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winter's cold they tore from their foundations the skreens, the stalls, and every thing composed of wood, and used them as fuel. It was in this wretched state of ruin, when Dr. John Barwick, a native of Westmoreland, having declined the offer of the bishopric of Carlisle, was installed Dean of Durham on the fourth day of November, 1660*. Of this excellent man it is remarked, that "he prosecuted the interest of others more than his own t." With a habit of body weak
*In this year, seven vacant prebends of Durham were bestowed upon men of eminent learning, loyalty, and piety.
+ Non quæro quod mihi utile est, sed quod multis. His life is written in Latin by his brother Peter Barwick, a physician of no mean celebrity. This biographical volume was translated into English, and enriched with many curious notes by the learned Hilkiah Bedford, who was ejected from his fellowship of St. John's College, Cambridge. (Carter's History of Cambridge, p. 261.)
Dr. Barwick seems to have imbibed the very spirit of that Christian charity, which seeketh not her own. If he had regarded his private interest, he would not have accepted the deanery of St. Paul's, where there was neither house nor furniture but what was either hired or bought, in exchange for that of Durham, where neither was wanting. And, indeed, in answer to his Majesty's message he wrote expressly, that 'he knew very well that the dignity whereto he was going to be promoted was both of less value than that he must relinquish, and of greater care and trouble; while that which he then enjoyed was so agreeable to him, that if it were at his option, he would not quit it for the greatest dignity in the church, much less for that he was commanded to accept: yet that he VOL. II.
and languishing from pain and lassitude *, while his mind remained unbroken, he no sooner entered upon his new office, than he exerted every nerve to perform the duties annexed to it with singular credit to himself and to the entire satisfaction of every good man.
His first care was, to re-establish the celebration of divine service along with the sacred music of the choir. Two days after his instalment, he and six major canons or prebendaries held a chapter, in which "having taken into their serious consideration the great mercy and gracious providence of Almighty God in restoring his Majesty to his throne, the kingdom to peace, and the Church to the exercise of religion and enjoyment of her rights and liberties, they did unanimously
received his Majesty's command with the utmost veneration, and should willingly comply with the orders of his superiors in the Church.'
(Kennet's Register, p. 546.)
* His loyalty subjected him to the most cruel usage. He was confined in a loathsome prison, where he was fed only with bread and water for many years. This treatment, instead of destroying his health, actually contributed to the restoration of it; a circumstance thus recorded by Dr. Sydenham:-" In languido hoc statu, cùm vir egregius regiis partibus temporis tyrannide oppressis faverit, deprehensus est, cumque in arctissimum carcerem conjectus loco potûs ordinarii meram aquam biberet, præter omnem spem et expectationem revaluit." (Pharmac. Ration. ii. 185. Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, II, 20.)
resolve, as a fruit of their thankfulness to God, to re-settle the cathedral upon the ancient foundation of their statutes and laudable customs by all prudential means and with all possible expedition." The fabric of the Church and of the Chapter-house was then exceedingly ruinous, the leads much decayed, the windows almost wholly broken, and no seats remaining in the quire except such as were made since his Majesty's return. Hence it was determined to treat favourably all the tenants who were willing to compound for new leases, and to appropriate the money raised by their fines to the purpose of repairs. The King having been long deprived of his revenue, the parliament ordered a supply of fifty thousand pounds to be raised immediately and given to him. This example of liberality was followed by many bodies corporate, and by many private persons. As a proof of the loyalty of the Dean and Chapter of Durham, a donation of one thousand pounds was presented by them to his Majesty.
But the church of Durham did not long enjoy the benefit of Dr. Barwick's wise government. Upon his removal to St. Paul's, the accomplishment of his salutary projects was reserved for his successor Dr. John Sudbury, the subject of the present Memoir. The zeal, which this eminent Divine had uniformly manifested for the welfare of his country, quickly met with it's remunera
tion. On the fifth of July, 1660, he was admitted to a prebend in the Collegiate Church of Westminster.
The King, previously to his return into England, was firmly convinced that the Church could only be restored by the learning and virtue of those, whom he should employ in it's service. The persons, whom he selected to fill the vacant dignities, were indeed in every respect worthy of his favour. Of the old Bishops, who by an Act of Parliament in 1641 were excluded from the House of Peers, nine only survived at the period of the Restoration, when they were replaced in their respective sees. As they were all very aged, however, it was necessary that an appointment of new Bishops should be made without delay. A commission was accordingly issued by the Archbishop, dated October 24, 1660, directed to Brian Bishop of Winton, in conjunction with Accepted Archbishop of York and three other prelates, to consecrate Dr. Gilbert Sheldon Bishop elect of London, Dr. Humphrey Henchman of Sarum, Dr. George Morley of Worcester, Dr. Robert Sanderson of Lincoln, and Dr. George Griffith of St. Asaph*. No public act of religion could, at that time, have been more accept
* These prelates were eminently distinguished for their piety and learning. Some of them were Commissioners, and all of them were present, at the celebrated Savoy Conference in 1661.
able. The invincible patience displayed by these illustrious men in their season of distress, their humility, their primitive simplicity of manners, and their spotless purity of character had endeared them to their country, and rendered them the bright ornaments of that church, to whose highest honours they were now elevated. Dr. Sudbury was appointed to preach the sermon upon this solemn occasion. The Lord Chancellor Hyde, one of his hearers, was highly gratified with the eloquence of the preacher, and the excellence of his discourse; and it was printed, in compliance with his particular request. The reader of the following address will observe, that it is totally devoid of the language of extravagant panegyric. A mind resembling that of Sudbury, imbued with the principles of genuine virtue, disdains to debase itself by adulation.
"To the Right Honourable EDWARD LORD HYDE, Baron of Hindon, Lord High Chancellor of England.
Having sent this sermon to the press in obedience to your command, I have taken the boldness to shelter it under the protection of your name; that when the readers shall see it hath had your approbation, they will be the better inclined