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want of congregations have been obliged to discontinue the evening service; this was particularly the case with the Rectors of St. Andrew's and St. David's.
In the city and parish of Kingston, there is but one church, which will hold nearly a thousand people; it is thronged every Sunday morning, principally by free people of colour, and free blacks. Indeed, had there been two or three churches more built in this populous city, six or seven years ago, and zealous clergymen appointed to them, I feel confident in saying, they would, ere now, have been equally thronged; but, though there are eight or ten thousand Slaves in the place, and a greater number of free people, with several thousand white inhabitants, an island curate has never been appointed there, and consequently a chapel of ease has never been built: on this account, seeing so good an opening, the Dissenters have been very active, and have four or five places of worship, three of them built within the last few years; the Scotch, and other Presbyterians, have a very large kirk, (built principally with Episcopalians' money,) which is not half filled; but the Wesleyans have two large chapels, capable of containing more than two thousand persons, and which are well attended (even filled I have been told) morning and evening, chiefly by Negroes
and people of colour. The Baptists have also a large and handsome chapel, well attended, by Blacks and Browns, besides a smaller one, occasionally opened. There is also a Catholic chapel for the French and other foreigners.*
This city contains upwards of thirty thousand inhabitants, nearly one half of which, I should imagine, are in the habit of attending (and most of this half, pretty regularly) the different places of worship, which is as many as attend, with any regularity, in all the other parishes put together.
In St. Thomas's in the East, there is a church and two Episcopal chapels, served by two of the most zealous clergymen in the island, and in consequence their ministry is better attended; I can say from certain knowledge, that more than a thousand Slaves regularly (viz. once a fortnight, or as often as they can) attend their church and chapels, and that many of them, adults as well as children, are catechised every Sunday, a thing not regularly done, as I believe, in any other parish in Jamaica. The Wesleyans have also three chapels in this parish, served by two of their preachers, and I was informed that their ministry was well attended, and that great numbers of their flocks are baptized and married by the rector and curate. In Spanish Town, the capital of Jamaica, *Note 9. See Appendix.
there is a large church, capable of holding one thousand people, but it is seldom or never filled, though there are many thousands of inhabitants in the town; there is also a Wesleyan chapel, tolerably well attended, as I have been informed.
In the town of Port-Royal, which is quite separated from the other part of the parish, there are two or three thousand inhabitants, and the church will hold five hundred persons. During the time I officiated there (between two and three years), it was generally well filled, every Sunday morning, chiefly by free people of colour and free blacks, and the soldiers of the garrison. For nearly a year, I opened the church also in the evening, and had a congregation of one hundred and fifty or two hundred, free people and Slaves, for very few of the latter could attend in the morning, and I was on that account induced to exert myself, having Divine Service besides (for the different crews of the vessels in harbour) at the dock-yard, and sometimes also in the naval hospital to the convalescents. Latterly the Wesleyans and Baptists have had small congregations in this town, on Sunday evenings, or on some other evening during the week.
The parish church of St. Andrew's is also better attended than most country churches there, as is the temporary chapel in the mountainous
part. There is also a Wesleyan chapel in this parish. The church at Montego Bay, a neat town in St. James's parish, is pretty well attended, by the white and free inhabitants of the town principally; but in other parts of the parish religion is scarcely thought of, and just the same may be said of St. Catherine's and Port-Royal, excepting the towns.
Some years since, a bill was passed, commonly called Lord Bathurst's Bill, by which their Graces, the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, and the Lord Bishop of London, were empowered to ordain clergymen, who could officiate in the colonies only; this was intended to supply the West Indies, and particularly Jamaica, with curates for the different parishes, and through whose exertions in the ministry, it was expected much would be done for the propagation of the gospel amongst the Slaves. I am sorry, however, to say, that though many curates have been appointed, very little has been done for the increase and interests of religion and morality.
One great cause is, that but few chapels have been built, and these clergymen having received Episcopal Ordination, felt (some of them) a delicacy in offering their services to officiate in private houses or coffee stores; several however, did offer, and were also willing to attend
at some of the estates, to catechise and lecture; but their good and laudable wishes and intentions were opposed. This was the case I well know with two or three friends of my own, the island curates of St. Catharine's and St. Thomas's in the Vale, in the year 1820: also with the curate of Clarendon, who was allowed to attend only on two estates, to preach every other Sunday, (there being no chapel at that time,) though there are sixty or seventy, at least, in that large and populous parish. The consequence has been that some of the curates have done little or no duty, and others, instead of having a separate church or chapel, as was intended, and ordered for each one of them, by an Act of Assembly, have become mere curates to the rectors of their respective parishes, who could of themselves very easily discharge the duties they were called upon to perform.
An act was passed by the House of Assembly, in 1816, which not only directed the vestries to provide chapels, or places of worship, for the curates, but also ordered the rectors, as well as curates, to attend in the afternoon of every Sunday for the purpose of instructing the Negroes; two days also were to be appointed in the week, on each of which they were to attend, some one or more of the estates for the same purpose; but though ten or twelve curates were appointed