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and obedience, which is the justification by works that the apostle asserts.

Hereon he makes a double conclusion (for the instance of Rahab being of the same nature and spoken unto before, I shall not insist again upon it). 1. As unto his present argument, ver. 24. 2. As unto the whole of his design, ver. 26. The first is,' that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only; ye see then;' you whom I design to convince of the vanity of that imagination, that you are justified by a dead faith, a breathless carcase of faith, a mere assent unto the truth of the gospel and profession of it, consistent with all manner of impiety, and wholly destitute of good fruits ; you may see what faith it is that is required unto justification and salvation. For Abraham was declared to be righteous, to be justified on that faith which wrought by works, and not at all by such a faith as you pretend unto. A man is justified by works, as Abraham was when he had offered up his son to God. That is, what he really was by faith long before, as the Scripture testifieth, was then and thereby evidenced and declared. And therefore, let no man suppose that by the faith which they boasted of, any one is or can be justified, seeing that whereon Abraham was declared to be so, was that which evidenced itself by its fruits. 2. He lays down that great conclusion which he had evinced by his whole disputation, and which at first he designed to confirm, ver. 26. “For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also. A breathless carcase and an unworking faith are alike, as unto all the ends of natural or spiritual life. This was that which the apostle designed from the beginning to convince vain and barren professors of, which accordingly he hath given sufficient reason and testimony for.

GOSPEL GROUNDS

AND

EVIDENCES

OF THE

FAITH OF GOD'S ELECT;

SUEWING

I. THE NATURE OF TRUE SAVING FAITH, IN SECURING OF THE SPIRITUAL COMFORT OF BELIEVERS IN THIS LIFE, IS OF THE HIGHEST IMPORTANCE,

II. THE WAY WHEREIN TRUE FAITH DOTH EVIDENCE ITSELF IN THE SOUL AND CONSCIENCES OF BELIEVERS, UNTO THEIR SUPPORTMENT AND COMFORT, UNDER ALL THEIR CONFLICTS WITH SIN, IN ALL THEIR TRIALS AND TEMPTATIONS.

III. FAITH WILL EVIDENCE ITSELF, BY A DILIGENT, CONSTANT ENDEAVOUR
TO KEEP ITSELF AND ALL GRACE IN DUE EXERCISE, IN ALL ORDINANCES
OF DIVINE WORSHIP, PRIVATE, AND PUBLIC.
IV. A PECULIAR WAY WHEREBY TRUE FAITH WILL EVIDENCE ITSELF, BY
BRINGING THE SOUL INTO A STATE OF REPENTANCE.

Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves : know ye not your

own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates ?—2 Cor. xiii. 5.

TO THE READER.

As faith is the first vital act that every true Christian puts forth, and the life which he lives is by the faith of the Son of God, so it is his next and great concern to know that he doth believe, and that believing, he hath eternal life; that his faith is the faith of God's elect, and of the operation of God, without some distinct, believing knowledge of which, he cannot so comfortably assure his heart before God concerning his calling and election, so far as to carry him forth in all the ways of holiness, in doing and suffering the will of God with necessary resolution and cheerfulness, the doing of which in a right manner, according to the tenor of the gospel, is no small part of spiritual skill; whereunto two things are highly requisite : First, That he be well acquainted with the doctrine of Christ, and knows how to distinguish the gospel from the law; and, secondly, That he be very conversant with his own heart, that so by comparing his faith, and the fruits thereof, with the said doctrine of Christ, he may come to see that as he hath received Christ, so he walks in him ; all his reasonings concerning himself being taken up from the word of God, so that what judgment he passeth upon himself, may be a judgment of faith, and answer of a good conscience towards God; for all the trials of

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