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bination of all the talents of the coun. ly and secretly levelled against it, by try may now be essential to its pro- men of bold, enthusiastic, and ferotection, we cannot help considering cious spirits. Great Britain has lost the loss of Mr. Pitt at this awful pe. in William Pitt the ablest champion riod of our affairs to be an alarming of her constitution. aggravation of our national dangers It becomes us also to remember and calamities. It has occurred at a the firm and unshaken resistance, time, when his acknowledged abili. made by this great statesman, to the ties,' firmness and patriotism seemed secret machinations, and infuriated to be more than ever requisite to the violence of the French anarchists ; safety and welfare of his country. the courage with which he braved And we would not omit the opportu. their rage, even when we were aban. nity of pressing upon our readers in doned by our allies, the splendid elo. general, and, did there exist any hope quence with which he denounced that this hasty sketch would meet their crimes, and animated his countheir eyes, upon his successors in par. try to persevere in the awful strugticular, the various affecting lessons, gle; services, which justly entitle which the death of this eminent him to the gratitude of the civilized statesman, considered with all its world. circumstances, is calculated to afford, The first ten years of Mr. Pitt's but which are too obvious to require administration was a period of peace; a distinct specification.
and also of prosperity, unexampled in We should have rejoiced had it the annals of this or any other counbeen in our power to say more re. try. By his wise and enlightened specting the character of Mr. Pitt, in policy, under Providence, was Great those points which we deem infinite. Britain raised from the dust, from ly the most essential. There are, thot state of imbecility, degradation, however, some other points, to which and dejection, to a state of power and it would be unpardonable in us not to opulence, far beyond any hope, which advert, and which entitle this great could have been previously framed. man to the grateful recollection of It was then she acquired that strength his country.
and consistency, and developed those The history of Mr. Pitt's adminis. resources, which have since enabled tration forms a distinct and most im- her to occupy the first place among portant chapter in the history of the the nations of the earth. The sucworld. Let it never be forgotten, ceeding period of his administration that to him, as the instrument in the was distinguished by scenes of turbuhand of divine Providence, we are in- lence and public disorder. The su. debted for the preservation of our so.. periority, however, of his genius was cial happiness ; of that invaluable still manifest. Internal factions were constitution, which our gallant fore- dismayed and silenced by him, while fathers bequeathed to us, as the no- the foreign enemy was kept in alarm blest monument of genius, freedom, for his own safety. It was not mereand humanity; and of those religiously that he electritied admiring senates, institutions, which serve as way or withered, as with the force of marks to a still nobler inheritance. lightning, the nerves of his oppoThis he effected in the face of what. nents : his countrymen at large lookever could shake the stoutest heart. ed to him as an oracle ; and felt their Through those tremendous storms, hopes revive as he spoke. They rewhich the French revolution had signed themselves to his direction, raised, and which might hare appall. and rushed on with confidence, in the ed the most courageous mind, his su. path which he pointed out to them. perior genius safely piloted the vessel At his call, even when out of office, of the state. If he had not possessed we have seen half a million of freea mind sufficiently capacious to ap. men rush to arms, and array them. preciate the extent of our danger, selves in defence of their country. and sufficiently vigorous to withstand The force of eloquence never wrought the desolati.g progress of revolution. greater prodigies among any people. ary principles, the fabric of our policy Indeed, of the fascinations of Mr. must have crumbled into ruins, be. Pitt's eloquence, it is impossible for neath the blows that were both open- any one who has not beard him to form an adequate conception. Its ef. the security of the free Briton will be fect, on some occasions, more resem. endangered, unless the man-stealer, bled that of the electric fluid than any against whom God has denounced his thing else with which it can be com- curse, receive from you licence and pared; while, on all occasions, it protection? Will you say, that if rap. Aowed from him with a clearness, co- ine and murder will at any rate be conpiousness, strength, and majesty, tinued, you are warranted in becoming which left every rival orator at an im- the despoilers and the murderers mense distance.
yourselves ? Is this to be a terror to A letter to a Friend, occasioned by evil doers? Is this to cleanse yourselves the death of this great statesman, from all filthiness of the flesh and spir. closes with the following striking and it? Is this to perfect holiness in the fear useful observations.
of God? Is this to abstain from all ap-. “What if the voice of Mr Pitt pearance of evil? Is this to have the could now reach a British cabinet ? answer of a good conscience towards God? What if it could now command the Is it not practically to aver to the attention of a British senate? What Most High-The laws, O God, which are the suggestions which, with his Thou hast promulgated for the ad. present views, be it more or less that ministration of Thine own world, are his views are corrected and enlarged; inadequate to their purpose. That what are the suggestions, which, with which "Thou commandest, we discove his present views, he would now be er to be in many instances detriment. earnest to enforce upon public men ? al. That which Thou prohibitest, we
“ With solicitude 'inexpressibly perceive to be in many cases necessagreater than he ever felt on any subject ry. Forgive, approve, reward us, for of temporary concern, he would entreat introducing, as occasion requires, the statesmen and politicians habitually needful alterations and exceptions. to bear in mind not only that they Do you start at the thoughts of such have a country to protect, and a king language ! Speak it not by your to serve, but that they have also a deeds. Obey the precepts of your Master in heaven. “ Discharge your
God; and leave consequences in his duty,” he would exclaim, “ to your hands. Distrust not his truth. Dare country and to your king in singleness to confide in his omnipotence. Be. of heart, as unto Christ ; not with eye. lieve that it is righteousness which exservice, as men-pleasers, but as the ser.
alteth a nation : that sin is a reproach sants of Christ, doing the will of God to any people: that nations shall be from the heart : with good will doing punished for their iniquitics. In unservice, as to the Lord, and not to men.
feigned humility; in constant prayer ; Be not ashamed of your God and your in watchfulnesss against transgres. Redeemer. Hold forth the word of life sion; not slothful in business, but fer. before the eyes of all men, aš the vent in spirit, serving the Lord, hope spring of action, as your supreme and for the divine blessing on your coun. universal law. Hold it forth by meas. sels and exertions through that ador. utres conformable to its dictates : hold able Mediator, by whon all blessings it forth by the stedfast avowal of the are dispensed to man. Look to the principles which it teaches, of the mo- day of account before his tribunal. tives which it enjoins. By the rules
Think that betimes, which you will which it delivers, by the spirit which think at last. Judge all things now it inculcates, try all your proceedings. by the standard by which you are to Urge not the difficulties of your situ. be judged. If you may not save your ation as a plea for sin. To you, to ev.
country, forfeit not thic salvation of ery man, belongs the assurance, My your soul.”
Ch. Ob. grace is sufficient for thre. Expel iniquity from your system. Will Memoir of Mrs. Hannah Hodge, who you say that the machine of govern- died in Philadelphia, Dec. 17th, ment cannot pursue its course, unless 1805, in the 85th year of her age. the path be smoothed by corruption ? ( From the Assembly's Magazine.), Will you say that the interests of your Or the subject of this memoir it country cannot be upheld, unless a dis. may be said without exaggeration, tant quarter of the globe be desolated that, for more than half a century, to support them? Will you say that she had deserved the appellation of a“ mother in Israel.” The circum, the pastoral carc of Mr. Andrewş. stances of her early life were, likewise, By him, potwithstanding, she was preclosely interwoven with the most re- spaded to join in the communion of his markable occurrences which attended church, of which she was a member the great revival of religion in Phila- for two or three years, delphia, in common with many other When Mr. Whitefield first visited places, through the instrumentality of America, she was deeply ailected by the Rev. George Whitefield. For his preaching, on which she assidu. these reasons it is believed, that a bi. ously attended. She has often told ographical sketch, somewhat more her friends, that after the first sermon ample than usual, of this truly excel- which she heard him preach, she was lent and remarkable woman, may not ready to say with the woman of Sama-, be devoid either of instruction or en- ria, « Come see a man who told ine tertainment to the readers of the mag- all things that ever I did."
preacher, she said, had so exactly de. Mrs. Hannah Hodge was born in scribed all the secret workings. ot her Philadelphia, in January, 1721. Her heart, her views, her wishes, her father's name was Jolin Harkum: he thoughts, her imaginations, and her was by descent an Englishman, and by exercises, that she really believed he occupation a tobacconist. Her inoth- was either more than niortal, or else er, whose maiden name was Due, or that he was supernaturally assisted to Doz, was a descendant of a French know her heart. Soignorant was she protestant, who fled his country on ac- then, of what she well understood af. count of his religion, in consequence terwards, that all corrupted human of the revocation of the edict of Nantz hearts are much alike; and that he by Lewis the 14th, A. D. 1685. This who can paint one, justly and in lively family of Doz, with other French Pro- colours, may present a picture which testants, were principally instrumental many will recognize as their own. in erecting the first Presbyterian The effects produced in Philadel. church in the city of Philadelphia, As. phia, at this time, by the preaching of sociating with a few English and Irish, Mr. Whitefield, were truly astonishwhose sentiments they found substan- ing. Numbers of almost all religious tially the same with their own, they denominations, and many who had no built a small wooden house for public connexion with any denomination, worship, where the first;Presbyterian were brought to inquire with the ut. church now stands. Of this church the most earnestness, what they should do Rev. Jedidiah Andrews, a Congrega- to be saved. Such was the engaged. tional minister from New-England, was ness of multitudes to listen to spiritucalled to be the first pastor. His un, al instruction, that there was public yielding attachment to certain meas worship, regularly, twice a day, for the pres, which he judged to be impor space of a year, and on the Lord's tant in organizing the congregation day it was celebrated generally thrice, and settling its government and wor- and frequently four times. An aged ship, dismembered it of several per man, deeply interested in the scenes sons who had been most active in its which then were witnessed, and who formation, and who from that time is still living, has informed the writer, joined the Episcopal church. Among that the city (not then probablv a third these was the maternal grandfather of as large as it now is) contained twen. Mrs. Hodge. Her own father and ty-six societies for social prayer and mother, however, remained in connex- religious conference; and probably ion with the congregation of Mr. An- there were others not known to him. drews, and under his ministry she was so great was the zeal and enthusiasm born, and lived to the age of about to hear Mr. Whitefield preach, that cighteen years. Froin her childhood many from the city followed him on she was disposed to a degree of seri. foot to Chester, to Abingdon, to Nesh. ous thoughtfulness, and was a constant aminy, and some even to New-Brunsattendant on public worship. But it wick, in New Jersey, the distance of was her settled opinion, in after life, sixty miles. She, the narrative of that she was totally unacquainted with whose early life has led to the notice of vital piety, while she remained under these circumstances, gare the writer a particular account of an excursion exercises, however, are well known to of twenty miles, which she made to have been of a very violent and disNeshaminy on foot, to attend a reli- tressing kind. At one time she was gious meeting there. But so far was brought near to the borders of despair, she from applauding herself for it, that insomuch that she even refused to lisa she condemned both herself and oth- ten to the counsel of Mr. Tennent, ers, as chargeable with imprudence or even to suffer him to pray with her, and extravagance. She said, that in under an apprehension that it would these excursions, the youth of both but aggravate her future condemuasexes were often exposed to danger
tion. In this state of mind she was and temptation, and that the best visited by the Rev. Dr. Finley, who apology which could be made for them prudently waved a direct discussion of ms, that they were both young and her case, but gradually and insensibly ignorant, and that they had wanted ei. drew her attention to the all-sutti. ther the opportunity or the inclination ciency of the Saviour: “ And who to hear faithful preaching, till their knows," said he “but there may be attention had been engaged by Mr. mercy and pardon there for you !" Whitefield. She used, indeed, often
He then left her. But the words to remark, that the general ignorance
1" who knows but there may be mercy of real piety and experimental reli- for youl,” melted her soul. They gion was, at that time, truly surprising. seemed to chime in her ears after he After the first impressions made by
She fell upon her knees, Mr. Whitefield, four or five godly wo- and poured out her heart before God men in the city, were the principal in secret; and she was enabled so to counsellors to whom awakened and in. trust her soul into che Saviour's hands quiring sinners used to resort, or could as to derive some hope of the divine resort, for advice and direction. Even acceptance, and a measure of consolathe publie preaching of ministers of tion, from that time. She experiencthe gospel, some who were no doubt ed, however, a number of fluctuations, practically acquainted with religion,
before she gained any thing like an was not, it would seem, always the established peace of mind. most seasonable and judicious. Mr.
It was at this period, that she, with Rowland, a truly pious and eloquent
a number of others, endured persecu. man, being invited to preach in the tion for conscience' sake, and were Baptist church, proclaimed the ter
even excluded from their parents' rors of the divine law with such ener. houses, for considering and treating sy, to those whose souls were already the salvation of their souls as the one sinking under them, that not a few thing needful. The subject of this fainted away. On this occasion, how. narrative, during the time of her banever, his error was publicly corrected ishment from her home, supported by the Rev. Gilbert Tenient, who, herself by her needle." She had a sis. standing at the foot of the pulpit, and ter who was similarly circumstanced seeing the effect produced on the as.
with herself. They rented a room, sembly, interrupted and arrested the and lived comfortably and reputably preacher by this address : “ Brother
on the fruits of their own industry, Rowland, is there no balm in Gilead, and before their father's death, they is there no physician there ?" Mr. had the happiness of seeing him fully Rowland, on this changed immediate. reconciled to them, and of hearing ly the tenor of his address, and sought him express his regret for the severity to direct to the Saviour, those who
with which he had treated them. were overwhelmed with a sense of In 1743 a church was formed by Mr. their guilt. But, before this had tak. Gilbert Tennent, out of those who en place, the subject of the present were denominated the followers and memoir had been carried out of the converts of Mr. Whitefield. No less church, in a swoon, which lasted for a than 140 individuals were received considerable time.
at first, after a strict examination, as It has not been ascertained how long members of this newly constituted ber mind remained subject to legal church. The admission of a large, terror, without any measure of the number more was delayed, only becomfortable hope of the gospel. Her cause their exercises and spiritual state had not yet attained such matu- years, one of the brightest ornaments rity as to afford satisfaction to them and most useful members of the selves, or to the officers of the church. church with which she now became But among those received on the first connected. [To be continued.] examination was the eminent Chris. tian, whose story is here recorded, and Died in London, on the 13th Sept. who was to be, for more than sixty The Right Hon, Charles Fox, Esq.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. Memoirs of President Davies, in continuation, were received too late for this number.
J.C. will perceive that we have promptly complied with his request. Our pages are open to candid and useful discussions,
THEOPHILUS has very happily exhibited the perfection of Christ's example ; and proved from that example the divinity of the gospol. This respected Correspondent is requested to add another number, presenting the proof of Christ's true divinity, which may be fairly deduced from the perfection of his moral character. This is a topic of argument to which several excellent wri. ters have referred, but which none have exhausted.
T. on Infidelity, is in type for the next number.
The acknowledgements to Salvian, made in several former numbers of the Panoplist, render our present apology difficult. It must be perceived by intelligent readers, who have noticed past intimations to Salvian, and our delaying to publish his communication, that the expediency of its publication was not obvious. The Editors, after deliberately weighing the subject, have to request their ingenious and esteemed correspondent to excuse them, if they now express their full persuasion that the interest of the Panoplist forbids the admission of metaphysical discussion. Aware of entering on this ground, the Editors, with some hesitancy, admitted the 5th letter of Constans, entire, and subjoined a note to guard against improper inferences. The well written performance of Salvian would probably call from Constans a laboured and minute reply; and there doubtless would be a wish on both sides to extend the controversy to an unprofitable length. Our readers expect to find in the Panoplist, the great principles of evangelical truth stated and defended in the plainest and most intelligible manner; and were metaphysical communications introduced, they would justly charge us with a departure from our professed original design. The public, we hope, will do us the justice to believe, that this resolution is adopted, not because we wish to discountenance the most free and thorough discussion ; but because we apprehend, that the introduction of this controversy would not tend to the accomplishment of our prime objects, which are the elucidation and defence of the peculiar doctrines of the gospel, and the consequent advancement of Christian piety and morality.
Our correspondent, who banded us the communication concerning Bowdoin College, is informed that it did not contain the Address of the President, and is therefore omitted.
We received two reviews from different hands, of Dr. Nott's Sermon. Though we have adopted neither entire, we hope both will be satisfied.
Leighton is received. We thank him for his seasonable communication.
We have added a half-sheet to this number, and omitted several reviews, to give room for interesting intelligence.
The addition to our list of more than sixty new subscribers, during the last month, animates us to pursue our arduous labours, with increased alacrity and zeal.
Ü The profits arising from the sales of the first volume of the Panoplist, and the uses to which they have been appropriated, will be announced in the next or succeeding number of this work.