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lasts, but will always remain in the community; because without this there can be no community, no commonwealth, which is contrary to the original agreement: so also when the society hath placed the legislative in any assembly of men, to continue in them and their successors, with direction and authority for providing such successors, the legislative can never revert to the people whilst that government lasts; because, having provided a legislative with power to continue for ever, they have given up their political power to the legislative, and cannot resume it. But if they have set limits to the duration of their legislative, and made this supreme power in any person, or assembly, only temporary; or else, when by the miscarriages of those in authority, it is forfeited; upon the forfeiture, or at the determination of the time set, it reverts to the society, and the people have a right to act as supreme, and continue the legislative in themselves ; or erect a new form, or under the old form place it in new hands, as they think good.

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Ι Ν D E X

TO THE

FOURTH VOLUME

C

A.

Absolute monarchy, no proof of

it from Jacob, or other paABRAHAM (the patriarch), his triarchs,

297, war proves not a sovereign &c.—nor from Noah's sons, 317 power,

310

nor from the dispersion had no authority over of Babel,

319 Lot,

313

not enjoyed by them, Absolute monarchy, being “jure

321, 322 divino," a new doctrine, 214

Nimrod had no right not proved divine from to it.

324 Adam's sovereignty by crea

the dukes of Edom, tion, 222-nor from his sove- and several kings mentioned in reignty by donation, 227 scripture, proofs against it, 325 how destructive it is to

inconsistent with civil mankind among the Turks, 452 society,

389 Eve's subjection proves

why the subjects of it it not to be“jure divino,” 244- are kept from destroying one nor Adam's fatherhood, 249,&c. another,

391, &c. it is not proved divine

how it came to be reby the command,“ Honour thy strained by laws,

ibid. father"

257, &c. Adam, no proof of his absolute it flows not from fa

power over his children, 218-220 therhood and property, 267,&c. had no absolute authority supposing “ jure di- by creation,

222 vino,” it is necessary to know had no absolute authority by the person invested with it, God's appointment, 227, &c.

275, &c.

the grant (Gen.i. 28.) gave the absurdity of sup- him no power over men, 228 posing it to descend from Adam the same grant was given to by heirship, 290

233

all men,

.

than none,

Adam supposing he was propri- Clipped money, the charge of etor of all things, this proves

recoining it should not be not his sovereignty,

235 borne by the public, 201 his absolute dominion not Coin. Vid. Money. proved by Eve's subjection, 244 Coinage, paid for, by a tax on

of the conveyance of his wine, 90—Costs nothing to the supposed monarchical power,

owner, ibid. 105–-Makes not 273

standard silver worth less than the absurdity of supposing

before,

122 any one heir of his autho- the charge of it comrity, 290 puted,

124 the difficulties of discover

ascertains the quantity of ing the true heir, 292,302, &c. silver, by a public mark, 143 Arbitrary government, worse -and so is a security to the 420 receiver,

144 - no right to it from

the art of it should be conquest, 443 kept secret,

203 Authority (political) not required Commodities, the goodness of

in the fifth commandment, 261 them does not always increase Vid. Political Power,

their price,

41 the consumption of

them enhances their value, ib. B.

how the vending of them is increased,

43

Commonwealth, how men come BALANCE of trade. Vid. Trade. under the government of it, Bills of exchange, the only use

and how far,

409, 414 of them,

22

the end of it is the Birth-right, dominion does not preservation of property, 412 naturally belong to it, 302, &c.

the several forms of it, Bullion. Vid. Silver.

415 416 Buyers, plenty of them make

how the word is used things dear, 39 by the author,

416 its highest power can

not be absolutely arbitrary,417 C.

must be governed by standing laws,

423

three kinds of power CHILDREN not born in a full therein,

424 state of equality,

368

the subordination of its yet they are born to powers,

426 it,

309 Community, how the supreme when they come to be power is ultimately therein, free, 371

425 how they are said to be Conjugal society, how made, 383 born free,

372

the cause of its long conCivil society. Vid. Political So- tinuance in mankind, 384 ciety.

Conquest gives not right of goClipped money should pass only verning to the aggressor, 443

for its weight, 196-the great if unjust, the conquered mischief of its passing other- may appeal to Heaven for juswise, 200 tice,

444

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Conquest, when just, it gives an Filmer, (Sir R.) asserts that none absolute power over the lives are born free,

215 of the conquered, 446

- his reasons against native yet not over their es. freedom considered, ibid. tates, and why, 447, 448 his notions of fatherly auCorn, the price of it depends on thority,

217 its plenty,

170

he affirms kings to be above law,

ibid. E.

his strange interpretation of scripture,

223 EQUALITY (natural) may be sufficiently confutes his altered by several things, 340, own schemes, 270, 271

&c.

says, it matters not how Esau, his forces proved him not kings come by their power, 274 an heir to Adam's dominions, makes an usurper have

314, 815
right to govern,

ibid. Exchange (of money) in several First born, has no natural right, places how regulated, 50 by being so, to dominion, 301

when it is high or low,149 Force, when without authority, to &c.-the reasons of both, ibid. be opposed with force, 443, 444

promises extorted by it, not F. binding,

451

Free, men are naturally so, 213 FATHERS, Filmer's account of

339 their authority, 225, 226 Freedom, (natural) men pot de

have not an absolute pow- prived of without their own er over their children, 263 consent,

420 give not life to their chil. how men subject themselves dren,

251

to any government, 409, 414 seldom intend to commu. nicate life, and sometimes wish

G. the contrary,

252 have no power to expose GAMESTERS injurious to the their children, 253 public welfare,

28, 29 some fathers have fatten- God speaks in scripture so as to ed and eat their children, 254 be understood, 245, 246

bave not power to sacri- Gold, altering its value by a law fice their offspring, 256 in proportion to silver, tends to

their authority cannot be impoverish a nation, 98, &c. transferred more than that of a not the measure of com. husband, 286 merce as silver is,

151 their power may be for- why it should notwithstandfeited, but not alienated, 287 ing this, be coined, ibid.

how they in time became the proportion between it princes,

382
and silver,

193 Fatherhood, Moses and Joshua Government cannot naturally de

not made governors by the right scend by hereditary right, 275,
of it,
330

&c. the judges and kings of

how it differs from

proIsrael ruled not by this title, 331 perty,

283 Filmer, (Sir Robert) a breviate of

that which gives right his system of government, 215 to it, in the present possessor,

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