« السابقةمتابعة »
oris concerning him, in these here cited, or others of the Fachers, and by consequence, that no great stress can be laid upon S. Gregory's calling him, The Prince of all the Apostles. If I should say of Homer, that he was the Prince of the Greek, or of Virgil, that he was the Prince of the Latin Poets, or of Tully, that he was the Chief, or most Eminent, or Prince of the Orators, would not he be thought disorder'd in his head, that should undertake from hence, to infer, that they had a Supreme Authority over the rest of the Poets and Orators, and were to look upon them all, and treat them as their Subjects? 5. Ferom ftiles Origen, (a) post Apoftolos Ecclesiarum Magistrum, the Master of the Churches next after the Apostles:; and in Theodoret. (b) S. Chryfoftom is called ó ths Orxsuévns diddovano, yet I am well satisfied you will not affirm any Jurifdition over the Churches, or the World, to be implied in either of these Titles. Instances of this nature are very common in all sorts of Writers.
R. C. He says, the Care and Primacy of the whole Church is committed to bim.
C. E. And what is there in this that has not already receiv'd an Answer? For if it be said of S. Paul, that he was the Oecumenical Apostle, a firmer. Pillar of the Church than Iron or Stone, that none was equal to him, that he had the Care and Burden of the whole world upon him, that he honoured Peter with his presence, and shewed that each of the Apostles was joótipos, equal in Honour or Dignity; if of St. James, that he was a Captain of the Priests, the Paince of the Apostles, the Top amongst the Heads, &c. of S. Andrew, that he was the Peter that was before Peter, the Foundation of the Foundation ; of St. Fohn that he was the Pillar of the Chur
(4) Prefat. in lib. Nominum nebr,
ches throughout the World, and had the Keys of Heaven entrusted with him; and of all the ApoItles, that God ordained them Princes, not of Cities and Nations, but of the whole world, what is there more in S. l'eter's being said to have the Care and Primacy of the whole world, than what these Sayings amount to? Especially if hereto we add the words of Isidore of Sevil, who teaches indeed, that The Power of birding (a) and Loofing was first given to St. Peter, and be first converted People to the Faith by the force of his Preaching i but then immediately subjoins, that Cæteri Apofioli cum Petro par consortium bonoris Lae potestatis acceperunt, the rest of the Apostles receiv'd an equal partnership of Honour and Power with Peter.
R. C. To him it was said; Lovest thou me?
C. E. It will be very strange, if these words inveft him in a Supremacy over the Apostles, and the whole Church, or indeed in any Privilege at all.
R. C. But to him also it was faid, Feed mit Sheep.
Ç. E. S. Augustin, an ancienter Father than S. Gregorý, tells you plainly, (b) When it is said to Peter, it is said to all, Loveft thou me? Feed my Sheep. That he had not any peculiar Priviledge or Authority committed to him, but, as was noted before, what was said was spoken to him, (c) as a Representative of the whole Catholick Church, to whom it belong'd. And hence infers, that the Catholick Church should readily pardon her.penitent returning Children; since S. Peter, who itood as its Representative, was so easily forgiven the divers failures he had been guilty of. And at another time, (d) that Christ is the one Sheps
(a) De Ecclef. Offici 1..2 c.5. (b) De agone Christi, 1. 30."
(c) Ecclefiae Catholicæ perfonam fuftine! Petrus (d) Tractat, in Join, 46.
Berd, and the Bishops also are Shepherds, and yet he is the one Shepherd, because they are all Members of the one Shepherd, whose own the Sheep are ; without the leait incimation of any one being above che rest, save only this one Shepherd and Lord of all. And according to S. Bernard, there can be no peculiar Priviledge or Preheminence given by this Commission, for he takes it to import only an Obligation to publish the glad Tidings of the Gospel. For so his words are (a i Evangelizare pafcere eft. Fac opus Evangeliftæ, Paftoris opus implesti
. To preach the Goss pel, is to Feed. Do the work of an Evangelift, and thou haft fulfill the work of the Paftor. Nor is it to be conceivd, that these words to St. Peter should .be of any larger extent, or convey any other Power, than those spoken to all the other Apostles, no less than to S. Peter, S. Matthew 28. 19, 20. All Power, is given me in Heaven and upon Earth. Go ye therefore, and teacb (or make Disciples of, wa INTEÚ od78] all Nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you, and lo, 'I am with you always, even unto the end of the World. Amen. So that upon the whole, I cannot fee, how S. Gregory's words can be any tolerable Proof of S. Peter's, much less of the Pope's Supremacy over the whole Christian World; as you and your Friend would have it.
R.C. S. Chryfoftom, you see, is direaly against you.
C. E. If he speaks here in favour of S. Peter, as having the Care of the Flock commicred to him; yet that he did not think ic committed to him alone, or in a different manner than to the other
() De Conliderat, l. 4. 6. 3.
Apostles, I have but now shewn from his having faid as much for his Fellow Apostle, S: Paul, which he could not have done, had he looked upon S. Péter as set over him by our Lord.
R. C. S. Eucherius.. Bishop of Lions, Says, He was made not only a Shepherd, but the Shepherd of Shepberds, and had both the Sheep and the Lambs committed to him ; besides which, there is nothing in be Church. And S. Afterius was a few Years later than bim, and understood. S. Johni 21. 15. after the Jame manner with him. p. 21.
Ć. E. How Asterius came to be a few Years later than Eucherius I cannot understand, when according to all the accounts, I have met with of him, he flourished, and as far as I have observed, died, above Thirty Years before him. But that I let pals, as of no concern in our present Controverly. It would be much more to our purpose to consider the Passages cited from both of them. But from this I must beg to be excused at pre. sent, not having those Authors by me, nor be, ing able, upon all the search I can make, to meet with the Discourse appealed to of Eucherius, or with more than Five Sermons of Afterius; ouc of which Number it is impoflible to fish an Eighch. For though I presume the Passages meną tioned by you, to be rightly quoted, it is hard to make a Conftruction of them, without knowing something of what goes before, or follows them. All therefore I can now fay of them is, that if the rest of the Authorities produced to the same purpose, will not prove S. Peter's Supremacy, as you would have them, then neither will these and for the rest, I think I have al; ready, in a good measurë, shewn that they will fior.
R. C. In the third Century, s. Cyprian says: Christ speaks to Peter, I say unto thee, that thou
art Peter, and upon this Rock I will build my Church. And after his Resuriection, he says to him again, Feed my Sheep. From these two Pallages Si Cyprian draws two conclufions. The forff is, Super unum ædificat Ecclesiam fuam, Chrift builds his Church upon one. The second is, Ut Unitatem manifeftaret, unitatis ejusdem originem, ak uno incipientem, Jud. Auctoritate disposuit. Christ, to few the Unity of the Church, ordered, by his own Authority, that one Man should be the [Center or] the Original of that very Unity, p. 23
C. E. First you fay, Super unum ædificat Ecclefiam fuam, he builds' his Church upon one, meaning S. Peter. And hence you infer, that S. Peter, and not only He, but the Popes, down to our own time, were hereby made Princes, and the only Supreme Governours of the Church of Christ. A very far fetch'd Deduction! For, pray, good Sir, how comes this building of the Church upon that Apostle, necessarily to import à Supremacy in all his Roman Successors, of whom not a word is spoken, or even in himself! His laying the firft Foundation of the Church, 4mongít both Jews and Gentiles, as the Vindicafor (a) has shewn, and you must needs own he did, is a much more natural Interpretation of these words than that you would have put upon them. For it is much properer to say a Corporation or Society is built upon him who was the first Founder, or Beginner of it, than upon him who was only constituted the Chief Ruler of it. So that till you can prove yours to be the only juft Interpretation of these words, which you will never be able to do, your Argumene' from them falls to the ground. And the
() Case truly fated, p. 19, 20.