Perspectives in Modern Seismology

الغلاف الأمامي
Friedemann Wenzel
Springer Science & Business Media, 18‏/02‏/2005 - 226 من الصفحات
 

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الصفحات المحددة

المحتوى

An Earthquake Early Warning System for the Romanian Capital
1
2 Examples and Design Principles
2
3 Design of an EWS for Bucharest
4
4 CostBenefit Analysis
9
5 A New Paradigm for Early Warning Systems
10
6 Conclusions
11
A Combined GeophysicalEngineering Approach for the Seismic Safety of LongSpan Bridges
13
2 Assessment of Site Effects
15
5 Conclusions
125
Imaging of Orebodies with Vertical Seismic Profiling Data
127
1 Introduction
128
2 Description of the Problem
130
21 Scattering of the Elastic Wavefield
131
22 Spatial Ambiguity
132
3 Using Polarisation Information
133
4 A Synthetic Data Example
135

22 Data Analysis
16
24 Ground Motion Scenarios
18
3 Vulnerability Assessment of Bridges
22
32 Resonance Frequencies
23
33 Dynamic Simulations
26
4 Conclusions
28
Acknowledgements
29
FiniteDifference Simulations of the 1927 Jericho Earthquake
31
2 Earthquake Scenarios
35
3 Elastic and Computational Modeling Parameters
36
4 Discussion
38
42 Spectral Accelerations
40
5 Summary
43
Acknowledgements
44
Nonlinear Seismology The Seismology of the XXI Century
47
1 Introduction
48
3 Constitutive and Dynamic Equations Approximate Solutions of Wave Equations
51
31 Approximate Solutions of Wave Equations
52
32 Nonlinear SH Plane Waves Incident to a SolidSolid Interface
53
4 Quantitative Evaluation of Nonlinearity
57
41 The Definition of the Spectral Amplification Factor SAP
58
42 Spectral Amplification Factors for Recent Strong Vrancea Earthquakes
59
5 Discussion
63
6 Conclusions
65
Acknowledgements
66
Imaging and Geodynamic Aspects
69
1 Introduction
70
2 Mantle Plumes
71
3 Observations
76
4 Eifel Plume
78
42 Excess Temperature and Buoyancy Flow
84
43 Comparison with Massif Central and Hawaii
87
5 Consequences and Discussion
88
52 Scales of Plumes
89
6 Future Perspectives
90
Acknowledgements
91
Structure of the Upper Mantle Beneath Northern Eurasia Derived from Russian DeepSeismic PNE Profiles
95
PNE Deep Seismic Sounding in Russia
96
2 The Upper Mantle Discontinuities at 660 and 520 km Depth
98
3 HighFrequency Scattering in the Uppermost Mantle
104
Acknowledgements
109
References
110
A Challenge in Reflection Seismology
115
2 Theory
118
3 The TrueAmplitude Weight Function
120
4 Example
122
5 A Real Data Example
138
6 Conclusions
140
Acknowledgement
142
The Dead Sea Fault and Its Effect on Civilization
145
1 Introduction
146
3 Evolution of Physiography
150
4 Ancient Hominids Out of Africa
152
5 Seismicity Along the Dead Sea Fault
154
51 Paleoseismic Record
156
52 Historical and Archeological Earthquake Record
158
53 Instrumental Record
160
Jericho
161
6 Discussion
162
Acknowledgements
163
Velocity Field of the AegeanAnatolian Region from 3D Finite Element Models
169
1 Introduction
170
2 Tectonic Development of the Eastern Mediterranean
171
3 Geophysical Geological and Geodetic Observations
172
4 Model Geometry
174
6 Model Rheology and Material Properties
176
7 Model Results
177
71 Model 1 with Linear Newton Viscosity
178
72 Model 2 and 3 with Nonlinear Viscosity
179
8 Discussion and Conclusions
181
Acknowledgments
184
Monitoring of Slab Detachment in the Carpathians
187
1 Introduction
188
2 Tectonic Overview
190
3 Geophysical Data
191
4 Seismicity
192
5 Geodynamic Model
194
6 Kinematic Gravity Modelling
196
7 Conclusions
199
Acknowledgements
200
Implications for Seismicity
203
Vrancea Seismicity and Geodynamics
204
2 Shear Stress Evolution Induced by the Descending Vrancea Slab A Corner Flow Model
207
3 Past Present and Future of the Vrancea Slab Inferred from Numerical Models
211
31 Model Description
212
32 Evolution of the Descending Slab from the Late Miocene to the Present
215
33 Evolution of the Descending Slab After Slab BreakOff
218
4 Discussion and Conclusions
220
Acknowledgements
221
References
222
List of Reviewers
225
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