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(5) lost, boast, 480, 496, 522, were possibly pronounced with

similar vowel sounds.

(6) extreme, phlegm (written fleme), 662: compare Swift

'Let melancholy rule supreme,

Choler preside, or blood, or phlegm.'

(7) desert, heart, 731.

Compare Prior's—

and Pope's―

ment:

'Caught by your own delusive art,

You fancy first, and then assert,'

'But still the great have kindness in reserve,

He hoped to bury whom he helped to starve.'

(8) speak, take, 585, speaks, makes, breaks, 626. Boswell reports a conversation in which Johnson made the following interesting state"When I published the Plan for my Dictionary, Lord Chesterfield told me that the word great should be pronounced so as to rhyme to state; and Sir William Yonge sent me word that it should be pronounced so as to rhyme to seat, and that none but an Irishman would pronounce it grait," (p. 230). Great has kept its old pronunciation, but in several other words ea is now pronounced as long e. Tea rhymed with obey in Pope's couplet—

'Where thou, great Anna, whom three realms obey,

Dost sometimes counsel take, and sometimes tea.'

Double or Feminine Rhymes: (four); disputed, confuted, 442; nation, salvation, 546; translations, quotations, 663; and the faulty rhyme satires, dedicators, 592.

Recurrence of the same rhymes:

(a) wit and fit, 52, 60, 291, 448, 651, writ, 233, 538, 657, commit, 259, quit, 428, and the faulty rhymes light, 301, delight, 237; (b) sense and offence, 3, 364, 386, defence, 29, 209, pretence, 324, 578, and other words, 567, 609, 653;

(c) art or arts and part or parts, 62, 108, 154, 263, 287, 295, impart or imparts, 72, 219;

(d) mind and find, 19, 236, 299, 530, design'd, 131, 484, and other words, 201, 453, 687.

(e) true, 17, 257, 406, 466, 573, 611;

(f) eyes, 122, 158, 231, 250, 462.

Triplets (eight);

23, 136, 143, 158, 315, 328, 341, 626.

Alexandrines (two);

357, 373.

Peculiarities of Pronunciation:

criticism, 102, as trisyllable;

schismatics, 428, instead of schismátics;

stágirite, 138, 280, 645, instead of stagírite.

Monosyllabic Lines: (twenty-five); 14, 35, 73, 81, 107, 113, 226, 254, 284, 303, 335, 338, 347, 358, 399, 426, 451, 504, 574, 599, 632, 673, 685, 727, 744.

Pause:

The following Table shows the distribution of Pauses in the 744 lines of the Essay: there are eight lines which contain no pause at the end or elsewhere.

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(669 lines with one pause + 65 lines with two pauses + 2 lines with three pauses + 8 pauseless lines make up 744 lines).

Examples of these different Pauses will be found in the following

lines:

Pause: 11. 80, 146, 173, 221, 247, 280, 354, 448, 464, 522. I Pause: I. 157, 204, 216, 237, 649, 657, 664, 697, 739. Pause: ll. 11, 44, 263, 273, 285.

2 Pause: 11. 3, 5, 6, 10, 14, 28, 30, 77, 78, 79, et passim. 2Pause: 11. 4, 40, 68, 69, 70, 85, 86, 87, et passim.

3 Pause: 11. 36, 180, 200, 214, 242, 257, 265, 269, and elsewhere. 3 Pause: 11. 108, 385, 694, 718.

4 Pause: 11. 17, 143, 362, 419, 618, 717.

4 Pause: 1. 9, and with other pause ll. 156, 459. End Pause: passim.

Run-on lines with pause elsewhere: 9, 90, 143, 156, 163, 201, 207, 229, 293, 318, 354, 376, 396, 426, 468, 655.

Run-on lines without pause elsewhere: 1, 76, 148, 175, 484, 544, 663, 669.

Overflow couplet, Enjambement: 657-660.

Alliteration lines 76-7, 105, 225, 322, 355, 451, 453, 545, 550, 608-9, 613, 662, 698.

Hiatus: lines 22, 24, 33, 43, 90, 97, 101, 111, 273, 324, 328, 336, 377, 424, 454, 461, 497–8, 565, 569, 571, 582, 673-4, 694, 705.

Elision (or Synaloepha): lines 3, 76, 79, 96, 131, 134, 200, 244, 250, 315, 327, 558, 739.

Expletives: lines 346, 545, and perhaps 65, 318, 502, and 454.

Unemphatic Accent: lines 22, só 439, bé 483, intó 489, tó 690, and the 228, 367, 553, 686, 692, by the 91, in the 534, for the 579, from the 685.

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1 Based on the Chronological Table' in Mr A. W. Ward's Introductory Memoir, Pope's Poetical Works, Globe Edition, p. lii.

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