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sut asserting for Schiller any claim that even | Schiller be forgotten. “His works, too, the enemies can dispute, enough will remain for memory of what he did and was, will arise nim. We may say that, as a Poet and Thinker, afar off like a towering landmark in the solihe attained to a perennial Truth, and ranks rude of the Past, when distance shall have among the noblest productions of his century dwarfed into invisibility many lesser people and nation. Goethe may continue the German that once encompassed him, and hid him from Poet, but neither through long generations can I the near beholder."

THE NIBELUNGEN LIED.*

[WESTMINSTER REVIEW, 1831.]

In the year 1757, the Swiss Professor Bod- I gress. The Nibelungen has now been investimer printed an ancient poetical manuscript, gated, translated, collated, commented upon, under the title of Chriemhilden Ruche und die with more or less result, to almost boundless Klage, (Chriemhilde's Revenge, and the La-lengths: besides the Work named at the head ment;) which may be considered as the first of this Paper, and which stands there simply of a series, or stream of publications, and as one of the latest, we have Versions into the speculations still rolling on, with increased modern tongue by Von der Hagen, by Hinscurrent, to the present day. Not, indeed, that berg, Lachmann, Büsching, Zeune, the last in all these had their source or determining cause Prose, and said to be worthless; Criticisms, in so insignificant a circumstance; their Introductions, Keys, and so forth, by innumersource, or rather thousand sources, lay far able others, of whom we mention only Docen elsewhere. As has often been remarked, a and the Brothers Grimm. certain antiquarian tendency in Literature, a By which means, not only has the Poem fonder, more earnest looking back into the itself been elucidated with all manner of rePast, began about that time to manifest itself in searches, but its whole environment has come all nations, (witness our own Percy's Reliques :) forth in new light; the scene and personages this was among the first distinct symptoms of it relates to, the other fictions and traditions it in Germany: where, as with ourselves, its convected with it, have attained a new importmanifold effects are still visible enough. ance and coherence. Manuscripts, that for ages

Some fifteen years after Bodmer's publica- had lain dormant, have issued from their tion, which, for the rest, is not celebrated as archives into public view; books that had an editorial feat, one C. H. Müller undertook a circulated only in mean guise for the amuseCollection of German Poems from the Twelfth, ment of the people, have become important, Thirteenth, and Fourteenth Centuries; wherein, not to one or two virtuosos, but to the general among other articles, he reprinted Bodmer's body of the learned: and now a whole System Ckriemhilde and Klage, with a highly remarka- of antique Teutonic Fiction and Mythology ble addition prefixed to the former, essential unfolds itself, shedding here and there a real indeed to the right understanding of it; and though feeble and uncertain glimmer over the whole now stood before the world as one what was once the total darkness of the old Poem, under the name of the Nibelungen Lied, Time. No fewer than Fourteen ancient Tradior Lay of the Nibelungen. It has since been tionary Poems, all strangely intertwisted, and ascertained that the Klage is a foreign inferior growing out of and into one another, have appendage; at best, related only as epilogue come to light among the Germans; who now, to the main work: meanwhile out of this Nibe-in looking back, find that they too, as well as Iwagen, such as it was, there soon proceeded the Greeks, have their Heroic Age, and round sew inquiries, and kindred enterprises. For the old Valhalla, as their Northern Pantheon, much as the Poem, in the shape it here bore, a world of demi-gods and wonders. was defaced and marred, it failed not to attract Such a phenomenon, unexpected till of late, observation: to all open-minded lovers of cannot but interest a deep-thinking, enthusipoetry, especially where a strong patriotic astic people. For the Nibelungen especially, feeling existed, this singular, antique Nibelungen which lies as the centre and distinct keystone was an interesting appearance. Johannes of the whole too chaotic System, let us say Müller, in his famous Suiss History, spoke of it rather, blooms as a firm sunny island in the in warm terms: subsequently, August Wilhelm middle of these cloud-covered, ever-shifting, Schlegel, through the medium of Das Deutsche sand-whirlpools,—they cannot sufficiently tesMuseum, succeeded in awakening something tify their love and veneration. Learned profeslike a universal popular feeling on the subject; sors lecture on the Nibelungen, in public schools, and, as a natural consequence, a whole host with a praiseworthy view to initiate the Gerof Editors and Critics, of deep and of shallow man youth in love of their fatherland; from endeavour, whose labours we yet see in pro- many zealous and nowise ignorant critics we

hear talk of a “great Northern Epos," of a

"German Iliad;" the more saturnine are shamed The Müdlungen Iried, translated by Karl Simrock.) I from all quarters comes a sound of joyfu!

Das Nibelungen Lied, übersetzt von Karl Simrock. into silence, or hollow mouth-homage'; thus sola. 12mo. Berlin, 1827.

one.

acclamation: the Nibelungen is welcomed as a / of Substance that casts such multiplied im. precious national possession, recovered after measurable Shadows? The primeval Mythus, six centuries of neglect, and takes undisputed were it at first philosophical truth, or were it place among the sacred books of German historical incident, floats too vaguely on the literature.

breath of men : each successive Singer and Of these curious transactions, some rumour Redactor furnishes it with new personages, has not failed to reach us in England, where new scenery, to please a new audience; each our minds, from their own antiquarian dis. has the privilege of inventing, and the far position, were willing enough to receive it. wider privilege of borrowing and new-modelAbstracts and extracts of the Nibelungen haveling from all that have preceded him. Thus been printed in our language; there have been though Tradition may have but one rool, it disquisitions on it in our Reviews; hitherto, grows like a Banian, into a whole overarching however, such as nowise to exhaust the sub- labyrinth of trees. Or rather might we say, it ject. On the contrary, where so much was to is a Hall of Mirrors, where in pale light each be told at once, the speaker might be some mirror reflects, convexly or concavely, not what puzzled where to begin: it was a much only some real Object, but the Shadows of this readier method to begin with the end, or with in other mirrors; which again do the like for any part of the middle, than like Hamilton's it: till in such reflection and re-reflection the Pam (whose example is too little followed in whole immensity is filled with dimmer and literary narrative) to begin with the beginning. dimmer shapes; and no firm scene lies round Thus has our stock of intelligence come us, but a dislocated, distorted chaos, fading rushing out on us quite promiscuously and away on all hands, in the distance, into atter pell-mell; whereby the whole maller could not night. Only to some brave Von der Hagen, but acquire a tortuous, confused, altogether furnished with indefatigable ardour, and a deep, inexplicable, and even dreary aspect; and the almost a religious love, is it given to find sure class of “well-informed persons" now find footing there, and see his way. All those Dukes themselves in that uncomfortable position, of Aquitania, therefore, and Eizei's Courl-holdings, where they are obliged to profess admiration, and Dietriche and Sigeno's, we shall leave standand at the same time feel thal, except by name, ing where they are. Such as desire farther in. they know not what the thing admired is. formation, will find an intelligible account of Such a position towards the venerable Nibelun- the whole Series or Cycle, in Messrs. Weber gen, which is no less bright and graceful than and Jamieson's Illustrations of Northern Antihistorically significant, cannot be the right quities; and all possible furtherance, in the

Moreover, as appears to us, it might be numerous German works above alluded to; somewhat mended by very simple means. among which Von der Hagen's writings, though Let any one that had honestly read the Nibe- not the readiest, are probably the safest guides. lungen, which in these days is no surprising But for us, our business here is with the achievement, only tell us what he found there, Nibelungen, the inhabited poetic country round and nothing thai he did not find: we should which all these wildernesses lie; only as enthen know something, and, what were still bet- vironments of which, as routes to which, are ter, be ready for knowing more. To search out they of moment to us. Perhaps our shortest the secret roots of such a production, ramified and smoothest route will be through the Heldthrough successive layers of centuries, and enbuch, (Hero-book ;) which is greatly the most drawing nourishment from each, may be work, important of these subsidiary Fictions, not and too hard work, for the deepest philosopher without interest of its own, and closely related and critic; but to look with natural eyes on to the Nibelungen. This Heldenbuch, therefore, what part of it stands visibly above ground, we must now address ourselves to traverse and record his own experiences thereof, is what with all despatch. At the present stage of the any reasonable mortal, if he will take heed, business, too, we shall forbear any historical can do.

inquiry and argument concerning the date and Some such slight service we here intend local habitation of those Traditions; reserving proffering to our readers : let them glance with what little is to be said on that matter till the us a little into that mighty maze of Northern Traditions themselves have become better Archæology; where, it may be, some pleasant known to us. Let the reader, on trust, for the prospects will open. If the Nibelungen is what present, transport himself into the twelfth or we have called it, a firm sunny island amid thirteenth century; and therefrom looking back the weltering chaos of antique tradition, it must into the sixth or fifth, see what presents itsell. be worth visiting on general grounds; nay, if the primeval rudiments of it have the antiquity Of the Heldenbuch, tried on its own merits, assigned them, it belongs especially to us and except as illustrating that other far worthier English Teutones as well as to the German. Poem, or at most as an old national, and still

Far be it from us, meanwhile, 10 venture in some measure popular book, we should have rashly or farther than is needful, into that same felt strongly inclined to say, as the curate in traditionary chaos, fondly named the “Cycle Don Quixole so often did, al corral con ello, Out of Northern Fiction," with its Fourteen Sectors, of window with it! Doubtless there are touches (or separate Poems,) which are rather Four of beauty in the work, and even a sort of leen shoreless Limbos, where we hear of hearuiness and antique quaintness in its wildpieces containing “a hundred thousand verses," est follies; but on the whole that George-andand “ seventy thousand verses," as of a quite Dragon species of composition has long ceased natural affair! How travel through that inane to find favour with any one; and except for its cuuntry; by what art discover the little grain groundwork, more or less discernible, of all Northern Fiction, this Heldenbuch has lie 10 different from old Machabol; concerning whom distinguish it from these. Nevertheless, what it is chiefly to be noted that Dwarf Elberich, is worth remark, it seems to have been a far rendering himself invisible on their first interhigher favourite than the Nibelungen, with an- view, plucks out a handsul of hair from his cient readers: it was printed soon after the chin; thereby increasing to a tenfold pitch the invention of printing: some think in 1472, for royal choler; and, what is still more remarkthere is no place or date on the first edition; at able, furnishing the poet Wieland, six centuries all events, in 1491, in 1509, and repeatedly afterwards, with the critical incident in his since; whereas the Nibelungen, though written Oberon. As for the young lady herself, we canearlier, and in worth immeasurably superior, not but admit that she was well worth sailing had to remain in manuscript three centuries 10 Heathendom for; and shall here, as our longer. From which, for the thousandth time, sole specimen of that old German doggerel, inferences might be drawn as to the infallibility give the description of her, as she first apof popular taste, and its value as a criterion for peared on the battlements during the fight; poetry. However, it is probably in virtue of this subjoining a version as verbal and literal as neglect, that the Nibelungen boasts of its actual the plainest prose can make it. Considered as purity; that it now comes before us, clear and a detached passage, it is perhaps the finest we graceful as it issued from the old singer's head have met with in the Heldenbuch. and heart; not over-loaded with Ass-eared

Ihr herz brann also schone, Giants, Fiery Dragons, Dwarfs, and Hairy Wo

Recht als ein rot rubein, men, as the Heldenbuch is, many of which, as

Gleich dem rollen mone

Gaben ihr äuglein schein charity would hope, may be the produce of a

Sich hetl die maget reine later age than that famed Swabian Era, to which

Mit rosen wohl bekleid these poems, as we now see them, are common

Und auch mit Berlin Kleine, ly referred. Indeed, one Casper von Roen is

Niemand da tröst die meid. understood to have passed the whole Heldenbuch

Sie war schön an dem leibe, through his limbec, in the fifteenth century; but

Und zu den Seiten schmal like other rectifiers, instead of purifying it, to

Recht als ein Kertze Scheibe have only drugged it with still fiercer ingredi

Wohlgeschoffen überall : ents to suit the sick appetite of the time.

Ihr beyden hiind gemeine of this drugged and adulterated Hero-Book

Dars ihr gentz nichts gebrach;

Ihr nil glein schön und reine, (the only one we yet have, though there is talk

Das man sich darin besach. of a better) we shall quote the long Title-page

Ihr har war schön umbfangen of Lessing's Copy, the edition of 1560; from

Mit elder seiden fein ; which, with a few intercalated observations,

Das liess sic nieder hangen, the reader's curiosity may probably obtain what

Das hübsche Magedlein. little satisfaction it wants.

Sie trug ein kron mit steinen Das Heldenbuch Welchs aufs neue corrigirt und

Sie war con gold so rot; gebessert ist, mit shönen Figuren geziert. Gedruckt

Elberich dem viel kleinen zu Frankfurt am Mayn, durch Weygand Han und

War zu der Magte not. Sygmund Feyerabend, &c. That is to say:

Da dornen in den Kronen The Hero-Dook, which is of new corrected

Lag ein Karfunkelstein,

Der in dem Pallast schone and improved, adorned with beautiful Figures.

Hecht als ein Kertz erschein ; Printed at Frankfurt on the Mayn, through

Auf jrem haupt das hare Weygand Han, and Sygmund Feyerabend.

War lauter und auch sein Part First saith of Kaiser Ottnit and the

Es leuchtet also klare ittle King Elberich, how they with great peril,

Recht als der Sonnen schein. over sea, in Heathendom, won from a king

Die Magt die stand alleine, his daughter, (and how he in lawful marriage

Gar traurig war jr mut; took her to wise.”)

Ihr farb und die war reine, From which announcement the reader al

Lieblich we Milch und Blut: ready guesses the contents : how this little

Her durch jr zöpffe reinon King Elberich was a Dwarf, or Elf, some half

Schien jr hals als der Schnee span long, yet full of cunning practices, and

Elberich dem viel Kleinen

That der Maget Jammer wch. the most helpful activity; nay, stranger still, had been Kaiser Oitnit of Lamparlei, or Lom

Her heart burnt (with anxiety) as beautifr

Just as a red ruby, bardy's father,--having had his own ulterior

Like the full moon views in that indiscretion. How they sailed

Hereyes (eyelings, pretty eyes) gave sheen. with Messina ships, into Paynim land; fought Herself had the maiden pure with that unspeakable Turk, King Machabol, Well adorned with roses, in and about his fortress and metropolis of And also with pearls small: Montebur, which was all stuck round with No one there comforted the maid. Christian heads; slew from seventy to a hun

She was fair of body, dred thousand of the Infidels at one heat; saw

And in the waist slender ; the lady on the battlements; and at length,

Right as a (golden) candlestick chiefly by Dwarf Elberich's help, carried her

Well-fashioned everywhere :

Her two hands proper, off in triumph: wedded her in Messina; and

So that she wanted nought ; without difficulty, rooting out the Mohammedan Her little nails fair and pure, prejudice, converted her to the creed of Mother That you could see yourself therein. Church. The fair runaway seems to have Her bair was beautifully girt been of a gentle, tractable disposition, very With noble silk (hand) fine ;

Bhe let it flow down,

Worms, which was planted by Chrimhilte, The lovely maidling.

King Gibrich's daughter; whereby afterwards She wore a crown with jewels,

most part of those Heroes and Giants came to It was of gold so red:

destruction and were slain." For Elberich the very small

In this Third Part the Southern or Lombard The maid had need to console her.)

Heroes come into contact and collision with There in front of the crown

another as notable, Northern class; and for Lay a carbuncle-stone,

us much more important. Chriemhild, whose Which in the palace fair

ulterior history makes such a figure in the Even as a taper seemned;

Nibelungen, had, it would seem, near the an. On her head the hair

cient City of Worms, a Rose-garden, some Was glossy and also fine, It shone as bright

seven English miles in circuit; fenced only Even as the sun's sheen.

by a silk thread; wherein, however, she main.

tained Twelve stout fighting men; several of The maid she stood alone,

whom, as Hagen, Volker, her three Brothers, Right sad was her mind;

above all the gallant Siegfried her betrothed, Her colour it was pure,

we shall meet with again: these, so unspeakaLovely as milk and blood :

ble was their prowess, sufficed to defend the Out through her pure locks Shone her neck like the snow.

silk-thread Garden against all mortals. Our Elberich the very small

good antiquary, Von der Hagen, imagines that Was touched with the maiden's sorrow.

this Rose-garden business (in the primeval

Tradition) glances obliquely at the Ecliptic Happy man was Kaiser Ottnit, blessed with with its Twelve Signs, ai Jupiter's fight with such a wife, after all his travail ;-had not the the Titans, and we know not what confused Turk Machabol cunningly sent him, in re- skirmishing in the Utgard, or Asgard, or Mid. venge, a box of young Dragons, or Dragon- gard of the Scandinavians. Be this as it may, eggs, by the hands of a caitiff Infidel, con- Chriemhild, we are here told, being very beautriver of mischief; by whom in due course of tiful, and very wilful, boasis in the pride of time they were hatched and nursed to the in- her heart, that no heroes on earth are to be finite wo of all Lampartie, and ultimately to compared with hers; and hearing accidentally the death of Kaiser Ounit himself, whom they that Dietrich of Bern has a high character in swallowed and attempted to digest, once with this line, forth with challenges him to visit out effect, but the next time too fatally, crown Worms, and with eleven picked men, to do and all!

battle there against those other Twelve cham. Part Second announceth (meldet) of Herr pions of Christendom that watch her RoseHugdietrich and his son Wolfdietrich; how garden. Dietrich, in a lowering passion at the they for justice's sake, oft by their doughty acts style of the message, which was “surly and succoured distressed persons, with other bold stout," instantly pitches upon his eleven seheroes that stood by them in extremity.” conds, who also are to be principals; and with

Concerning which Hugdietrich, Emperor of a retinue of other sixty thousand, by quick Greece, and his son Wolfdietrich, one day the stages, in which obstacles enough are overrenowned Dietrich of Bern, we can here say come, reaches Worms, and declares himself little more than that the former trained him- ready. Among these eleven Lombard heroes self to sempstress work; and for many weeks, of his, are likewise several whom we meet plied his needle, before he could get wedded and with again in the Nibelungen; besides Dietrich produce Wolfdietrich; who coming into the himself, we have the old Duke Hildebrand, world in this clandestine manner, was let down Wolfhart, Ortwin. Notable among them, in into the castle-ditch, and like Romulus and another way, is Monk Ilsan, a truculeni, gray. Remus nursed by a Wolf, whence his name. bearded fellow, equal to any Friar Tuck in However, after never-imagined adventures, with Robin Hood. enchanters and enchantresses, pagans, and gi- The conditions of fight are soon agreed on: ants, in all quarters of the globe, he finally, with there are to be twelve successive duels, each utmost effort, slaughtered those Lombardy Dra- challenger being expected to find his match gons; then married Kaiser Ottn it's widow, whom and the prize of victory is a Rose-garland from he had rather flirted with before; and so lived Chriemhild, and ein Helssen und ein Küsseu, that universally respected in his new empire, per- is to say virtually, one kiss from her fair lips, forming yet other notable achievements. One to each. But here, it ever should do, Pride strange property he had, sometimes useful to gets a fall; for Chriemhild's bully-lectors, are him, sometimes hurtful: that his breath, when in divers ways all successively felled to the he became angry, grew flame, red hot, and ground by the Berners; some of whom, as old woul! take the temper out of swords. We Hildebrand, will not even take her Kiss when find him again in the Nibelungen, among King it is due: even Siegfried himself, most relucEtzel's (Altila's) followers: a staid, cautious, tantly engaged with by Dietrich, and for a yet still invincible man; on which occasion, while victorious, is at last forced to seek though with great reluctance, he is forced to shelter in her lap. Nay, Monk Ilsan, after the interfere, and does so with effect. Dietrich is regular fight is over, and his part in it well. the favourite hero of all those Southern Fic- performed, calls out, in succession, fifty-two tions, and well acknowledged in the Northern other idle Champions of the Garden, part of also, where the chief man, however, as we them Giants, and routs the whole fraternity; shall find, is not he, but Siegfried.

thereby earning, besides his own regular " Part Third showeth of the Rose-garden at l allowance, fifty-two spare Garlands, and fifty

Ivo several kisses; in the course of which less be elicited, and here and there a deformity latter, Chriemhild's cheek, a just punishment removed. Though the Ethiop cannot chango as seemed, was scratched to the drawing of his skin, there is no need that even he should blood by his rough beard. It only remains to go abroad unwashed.* be added that King Gibrich, Chriemhild's Casper von Roen, or whoever was the ultiFather , is now fain to do homage for his king- mate redactor of the

Heldenbuch, whom Lessing dom to Dietrich; who returns triumphant to designates as “a highly ill-informed man, his own country; where also, Monk İlsan, ac- would have done better had he quite omitted cording to promise, distributes these fifty-two that little King Laurin, “and his little Rose Garlands among his fellow Friars, crushing a garden,” which properly is no Rose-garden af garland on the bare crown of each, till "ihe all; and instead ihereof introduced the Gehörnie red blood ran over their ears." Under which Siegfried, (Behorned Siegfried,) whose history hard but not undeserved treatment, they all lies at the heart of the whole Northern Tradiagreed to pray for remission of Ilsan's sins: tions; and, under a rude prose dress, is to this indeed, such as continued refractory he tied day a real child's-book and people’s-book together by the beards, and hung pair-wise among the Germans. Of this Siegfried we over poles; whereby the stoutest soon gave in. have already seen somewhat in the Rose-garSo endeth here this dirty

den at Worms; and shall ere long see much of strife from woman's pride :

more elsewhere; for he is the chief hero of the God on our griefe take piry,

Nibelungen : indeed nowhere can we dip into And Mary still by us abide.

those old Fictions, whether in Scandinavia or " In Part Fourth is announced (gemelt) of the the Rhine-land, but under one figure or another, little King Laurin, the Dwarf, how he encom- whether as Dragon-killer and Prince-royal, or passed his Rose-garden with so great manhood as Blacksmith and Horse-subduer, as Sigurd, and art-magic, till at last he was vanquished Sivrit, Siegfried, we are sure to light on him. by the heroes, and forced to become their Jug. As his early adventures belong to the strange gler, with, &c. &c.

sort, and will afterwards concern us not a of which Fourth and happily last part we little, we shall here endeavour to piece together shall here say nothing; inasmuch as, except some consistent outline of them ; so far indeed that certain of our old heroes again figure as that may be possible, for his biographers, there, it has no coherence or connection with agreeing in the main points, differ widely in the rest of the Heldenbuch : and is simply a new the details. tale, which by way of episode Heinrich von First, then, let no one from the title Gehörnte, Ofterdingen, as we learn from his own words, (Horned, Behorned,) fancy that our brave had subsequently appended thereto. He says: siegfried, who was the loveliest as well as the

bravest of men, was actually cornuted, and had Heinrich von Ofterdingen This story hath been singing,

horns on his brow, though like Michael ARTo the joy of Princes bold,

gelo's Moses; or even that his skin, to which They gave him silver and gold,

the epithet Behorned refers, was hard like a Moreover pennies and garments rich! crocodile's, and not softer than the softest Here endeth this Book the which

shamoy: for the truth is, his Hornedness Doth sing our noble Heroes' story : God help us all to heavenly glory.

means only an Invulnerability, like that of

Achilles, which he came by in the following Such is some outline of the famous Helden- manner. All men agree that Siegfried was a buch; on which it is not our business here to king's son; he was born, as we here have add any criticism. The fact that it has so good reason to know, “at Santen in Netherlong been popular betokens a certain worth in land,” of Siegemund and the fair Siegelinde: it; the kind and degree of which is also in yet by some family misfortune or discord, of some measure apparent. In poetry " the rude which the accounts are very various, he came man," it has been said,“ requires only to see into singular straits during boyhood; having something going on; the man of more refine- passed that happy period of life, not under the ment wishes to feel; the truly refined man canopies of costly state, but by the sooly stithy, must be made to reflect.” For the first of in one Mimer a Blacksmith's shop. Here, these classes our Hero-Look, as has been appa- however, he was nowise in his proper eletent enough, provides in abundance; for the ment; ever quarrelling with his fellow appren other two scantily, indeed; for the second not tices; nay, as some say, breaking the hardest not at all. Nevertheless our estimate of this anvils into shivers by his 100 slout hammer. work, which as a series of Antique Traditions ing. So that Mimer, otherwise a first-rate may have considerable meaning, is apt rather Smith, could by no means do with him there. to be too low. Let us remember that this is He sends him, accordingly, to the neighbouring not the original IIeldenbuch which we now see; forest, to fetch charcoal; well aware that a but only a version of it into the Knight-errant monstrous Dragon, one Regin, the Smith's cwn dialect of the thirteenth, indeed parily of the Brother, would meet him and devour nim. fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, with all the fantastic monstrosities, now so trivial, pertain- derived from various secondary sources; chretly from

* Our inconsiderable knowledge of the Heldenbuch is ing to that style; under which disguises the Lessing's Werke (B. XIII ], where the reader will find really antique earnest groundwork, interesting an epitome of the whole l'oem, with Extracts by Her as old Thought, if not as old Poetry, is all but more accessible and larger Abstract, with long specimens quite obscured from us. But Antiquarian translated into verse, stands in the Nilustrations of Northdiligence is now busy with the Heldenbuch ern Antiquities, [p. 45--167.) Von der Hagen has since also, from which what ligh' is in it will doubt- result we have not yet learned.

been employed specially on the Heldenbuck; with what

A still

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