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Such is the purport and merit of the Village the clearer-sighted, astonishing and alarming, Patriarch; it struggles towards a noble utter. It indicates that they find themselves, as Naance, which however it can nowise find. Old poleon was wont to say, “ in a new position;" Enoch is from the first speechless, heard of position wonderful enough; of extreme rather than heard or seen; at best, mute, mo- singularity; to which, in the whole course of tionless like a stone-pillar of his own carving. History, there is perhaps but one case in some Indeed, to find fit utterance for such meaning measure parallel. The case alluded to stands as lies struggling here is a problem, to which recorded in the Book of Numbers: the case of the highest poetic minds may long be content Balaam the son of Beor. Truly, if we conto accomplish only approximate solutions. sider it, there are few passages more notable Meanwhile, our honest Rhymer, with no guide and pregnant in their way, than this of Babut the instinct of a clear natural talent, has / laam. The Midianitish Soothsayer (Truthcreated and adjusted somewhat, not without speaker, or as we should now say, Counselvitality of union: has avoided somewhat, the giver and Senator) is journeying forth, as he road to which lay open enough. His Village has from of old quite prosperously done, in Patriach, for example, though of an elegiac the way of his vocation; not so much to strain, is not wholly lachrymose, not without “curse the people of the Lord,” as to earn touches of rugged gayety ;-is like Life itself, for himself a comfortable penny by such with tears and toil, with laughter and rude means as are possible and expedient; some. play, such as metallurgic Yorkshire sees it :- thing, it is hoped, midway between cursing in which sense, that wondrous Courtship of and blessing; which shall pot, except in case the sharp-tempered, oft-widowed Alice Green of necessity, be either a curse or a blessing, may pass, questionable, yet with a certain air or any thing so much as a Nothing that will of soot-stained genuineness. And so has, not look like a Something and bring wages in. a Picture, indeed, yet a sort of genial Study For the man is not dishonest; far from it; still or Cartoon come together for him: and may less is he honest; but above all things, he is, endure there, after some tary oil-daubings, has been, and will be, respectable. Did calumwhich we have seen framed with gilding, and ny ever dare to fasten itself on the fair fame hung up in proud galleries, have become rags of Balaam? In his whole walk and converand rubbish.
sation, has he not shown consistency enough; To one class of readers especially, such ever doing and speaking the thing that was Books as these ought to be interesting ;-to the decent; with proper spirit, maintaining his highest, that is to say, the richest class. Among status ; so that friend and opponent must often our Aristocracy, there are men, we trust there compliment him, and defy the spiteful world are many men, who feel that they also are to say, Herein art thou a Knave? And now workmen, born to toil, ever in their great as he jogs along, in official comfort, with Taskmaster's eye, faithfully with heart and brave official retinue, his heart filled with good head for those that with heart and hand do, things, his head with schemes for the suppresunder the same great Taskmaster, toil for sion of Vice, and the Cause of civil and rethem ;-who have even this noblest and hard-ligious Liberty all over the world ;-consider est work set before them-To deliver out of what a spasm, and life-clutching, ice-taloned that Egyptian bondage to Wretchedness, and pang, must have shot through the brain and Ignorance, and Sin, the hardhanded millions, pericardium of Balaam, when his Ass not of whom this hardhanded, earnest witness, only on the sudden stood stock-still, defying and writer, is here representative. To such spur and cudgel, but began to talk, and that men his writing will be as a Document, which in a reasonable manner! Did not his face, they will lovingly interpret: what is dark elongating, collapse, and tremor occupy his and exasperated and acrid, in their hum-joints ? For the thin crust of Respeciability ble Brother, they for themselves will en- has cracked asunder; and a bottomless pre lighten and sweeten; taking thankfully what ternatural Inane yawns under him instead. is the real purport of his message, and lay- Farewell, a long farewell to all my greatness! ing it earnestly to heart. Might an instruc- the spirit-stirring Vote, ear-piercing Hear; the tive relation and interchange between High big Speech that makes ambition virtue ; soft and Low, at length ground itself, and more Palm-greasing first of raptures, and Cheers and more perfect itself, to the unspeaka. that emulate sphere-music: Balaam's occupable profit of all parties; for if all parties tion's gone! are to love and help one another, the first As for our stout Corn-Law Rhymer, what step towards this is, that all thoroughly un- can we say by way of valediction but this,derstand one another. To such rich men Well done; come again, doing better? Adan authentic message from the hearts of poor vices enough there were; but all lie included men, from the heart of one poor man, will be under one,-To keep his eyes open, and do welcome.
honestly whatsoever his hand shall find to do. To another class of our Aristocracy, again, We have praised him for sincerity ; let him who unhappily feel rather that they are not become more and more sincere; casting out workmen; and profess not so much to bear all remnants of Hearsay, Imitation, ephemeral any burden, as to be themselves, with utmost Speculation; resolutely “ clearing his mind of attainable steudiness, and if possible, graceful. Cant.” We advised a wider course of read. ness, borne-such a phenomenon as this of the ing: would he forgive us if we now suggested dheffield Corn-Law Rhymer, with a Manches- the question, Whether Rhyme is the only dia. ler Detrosier, and much else, pointing the lect he can write in; whether Rhyme is, after same way, will be quile unwelcome; indeed, to all, the natural or filtest dialect for him? In
good Prose, which differs inconceivably from of it, written in Heaven ; anil is now proclaimed bad Prosc, what may not be written, what may in the Earth, and read aloud at all marketnot be read; from a_Waverley Novel, to an crosses; nor are innumerable volunteer tipArabic Koran, to an English Bible! Rhyme staves and headsmen wanting to execute the has plain advantages; which, however, are same: for which needful service men inferior often purchased too dear. If the inward to him may suffice. Why should the heart of thought can speak itself and not sing itself, let the Corn-Law Rhymer be troubled ? Spite of it, especially in these quite unmusical days, “ Bread-tax," he and his brave children, who do the former. In any case, if the inward will emulate their sire, have yet bread: the Thought do not sing itself, that singing of the Workhouse, as we rejoice to fancy, has receded outward Phrase is a timber-toned, false matter into the safe distance; and is now quite shut we could well dispense with. Will our Rhy- out from his poetic pleasure-ground. Why mer consider himself, then; and decide for should he afflict himself with devices of “Bówhat is actually best. Rhyme, up to this hour, roughmongering gowls,” or the rage of the never seems altogether obedient to him; and Heathen imagining a vain thing? This matter, disobedient Rhyme,—who would ride on it which he calls Corn-Law, will not have comthat had once learned walking?
pleted itself, adjusted itself into clearness, for He takes amiss that some friends have ad- the space of a century or two: nay, after monished him to quit Politics; we will not twenty centuries, what will there, or can there repeat that admonition. Let him, on this as on be for the son of Adam, but Work, Work, two all other matters, take solemn counsel with his hands quite full of Work! Meanwhile, is not own Socrates'-Demon ; such as dwells in every the Corn-Law Rhymer already a king, though mortal : such as he is a happy mortal who can a belligerent one; king of his own mind and hear the voice of, follow the behests of, like an faculty, and what man in the long run is king unalterable law. At the same time, we could of more? Not one in the thousand, even truly wish to see such a mind as his engaged among sceptered kings, of so much. Be dilirather in considering what, in his own sphere, gent in business, then; fervent in spirit. Above could be done, than what, in his own or other all things, lay aside anger, uncharitableness, spheres, ought to be destroyed ; rather in pro- hatred, noisy tumult; avoid them, as worse ducing or preserving the True, than in mangling than Pestilence, worse than “ Bread-tax" itself: and slashing asunder the False. Let him be For it well beseemeth kings, all mortals it beseemeth at ease: the False is already dead, or lives
well, only with a mock life. The death-sentence of To possess their souls in patience, and await what can the False was of old, from the first beginning|
TRANSLATED FROM GOETHE.
(FRASER'S MAGAZINE, 1832.)
The spacious courts of the Prince's Castle | ingly participated in the tastes and endeavours were still veiled in thick mists of an autumnal of the other. The Prince's father had already, morning; through which veil, meanwhile, as in his time, discerned and improved the season it melted into clearness, you could more or when it became evident that all members of less discern the whole Hunter-company, on the commonwealth should pass their days in horseback and on foot, all busily astir. The equal industry; should all, in equal working hasty occupations of the nearesi were distin- and producing, each in his kind, first earn and guishable: there was lengthening, shortening then enjoy. of stirrup-leathers; there was handling of rifles How well this had prospered was visible in and shoi-pouches, there was putting of game- these very days, when the head-market was a bags to rights; while the hounds, impatient in holding, which you might well enough have their leashes, threatened to drag their keepers named a fair. The Prince yester-even had led off with them. Here and there, too, a horse his Princess on horseback through the tumult showed spirit more than enough; driven on of the heaped-up wares; and pointed out to by its fiery nature, or excited by the spur of her how on this spot the Mountain region met its rider, who even now in the half-dusk could the Plain country in profitable barter : he could not repress a certain self-complacent wish to here, with the objects before him, awaken her exhibit himself. All wailed, however, on the attention to the various industry of his Land. Prince, who, taking leave of his young consort, If the Prince at this time occupied himself was now delaying too long.
and his servants almost exclusively with these United a short while ago, they already felt pressing concerns, and in particular worked the happiness of consentaneous dispositions; incessantly with his Finance-minister, yet both were of active vivid character; each will- would the Hunt-master too hare his right; on
whose pleading, the temptation could not be yet when Nature leaves off, and Art and Han. resisted to undertake, in this choice autumn dicraft begin, no one can distinguish. Farther weather, a Hunt that had already been post- you perceive sidewards walls abutting on it
, poned; and so for the household itself, and for and donjons terrace-wise stretching down. the many stranger visitants, prepare a peculiar But I speak wrong, for to the eye it is but a and singular festivity.
wood that encircles that old summit; these The Princess stayed behind with reluctance: hundred and fisiy years no axe has sounded but it was proposed to push far into the Moun there, and the massiest stems have on all sides tains, and stir up the peaceable inhabitants of sprung up; wherever you press in wards to the the forests there with an unexpected invasion. walls, the smooth maple, the rough oak, the
At parting, her lord failed not to propose a taper pine, with trunk and roots oppose you; ride for her, with Friedrich, the Prince-Uncle, round these we have to wind, and pick our as escort: “I will leave thee,” said he, “our footsteps with skill. Do but look how arufully Honorio too, as Equerry and Page, who will our Master has brought the character of it on manage all.” In pursuance of which words, paper; how the roots and stems, the species he, in descending, gave to a handsome young of each distinguishable, twist themselves man the needful injunctions; and soon there among the masonry, and the huge boughs after disappeared with guests and train. come looping through the holes. It is a wil
The Princess, who had waved her hand- derness like no other; an accidentally unique kerchief to her husband while still down in locality, where ancient traces of long-vanished the court, now retired to the back apartments, power of Man, and the ever-living, ever-workwhich commanded a free prospect towards the ing power of Nature show themselves in the Mountains; and so much the lovelier, as the most earnest conflict.” Castle itself stood on a sort of elevation, and Exhibiting another leaf, he went on: “ What thus, behind as well as before, afforded mani- say you now to the Castle-court, which, befold magnificent views. She found the fine come inaccessible by the falling in of the old telescope still in the position where they had gate-tower, had for immemorial time been left it yester-even, when amusing themselves trodden by no foot? We sought to get at over bush and hill and forest-summit, with the it by a side; have pierced through walls, lofty ruins of the primeval Stammburg, or blasted vaults asunder, and so provided a conFamily Tower; which in the clearness of eve- venient but secret way. Inside it needed no ning stood out noteworthy, as at that hour, with clearance; here stretches a flat rock-summit, its great light-and-shade masses, the best aspect smoothed by nature: but yet strong trees have of so venerable a memorial of old time was to in spots found luck and opportunity for rooting be had. This morning too, with the approxi- themselves there; they have softly but demating glasses, might be beautifully seen the cidedly grown up, and now stretch out their autumnal tinge of the trees, many in kind and boughs into the galleries where the knights number, which had struggled up through the once walked to and fro; nay, through the doors masonry unhindered and undisturbed during and windows into the vaulted halls; out of long years. The fair dame, however, directed which we would not drive them: they have the tube somewhat lower, to a waste stony flat, even got the mastery, and may keep it. Sweep, over which the Hunting-train was to pass: she ing away deep strata of leaves, we have found waited the moment with patience, and was not the notablest place all smoothed, the like of disappointed; for with the clearness and mag- which were perhaps not to be met with in the nifying power of the instrument her glancir world. eyes plainly distinguished the Prince and the “ After all this, however, it is still to be reHead-Equerry; nay, she forbore not again to marked, and on the spot itself well worth er. wave her handkerchief, as some momentary amining, how on the steps that lead up to the pause and looking back was fancied perhaps, main tower, a maple has struck root and fashrather than observed.
ioned itself to a stout tree, so that you can Prince-Uncle, Friedrich by name, now with hardly with difficulty press by it, to mount the announcement, entered, attended by his Pain- battlements and gaze over the unbounded proster, who carried a large portfolio under his pect. Yet here too, you linger pleased in the arm. “Dear Cousin,” said the hale old gen-shade; for that tree is it which high over the tleman, “we here present you with the Views whole wondrously lifts itself into the air. of the Stammburg, taken on various sides to “Let us thank the brave Artist, then, who so show how the mighty Pile, warred on and deservingly in various pictures teaches us the warring, has from old times fronted the year whole, even as if we saw it: he has spent the and its weather; how here and there its wall fairest hours of the day and of the season had to yield, here and there rush down into therein, and for weeks long kept moving about waste ruins. However, we have now done these scenes. Here in this corner has there much to make the wild mass accessible; for for him, and the warder we gave him, been a more there wants not to set every traveller, little pleasant dwelling fitted np. You could every visitor, into astonishment, into admira- not think, my Best, what a lovely outlook into tion."
the country, into court and walls, he has got As the Prince now exhibited the separate there. But now when all is once in outline, so leaves, he continued: “Here where, advancing pure, so characteristic, he may finish it down up the hollow-way, through the outer ring here at his ease. With these pictures we will walls, you reach the Fortress proper, rises decorate our garden-hall; and no one shall against us a rock, the firmest of the whole recreate his eyes over our regular parterres, mountain; on this there stands a tower built, our groves and shady walks, withoui vishing nimself up there, to follow, in actual sight of The Princess hastened to mount her favourthe old and of the new, of the stubborn, inflex-ite horse: and led, not through the backgate ible, indestructible, and of the fresh, pliant, upwards, but through the foregate downwards irresistible, what reflections and comparisons her reluctant-willing attendant; for who but would rise for him."
would gladly have ridden by her side, who but Honorio entered, with notice that the horses would gladly have followed after her. And so were brought out; then said the Princess, turn- Honorio too had without regret stayed back ing to the Uncle: “Let us ride up; and you from the otherwise so wished-for Hunt, to be will show me in reality what you have here exclusively at her service. set before me in image. Ever since I came As was to be anticipated, they could only among you, I have heard of this undertaking; ride through the market step by step: but the and should now like of all things to see with fair Lovely one enlivened every stoppage by my own eyes what in the narrative seemed some sprightly remark, “I repeal my lesson impossible, and in the depicting remains im- of yester-night,” said she, “since Necessity is probable.--" Not yet, my Love,” answered the trying our patience.” And in truth, the whole Prince: “what you here saw is what it can mass of men so crowded about the riders, that become and is becoming; for the present their progress was slow. The people gazed much in the enterprise stands still amid im- with joy at the young dame; and, on so many pediments; Art must first be complete, if Na- smiling countenances, might be read the pleature is not to shame it.”—“ Then let us ride at sure they felt to see that the first woman least upwards, were it only to the foot: I have in the land was also the fairest and grace. the greatest wish to-day to look about me far fullest. in the world.”—“Aliogether as you will it,” Promiscuously mingled stood, Mountaineers, replied the Prince.—“Let us ride through the who had built their still dwellings amid rocks, Town, however," continued the Lady, “over firs, and spruces; Lowlanders from hills, 'the great market-place, where stands the in- meadows, and leas; craftsmen of the lule numerable crowd of booths, looking like a towns; and what else had all assembled there. little city, like a camp. It is as if the wants After a quiet glance, the Princess remarked to and occupations of all the families in the land her attendant, how all these, whencesoever were turned outwards, assembled in this cen- they came, had taken more stuff than necessary tre, and brought into the light of day: for the for their clothes, more cloth and linen, more attentive observer can descry whatsoever it is ribands for trimming. It is as if the women that man performs and needs; you fancy, for couid not be bushy enough, the men not puffy the moment, there is no money necessary, that enough, to please themselves. all business could here be managed by barter, “We will leave them that," answered the and so at bottom it is. Since the Prince, last uncle: "spend his superfluity on what he will, Dight, set me on these reflections, it is pleasant a man is happy in it; bappiest when he thereto consider how here, where Mountain and Plain with decks and dizens himself." The fair meet together, both so clearly speak out what dame nodded assent. they require, and wish. For as the High- So had they by degrees got upon a clear lander can fashion the timber of his woods space, which led out to the suburbs, when, at into a hundred shapes, and mould his iron for the end of many small booths and stands, a all manner of uses, so these others from below larger edifice of boards showed itself, which come to meet him with most manifold wares, was scarcely glanced at till an ear-lacerating in which often you can hardly discover the bellow sounded forth from it. The seedingmaterial or recognise the aim.”
hour of the wild beasts there exhibited seemed “I am aware," answered the Prince, “that to have come: the Lion let his forest and my Nephew turns his utmost care to these desert-voice be heard in all vigour; the horses things; for specially, on the present occasion, shuddered, and all must remark how, in the this main point comes to be considered, that peaceful ways and workings of the cultivated one receive more than one give out: which to world, the King of the wilderness so fearfully manage is, in the long run, the sum of all Po- announced himself. Coming nearer the booth, litical Economy, as of the smallest private you could not overlook the variegated colossal housekeeping. Pardon me, however, my Best: pictures representing with violent colours and I never like to ride through markets; at every strong emblems those foreign beasts; to a step you are hindered and kept back; and then sight of which the peaceful burgher was to be flames up in my imagination the monstrous irresistibly enticed. The grim monstrous misery which, as it were, burnt itself into my tiger was pouncing on a blackamoor, on the eyes, when I witnessed one such world of point of tearing him in shreds; a lion slood wares go off in fire. I had scarcely got to earnest and majestic, as if he saw no prey
worthy of him; other wondrous party-co“Let us not lose the bright hours," inter- loured creatures, beside these mighty ones, rupted the Princess, for the worthy man had deserved less attention. already more than once afflicted her with the “As we come back," said the Princess, “wc minute description of that mischance: how he will alight and take a nearer view of these being on a long journey, resting in the best gentry.”_" It is strange," observed the Prince, inn, on the market-place which was just then that man always seeks excitement by Terror. swarming with a fair, had gone to bed exceed. Inside, there, the 'Tiger lies quite quiet in his ingly fatigued; and in the night-time been, by cage; and here must he ferociously dart upon shrieks, and flames rolling up against his a black, that the people may fancy the like is Lodging, hideously awakened.
to be seen within; o murder and sudden death, 48
of burning and destruction, there is not enough; clearest light; the Prince's Castle, with its but ballad-singers must at every corner keep compartments, main buildings, wings, domes, repeating it. Good man will have himself and towers, lay clear and stately; the upper frightened a little; to feel the better, in secret, Town in its whole extent; into the lower also how beautiful and laudable it is to draw breath you could conveniently look, nay, by the telein freedom."
scope distinguish the booths in the marketWhatever of apprehensiveness from such place. So furthersome an instrument Honorio bugbear images might have remained, was would never leave behind: they looked at the soon all and wholly effaced, as, issuing through River upwards and downwards, on this side the gate, our party entered on the cheerfullest the mountainous, terrace-like, interrupted exof scenes The road led first up the River, as panse, on that the upswelling, fruitful land, yet but a sinall current, and bearing only light alternating in level and low hill; places inboats, but which by and by, as renowned world- numerable; for it was long customary to disstream, would carry forth its name and waters. pute how many of them were here to be seen. and enliven distant lands. They proceeded Over the great expanse lay a cheerful stille next through well cultivated fruit-gardens and ness, as is common at noon; when, as the pleasure-grounds, softly ascending; and by Ancients were wont to say, Pan is asleep, and degrees you could look about you in the all Nature holds her breath not to awaken now-disclosed much-peopled region, till first a him. thicket, then a little wood admitted our riders, " It is not the first time," said the Princess, and the gracefullest localities refreshed and that I, on some such high far-seeing spoi, limited their view. A meadow vale leading have reflected how Nature all clear looks so upwards, shortly before mown for the second pure and peaceful, and gives you the imprestime, velvet-like to look upon, watered by a sion as if there were nothing contradictory in brook rushing out lively, copious at once from the world; and yet when you return back into the uplands above, received them as with wel- the habitation of man, be it lofty or low, wide come; and so they approached a higher, freer or narrow, there is ever somewhat to contend station, which, on issuing from the wood, after with, to battle with, to smooth and put i a stiff ascent, they gained; and could now rights." descry, over new clumps of trees, the old Honorio, who, meanwhile, was looking Castle, the goal of their pilgrimage, rising in through the glass at the Town, exclaimed: the distance, as pinnacle of the rock and forest. "See! see! There is fire in the market!" Backwards, again, (for never did one mount They looked, and could observe some smoke, hither without turning round,) they caught, the flames were smothered in the daylight. through accidental openings of the high trees, " The fire spreads !" cried he, still looking the Prince's Castle, on the left, lightened by through the glass; the mischief indeed now the morning sun; the well-built higher quarter became noticeable to the good eyes of the of the Town softened under light smoke-clouds; Princess; from time to time you observed a and so on, rightwards, the under Town, the red burst of flame; the smoke mounted aloft; River in several bendings, with its meadows and Prince-Uncle said: “Let us return : that and mills; on the farther side, an extensive is not good; I always feared I should see fertile region.
that misery a second time.” They descended, Having satisfied themselves with the pros- got back to their horses. “Ride," said the pect, or rather as usually happens when we Princess to the Uncle, “fast, but not without look round from so high a station, become a groom; leave me Honorio, we will follow doubly eager for a wider, less limited view, without delay. The Uncle felt the reason. they rode on, over a broad stony flat, where ableness, nay necessity of this; and started the mighty Ruin stood fronting them, as a off down the waste stony slope, at the quickest green-crowned summit, a few old trees far pace the ground allowed. down about its foot: they rode along; and As the Princess mounted, Honorio said: so arrived there, just at the steepest, most “Please your Excellency to ride slow! In the inaccessible side. Great rocks jutting out Town as in the Castle; the fire-apparatus is in from of old, insensible of every change, firm, perfect order; the people, in this unexpected well-founded, stood clenched together there; accident, will not lose their presence of mind. and so it towered upwards: what had fallen at Here, moreover, we have bad ground, little intervals lay in huge plates and fragments stones and short grass; quick riding is unsafe; confusedly heaped, and seemed to forbid the in any case, before we arrive, the fire will be boldest any attempt. But the steep, the pre- got under.” The Princess did not think so; cipitous is inviting to youth: to undertake it, she observed the smoke spreading, she fancied to storm and conquer it, is for young limbs an that she saw a flame hash up, that she heard enjoyment. The Princess testified desire for an explosion; and now in her imagination all an attempt; Honorio was at her hånd; the the terrific things awoke, which the worthy Prince-Uncle, if easier to satisfy, took it cheer- Uncle's repeated narrative of his experiences fully, and would show that he too had strength: in that market-conflagration had 100 deeply the horses were to wait below among the trees; implanted there. our climbers make for a certain point, where Frightful doubtless had that business been, a huge projecting rock affords a standing-room, alarming and impressive enough to leave beand a prospect, which indeed is already pass. hind it, painfully through life long, a boding ing over into the bird's-eye kind, yet folds itself and image of its recurrence, when, in the night together there picturesquely enough.
season, on the great booth-covered marketThe sun, almost at its meridian, lent the space, a sudden fire had seized booth añer