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* 2 my body. Hear attentively the noise of his voice, and the sound

(that) goeth out of his mouth; he calls upon Job to hearken ai3 tentively to it while it rumbled at a distance. He directeth it un

der the whole heaven, and his lightning unto the ends of the 4 earth ; sound and light spread wide. After it a voice roareth ;

after the lightning the thunder is heard: he thundereth with the voice of his excellency; and he will not stay them when his

voice is heard: it should be rendered, " and it cannot be searched 5 out when is heard." God thundereth marvellously with his

voice ; great things doeth he, which we cannot comprehend ;

we cannot give a clear account of these nor many other marvellous 6 effects of his power. For he saith to the snow, Be thou [on]

the earth; likewise to the small rain, and to the great rain of his strength ; the snow, the small gentle rain, and the violent teme pestuous rain, all come at his command, and go when he direcis. He sealeth up the hand of every man ; that

men may know his work ; by frost he seals up men's hands, and the earth and

many materials, that men, by diversity of seasons, may have their 8 thoughts led to God, and have leisure to consider them. Then the

beasts go into dens, and remain in their places; the cold is so in9. tense, ihat the wild beasts cannot stand before it. Out of the

south cometh the whirlwind : and cold out of the north ; differ10 ent winds bring different weather, hot and cold. By the breath

of God frost is given : and the breadth of the waters is straitIl ened ; water is congealed by the sharp frost. Also by watering

he wegrieth the thick cloud : he scattereth his bright cloud : 4 beautiful figure, intimating the excessive quantities of rain with which the clouds are loaded, and the continued violence, quith which,

they are discharged till they are quite exhausted, then the bright: 12 er and lighter clouds are scattered by the wind and sun ; And it

is turned round about by his counsels : that they may do

whatsoever he commandeth them upon the face of the world in 13 the earth ; the clouds are turned by him where he pleasech. He

causeth it to come, whether for correction, or for his land, or for mercy; either. 10, correct & sinful country, by the excess or want

of il, lo make the land fruitful, or to occasion extraordinary and 14 uncommon pleniy. Hearken unto this, O Job : stand still, and

consider the wondrous works of God; he demands Job's atten

tion, that he might learn from these mysteries of nature, how unfir 15 it is to censure the providence of God. Dost thou know when

God disposed them, and caused the light of his cloud to shine ? 16 when he formed these metears, and how he directs them? Dost

thou know the balancings of the clouds, the wondrous works of him which is perfect in knowledge? how the clouds, so full of

water, are susfiended in the empty air ? and others of his wona 17 drous works, who is perfect in knowledge? How thy garments

(are) warm, or, warm thee, when he quicteth the earth by the

south (wind ?) when he takes away the storms and sends heat ? 18 Hast thou with him spread out the sky, (which is) strong, (and) 19 as a molten looking glass, firm, elear, and bright? Teach us

what we shall say unto him ; (for) we cannot order (our speech) by reason of darkness ; teach us to celebrate his excellencies in a

worthy manner, for we are greatly ignorant ; the clouds and dark20 ness that surround him, throw me into speechless confusion. Shall

it be told him that I speak? is what I have said worthy his hear. ing? is it a merilorious service thus to plead for him ? if a man

speak, surely be shall be swallowed up; he who attempts to de. 21 scribe his glory, is quite dazzled and confounded. And now (men)

see not the bright light which [is] in the clouds ; but the wind

passeth and cleanseth them; even now the clouds hide the sun, 22 but the wind shall drive them away. Fair weather cometh out of

the north ; the north wind, which clears the face of ihe heavens :

with God (is) terrible majesty; all these effects and revolutions 33 are proofs of his terrible majesty. [Touching] the Almighty, we

cannot find him out : (he is) excellent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice: he will not afflict; after all, we must acknowledge that God is unsearchable, almighty, righteous in

his judgments, rigorous in justice, but will not afflict willingly, nar 34 without just cause. Men do therefore fear him, ag they certain.

ly ought to do; for he respecteth not any (that are] wise of heart; who are proud and conceited of their own wisdom, which he knows to be trifling and inconsiderable.


1. TH

HE changes of weather and the revolution of seasons dis.

play the majesty and power of God. Thunder is his voice, and ought to be heard with seriousness and awe. The weather and seasons, wet and dry, hot and cold, are the subject of every day's discourse ; and should be thought and spoken cf as the won. derful works of God. Let us remember our necessary dependence upon him ; and own his hand in seasonable and unseasonable, in comfortable and uncomfortable weather. To fret against the weather, is to fret againsi God.

2. It is our duty to consider the wonderful works of God, as they display his almighty power and perfect knowledge. They deserve. to be considered ; and they are so interesting, that they need to be considered. is an agreeable and useful employment to study them and search them out. But we cannot comprehend them, philosophy is soon puzzled. This should reconcile us to the darkest dispensations of providence, and teach us, instead of çensuring, to adore the conduct of God, and to humble qurselves under his mighty hand.

3. Since God is so great, he is greatly to be feared. But he is not only awful and powerful, but gracious; he does not afflict in rigorous justice, but with a tender hand and with kind designs. Let us therefore stand in awe, and not offend so great, so gracious, and good a Being; but sanctify him in our hearts, and honour him with our lips and in our lives.

CHAP. XXXVIII, In the former chapter the poet represented thunder, storms, and whirl.

winds, as ushering in the appearance of Jehovah ; here he is describe ed as making his appearance, and addressing Job out of the whirlo wind, with a voice loud as thunder, and challenging him to explain the most common and obvious works of nature.

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1 HEN the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind,

and said, Who [is] this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge who dishonours my counsels by his ignorant 3 discourses qbout them ? Gird up now thy loins like a man ; for I

will demand of thee, and answer thou me ; if thou thinkest thy,

self equal to the debate, answer these questions ; alluding to Job's % so often desiring that he might argue the matter with God. Where

wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth ? declare, if

thou hast understanding ¿ were you present when the foundatione $ of the earth were laid ? how was it done? Who hath ļaid the

measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the © line upon it? who formed it with so much, exactness ? Whereup,

on are the foundations thereof fastened ; or whọ laid the corner

stone thereof? on what centre doch it rest? and how are its paria ? united ? When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons

of God shouted for joy? where wast thou when the angels er.

fressed their joy at the new made creation, and celebrated the 8 prajses of their Creator ? Or (who) shut up the sea with doors,

when it braķe forth, (as is) it had issued out of the womb ?

when it came from chaos or the aby88, like an infant from the 9 womb ? When I made the cloud the garment thereof, and thick

darkness a swaddling band for it, confined it as easily as a nurse 10 swathes a new born child? And brake up for it my decreed

[place,) fixed it in its proper place, and set bars and doors, so

that if it is ever so much tossed, it still keeps within its channel, pl And şaid, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further : and here 12 shall thy proud waves be stayed ? Hast thou commanded the

morning since thy days ? (and) caused the day spring to know

his place ; hasi thou appointed where the sun shall rise and set 13 That it might take hold of the ends of the earth, that the wicked

might be shaken out of it? that it may shine to the ends of the

carth, and that the wicked, who love darkness, may be detected 2 14 It is turned as clay (to] the seal ; and they stand as a garment;

the earth is transformed by light, receives the impression of it, as

clay or wat does that of the seal ; it spreads over all its façe, and 15 covers it as a lucid garment. And from the wicked their light is

withholden, and the high arm shall be broken ; the security they

. The poet having worked ap his drama with the most admirable skill, in this chapter represents the Deity as interrogaring Job, in the loftiest' siile, and the boldest images. A Celebrated ancient writer, in & Treatise on the Sublime, shows how much interrogations contribute to it: This speech of the Almighty is made up of them; and indeed it seems to be the proper stile of incensed majesty: He who asks the guilty a proper question, makes Dim in effect pass sentence upon himself.

promised themselves shall be lost, and their insolent power destroy. 16 ed. Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea? or hast thou

walked in the search of the depth ? hast thou been al the bottom

of the sea, to know what it contains, and searched out the springs 17 that rise there? Have the gates of death been opened unto thee?

or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death ? have its

dark caverns been opened to thee? hast thou gone down to its cen. 18 ter? Hast thou perceived the breadth of the earth ? declare it 19 thou knowest it all, the number of acres i contains. Where [is]

the way (where) light dwelleth ? and (as for) darkness, where

[is] the place thereof; what becomes of light when the sun goeth 20 down, and of darkness when it ariseth? That thou shouldst take

it to the bound thereof, and that thou shouldst know the paths

(to) the house thereof? canst thou direct eiiher as thou picasest, 21 and fir it where thou wilt? Knowest thou [it,] because thou wast

then born ; or (because) the number of thy days [is] great?

wast thou born when the light was made ? or hast thou gained this 22 knowledge and power by long life? Hast thou entered into the

treasures of snow? or hast thou seen the treasures of the hail ?

when wast thou in the clouds, to see how snow and hail were formed 23 there? Which I have reserved against the time of trouble,

against the day of battle and war ? for I need no other weapons 24 to destroy my enemies. By what way is the light parted, (which]

scattereth the east wind upon the earth ? the light of the sun is diffused through all the earth, which caustth the cast wind; a ref

erence to the periodical svinds which are common in southern cli25 males, and precede or follow the seeming motion of the sun. Who

hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder? who hath appointed a channel

for the rain, und where the thunder should be heard, and the light. 26 ning break out ? To cause it to rain on the earth (where] no

man [is ; on) the wilderness, wherein (there is) no man; 80 supply the creatures, who have no skill lo dig for well water, or

preserve rain water, who yet want it for their support, and 10 piro. 27 duce their food. To satisfy the desolate and waste (ground) 28 and to cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth ? Hath

the rain a father ? or who hath begotten the drops of dew? 29 canst thou produce one drop of rain or dew ? Out of whose womb

came the ice ? and the hoary frost of heaven, who hath gendered

it ? canst thou scatter the honr frost, or vind rivers and oceans avith 30 ice? The waters are hid as (with) a stone, and the face of the deep 31 is frozen. Canst thou bind the sweet indvences of Pleiades, or 32 loose the bands of Orion ?* Canst thou bring forth Mazzaroth

in his season? or canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons ? 33 canst thou direet the southern and northern constellations ? Know.'

est thou the ordinances of heaven ? canst thou set the dominion

thereof in the earth ? dost thou know, or canst thou aller their 34 laws ? Canst thou lift up thy voice to the clouds, that abundance

• The learned differ in opinion what these stars are; the ineaning is, Canst theu make it freeze in summer, or thaw in winter!

35 of waters may cover thee ? Canst thou send lightnings, that they

may go, and say unto thee, Here we (are?) canst thou command 36 rain, or commission the lightnings ? and will they obey thee? Who

hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given under

standing to the heart? dost thou understand the nature of ihy 37 own soul? or canst thou tell how a single thought is formed ? Who

can number the clouds in wisdom? or who can stay the bottles 38 of heaven, When the dust groweth into hareness, and the clods

cleave fast together? canst thou number all the flying clouds, or

restrain the showers when the earth is moist enough, and fit to re39 ceive the seed? Wilt thou hunt the prey for the lion ? or fill the

appetite of the young lions ? wilt thou find out his rest, and bring 40 him food ? or durst thou do i!, When they couch in (their) dens, 41 (and) abide in the covert to lie in wait? Who provideth for the

raven his food ? wilt thou do it? when his young ones cry unto God, they wander for lack of meat; when the young ones, which are driven out of their nesis by the old ones, cry to God, the universal parent.

'HIS chapter teaches us these two important lessons :

1. That the works of the Lord ure great and wonderful. Many surprising instances are here set before ns, which are too plain to need a large commentary. His works are all honourable and glorious, sought out of all those who take pleasure' therein. Angels at the first forn ation adored the Creator, and it is our duty to observe those wonderful works of God; to give him the glory displayed in them; atid sing his praise, who made the heavens and earth, and sed, and all that therein 18.

2. Since we are so soon puzzled with the works of God, how unfit are we to dive into his counsels, and how unbecoming is it in such short sighted creatures to censure his providence! Gó, proud man, whoever thou art that sayest God does not do right to thee, or any of his creatures; go, ask thyself some of these questions, and thou wilt quickly see reason to be humble. Here are questions enough to puzzle all the philosophers on earth ; who often only darken counsel by words without knowledge. Humble faith and sincere obedience are our duty. Let not our weakness tempt his anger. Men was not made to censure, but adore !!


CHAP. XXXIX. God is here represented as putting some further fiuzzling questa

ions to Job, 10 convince him of his ignorance and weakness, and show hin the absurdity of censuring his providence.

NOWEST thou the time when the wild goats of the

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2 do calve? Canst thou number the months (that) they fulfil ? Qu'

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