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cause, say they, you had sufficient power given to you in Adam your representative, chosen by God to act for you; which power you lost fairly. It is therefore perfectly just to exclude you from every benefit resulting from the covenant of grace, which was purchased for the elect only, by the death, sufferings, and perfect righteousness of Christ, who died for the elect alone; and not for every man, as some erroneously suppose. The Baptist Association argue, "That though man by his fall has lost his strength to keep the law, God hath not lost his power, nor the law its force or authority. No allowance can be made or indeed given to man to do amiss. If he fails but in one point of the law, the law is broken, and charges the guilty sinner with a breach of the whole. The terms in this are always the same, obey perfectly, or die eternally." If the posterity of Adam was deprived of any power or propensity, which was necessary to enable them to keep the law of God, either by a secret, eternal decree, or by the defection of Adam, it must be acknowledged, even by the Partialists themselves, that it never was in the power of these unfortunate, devoted victims, to prevent either the eternal decree of reprobation, or Adam's transgression. It is therefore evident, that it could not have been their own fault, but a most deplorable misfortune. It is also ev

ident, that they must entertain very preposterous ideas of right and wrong, who can conceive it to be consistent with the eternal rules of justice, and the glorious attributes of the supreme Judge of the universe, to subject millions to all the miseries of this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell forever, for submitting to an inevitable misfortune, which they never had power to prevent or avoid.

Although the moral law, which is the law of nature, and of nature's God, is eternal, unchange able, and of universal obligation; yet it must appear evident to every unprejudiced, reflecting mind, that the obligation to obey and fulfil all its precepts, must vary in exact proportion to their respective capacities to understand, and powers to fulfil, the duties incumbent on each individual, according to their various stations in the great scale of existence.

If this statement be correct, it follows, that as God is possessed of infinite wisdom to discern, and infinite power to execute, he must have made this law the invariable rule of his conduct, throughout the extended universe. It is therefore evident that they err most egregiously, who imagine they do honour to the Deity by alledging, that he has a sovereign right to deviate

from this eternal standard of equal, impartial justice, and substitute arbitrary will and pleasure in place thereof. On this erroneous, detestable principle they found their opinion, that God has a sovereign right to create millions of human beings, under an eternal decree of reprobation, and afterwards to institute a deceptive scheme of probation, by appointing a known traitor to be their representative, thereby to divest them of all moral power and capacity to fulfil the precepts of the moral law, which is founded upon the eternal principles of rectitude, according to the relation and fitness of things, and then to damn them eternally for their depravity and incapacity; or, in other words, for not doing that which required powers of which they were purposely deprived before they were cre ated.

If we may be permitted to judge from the whole tenour of their doctrine, the Partialists suppose that a being has a right to transgress the eternal laws of nature, in proportion to the degree of power and dignity which they possess ; otherwise how can they conceive, that because God is possessed of infinite power and dignity, he has a just right to send millions of human beings into the world, divested of moral rectitude and power, and reprobated by an eternal

decree, and sunk into the depths of depravity, by an abortive scheme of probation, and then to damn them eternally because they could not atone for their original guilt or actual transgression. Nor can they keep the law of God perfectly, which requires the most perfect obedience; and in this deplorable, helpless condition, are they supposed to be left, obnoxious to the wrath and curse of the God that made them, both in this life and that which is to come. And Christ (by their scheme) is supposed to be concerned for the elect only, which they denominate his sheep. And the non-elect, or reprobates, are goats, which were consigned to the devil by an eternal, immutable decree of reprobation.

There is no other denomination of Christians who contend so strenuously, that it is perfectly consistent with the unerring rules of justice to punish a reprobate eternally for not obeying and keeping the laws of God perfectly; and none are more ready to acknowledge their entire inability to do it. They teach their children in their Catechism, that no mere man since the fall of Adam, has been able to obey and keep the commands of God. But when they are told that it would be repugnant to every idea of justice to punish human beings eternally for not

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performing duties which their Maker had never furnished them with abilities to perform, they immediately reply, you had ample power given to you in Adam, which you and all his posterity lost by his fall. But if their own doctrine be true, this assertion must be absolutely false, that Adam was ever invested with sufficient pow. ers to obey and fulfil the commands of God; for if God had, by an eternal decree, "foreordained whatsoever should come to pass," he cer tainly decreed every action of Adam's life, to gether with all the crimes and abominations that ever have, or ever shall come to pass. And if this was the case, it was impossible for Adam to abstain from eating the forbidden fruit. Therefore the absolute necessity which impelled him to fulfil the decree, rendered it impossible for him to obey the command, as they were in diametrical opposition to each other. It is there. fore demonstrably evident, that there cannot be a more flagitious absurdity than to affirm, that God had ever placed mankind in such an horrid dilemma, that by fulfilling the decree (which was unavoidable) he should lose communion with God, incur his wrath and curse, and so be made liable to all the miseries of this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell forever! And by disobeying the command, to entail certain

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