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tinued; the five-pence may have the feathers, and the four-pence this mark IV. of four on the reverse ; and on the other side they may each have the king's head with a crown on it, to show on that side too that the piece so coined is one of those under a sixpence; and with that they may each, on that side also, have some marks of distinction one from another, as the five-pence this mark of V. the fourpence-halfpenny a little harp, and the fourpence nothing.

These or any other better distinctions which his majesty shall order, will in tale readily discover them, if by chance any of them fall into larger payments, for which they are not designed.

And thus I have, with as much brevity and clearness as I could, complied with what Mr. Lowndes professes to be the end of printing his report in these words, viz. That any persons, who have considered an affair of " this nature, may (if they please) communicate their

thoughts for rendering the design here aimed at more “ perfect, or more agreeable to the public service.” It must be confessed, that my considerations have led me to thoughts, in some parts of this affair, quite opposite to Mr. Lowndes's: but how far this has been from any desire to oppose him, or to have a dispute with a man, no otherwise known to me but by his civilities, and whom I have a very great esteem for, will appear by what I printed about raising the value of money, about three years since. All that I have said here, in answer to him, being nothing but the applying the principles I then went on, particularly now, to Mr. Lowndes's arguments, as they came in my way, that so thereby others may judge what will, or will not be the

of such a change of our coin, as he proposes ; the only way, I think, of rendering his design more agreeable to the public services.

consequences

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One shilling contained of

fine silver.

The fineness encreased, but the

weight lessened.

Gr.

Gr. 28 Edw. 1 | 264

3 Edw. 6 | 40 18 Edw. 3 | 236

5 Edw. 620 27 Edw. 3 213

6 Edw. 688 9 Hen. 5 176

2 Eliz. 89 1 Hen. 6 142

43 Eliz. 86 4 Hen. 6176

i. e. 74 gr. in a penny. 49 Hen. 6 | 142

WILLIAM III. . 1 Hen. 8 118

11. troy of sterling silver is 34 Hen. 8 100

coined in 62s. the remedy 36 Hen. 8 60

over or under is 2,} pwt. or 37 Hen. 8 40

64d., which is the 124 part

fere v. pl. 8 Aug. 99. SPECIES.

oz. pwt. gr.

Just sta. oz. pwt. sh. pen. Mexico real

0 17 12 better 0 0 4 41 Ducatoon of Flanders

1 0 22

0 44 5 4 Sevil real

0 17 12 worse 0 1

4 44 Holland dollar

0 18 5

0 10 4 4 Lyon dollar

0 17 18

2 3

3 45 Rixdollar of the Empire 0 18 15

0 7+ 4 5 Old cardecu

0 6 31

0 1 1 64 French lewis..

0 17 11

0 044 44 Double milrez of Portugal.. 0 14 4

0 143 64 Single milrez of Portugal. 0 7 2

0 1 1 9 St. Mark of Venice

0 10 4

0 14 2 6 Double Dutch styver

0 1 0

4 6

0 1 Cross dollar.....

0 18 0

0 12 4 27 Zealand dollar

0 13 0

2 0 2 3 Old Philip dollar...

1 0 0

1 0 5 0 Ferdinando dollar 1623 0 18 6

0 121 4 3 Prince of Orangedollar 1624.. 0 18 6

0 10+4 34 Leopoldus dollar 1624..

0 18 2

0 94 34 Rodolphus dollar 1607.. 0 18 7

0 10 4 4 Maximilian dollar 1616... 0 18 2

0 444 44 Danish dollar 1620 ..... 0 13 0

0 13 2 il; Portugal testoon

0 5 0

0 1

1 201 The quarter of a new lewis,

1

0 4 9

0 0.11 1

A pound weight of troy standard gold is cut into guineas 44}, one

guinea weighs gr. 1294, i. e. 5 pw. 9 gr. z.

TWO

TREATISES

OF

GOVERNMENT.

IN THE FORMER,

THE FALSE PRINCIPLES AND FOUNDATION

ОР

SIR ROBERT FILMER, AND HIS FOLLOWERS,

ARE DETECTED AND OVERTHROWN:

THE LATTER, IS AN

E S S A Y

CONCERNING

THE TRUE ORIGINAL, EXTENT, AND END,

OF

CIVIL GOVERNMENT.

THE

PRE FACE.

READER, Thou hast here the beginning and end of a discourse concerning government; what fate has other. wise disposed of the papers that should have filled up the middle, and were more than all the rest, it is not worth while to tell thee. These, which remain, I hope are sufficient to establish the throne of our great restorer, our present king William; to make good bis title in the consent of the people; which being our only one of all lawful governments, he has more fully and clearly than any prince in Christendom; and to justify to the world the people of England, whose love of their just and natural rights, with their resolution to preserve them, saved the nation when it was on the very brink of slavery and ruin. If these papers have that evidence, I flatter myself is to be found in them, there will be no great miss of those which are lost, and my reader

may

be satisfied without them. For I imagine, I shall have neither the time nor inclination to repeat my pains, and fill up the wanting part of my answer, by tracing sir Robert again through all the windings and obscurities which are to be met with in the several branches of his wonderful system. The king, and body of the nation, have since so thoroughly confuted his hypothesis, that I suppose nobody hereafter will have either the confidence to appear against our common safety, and be again an advocate for slavery; or the weakness to be deceived with contradictions dressed up in a popular style and well turned periods. For if any one will be at the pains himself, in those parts which are here untouched, to strip sir Robert's discourses of

VOL. IV.

P

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