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lasts, but will always remain in the community; because without this there can be no community, no commonwealth, which is contrary to the original agreement: so also when the society hath placed the legislative in any assembly of men, to continue in them and their successors, with direction and authority for providing such successors, the legislative can never revert to the people whilst that government lasts; because, having provided a legislative with power to continue for ever, they have given up their political power to the legislative, and cannot resume it. But if they have set limits to the duration of their legislative, and made this supreme power in any person, or assembly, only temporary; or else, when by the miscarriages of those in authority, it is forfeited; upon the forfeiture, or at the determination of the time set, it reverts to the society, and the people have a right to act as supreme, and continue the legislative in themselves ; or erect a new form, or under the old form place it in new hands, as they think good.

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IN DE X

TO THE

FOURTH VOLUME
F

A.

Absolute monarchy, no proof of

it from Jacob, or other pa-
ABRAHAM (the patriarch), his

triarchs,

297,
war proves not a sovereign &c.—nor from Noah's sons, 317
power,

310

nor from the dispersion
had no authority over of Babel,

319
Lot,

313

not enjoyed by them,
Absolute monarchy, being “jure

321, 322
divino," a new doctrine, 214

Nimrod had no right
not proved divine from to it.

324
Adam's sovereignty by crea-

the dukes of Edom,
tion, 222-nor from his sove- and several kings mentioned in
reignty by donation, 227 scripture, proofs against it, 325
how destructive it is to

inconsistent with civil
mankind among the Turks, 452

society,

389
Eve's subjection proves

why the subjects of it
it not to be" jure divino," 244- are kept from destroying one
nor Adam's fatherhood, 249,&c. another,

391, &c.
it is not proved divine

how it came to be re-
by the command,“ Honour thy strained by laws,

ibid.
father"

257, &c. Adam, no proof of his absolute
it flows not from fa-

power over his children, 218-220
therhood and property, 267,&c. had no absolute authority
supposing “ jure di- by creation,

222
vino,” it is necessary to know had no absolute authority by
the person invested with it, God's appointment, 227, &c.

275, &c. the grant (Gen.i. 28.) gave
the absurdity of sup- him no power over men, 228
posing it to descend from Adam the same grant was given to
by heirship,
290

233

all men,

.

than none,

Adam supposing he was propri- Clipped money, the charge of

etor of all things, this proves recoining it should not be
not his sovereignty, 235 borne by the public,

201
his absolute dominion not Coin. Vid. Money.
proved by Eve's subjection,244 Coinage, paid for, by a tax on

of the conveyance of his wine, 90—Costs nothing to the
supposed monarchical power, owner, ibid. 105-Makes not

273 standard silver worth less than
the absurdity of supposing

before,

122
any one heir of his autho-

the charge of it com-
rity,
290 puted,

124
the difficulties of discover-

ascertains the quantity of
ing the true heir, 292,302, &c. silver, by a public mark, 143
Arbitrary government, worse -and so is a security to the

420
receiver,

144
no right to it from

the art of it should be
conquest,
443 kept secret,

203
Authority (political) not required Commodities, the goodness of

in the fifth commandment, 261 them does not always increase
Vid. Political Power,

their price,

41
the consumption of

them enhances their value, ib.
B.

how the vending of
them is increased,

43

Commonwealth, how men come
BALANCE of trade. Vid. Trade. under the government of it,
Bills of exchange, the only use

and how far,

409, 414
of them,

22

the end of it is the
Birth-right, dominion does not preservation of property, 412
naturally belong to it, 302, &c.

the several forms of it,
Bullion. Vid. Silver.

415-416
Buyers, plenty of them make

how the word is used
things dear,
39 by the author,

416
its highest power can-

not be absolutely arbitrary,417
C.

must be governed by
standing laws,

423

three kinds of power
CHILDREN not born in a full therein,

424
state of equality, 368

the subordination of its
yet they are born to
powers,

426
it,

309 Community, how the supreme
when they come to be power is ultimately therein,
free,
371

425
how they are said to be Conjugal society, how made, 383
born free,

372

the cause of its long con-
Civil society. Vid. Political So. tinuance in mankind, 384
ciety.

Conquest gives not right of go-
Clipped money should pass only verning to the aggressor, 443

for its weight, 196—the great if unjust, the conquered
mischief of its passing other-

may appeal to Heaven for jus-
wise,
200 tice,

444

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Conquest, when just, it gives an Filmer, (Sir R.) asserts that none
absolute power over the lives are born free,

215
of the conquered, 446

his reasons against native
yet not over their es- freedom considered, ibid.
tates, and why, 447, 448 his notions of fatherly au-
Corn, the price of it depends on thority,

217
its plenty,

170

he affirms kings to be
above law,

ibid.
E.

his strange interpretation
of scripture,

223
EQUALITY (natural) may be

sufficiently confutes his
altered by several things, 340, own schemes, 270, 271

&c.

says, it matters not how
Esau, his forces proved him not kings come by their power, 274
an heir to Adam's dominions, makes an usurper have

314, 315
right to govern,

ibid.
Exchange (of money) in several First born, has no natural right,
places how regulated, 50 by being so, to dominion, 301

when it is high or low,149 Force, when without authority, to
&c.-the reasons of both, ibid. be opposed with force, 443, 444

promises extorted by it, not
F.
binding,

451

Free, men are naturally so, 213
FATHERS, Filmer's account of

339
their authority, 225, 226 Freedom, (natural) men not de-

have not an absolute pow- prived of without their own
er over their children, 269 consent,

420
give not life to their chil.

how men subject themselves
dren,

251 to any government, 409, 414
seldom intend to commu-
nicate life, and sometimes wislı

G.
the contrary,

252
have no power to expose GAMESTERS injurious to the
their children,

253 public welfare, 28, 29
some fathers have fatten- God speaks in scripture so as to
ed and eat their children, 254 be understood, 245, 246

have not power to sacri- Gold, altering its value by a law
fice their offspring,

256 in proportion to silver, tends to
their authority cannot be impoverish a nation, 98, &c.
transferred more than that of a not the measure of com.
husband,
286 merce as silver is,

151
their power may be for- why it should notwithstand.
feited, but not alienated, 287 ing this, be coined, ibid.

how they in time became the proportion between it
princes,
382 and silver,

193
Fatherhood, Moses and Joshua Government cannot naturally de-
not made governors by the right scend by hereditary right, 275,
330

&c.
the judges and kings of

how it differs from pro-
Israel ruled not by this title, 331 perty,

283
Filmer, (Sir Robert) a breviate of

that which gives right
his system of governmept, 215 to it, in the present possessor,

of it,

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