their dams, and return not to them. Who

hath sent out the wild ass free? or who hath loosed the bands

of the wild ass? who hath sent forth the wild ass free from ser6 vitude ? Whose house I have made the wilderness, and the bar. 7 ren land his dwellings. He scorneth the multitude of the city,

neither regardeth he the crying of the driver ; he is not subject 8 to be driven as the tame asses are. The range of the mountains 9 [is] his pasture, and he searcheth after every green thing. Will

the unicorn, or rather, the buffalo, or wild ox, be willing to serve 10 thee, or abide by thy crib ? Canst thou bind the unicorn with

his band in the furrow? or will he harrow the vallies after thee? 11 Wilt thou trust him, because his strength [is] great ? or wilt 12 thou leave thy labour to him? Wilt thou believe him, that he

will bring home thy seed, and gather (it into) thy barn? Now thy

oxen and asses are gone, canst thou bring him to plough and har13 row for ther, and bring home thy corn from the field ? [Gavest

thou) the goodly wings unto the peacocks ? or wings and feath14 ers unto the ostrich ?. Which leaveth her eggs in the earth, 15 and warmeth them in the dust,† And forgetteth that the foot 16 may crush them, or that the wild beast may break them. She

is hardened against her young ones, as though (they were] not her's ; she does not defend them as some birds do, cven with great

violence : her labour is in vain without fear, because she has no 17 fear of their being destroyed. The reason is, Because God hath

deprived her of wisdom, neither hath he imparted to her under

standing; she has less instinctive sagacity than other animals. I 18 What time she lifteth up herself on high, she scorneth the horse 19 and his rider.l. Hast thou given the horse strength ? hast thou 20 clothed his neck with thunder ? Canst thou make him afraid as 21 a grasshopper? the glory of his nostrils [is] terrible. He pawswalloweth the ground with fierceness and rage : neither be. 25 lieveth he that [it is) the sound of the trumpet. He saith among

eth in the valley, and rejoiceth in [his] strength : he goeth on 22 to meet the armed men. He mocketh at fear, and is not afe 23 frighted ; neither turneth he back from the sword. The quiver 24 rattleth against him, the glittering spear and the shield. He

• Pliny tells us, that the hinds find out a certain herb which facilitates their labour. Thunder has the same effect, Psalm xxix.

+ The os:rich does not secure her eggs as other birds do, but leaves them on the sand. to be hatched by the sun.

Naturalists relate mar instances of the stupidity of these creatures ; of their covering their head among the reeds, and supposing themselves for that reason sate ; of their being allured with the skin of an ostrich's neck ona inan's hand; swallowing iron, sloues, and

firebi and.

Ostriches neither fly nor rum distinctly, but their motion ie composed of brih: their wings are as sails to assist their fight. Cyruq had a hot in that could overexke goats and wild 283**, but not an ostrich. A horse equalling a'i Ostrica in spoel, was reckoned worth a thousand piece of gold, or a hundreu camels.


the trumpets, Ha, ha ; and he smelleth the battle afar off, the 26 thunder of the captains, and the shouting.* Doth the hawk flý

by thy wisdom,t [and] stretch her wings toward the south? 27 Doth the eagle mount up at thy command, and make her nest 28 on high? She dwelleth and abideth on the rock, upon the crag 29 of the rock, and the strong place. From thence she seeketh 30 the prey, [and] her eyes behold afar off. Her young ones also

suck up blood : and where the slain (are,] there [is] she. 18 she beholden io thee for her strength and wisdom, the sagacity to find her food, and furnish her young ones with it? She flies with admirable speed 10 scize her prey, carries it away, and teara, it with great strength, and supplies her young with its blood.


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HE grand, leading instructions of this chapter, are the

rance, and how unfit we are to censure the providence of God, which is so powerful, wise, and kind. In order therefore to diversify the scene, let us learn instruction from some of the animals here mentioned.

1. The care God takes of animals in their bringing forth and nourishing their young, should lead mankind to trust his providence. If he takes care of the brute creation in these circumstances, much more will he take care of his servants. It highly becomes them to trust him in such seasons ; and to commit their children to him, who supplies the kid and the ravens and the young eagles.

2. Those who are wild and licentious, and unwilling to be under restraint, may see an emblem of themselves in the wild ass. Man, that is, all men, is born, says Job, like a wild ass's coli ; proud and untractable, and unwilling to subinit to discipline. But yet this is necessary to keep their passions in proper bounds, and fit them for usefulness in life. God intended that men should be serviceable to one another ; and those who are above restraint, and choose to range at their pleasure, defeat the designs of Providence, are useless members of society, and sink into just contempt.

3. The ostrich is a lively emblem of the greatest part of the gay and polite world : their inward qualities are not equal to their outward appearances. The ostrich is a fine, noble bird, has beautiful feathers, and looks very gay. But if you mark the inside of the creature, she is destitute of wisdom and understanding. : There is

These verses contain a noble description of the boree There is a beautiful criticism on this passage in the Guardi in, No. 86, to which I refer the curious reader. Other writers only describe his outward figure and in otion, wlule the stured poet makes all his beauty to How from an inward principle of courage, which is much more striking and majestic.

+ The Egyptians made the hawk a symbol of the wind 460 swift is its fight. It is a bird or pissage, and set ks a wariner climate in th: winter.

Engles are remarkable for flying high, and when quite out of the sight of men, are said to brave sash piercing ey:s, that illey can behold a spul serpent on the ground, or even a fish under water. Vol. IV.


indeed this difference, God for wiše ends has hid wisdom from het; the gay world hide it from themseives, will not seek it, will not use their rational faculties to any valuable purposes. Mothers who will not nurse their infant offspring when they can do it, and all parents who neglect their children's souls, are like the ostrich; ach' is hardgned aguinxt her young ones, as though they were not her'or They never consult the true welfare of their offspring ; and will have an awful account to render of that superior wisdom which God has given them above the beasts that perish. Once more,

4. The goodness of God in giving us such noble creatures as horses, ought to be thankfully acknowledged. How many important uses are they capable of! what strength and courage, do they possess! and yet generally how easily are they managed! They contribute so much to tillage and traffic, to our health and our pleasure, that we ought to give glory to God, who has herein consulted our happiness; and who, in infinite wisdom and goodness, has made them and all brute creatures for our use.



We have here Job's answer and God's reply ; in which he renews the

challenge ; and further enforces humility and submission, by a rep. resentation of the strength of Behemoth. 1 OREOVER, after a short tause, to hear what Job

would say, the LORD answered Job, and said, Shall he that contendeth with the Almighty instruct [him ?) teach him to govern the world belter, and to do greater things than those before mentioned i he that reproveth God, let him answer it ; he

that censures his actions, let him answer these questions. 34 Then Job answered the LORD, and said, Behold, I am vile ;

what shall I answer thee? I will lay mine hand upon my mouth. 5 Once have I spoken ; but I will not answer : yea, twice ; but

I will proceed no further. Job acknowledges his vileness ; that

he had said much amisy, but neither defends it, nor adds to it. 6 Then, in order to humble hini more thoroughly, answered the

LORD unto Job out of the whirlwind, speaking in the same awful 7 manner as before, and said, Gird up thy loins now like a man :

I will demand of thee, and declare thou unto me ; thou, who so

eagerly desiredst the dispute, pluck up thy spirits, and answer the 8 further questions which I shall put to thee. Wilt thou also dis

annul my judgment ? wilt thou condemn me, that thou mayest be righteous ? wilt thou condemn my judgment, my conduct to

thee, and my government of the world, in order to defend thyself? 9 Hast thou an arm like God : or canst thou thunder with a voice

like him? consider the infinite inferiority of thy power, and then 10 judge whether it is fit to censure my proceedings. Deck thyself

now (with) majesty and excellency : and array thyself with giory and beauty ; put on all appearances of grandeur and majesty,

and since thou persistest to censure me, and complain of proud 11 oppressors, try thy strength upon one of them. Cast abroad the

rage of thy wrath : and behold every one that is) proud, and 12 abase him. Look on every one that is) proud, [and] bring him

low ; and tread down the wicked in their place ; try to bring 13 down insolent tyrants : Hide them in the dust together ; [and]

bind their faces in secret ; bring them to the grave, and cover 14 them with shame and confusion. Then will I also confess unto

thee, that thine own right liand can save thee : I will then own that thou hast some reason to contend with me, and needest not

my help. 15 Behold now behemoth,* which I made with thee ; he eateth 16 grass as an ox. Lo now, his stiength [is] in his loins, and his 17 force (is) in the navel of his belly. He moveth his tail like a 18 cedar : the sinews of his stones are wrapped together. His

bones (are as] strong pieces of brass ; his bones (are] like bars 19 of iron. He [is] the chief of the ways of God; one of the

strongest creatures : he that made him can make his sword to 20 approxch (unto him.t] Surely the mountains bring him forth

food, where all the beasts of the field play ; at nighi he goes to 21 feed upon the mountains, and in the day He lieth under the shady 22 trees, in the covert of the reed and fens. The shady trees cover

him (with] their shadow ; the willows of the brook compass 23 him about. Behold, he drinketh up a river, (and) hasteth not :

he trusteth that he can draw up Jordan into his mouth ; this 24 denotes his insatiable thirst, and the great quantity he drinks. He

taketh it with his eyes : [his) nose pierceth through snares, It is better rendered in the margin of our bibles, ' Will any take him in his sight, or bore his no&c with a gin ?" As if he had said, Let Job attack this creature openly, and take him in his sight ; or if he uses nets and snøres, he can easily break through them all,


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truly sensible of their own vileness, dare not justify themselves, or condemn God. Job, overwhelmed with these questions, and the awsul majesty with which they were uttered, acknowledged his guilt, and determined never more to censure or complain of God. It is pride and conceit of themselves which makes men cena sure bis providence. It is the design of afflictions to humble them; and where they work right they will produce this effect, and dispose us to say, The Lord is righteous, and we have sinned.

The word in general signifies beast. Some suppose it refers to the elephant, but some part of the description (see v. 2.) does not answer to that creature. Je rather refers to the hippopotamus, or sea horse, which is an amphibeous creature ; the strength of his bonis and muscles are deseribed, v. 16, 17, 18.

+ This would be better ren lered, it is his maker that inoveth his sword, that is, his sharp teeth, with which he cuts down grass and corn as with a scythe.

2. Here is a good idea given us of repentance. It consists in an humble sense of what we have said and done amiss ; an ingenuous confession of it, with grief and shame ; and a determinate resolution to proceed no further. Let us inquire whether we have been thus penitent, for this alone is repentance to salvation.

3. When the heart is truly ashamed and humbled for sin, it may be necessary and useful to dwell on those thoughts and considerations which tend to humble it still more. Job was convinced that he had been in the wrong, and had said and done much that was amiss. God nevertheless puts more questions to him, with the same awful voice to humble him further, and make him more sensible of bis sin. This shows the meaning of God's continuing to afflict those who appear to be humble and penitent; it is to increase so excellent a disposition in them, and lay a foundation for higher improvements in religion.

4. It is the prerogative and peculiar glory of God to humble proud oppressors. Job is called upon to try what he could do ; which plainly implies that God can do it.' Though men's hands are weak, his arm can reach and bring them down ; and though the voice of men does not affect them, the thunder of God's voice will terrify and confound them. If he casts about his wrath, they cannot stand before him. One look of his eye brings them down to the dust and overwhelms them with horror and confusion. Since this is the case, we may be sure, that while such sinners continue to prosper, God has wise and good ends to be answered by it ; and it is folly and arrogance in us to complain of him, or in any instance to prescribe to him.

5. The description of behemoth suggests to us what use we are to make of the sight of large and strong animals ; namely, to magnify the power and wisdom of God. When strange creatures are to be seen among us, such as lions, tigers, elephants, &c. it is proper to indulge young persons with a sight of them, and inculcate upon them the amazing skill and power of the great Creator ; that they may learn to reverence him, who made small and great beasts, who gives to them their food, and appoints to them their proper uses. The same reflections we should make when we hear or read of such creatures ; the Lord made all the beasts of the earth, and gave all their strength, magnitude and beauty; that we may learn from them to magnify and adore the great Creator, who is the proprietor of the beasts of the forests, and the cattle on a thousand hills.

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