Descartes and the Last Scholastics

الغلاف الأمامي
Cornell University Press, 1999 - 230 من الصفحات
The ongoing renaissance in Descartes studies has been characterized by an attempt to understand the philosopher's texts against his own intellectual background. Roger Ariew here argues that Cartesian philosophy should be regarded as it was in Descartes's own day--as a reaction against, as well as an indebtedness to, scholastic philosophy. His book illuminates Cartesian philosophy by analyzing debates between Descartes and contemporary schoolmen and surveying controversies arising in its first reception. The volume touches upon many topics and themes shared by Cartesian and late scholastic philosophy: matter and form; infinity, place, time, void, and motion; the substance of the heavens; the object or subject of metaphysics; principles of metaphysics (being and ideas) and transcendentals (for example, unity, quantity, principle of individuation, truth and falsity). Part I exhibits the differences and similarities among the doctrines of Descartes and those of Jesuits and other scholastics in seventeenth-century France. The contrasts Descartes drew between his philosophy and that of others are the subject of Part II, which also examines some arguments in which he was involved and details the continued controversy caused by Cartesianism in the second half of the seventeenth century.
 

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المحتوى

List of Abbreviations xi
1
Descartes among the Scholastics
7
Context
39
Ideas in and before Descartes
58
The Cartesian Destiny of Form and Matter
77
Scholastics and the New Astronomy on the Substance
97
Debate and Reception
123
The Eucharist
140
The Extension and Unity
155
Cartesians Gassendists and Censorship
172
The Cogito
188
Gilsons Index Indexed
207
Index
223
حقوق النشر

طبعات أخرى - عرض جميع المقتطفات

عبارات ومصطلحات مألوفة

نبذة عن المؤلف (1999)

Roger Ariew is Professor and Head of the Department of Philosophy at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

معلومات المراجع