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either as carpenter, or smith, or book-keeper, so as to assist in making up the number that must be kept according to law,* in proportion to the quantity of Slaves, except it be on another brown man's property); yet he is obliged to turn out in the militia, and to clothe and accoutre himself, at his own expense, which expense is more than some of them can well bear.

They applied to the House of Assembly, last year, for an extension of privileges; but though a few members supported their claims, the bill was thrown out, with very little ceremony, by a great majority. I am not prepared to say it would be politic to grant them the same privileges as the whites, (whilst Slavery shall exist) for I would not admit them into the Assembly, or magistracy, and a few other of the highest offices; but I do not see why those who have freehold property, of a certain value, should not vote for returning members to the House of Assembly; why some of the respectable ones should not sit as jurors, or be admitted into the low office of a book-keeper, at least, for they are very capable of that, and would not only render as much service to the proprietor, as the Whites in that situation do, but also prevent a

* If a certain number of white men are not hired on every property having sixty or seventy Negroes, a fine for each deficiency is recoverable.

great waste of life; for the fatigues of that office, with the great and oppressive heat from a tropical sun, to which they are continually exposed, carry off one half of the white young men (who come out in droves to be bookkeepers, but live not to be overseers,) in the first two years after their arrival.

Charity and humanity, one would think, would obtain for some of them this privilege; but as these are not colonial virtues, there is a something which will probably have more weight with most of the planters and other interested whites and that is policy; for the browns are now as numerous as they themselves, and in twenty years more will be double, if things continue there as they at present exist. The people of colour, therefore, ought to be conciliated; for were they to be driven, by repeated contempt, insult and oppression, to join the Slaves, and afford them arms and ammunition, (as they could do in a very short time, for they, with the free blacks, are all armed and allowed to buy more arms): were they then goaded on to join the Slaves,-woe be to the white inhabitants of Jamaica! One month's civil war would moisten the soil with their blood, and exterminate them, root and branch, from the face of the earth.

It is very evident, therefore, that it is not to the Negroes as Slaves only that the colonists

have objections; for when they are free they are considered equally beneath the favoured whites: even those descended from them, on one side only, however far removed, are treated with contempt and disdain; for they are not accounted worthy to sit in their presence, nor hardly to pick up the crumbs under their table.

Colour therefore, colour is the mark of disgrace; colour is the stain for which those who have the least of it, pay so dearly and suffer so much, from those who call themselves Christians, highly-favoured British Christians!! Such conduct and such sentiments would be disgraceful to educated and liberal heathens, much more to the disciples of a meek and lowly Saviour; and I will make bold to say, that though they are nominally called so, they are not worthy of the name; for the Gospel teaches us to consider all men as brethren, of whatever nation or colour they may be, and to esteem them as better than ourselves. The Scriptures tell us, that God is no respecter of persons; and to shew us that a black man, or Negro, is as valuable in his sight as a man of any other colour, God himself commanded Philip, one of his beloved Evangelists, to undertake a long journey for the purpose of converting and baptizing the Eunuch, an Ethiopian or Negro, who was the prime minister of Queen Candace, and who had come some hundreds of miles to worship

at Jerusalem, according to the law of Moses; and through whose conversion and means in consequence (it is supposed by some learned divines) the Gospel was first planted in Ethiopia, or Abyssinia, where some knowledge of the Christian religion exists even to this day; almost extinct however, just like the glimmering of the nearly exhausted lamp, but which, it is to be hoped, will by and by be renovated with increased and tenfold splendour, when God shall give the word, and great will be the company of faithful preachers.

If the Almighty therefore has, in times past, chosen the Negroes as being as worthy of eternal salvation as the highly-favoured Europeans, upon whom the light of the Gospel has shone most clearly; who are we, that we should despise, and shackle, and oppress them, with worse than Egyptian bondage, because it has not pleased the great and merciful Creator of us all to give them a white skin. Let us take the advice and exhortation of St. Paul, and hold fast our faith with all humility, lest, being only a wild branch, we ourselves be broken off; let us not carry our heads too proudly, for if we boast, we bear not the vine, but the vine us, and like the Jews of old we may be cast off, to be the dregs and hissing of all nations.

Having hitherto confined my observations to the island of Jamaica, it will be expected from the title given to this my little work and first essay, that I should say something of the other colonies. As I have visited some of them for a short time, and made particular enquiries about the others, I may safely assert that the picture drawn of Slavery in Jamaica, will pretty faithfully delineate its features, its actual and present state, in all the other Slave-holding islands and colonies belonging to Great Britain. There may be, and is, a variety of shades, some darker and some brighter; but as a whole, it will be found tolerably correct.

In Antigua, and one or two other islands, I believe, some of the evils and hardships (thought to be unavoidably attached to Slavery) have been somewhat lessened; more encouragement has been given to religious clergymen and missionaries, and the quantum of labour is not so rigorously exacted; but more particularly the people of colour have been more favoured, and have more privileges.

In some other colonies, however,-Demerara and Berbice, and the islands of Dominica and St. Lucia, the evils and hardships of the Slaves are even greater than in Jamaica, particularly in the two former; for the fatness and abundant goodness of the soil has augmented the cupidity

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