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as a fact, that he never read the curious proclama. tion issued at the head of Elk, till three days after it was published. He is naturally good humoured, complaisant, but illiterate, indolent to the last de gree, except as an executive soldier, in which capacity he is all fire and activity; and brave and cool as Julius Cæsar. His understanding is rather good than otherwise, but was utterly confounded and stupified by the immensity of the task imposed on him. He shut his eyes, fought his battles, drank his bottle, &c. advised with his counsellors, receiv. ed his orders from North and Germaine, one more absurd than the other, took Galloway's opinion, shut his eyes, fought again, and I suppose is now to be called to account for acting according to his instructions. I believe his eyes are now opened, and he sees he has been an instrument of wickedness and folly.*

HUBBARD WILLIAM, was in the first class of graduates at Harvard College, 1642. In the book of "Wonder-working providences" mention is made of William Hubbard, one of the representa

* How just this observation, when we consider the reception he met with in Great Britain! Lord Germaine laid all the ill success of the campaign in 1777 upon him; and his friend Galloway was the chief evidence against him. Israel Mauduit, the secretary of Germaine, was also employed to write virulent pamphlets to ren der the general's character odious. Howe had advocates in the house of commons; his old friends in the minority, who blamed him for serving in America, took his part against the minister; lord Germaine's orders and instructions were the subject of their philippick, and they were powerful enough to make that minister retire. In the examination before the house of commons, however, the general's conduct did not appear much to his credit. A man may make an excellent captain of grenadiers, who has no talents to command an army. If one half of Galloway's evidence were true, he was the most unfit man to bring America into subjection they could have chosen. What is a little remarkable, a private letter of a British officer when the army was in Boston, has this expression, "Gen. Howe don't seem as if he wanted to conquer America." This agrees with Galloway's account, though nothing can excuse the perfidy of that man, the satellite of the minister of war, whose own ignorance and gross absurdities, were more glaring than gen. Howe's.

tives in the general court, from the town of Ipswich. It is said, he was among the most able speakers in the assembly 1637. One gentleman from Salem was allowed to be more fluent, but none more solid and argumentative. This gentleman is supposed to have been father to the subject of this article, who was teacher of the church in Ipswich till his death. The year of his ordination I have never been able to obtain; the records of the church of Ipswich not being preserved. His gravestone is not to be found, and none of the present gen. eration can recollect much about him. The oldest men in the town, who tell of those form. er divines that were contemporary, such as Rogers, Norton, Cobbet, &c. whose manner of preaching they have heard their fathers describe, have no impressions made upon their minds of the character of Mr. Hubbard, who certainly was for many years the most eminent minister in the county of Essex; equal to any in the province for learning and candour, and superiour to all his contemporaries as a writer. Perhaps he was not so fervent a preacher as some. He might want a voice and manner, or that animation in the pulpit which some preachers have, and which will be more talked of, than the still sound of wisdom. Or perhaps he lived too long for his reputation. When a man's life is cut short in the midst of his days and usefulness, the excellencies of his name and character are the subjects of remark for many generations. If another continues to old age, and mental imbecilities succeed the more vigorous intellect, he is remembered only in the last stage of life, and he drops into the grave without emotions of sorrow. His name is seldom mentioned in the neighbourhood where he dwelt; but those at a distance, who have heard of his fame when he appeared upon the stage with engaging virtue, or read his works with delight, wish to know what were the more minute parts of his character.

. Whether these observations apply generally or not, they certainly apply to the subject of this me moir. He has been quoted by all who give ac. counts of New-England, but few, very few notices of him are in the records of the town, where he spent his days.*


In the year 1676 Mr. Hubbard preached the election sermon, which is among the very good ones published during that century. He was one of the seventeen ministers who bore testimony against the old church in Boston, when they settled Mr. Davenport; also, when the general assembly approved of the act of the first church, and censured the proceedings of the third church, commonly called the Old South. The division excited upon this occasion interested the passions of the people at large, so as to give a new complexion to publick affairs. Most of the deputies, who had so severely censured the brethren who built the Old South church, for their spirit of innovation, and leaving the good old path of their fathers, were left out, and new members chosen. The town of Ipswich took an active part in this matter; and Mr. Hubbard's influence had considerable effect upon their proceedings.

In 1682, Mr. Hubbard is brought to view as the historian of Massachusetts. He received some reward from the publick for his useful work. The following vote is copied from the records of the general court, October 11.

"Whereas it hath been thought necessary and a duty incumbent upon us, to take due notice of all occurrences and passages of God's providence towards the people of this jurisdiction, since their first arrival in these parts, which may remain to posterity, and that the rev. Mr. William Hubbard hath taken pains to compile a history of this nature, which the court doth with thankfulness acknowledge, and as a manifestation thereof, do hereby order the

See Mr. Frisbie's letters, Hist. Coll. vol. x. page 35.

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treasurer to pay unto him the sum of fifty pounds in money, he transcribing it fairly into a book, that it may be the more easily perused, in order to the satisfaction of this court."

In 1684 Mr. Hubbard presided at the commencement. This was after the death of president Rogers. But though Dr. Increase Mather was in the neighbourhood, the Senatus Academicus saw fit to send for a minister from the county of Essex; so respectable was his character among the literary men of his profession.

The publications of Mr. Hubbard were not very numerous. They consist of several volumes in duodecimo; of which are a narrative of the Indian wars; Memoirs of major gen. Dennison, &c. But his chief attention was paid to his ms. history, which was composed upon the plan of Winthrop's journal. For some reason or other neither of these mss. were permitted to be seen by the publick, till lately the journal has been printed. In all his his:tories Mr. Hubbard appears a steady friend to the constitution of the churches. He expressed indig•nant feelings at the erection of the church in Brattlestreet, upon a more liberal plan than our fathers were willing to adopt.

There is nothing of this said in his ms. history, which only comes down to 1680, but he speaks pointedly in his private letters to several gentlemen, and in the last thing he published, his Dying testimony to the order of the churches, which he wrote jointly with Mr. Higginson of Salem. He died Sept. 24th, 1704, aged 83.

HUNTINGTON SAMUEL, governour of Connecticut, was the son of Nathaniel Huntington, esq. of Windham, and descended from an honourable and respectable family. His early years were distinguished by indications of an excellent understanding and a taste for mental improvement. Without the advantage of an education at any university, or the assistance of professional studies, he acquired a

competent knowledge of law, and having fixed at Norwich, he in a few years became eminent in his profession. In 1764, he was a representative to the general assembly, and the year following attorney. general. In 1774, he was appointed assistant judge in the superiour court. In 1775, he was elected a counsellor and a delegate to congress. In 1779, he was president of that illustrious body. When the time expired for which he was chosen into the national councils, he resumed his seat upon the bench. In 1784 he was appointed chief justice of the state and lieut. governour. He succeeded gov. Griswold as chief magistrate in 1786, and was annually re-elected until his death, Jan. 8. 1796.

"His natural disposition was mild and amiable, the whole tenor of his conversation ingratiating and exemplary. The prosperity of the state during his administration, the flourishing condition of its civil and military interests, are unequivocal testimonies of the wisdom and fidelity with which he presided. As a professor of religion, a constant attendant upon the institutions of christianity, he manifested an unvarying faith in its doctrines and joyful hopes in its promises."

The governour left no children. Mrs. H. died, June 4, 1794, in the 56th year of her age. She was the daughter of the rev. Ebenezer Devotion of Windham. Strong's sermon.

HUMPHREY JOHN was early engaged in the settlement of the New England plantations. He was one of the original patentees from the council of Plymouth. He married the lady Susan, daughter to the earl of Lincoln, and brought her with their children to Massachusetts bay in 1632; and was immediately chosen assistant. He fixed his habitation at Lynn, or Saugus. The spot of ground which he cultivated lies on the old road between Boston and Salem. In 1640, he was about removing to the Bahama islands, but altered his purpose upon hearing that New Providence was taken by

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