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6. Rom. 6. 21. † Gal. 6. 8. See on Rom 5. 12

7. Jam. 4. 4. Ye Adulterers and Adultereffes, know ye not that the Friendship of the World is Enmity with God? whofoever therefore will be a Friend of the World, is the Enemy of God.

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to be carnally minded [Gr. the minding of the flesh], is death; but to be fpiritually minded [Gr. the minding of the Spirit], is life and peace: 7. Becaufe the carnal mind [Gr. the minding of the flesh is enmity againft God: for it is not fubject to the law of God, m neither indeed can be. 8. So then they that are in the (1) flefh, cannot pleafe God. 9. But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if fo be that the (2) Spirit of God" dwell in you. Now if any man have not the which is in you? which ye have of God.- 2 Cor. 6. 16. What Agreement hath the Temple of God with Idols? for ye are the Temple of the living God; as God hath faid, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they fhall be my People. Eph. 2. 21, 22. In whom all the Building fitly framed together, groweth unto an holy Temple in the Lord: In whom you alfo are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit. 1 Tim. 3. 15. That thou mayft know how thou 15 oughteft to behave thy felf in the Houfe of God, which is the Church of the living God.- Heb. 3. 6. Chrift, as a Son over his own House: whofe Houfe are we.I Pet. 2. 5. Ye alfo as lively Stones, are built up a fpiritual Houfe. 1 Joh. 3. 24.


int Cor. 2. 14. The natural Man receiveth not the things of to the Spirit of God: for they are foolifhnef's unto him; neither can he know them, because they are fpiritually difcerned.

9. nti Cor. 3. 16, 17. Know ye not that ye are the Temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you. If any Man defile the Temple of God, him fhall God deftroy: for the Temple of God is holy, which 20 Temple are ye. † 1 Cor. 6. 19. What, know ye not that your Body is the Temple of the holy Ghost,


(1) The Word Flesh here, is not to be understood in a proper Senfe, but in a figurative one. For it does not ftand for a natural Body, but it denotes a worldly, carnal Life, and the being in a corrupt State and Condition. When therefore the Apoftle fays, that fuch cannot pleafe God, and in the former Verfe, that the carnal Mind neither is, nor can be fubject to the Law of God, his meaning is not, that this is utterly impoffible, but that it is impoffible fo long as it continues to be carnal. An evil Tree, while it continues evil, cannot bring forth good Fruit; but if the fame Tree by Pruning, Grafting, or any other Method of Cultivation, is made a good Tree, it will then bring forth good Fruit. And that a wicked Man may become a good Man, is manifeft from the Exhortations to die unto Sin, to crucifie the Flesh to put off the old Man, &c. and from the Promises of Affiftance and Reward, and the Threats of Punishment, to prevail with him fo to be: If ye live after the Flesh, &c. Ver. 13.

(2) That God affords the Affiftance of his holy Spirit in fome Degree to all Men; that he enlightens the Minds of all Chriftians, being ready to affift and enable them to perform fuch an Obedience as he will gracioufly accept and reward, is the plain Doctrine of the New-Teftament. Did


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the Spirit of Chrift, he is none of his. 10. And if Chrift be in you, the body is dead because of fin; but the Spirit is life, becaufe of righteoufnefs. 11. But if the Spirit of him that railed up Jefus from the dead, dwell in you; he that raised up Chrift from the dead, fhall alfo quicken your mortal bodies, by his Spirit [Or, because of his Spirit] that dwelleth in you. 12. Therefore, brethren, we are debters, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh. 13. For if ye live after the flesh, ye fhall die: but if ye through the Spirit


He that keepeth his Command-
ments, dwelleth in him, and he in
him and hereby we know that
he abideth in us, by the Spirit which
he hath given us.
1 Joh. 4. 13.
Hereby know we that we dwell in
him, and he in us, because he hath
given us of his Spirit.

t Joh. 3. 34. God giveth not
the Spirit by meafure unto him. 1o
† Gal. 4. 6. Because ye are Sons,
God hath fent forth the Spirit of
his Son into your Hearts. Phil.
J. 19. I know that this fhall turn

C 2


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to my Salvation, through your Prayer, and the fupply of the Spirit of Jefus Christ. I Pet. I. II. Searching what, or what manner of Time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did fignifie.

11. P See on Acts 2. 24.

† Eph. 2. 5. Even when we were dead in Sins, hath quickned us together with Chrift. Rom. .4. t1 Cor. 6. 14. † 2 Cor. 4. 14. See on A&ts 2. 24. 13. See on Gal. 6. 8. $ See on 1. Pet. 1. 22.


the Devil put it into the Heart of Judas to betray his Lord and Master? Does he infpire his Servants and Votaries, fuggefting Evil and Wickednefs to them? Can we then doubt, whether the holy Spirit puts good Motions into our Minds, infpiring us with good Thoughts and Defires? But befides this common Grace, it is manifeft from this Text, and the Referen ces fet under it, that fincere and true Chriftians have the Special Prefence and Refidence of the holy Spirit vouchfafed to them, expreffed here by his dwelling and abiding in them, which can import nothing lefs than a cons tinual Influence and Affiftance, and that he is in them a powerful Principle of Spiritual Life, enabling them to refift Temptations, and to defpife all the Allurements and Reproaches of the World, and patiently to bear the Afflictions which their being the faithful Servants of God expofes them to, and even to rejoice in them. By the gracious Influences of the holy Spirit, they are enabled to grow in Grace, and to become ftill more and more like unto God, refembling him in all his imitable Perfections. The Senfe hereof may not at all times be the fame; it may be interrupted by Application to Busi nefs, which our prefent Condition makes neceffary, and a Duty; or the Mind may be clouded by Melancholy; not to infift on the Notion advanced by many Spiritual Perfons, that God, fometimes by Way of Tryal, fomes times by Way of Punishment, conceals, as it were, himfelf from the Soul.

In the Acts of the Apostles, and other Places of the New-Teftament, by this Expreffion, The Gift of the holy Ghost, or Spirit, is meant his extraordina ry and miraculous Gifts, whereby the Apoftles and firft Chriftians were ef fectually enabled to plant and propagate the Chriftian Religion. See on As 5. 32.




do mortifie the deeds of the body, ye fhall live. 14. For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the fons of God. 15.For ye have not received the fpirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. 16. (1) The Spirit it felf f beareth witnefs with our fpirit, that we are the children of

at Eph. 4. 22. That ye put off concerning the former Converfation, the old Man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful Lufts. † Col. 3. 5. Mortifie therefore your Members which are upon the Earth; Fornication, Uncleanness, inordinate Affection, evil Concupifcence, and Covetoufnefs, which is Idolatry:

14. + Gal. 5. 18. If ye are led by the Spirit, ye are not under the Law.

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† Mar. 14. 36. He faid, Abba, Father, all things are poffible unto thee. Luk. 12. 32.Fear not little Flock; for it is your Fathers good Pleasure to give you the Kingdom. Joh. 1. 12. As many as received him, to them gave he Power to become the Sons of God.-Gal. 3. 26. Ye are all the Children of God by. 10 Faith in Jefus Chrift. Gal. 4. 5, 6. That we might receive the Adoption of Sons. And becaufe ye are Sons, God hath fent forth the Spirit of his Son into your Hearts, crying, Abba, Father. Eph. 1. 5. Having predeftinated us unto the Adoption of Children by Jefus Chrift himfelf. Joh. 3. 1. Behold, what manner of Love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the Sons of God.

15. Cor. 2 12. Now we have received not the Spirit of the 15 World, but the Spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.

† 2 Tim. 1. 7. God hath not 20 given us the Spirit of Fear; but of Power, and of Love, and ofa found Mind.

et Ifa. 56. 5. Unto them will I give in mine Houfe, and within 25 my Walls, a Place, and a Name better than of Sons and of Daughters.

16. f t/2, Cor. 1. 22. Who hath alfo fealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our Hearts. †2 Cor. 5. 5. Who alfo hath given us the earnest of the Spirit. 1 Eph


(1) Poffibly Almighty God may, by a Voice or Whisper of the holy Spirit, give to fome Perfons, and in fome extraordinary Cafes, an affurance that they are his Children. But fuch a Teftimony of the Spirit is not, that I know of, promifed in Scripture, and therefore is not to be expected by us. The beft Evidence of our having the Spirit, and of our being the Children of God, is bringing forth the Fruits of the Spirit in cur Lives and Converfations, without which all other Pretences are Fruitlefs and vain. The Advancing fuch Opinions as put People in Expectation of the Spirit's fpeaking to them, may be of dangerous Confequence; for good Men not finding any fuch Voice, may be apt to fall into Despair; and it may expofe others to Prefumption, and the Delufion of the evil Spirit. That the Apostle does not here encourage any fuch Expectation is manifeft, becaufe fuch a Teftimony would be the immediate Teftimony of the Spirit alone; whereas the Witnefs the Apostle fpeaks of, is a Witnefs concurring with our Spirits, that is, our Minds and Confciences, which have therefore a Share in giving of it. See Bishop Bull's English Works Pag. 882,&c.



of God. 17. And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Chrift: it to be that we fuffer with him, that we may be alfo glorified together. 18. For I reckon that the fufferings of this prefent time, are not worthy to be compared with the glory which fhall be revealed 19. For the earnest expectation of the (1) CreaC 3

in us.

1. 13, 14. -In whom alfo after that ye believed, ye were fealed with that holy Spirit of Promife, which is the earnest of our Inheritance, until the Redemption of the purchased Poffeffion, unto the Praise of his Glory. Eph. 4. 30. Grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are fealed unto the Day of Redemption.

17.8 Gal. 4. 7. Wherefore thou art no more a Servant, but a Son; and if a Son, then an Heir of God through Chrift.

Acts 26. 18. That they may receive Forgiveness of Sins, and Inheritance among them that are fanctified, by Faith that is in me. it2 Tim. 2. 11, 12. Phil. 1. 28. See on Acts 14. 22:


4. 13. But rejoice in as much as ye are Partakers of Chrifts Sufferings; that when his Glory fhall be revealed, ye may be glad with exceeding 5 Joy. 1 Pet. 5. 10. The God of all Grace, who hath called us unto his eternal Glory by Chrift Jefus, after that ye have fuffered a while,make you perfect, ftablish, ftrengthen, fettle 10 you. 1 Joh. 3. 2. Beloved, now are we the Sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that when he fhall appear, we fhall be like him; for we shall 15 fee him as he is.

19 Ifa. 65. 17. Behold, I create new Heavens, and a new Earth.Ifa. 66. 22. As the new Heavens, and the new Earth, which I will 20 make, fhall remain before me, faith the Lord; fo fhall your Seed and your Name remain. A&ts 3. 21. Whom the Heaven must receive, until the Times of Reftitution of all Things, which God hath spoken by the Mouth of all his holy Prophets, fince the World began. †2 Pet. 3. 13. Nevertheless, we according to his Promife, look for new Heavens,

18. k Mat. 5. 11, 12. Bleffed are ye, when Men shall revile you, and perfecute you. Rejoice and be exceeding glad for great is your Reward in Heaven. †2 Cor. 4. 17.25 Our light Affliction, which is but for a Moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal Weight of Glory. Pet. 1. 6, 7. Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a 30 feafon (if need be) ye are in Heavinefs through manifold Temptations. That the trial of your Faith being much more precious than of Gold that perifheth, though it be tried 35 with Fire,might be found unto Praife, and Honour, and Glory, at the Appearing of Jefus Chrift, t Pet.

and new Earth, wherein dwelleth Righteoufnefs. t1 Joh. 3. 2. The Words under Ver. 18. Rev. 21. 1, 27. I faw a new Heaven, and a new Earth.- And there fhall in no wife enter into it any thing that defileth, neither what foever worketh Abomination, or maketh a Lie --

(1) I once intended to have put a Note on this difficult Paffage, which reaches to the End of the 23d Verfe; but finding it would take up more Room than I could fpare, I thall refer the Reader to the fecond Vol. of Dr. Lightfoot's Works, pag. 359, 1089, 1148. See likewife Dr. Whitby on thefe Verfes.

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ture waiteth for the manifeftation of the fons of God. For the Creature was made fubject to vanity, not willingly, but by reafon of him who hath fubjected the fame in hope: 21. Because the creature it felf alfo fhall be delivered from the bondage of corruption, into the glorious liberty of the children of God. 22. For we know that the whole creation [Or, every creature] n groneth, and travaileth in pain together until now: 23. And not only they, but our felves alfo, which have the firft fruits of the Spirit, even P we our felves grone within our felves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body. 24. For we faved by hope: But hope that is feen, is not hope: for what a man feeth, why doth he yet hope for? 25. But if we hope for that we fee not, then do we with patience wait for it. 26. (1) Likewife the Spirit alfo helpeth our infirmities for we know not what we fhould pray for as we ought:



20. Gen. 3. 17. Unto Adam he faid, Because thou haft hearkened unto the Voice of thy Wife, and haft eaten of the Tree of which I commanded thee, faying, Thou halt not eat of it, Curfed is the Ground for thy fake; in Sorrow halt thou eat of it all the Days of thy Life. Ifa. 24. 5, 6. The Earth allo is defiled under the Inhabitants thereof: becaufe they have tranfgreffed the Laws, changed the Ordinance, broken the everlafting Covenant. Therefore hath the Curfe devoured the Earth, and they, that dwell therein are defolate.

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22. Jer. 12. 11. They have made it [my pleafant Portion] défolate, and being defolate, it mourneth unto me.

23. Eph. 1. 14. The Words under Ver. 16.


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is from Heaven: For we that are in this Tabernacle do grone, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be fwallowed up of Life.

4. Luk. 20. 36. Neither can they die any more; for they are equal to the Angels, and are the Children of God, being the Children of the Refurrection.

**Luk. 21. 28. When these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your Heads; for your Redemption draweth nigh. Eph. 4. 30. The Words under Ver. 16. † Heb. 11,

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24. t 2 Cor. 5. 7.

See on Joh, 20. 29. 26. Mat. 20. 22. Jefus anfwered and faid, Ye know not what ye ask. Jam. 4. 3. Ye ask, and † receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may confume it on your

Pt 2 Cor. 5. 2, 4. For in this we grone earnestly, defiring to be clothed upon with our Houfe which 25 Lufts.

(1) This Verfe has confiderable Difficulties in it. The Reader may find an Explication thereof in Dr. Claget's Difcourfe of the Operations of the holy Spirit, Part I. Chap. V. Sect. 6. Alfo Part II. p. 46, &c. He has praved that it cannot be inferred from this Place that the holy Spirit ifts Chriftians in offering extempore Prayers.

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