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all the Kings of Judab, nor any that were before him. For he clave to the Lord, and departed not from followi. ing him, but kept his Commandments, which the Lord commanded Mofes. And though the other is juftly condemned for worshipping the Golden Calves that were in Bethel, and that were in Dan, Ch. 10. 29. yer because of his having in this refpe&, as well as in the destruction of the House of Abab, done well in executing wbat was right in the eyes of the Lord, and according to all that was in his beart, therefore is he there promised, as a Reward. of such his Service, that his Children of the fourth generation should sit on the Throne of Israel. Which is a fufficient Vindication of our Princes using the like Authority, when the Corruptions of your Com. munion were so many, and so gross, as to make it highly necessary. But to return to our own Nation. Did not Queen Mary usher in your Religion amongst us after the same manner that her Brother had cast it out? And did she not get it confirm'd by A& of Parliament, as he had done ours? And in the Reign of King James II. were not all Artifices used to get it brought back the same way? And were you not refolv'd to risk' his Majesty and his Interest, : to get it done, how dear soever himself might pay for it? As he found to his Coít. And have you not been irreconcileable to us ever since, because you could not get your Religion establish'd by Parlia. ment? It is not the King, or Parliaments, medling with Religion you disike, but only their not appearing in behalf of yours. So that here again your Charge against us rebounds home upon your
R.C. Owsoever that be, Mr. L. is highly
to blame, that he never tells his Reader, where Christ bas placed the Spiritual Supremacy:of his Çburch. Which in so great a Doctor was no small. Sin of Omission. (a)
C. E. Your Friend the. Reftater did not think an Omillion of this Nature to be so unpardonable a Crime. When it was urged by Mr. L. (6) That tbe Scriptures are silent concerning the fupposed universal Supremacy of S. Peter : Mull nothing, says he, be believ'd, but what is in Scripture? (c) Does the Scripture mention every place, were every Apofle preached the Gospel, or of which they were Bishops? So F, Maimbourg (d) argues after the same manner, Hath be [S. Luke] mentiori'd there any thing of S. Paul's Fourney into Arabia, of his Return ato Damascus, and then three years after to Jerusalem, of his Travels into Galatia, his being ravishd up into Heaven, bis eight Scourgings, and a thousand i bings else that he sufferd? With such trifling Fallacies are great Men sometimes tempted to take up, when engaged in a Cause that is not otherwise to be maintained. But what sort of Parity is there in these Cases ? Are all Christians equally concern'd in every Journy S. Paul took, or to know every Place where He or any other of the Apostles preached, or how long any of them stay'd there, as in the only Supreme Governour of the Church, to whom every one is bound to submit upon pain of Damnation? These Cases are so extremeİy different, that though a Chriftian may be safely ignorant of the former, it is against common (a) p. 7. (6) Case Stated, p. 4.
(c) Cafe Reftated, p. 8. (d) Prerogatives of the Church of Rome and her Biskops, Ch, 2. p. 16.
Sense to think the other should have been paffed over in filence, had it been more than a meer Chimera. But to let this pass; I will endeavour to make amends for Mr. I's Omillion, by shewing where Cbriff has placed the Spiritual Supremacy of bis Church. And I think it is very plain from Scripture, that he has relerv'd it to himself, o
therwise it will be hard to make Senle of what ; the Apostle says, Ephef. 1. 22, 23. especially as read in your Vulgar Transacion, Ipfum dedit caput Yuper omnem Ecclefiam, quæ eft corpus ipsius, & plenitudo ejus, qui omnia in omnibus adimple:ur (instead of implet). He gave him the Head over all the Church, which is bis Body, and his Fulness, who filleth, or according to your Translation, “ Who is fill'd” all in all. Now if Christ be the Head of the Church, and the Church his Body, as the Apostle exprefly affirms, there is no difficulty in concluding where the Scripture places the Spiritual Supremacy. It must necessarily be in Christ the Head of that Body. The fame Truth is taught again with no less plainness, Col. 1. 18. He is the Head of the Body the Church. Or if you woald enquire for ehe Power next under his, and who has the chief Command over the Church after him, you need not be told, that the College of the Apostles were all Commission'd, S. Matt. 28. 19. to go
and make Disciples of all Nations, &c. and that they were all equally fent forth, had the Holy Spirit conferred upon them all alike, and had all the fame Power given them, of Absolving and Retaining Sins. For so we read, S. John 20. 21, 22, 23. As my Father fent me, even fo Tend I you. And when be, our Lord Jesus Chritt, had said this, be breathed on them, not on S. Peter alone, but indifcriminately on them all, and faith into them, Receive ye-the Holy Ghaft. Wholesoever Sins je remit, they are remitted unto them, and whófesoever Sins je retaing
they are retained. To these therefore, and their Successors ..the Bishops, was committed the Authority over the Church, next under Christ, the Supream Head of it. Their Commission was
general, one and the same to all of them, and so muft their Authority likewise be. So that Hotwithstanding what our Saviour commanded S. Peter, abouc feeding his Lambs and his Sheep, or the Promise made, That upon this Rock will I build my Church, though we suppose it to be built upon himself, as the Vindicator has fhewn (a) before in whax Sense it may be faid to be so, yet had St. Cyprian good reafon for his Affertion, that (b) Tbat, or the same thing, were the other ApoAtles, which Pecer was, endued with the same share of Honour and Power, but the beginning proceeds from one, tbat fo the Church may be foewn to be one. And as the Apostles had the Supremacy contended for in common amongst them, so had their Succeffors the Colledge of Bishops, and each Bishop in his own Diocese, till for the better Order's fake, and the better Government of the Church, it was judged proper, by a common Consent, to raise some above their Brethren, with an Archiepiscopal, and Metropolitical, and others over them with a Patriarchal Title and Power. For as to their Original Power, it descended alike upon them all; and (c) the Pope at first claimed no more Power over his Fellow Bishops, than
(a ) Cafe truly stated, p. 19.
(b) Hoc erant utiq; & cæteri Apoftoli quod fuit Petrus, pari consortio præditi & honoris & poteftatis, fed exordium ab unitate proficifcitur, ut Ecclesia una "monftretur. De Unitat. Eccl. p. 107. Edit. Oxon.
f) Dr. Featly, in a little Volume, entituled, Pedum Pastorale, p: 40. Speaking of the Pope, teßlifies, that by the Concesion of one of their own Popes, [Pius 11. Epift. 288. Ad quem ante Concilium Nicenum parvus habebatur refpectus] dery firtle regard was hard to him before the Council of Nice..
they did over him; that is none at all. As has been proved over and over, and you will never be able to disprove it. :
R.C. I must confess the History of the New Testament is very barren, as to Facts relating to the Spiritual Jurisdi&ion of the Laity over Bilhops.
C. E. Not more than it is as to Facts relating co S. Peter's Superiority over the other Apoftles; as you cannot but know very well... Be pleased therefore to remember this, and to add to it a Conceffion of your own, in the same Page, that(a) Whatever Right is got by Custom, and the Laws of the Church, may also be recalled by it, and brought back to the first Institution; and our casting off the Usurpations of the See of Rome, will not appear fo criminal as chofe of your Party always endeavour to represent ir. For you your self in the fame place acknowledge, That if Bifhops, as well as Kings, are tempted to carry their claims bigher, thon either Justice or Conscience will allow, and if in this case they demand our Concurrence, we ought to obep God, rather than when, Aas s. 29. Which being your own Do&rine, I hope the Truth and Efficacy of it will not be disputed, though alledged on our fide.
R. C. As to the Pope, Mr. L. treats him as civilly, as the Rabble does, when they follow him and the Pretender to the Bonfire, 'p. 6.
C. E. But fince you cannot, for otherwise I fappofe you would, tell us, wherein this sort of ill Treatment consists, you cannot expect that I should have any thing to say to it.
R, C. If Mr. L. bad intended to dispute seriously, be would not have measured the Pope's Authority, either by the Practice, or the Pretensions of some of his Predecelors, but only by what the Catholick Church allows, to be his due, Jure Divino, p. 7.
(4) Page 7.
C. E. He