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feiture of the merchandizes that shall be brought to any such markets; besides an arbitrary fine to be levied, on the sellers or dealers."
The 47th article, forbidding the separation of families, is also very good, and so superior to, and different from our Slave laws on that head, that I shall transcribe it.
"The husband and wife and their young children shall not be seized and sold separately; if they are under the power of the same master, we declare such seizures and sales to be void; which restriction we mean should extend also to those who alienate a part of such divided families of Slaves. The sellers in such case shall forfeit the residue of the parcel which shall be adjudged to the purchasers of the other part aforesaid, without being compellable to the payment of any further or additional sum for the whole number."
If nothing more were done for our Negroes than the adopting of these three articles into our colonial Slave laws, (with the one allowing more time for themselves,) their condition would be much improved: we certainly ought to blush as Protestants, to reflect, how much more mild and humane, are the Slave laws, both of French and Spanish Catholics, than our own.
NOTE 9, PAGE 76.
The means by which some of these chapels were built, redound very much to the credit of the free people of colour, free blacks, and Slaves of Kingston; for I was credibly informed that it was principally through the donations and subscriptions of these too much de
spised classes, that two of these buildings, (but more particularly the largest Wesleyan chapel,) were raised. This last is a very handsome building, and spacious enough to contain 1200 or 1400 persons. The builders were a brown man and a black man, and the cost, upwards of 12,000 currency, or about £8500. sterling. Many free Negroes subscribed liberally, and a considerable number of the Slaves contributed their mite.
Most of the people of colour were much attached to the church of England, and many of them deserted it, I believe, for want of room, or comfortable seats in the church. Many of the respectable and married ones, consulted about drawing up a petition for a new church or chapel of ease; but it was discouraged in a quarter where it ought to have been supported. Even the rector threw cold water upon it, and wished to have the church enlarged instead, as if one church were sufficient for a population of 30,000 souls! He was afraid however of the parish being divided, and of the lessening of his income in consequence; but selfish and interested views very often defeat their own ends; for in consequence of there not being another church, the Dissenters have increased amazingly, and as they all bury their own dead, and some of them (the Baptists) baptize also, it has lessened the rector's income some hundreds a year. The Sectarians, indeed, completely take the lead in that city, and bury two, where the rector buries one; every funeral (by the Baptists, Wesleyans, &c.) is nearly a guinea loss to him. A considerable number of the brown men have a high and proper sense of religion, and are still attached to the established mode of worship. Some months before I left, a body of them requested the rector to open the church for divine service, some even
ing in the middle of the week; he did so, and has a large congregation of free people and Slaves, the former of whom pay the expense of lighting it up.
I cannot here refrain from stating an offer that was made by a free black man, towards building another church, or chapel of ease. A Negro, of the name of Hardy, who is a mason, and who had built the Scotch kirk, in Kingston, was conversing with the rector and myself, about that building, and its being converted into a chapel of ease, as the minister of it had died about that time, and there was a doubt of another Scotch clergyman's coming out. Mr. Hardy however thought that the church of England should not be left to such an uncertainty, and advised that another place should be built, purposely for the establishment, offering at the same time to give £500. towards it: adding, I will give in a lower estimate than any other person, and I will give £500. out of that. The large and handsome Wesleyan chapel was built chiefly by this man's son. The buildings do them much credit as men of abilities, and the liberal offer speaks a volume for the father, as a generous man and a Christian. No white man in Jamaica, would have offered such a sum towards building a place of worship.
NOTE 10, PAGE 80.
Though there was an island curate appointed to the parish of Port-Royal, in the year 1820, the magistrates and vestry of that parish never built a chapel in compliance with the Act of Assembly; but rented a coffee
store, where the curate officiated now and then, for about two years, when he quitted for another parish, and this hired, and unconsecrated place was (soon after) given up to the owner; for it was supposed by many that no more curates would be appointed, they having been represented in the island newspapers as useless, by some of the very men who had opposed their visiting estates, and doing what a good many of them were willing to do, by preaching and catechising, had they been encouraged. Yet, after that Lord Bathurst's instructions had arrived in the island, last year, (and it was supposed by most people in Jamaica that the Sunday-markets would be abolished, and greater encouragement given to religion in general,) the magistrates and vestry of this said parish, in full vestry assembled, (to draw up resolutions and remonstrances against all interference by the British Legislature,) could descend to state, in one of these resolutions, that they had two chapels then building in the mountainous parts of the parish, though they had not even begun one, nor had they, when I quitted the island in February last, though another curate had been appointed for some months.
We do hear of unprincipled individuals fabricating falsehoods to serve their own ends, in all parts of the world; but that a whole public body, assembled for the purpose of remonstrating with the British government, and addressing a sensible and honourable people like the English, for what they conceived to be their rights, should deliberately draw up resolutions, and sign them with such wilful and known falsehoods inserted, on such a sacred subject as religion too, is the very height of delinquency and mental depravity; and so gross a departure from every thing moral and sacred, that one would hardly
have expected a set of men in any part of the West Indies (debased as too many people are there) could have been guilty of so glaring a breach of truth.
NOTE 11, PAGE 80.
The Wesleyan and Moravian missionaries are the only ones, I believe, who have attended any of the estates on week-days, for the purpose of catechising and lecturing, and which they have done, most commonly, through permission obtained from the proprietors in the mother country; but even then obstacles, in some instances, have been thrown in their way. I know one instance in the parish of St. Thomas in the East, on an estate belonging to Sir George Rose, where one of the Wesleyans, a very correct and zealous man, had been in the habit of attending, and from what he had taught them, several of the Negroes were in the habit of meeting in the evening, in one of the Negro huts, to offer up a few short prayers, and to instruct each other as well - as they. This however displeased the overseer, and they were ordered not to do it again. They then, I believe, complained to their minister of the hardship of not being allowed to worship their Maker in the inoffensive way he had taught them, and he represented the innocence of the practice, and impossibility of any danger arising to the property; but the overseer, instead of being persuaded, was enraged the more, and took an early opportunity of punishing the complainants for some pretended fault, and said tauntingly, (whilst the whip was being applied to their backs, by a stout driver,)