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النشر الإلكتروني

B.C.

605.

Defeat of Egyptians by Nebuchadnezzar at Carchemish. 604.

NEBUCHADNEZZAR. 586. Fall of Jerusalem. 561.

AMÊL-MARDUK (Evil-Merodach). 559.

NERGAL-SHAR-UĻUR (Neriglissar). 555 (9 months). LABASHI-MARDUK (Laborisoarchod). 555

NARU-NA'ID (Nabonnēdus, Nabonidus). 538. Cyrus. Return of Jews under Zerubbabel. 529-522. CAMBYSES. 522 (7 months). GAUMÂTA (Pseudo-Smerdis). 522-485. DARIUS HYSTASPIS. 485-465. XERXES. 333 Persian empire overthrown by ALEXANDER THE GREAT. 323

Death of Alexander.
Kings of Syria.

Kings of Egypt. 312. SeleucUS I (Nicator). 322. PTOLEMY I (Lagi), satrap.

305. PTOLEMY I (Lagi), king.

285. PTOLEMY II (Philadelphus). 280. Antiochus I (Soter). 261. ANTIOCHUS II (Theos). 249. Antiochus II receives in marriage Berenice, daughter of

Ptolemy Philadelphus. 246. SELEUCUS II (Callinicus). 247. PTOLEMY III (Euergetes I). 226. SELEUCUS III (Ceraunos). 223. ANTIOCHUS III (the Great). 222. PTOLEMY IV (Philopator).

205. PTOLEMY V (Epiphanes). 198. Antiochus the Great defeats Ptolemy Epiphanes at Paneion, and

obtains possession of Palestine. 194-3. Antiochus the Great marries his daughter, Cleopatra, to

Ptolemy Epiphanes. 187. SeleucUS IV (Philopator). 182. PTOLEMY VI (Eupator). 175–164. Antiochus IV (Epi- 182–146. PTOLEMY VİI (Philophanes).

metor). 175: Jason purchases the high-priesthood from Antiochus, ex

pelling his brother Onias III. 172. Menelaus, outbidding Jason, becomes high-priest. 170. Antiochus' first expedition into Egypt. On his return he

enters the Temple, and carries off the sacred vessels. 168. Antiochus' third (or second?) expedition into Egypt. 168. Apollonius surprises Jerusalem on the Sabbath-day. 168. Antiochus' measures against the Jews. Desecration of the

Temple (25 Chisleu). 167. Rise of the Maccabees. 166–5.

Victories over the generals of Antiochus. 165. Re-dedication of the Temple (25 Chisleu). 164. Death of Antiochus.

:

CORRIGENDA. P, 69 notes, l. 13, 14, 26: for half-shekel read half-m’na ; and for half-shekels read half-m’nas. P. 107 note.

In the Ethiopic text, the expression in Enoch lxix. 26, 29, lxx. 1, lxxi. 17 is 'that Son of Man’.

ADDENDA. P. 140 footnote, l. 4 from bottom: Niese's opinion may be read more fully in his Kritik der beiden Makkabäerbücher (1900), p. 96 f.

P. 176, note on xi. 20. On the title of Heliodorus, as attested also by inscriptions, see Niese, op. cit. p. 29. P. 193.

In illustration of the divine honours assumed by Antiochus, see also the evidence collected from inscriptions by E. R. Bevan, Journ. of Hellenic Studies, 1900, pp. 26—30, respecting the worship of the Seleucidae in different cities of the East.

DANIEL.

INTRODUCTION.

§ 1.

The person of Daniel and the contents of the Book.

All that is known of Daniel is contained substantially in the book which bears his name. The Book consists essentially of two parts : (1) a series of narratives (ch. i.-vi.), describing the experiences of Daniel and his companions, in the three reigns of Nebuchadnezzar (ch. i.-iv.), Belshazzar (ch. v.), and Darius the Mede (ch. vi.); and (2) a series of visions (ch. vii.—xii.), with introductions describing the circumstances attending them, purporting to have been seen by Daniel during the reigns of Belshazzar (ch. vii., viii.), Darius the Mede (ch. ix.), and Cyrus (ch. x.-xii.). The principal link connecting the two parts of the book is afforded by chaps. ii. and vii.—the four empires symbolized by the image in Nebuchadnezzar's dream in ch. ii. being the same as the four empires symbolized by the four beasts seen by Daniel in his vision described in ch. vii. The following is an outline of the contents of the Book.

Nebuchadnezzar, having in the third year of Jehoiakim, king of Judah (B.C. 605), laid siege to Jerusalem, and carried away to Babylon several Jewish prisoners, determined shortly afterwards to have a number of noble and promising youths educated in the language and learning of the 'Chaldaeans,'-i.e. of the professors of divination, magic, and astrology in Babylon,—with a

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