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I have known many of them run away to avoid it: a long time often intervenes before they can be recovered; and it is not a trifle that will make a Negro run the risk of getting imprisoned, with two or three floggings into the bargain, or perhaps get transported from the island, for life. These jobbing-gangs have been compared, very aptly, to over-wrought or over-driven horses: the poor Slaves composing them may certainly, without exaggeration, be compared to the London hacks. A double price is paid for them, and they are worked so very much, that they do not last long. It is gold versus life.

Of the great care taken of the Slaves in sickness, and of the boasted and frequent attendance of the medical men on the different properties, I have never seen any very flattering specimens, though I have been on a great many plantations, and have seen a plenty of doctors. Their hot-houses, or hospitals, are, generally speaking, filthy receptacles; they are very happily styled hot-houses, for they are hot enough; as the hospital is, on most estates, a confined room, very often an earthen floor: in this, is a platform of boards, raised two or three feet high, like the soldiers' guard-bed, on which the sick lie down in their own clothes, covered sometimes with a blanket, and sometimes not: on some large estates they have a superior kind

of hospital, on a first floor, with better accommodations. The hot-house is often the place, where the Negroes are also confined in the stocks; so that it is both hospital and gaol.

The doctor commonly comes once or twice a week, more frequently only once, unless on large estates, or that he is sent for in urgent cases on a smaller one; slight cases are very often left to overseers; and in many instances the learned doctor just walks into the room of the sick and destitute, asks a question or so, turns on his heel, and walks to the overseer's residence again, to talk over the news of the day. In some parishes a surgeon and his assistant have, perhaps, five or six thousand Negroes under their charge, (besides white and free persons); these living on thirty or forty different properties, some of them twelve or fifteen miles asunder, so that it is not possible any very great attention can be generally paid. But it is in this as in most other things; where the proprietor or attorney resides, and on the largest estates, there the messenger or harbinger of health (with his head full of calomel and jalap, which constitute a great part of the Pharmacopeia Jamaicensis) is most often seen; and there too the poor sick Negro is pretty sure of getting something from the master's table, but is not always so on small and poor properties, unless the overseer be very humane, and certainly there are many humane men among them.

I have known many of them run away to avoid it: a long time often intervenes before they can be recovered; and it is not a trifle that will make a Negro run the risk of getting imprisoned, with two or three floggings into the bargain, or perhaps get transported from the island, for life. These jobbing-gangs have been compared, very aptly, to over-wrought or over-driven horses: the poor Slaves composing them may certainly, without exaggeration, be compared to the London hacks. A double price is paid for them, and they are worked so very much, that they do not last long. It is gold versus life.

Of the great care taken of the Slaves in sickness, and of the boasted and frequent attendance of the medical men on the different properties, I have never seen any very flattering specimens, though I have been on a great many plantations, and have seen a plenty of doctors. Their hot-houses, or hospitals, are, generally speaking, filthy receptacles; they are very happily styled hot-houses, for they are hot enough; as the hospital is, on most estates, a confined room, very often an earthen floor: in this, is a platform of boards, raised two or three feet high, like the soldiers' guard-bed, on which the sick lie down in their own clothes, covered sometimes with a blanket, and sometimes not: on some large estates they have a superior kind

running about some houses, who for the sake of common decency ought to be clothed; and it is very common to see black boys and girls, twelve or thirteen years of age, almost men and women, in nothing but a long shirt or shift, waiting at table; so little are the decencies of life observed towards them. Such exposures by whites would be considered the height of indelicacy even in the West Indies, but the poor Negroes are not considered to have any delicacy or fine feeling; such prejudices, and such various ideas of delicacy, can be caused and propagated by the colour of the skin and the degrading condition of Slavery. Mistaken ideas, however, produce a corrupt practice; every breach of the moral law, sooner or later, produces its own punishment, and retaliates twofold upon the offender. That contempt for the person of the supposed inferior, begets impure ideas and obscene actions in the favoured superior, and is one great cause of the shameful scenes of debauchery, and too general but lamentable profligacy, which reign uncontroled throughout the Slave-holding islands.

The Negroes generally are fond of dress, and in the towns many of them, particularly the free Negroes, are respectably clad. It is rather singular, that most of the men dress in black, and the women in white, when they can afford it; and it is gratifying to see a congregation of

In a warm climate, like that of the West India Islands, clothes are of less consequence to the Slaves than food; and if they are decently clad, there cannot be much cause of complaint. The most common clothing for men and women is coarse blue baize, and coarse Oznaburgh, with coarse hats and woollen caps. Of the baize, enough is given the men for a surtout, and to the women, for a petticoat; of the Oznaburgh, enough for two shirts and two pair of trowsers, to the men, and for two shifts, and a petticoat or two to the women; they generally make them up themselves: they have also a man's hat each, of very inferior quality, with one or two woollen caps. This is generally served out once a year, but the supply is not always the same; as, on estates belonging to wealthy proprietors, and especially if they reside, they get a better allowance than where the owner is poor. No stockings or shoes are allowed, nor are they much wanted; but in general the appearance of their clothes (at least of the adults) is decent, though in many instances, it must be confessed, they are dirty and ragged, as where the master is poor or avaricious, the Negroes, in spite of laws, suffer every way, except in the quantity of labour, which is nearly the same on all sugar estates. Children

also in many instances are allowed to go quite naked, and I have seen boys and girls, seven or eight years of age, in a state of nature, even

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