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master's life, and to burst the fetters which so sorely gall him. Let Parliament however remove these galling fetters, and the Slave will bless and thank them. Nay the privileged white men, also, will then be more at rest, much more secure in person and property, and will hereafter, be grateful, for the just and merciful acts, which pride and fear, and love of gain, have so long prevented, and do still prevent themselves from passing. May God give our Senators wisdom and firmness, and His Majesty a long life, to see right and mercy extended to the oppressed in our colonies.
THE foregoing part of this little work, with most of the notes, was written three months ago, and would have been published shortly after, had not an account of another conspiracy, amongst some of the Negroes in the parish of Hanover, in the island of Jamaica, arrived about that time, which induced the author to postpone the publication till he saw how that would terminate. It has terminated just as he expected it would, and as he had previously written (in a former part of this work) that all conspiracies and attempts at insurrection, by the Slaves would end, viz. without any injury to the persons of the whites, but to their own discomfiture, loss and punishment.
It is of much importance to discover the cause of this partial conspiracy.-The general cry in Jamaica seems to be, that the Saints at home, the Members of the African and Anti-Slavery Societies, and their agents, have been the cause, by impressing on the minds of the Negroes that
they are free or ought to be free. This, however, is attributing it altogether to a false source, as those societies have never inculcated any such mischievous doctrines, and even some of the colonial newspapers seem, justly and rationally, to attribute it to a very different
There is no doubt but the Negroes generally were much disappointed at not being allowed any additional time, when it was well known that His Majesty's Ministers intended it for them, aud that most of the English people wished that they should have what was so just and reasonable, and that the Sunday-markets should be abolished. But what appears to have increased the disappointment of these misguided men, who afterwards ran away from their masters' properties, and committed some violent and criminal acts, is, that several humane and wealthy proprietors who reside in England, but have estates in the island of Jamaica, fully impressed with the reasonableness and justice of the requisitions in the Instructions of Earl Bathurst, had ordered their agents in that island to put (some of them) the whole, (others of them) a part of these instructions in practice. One of these gentlemen (I have it from good authority) has a plantation, very near Argyle and Golden Grove, (the estates, and I believe the only
estates where anything like insurrection took place,) and there, the Negroes had every Saturday, out of crop, given them, with some other extra indulgencies. Mr. Malcolm's Negroes it appears, wanted to have the same, but their master would not consent; nay, what is strange, and places him in rather an unfavourable light is, that he not only refused to give them every Saturday, but deprived them of some days to which they were entitled, by law, and which, in former years, they had been accustomed to have. Even then they did not commit any overt act, till the soldiers came upon the property, and their master himself admits that they might have gone away into the woods, from their terror and fear of the soldiers; but I will quote a part of his evidence from a Jamaica paper.
"J. Malcolm, Esq. proprietor of Argyle Estate, deposed (before the Slave Court) that one of his people stated to him as follows:He mentioned that the Negroes were in a very disturbed state, and that it was their intention not to turn out on the following (Saturday) morning; and further, that on that morning they were (to use his own phrase) to sit down, and if measures were taken to compel them to go to work, they were to resist, and go into the woods." He then adds,-" I also heard that it
was the intention of the Negroes to surprise the white people at supper, and destroy all of them." After this information received in the morning, Mr. Malcolm sent off to the colonel of the militia, of that parish, and the regiment was ordered to turn out. His Slaves, however, had returned to dinner, and turned out to work at shell blow, at half-past two o'clock, and did not quit the Estate till some of the militia had collected upon it, and he himself goes on to state in his evidence." I consider the commotion might have been occasioned by terror."
"R. Johnson (being examined, deposed)— Remembers hearing them talk about being turned out, on Saturday morning, after crop ; made bargain to take Saturday, the crop being long; after crop, Massa gave us the first Saturday, but next Saturday he turned us out, which he never did before. After Massa take away half the day, we said we would not turn out, but would go away to the grounds; remembers the Friday that they ran away; was upon work, shell blow, come home, and see soldiers upon the estate; we all wonder. C. Innes came and told me, that W. Roach had told Mr. Johnson, that between Friday night and Saturday night, Negroes were going to rise, and that Mr. Johnson went and told Massa, and being afraid, all took bush; after shell blow, turn out, all